RxJava并行获取可观测数据

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我需要一些帮助来在RxJava中实现并行异步调用。我选择了一个简单的用例,其中FIRST调用获取(而不是搜索)要显示的产品列表(Tile)。随后的呼叫出去并取(A)REVIEWS和(B)产品图像

经过几次尝试,我到了这个地方。

 1    Observable<Tile> searchTile = searchServiceClient.getSearchResults(searchTerm);
 2    List<Tile> allTiles = new ArrayList<Tile>();
 3    ClientResponse response = new ClientResponse();

 4    searchTile.parallel(oTile -> {
 5      return oTile.flatMap(t -> {
 6        Observable<Reviews> reviews = reviewsServiceClient.getSellerReviews(t.getSellerId());
 7        Observable<String> imageUrl = reviewsServiceClient.getProductImage(t.getProductId());

 8        return Observable.zip(reviews, imageUrl, (r, u) -> {
 9          t.setReviews(r);
10          t.setImageUrl(u);

11          return t;
12        });

13      });
14    }).subscribe(e -> {
15      allTiles.add((Tile) e);
16    });

第1行:出去并取出要显示的产品(平铺)

第4行:我们将Observable的列表取出,然后取出评论和imageUrls

6,7:获取Observable评论和Observable网址

第8行:最后,2个可观察对象被压缩以返回更新的Observable

第15行:最后第15行将所有要显示的单个产品进行整理,并将其返回到调用层

虽然Observable已被分割,并且在我们的测试中运行了4个不同的线程; 获取评论和图像似乎是一个接一个。我怀疑第8行的zip步骤基本上是导致2个observables(评论和url)的连续调用。

这个小组是否有任何建议来平行获取reiews和图像网址。实质上,上面附带的瀑布图应该看起来更垂直堆叠。对评论和图片的要求应该是平行的

提问于
用户回答回答于

并行运算符在几乎所有的用例中都被证明是一个问题,并没有做到最期望的,所以它在1.0.0.rc.4版本中被移除了:https//github.com/ReactiveX/RxJava/拉/ 1716

这里可以看到一个很好的例子,说明如何做这种行为并获得并行执行。

在您的示例代码中,不清楚searchServiceClient是同步还是异步。它会影响如何解决问题,就好像它已经是异步的,不需要额外的调度。如果需要同步额外调度。

首先这里是一些简单的例子,展示了同步和异步行为:

import rx.Observable;
import rx.Subscriber;
import rx.schedulers.Schedulers;

public class ParallelExecution {

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        System.out.println("------------ mergingAsync");
        mergingAsync();
        System.out.println("------------ mergingSync");
        mergingSync();
        System.out.println("------------ mergingSyncMadeAsync");
        mergingSyncMadeAsync();
        System.out.println("------------ flatMapExampleSync");
        flatMapExampleSync();
        System.out.println("------------ flatMapExampleAsync");
        flatMapExampleAsync();
        System.out.println("------------");
    }

    private static void mergingAsync() {
        Observable.merge(getDataAsync(1), getDataAsync(2)).toBlocking().forEach(System.out::println);
    }

    private static void mergingSync() {
        // here you'll see the delay as each is executed synchronously
        Observable.merge(getDataSync(1), getDataSync(2)).toBlocking().forEach(System.out::println);
    }

    private static void mergingSyncMadeAsync() {
        // if you have something synchronous and want to make it async, you can schedule it like this
        // so here we see both executed concurrently
        Observable.merge(getDataSync(1).subscribeOn(Schedulers.io()), getDataSync(2).subscribeOn(Schedulers.io())).toBlocking().forEach(System.out::println);
    }

    private static void flatMapExampleAsync() {
        Observable.range(0, 5).flatMap(i -> {
            return getDataAsync(i);
        }).toBlocking().forEach(System.out::println);
    }

    private static void flatMapExampleSync() {
        Observable.range(0, 5).flatMap(i -> {
            return getDataSync(i);
        }).toBlocking().forEach(System.out::println);
    }

    // artificial representations of IO work
    static Observable<Integer> getDataAsync(int i) {
        return getDataSync(i).subscribeOn(Schedulers.io());
    }

    static Observable<Integer> getDataSync(int i) {
        return Observable.create((Subscriber<? super Integer> s) -> {
            // simulate latency
                try {
                    Thread.sleep(1000);
                } catch (Exception e) {
                    e.printStackTrace();
                }
                s.onNext(i);
                s.onCompleted();
            });
    }
}

以下是试图提供更接近您的代码的示例:

import java.util.List;

import rx.Observable;
import rx.Subscriber;
import rx.schedulers.Schedulers;

public class ParallelExecutionExample {

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        final long startTime = System.currentTimeMillis();

        Observable<Tile> searchTile = getSearchResults("search term")
                .doOnSubscribe(() -> logTime("Search started ", startTime))
                .doOnCompleted(() -> logTime("Search completed ", startTime));

        Observable<TileResponse> populatedTiles = searchTile.flatMap(t -> {
            Observable<Reviews> reviews = getSellerReviews(t.getSellerId())
                    .doOnCompleted(() -> logTime("getSellerReviews[" + t.id + "] completed ", startTime));
            Observable<String> imageUrl = getProductImage(t.getProductId())
                    .doOnCompleted(() -> logTime("getProductImage[" + t.id + "] completed ", startTime));

            return Observable.zip(reviews, imageUrl, (r, u) -> {
                return new TileResponse(t, r, u);
            }).doOnCompleted(() -> logTime("zip[" + t.id + "] completed ", startTime));
        });

        List<TileResponse> allTiles = populatedTiles.toList()
                .doOnCompleted(() -> logTime("All Tiles Completed ", startTime))
                .toBlocking().single();
    }

    private static Observable<Tile> getSearchResults(String string) {
        return mockClient(new Tile(1), new Tile(2), new Tile(3));
    }

    private static Observable<Reviews> getSellerReviews(int id) {
        return mockClient(new Reviews());
    }

    private static Observable<String> getProductImage(int id) {
        return mockClient("image_" + id);
    }

    private static void logTime(String message, long startTime) {
        System.out.println(message + " => " + (System.currentTimeMillis() - startTime) + "ms");
    }

    private static <T> Observable<T> mockClient(T... ts) {
        return Observable.create((Subscriber<? super T> s) -> {
            // simulate latency
                try {
                    Thread.sleep(1000);
                } catch (Exception e) {
                }
                for (T t : ts) {
                    s.onNext(t);
                }
                s.onCompleted();
            }).subscribeOn(Schedulers.io());
        // note the use of subscribeOn to make an otherwise synchronous Observable async
    }

    public static class TileResponse {

        public TileResponse(Tile t, Reviews r, String u) {
            // store the values
        }

    }

    public static class Tile {

        private final int id;

        public Tile(int i) {
            this.id = i;
        }

        public int getSellerId() {
            return id;
        }

        public int getProductId() {
            return id;
        }

    }

    public static class Reviews {

    }
}

这输出:

Search started  => 65ms
Search completed  => 1094ms
getProductImage[1] completed  => 2095ms
getSellerReviews[2] completed  => 2095ms
getProductImage[3] completed  => 2095ms
zip[1] completed  => 2096ms
zip[2] completed  => 2096ms
getProductImage[2] completed  => 2096ms
getSellerReviews[1] completed  => 2096ms
zip[3] completed  => 2096ms
All Tiles Completed  => 2097ms
getSellerReviews[3] completed  => 2097ms

我已经模拟每个IO调用需要1000毫秒,所以很明显,延迟是什么时候发生的,并且它是并行发生的。它打印出进度是在经过的毫秒中进行的。

这里的技巧是flatMap合并异步调用,所以只要合并的Observables是异步的,它们将全部同时执行。

如果像这样的调用getProductImage(t.getProductId())是同步的,它可以像这样异步:getProductImage(t.getProductId())。subscribeOn(Schedulers.io)。

以上是没有记录和样板类型的上述示例的重要部分:

    Observable<Tile> searchTile = getSearchResults("search term");;

    Observable<TileResponse> populatedTiles = searchTile.flatMap(t -> {
        Observable<Reviews> reviews = getSellerReviews(t.getSellerId());
        Observable<String> imageUrl = getProductImage(t.getProductId());

        return Observable.zip(reviews, imageUrl, (r, u) -> {
            return new TileResponse(t, r, u);
        });
    });

    List<TileResponse> allTiles = populatedTiles.toList()
            .toBlocking().single();

我希望这有帮助。

用户回答回答于

仍然@ JDK 7的人,他们的IDE尚未自动检测到JDK 8源代码,以及@benjchristensen尝试上述明智回应(和解释)的内容可以使用这种无耻折射的JDK 7代码。感谢@benjchristensen的一个惊人的解释和例子!

import java.util.List;

import rx.Observable;
import rx.Subscriber;
import rx.functions.Action0;
import rx.functions.Func1;
import rx.functions.Func2;
import rx.schedulers.Schedulers;

public class ParallelExecutionExample
{

    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
        final long startTime = System.currentTimeMillis();

        Observable<Tile> searchTile = getSearchResults("search term")
                .doOnSubscribe(new Action0()
                        {

                            @Override
                            public void call()
                            {
                                logTime("Search started ", startTime);
                            }
                })
                .doOnCompleted(new Action0()
                        {

                            @Override
                            public void call()
                            {
                                logTime("Search completed ", startTime);
                            }
                });
        Observable<TileResponse> populatedTiles = searchTile.flatMap(new Func1<Tile, Observable<TileResponse>>()
        {

            @Override
            public Observable<TileResponse> call(final Tile t)
            {
                Observable<Reviews> reviews = getSellerReviews(t.getSellerId())
                        .doOnCompleted(new Action0()
                                {

                                    @Override
                                    public void call()
                                    {
                                        logTime("getSellerReviews[" + t.id + "] completed ", startTime);
                                    }
                        });
                Observable<String> imageUrl = getProductImage(t.getProductId())
                        .doOnCompleted(new Action0()
                                {

                                    @Override
                                    public void call()
                                    {
                                        logTime("getProductImage[" + t.id + "] completed ", startTime);
                                    }
                        });
                return Observable.zip(reviews, imageUrl, new Func2<Reviews, String, TileResponse>()
                {

                    @Override
                    public TileResponse call(Reviews r, String u)
                    {
                        return new TileResponse(t, r, u);
                    }
                })
                        .doOnCompleted(new Action0()
                                {

                                    @Override
                                    public void call()
                                    {
                                        logTime("zip[" + t.id + "] completed ", startTime);
                                    }
                        });
            }
        });

        List<TileResponse> allTiles = populatedTiles
                .toList()
                .doOnCompleted(new Action0()
                        {

                            @Override
                            public void call()
                            {
                                logTime("All Tiles Completed ", startTime);
                            }
                })
                .toBlocking()
                .single();
    }

    private static Observable<Tile> getSearchResults(String string)
    {
        return mockClient(new Tile(1), new Tile(2), new Tile(3));
    }

    private static Observable<Reviews> getSellerReviews(int id)
    {
        return mockClient(new Reviews());
    }

    private static Observable<String> getProductImage(int id)
    {
        return mockClient("image_" + id);
    }

    private static void logTime(String message, long startTime)
    {
        System.out.println(message + " => " + (System.currentTimeMillis() - startTime) + "ms");
    }

    private static <T> Observable<T> mockClient(final T... ts)
    {
        return Observable.create(new Observable.OnSubscribe<T>()
        {

            @Override
            public void call(Subscriber<? super T> s)
            {
                try
                {
                    Thread.sleep(1000);
                }
                catch (Exception e)
                {
                }
                for (T t : ts)
                {
                    s.onNext(t);
                }
                s.onCompleted();
            }
        })
                .subscribeOn(Schedulers.io());
        // note the use of subscribeOn to make an otherwise synchronous Observable async
    }

    public static class TileResponse
    {

        public TileResponse(Tile t, Reviews r, String u)
        {
            // store the values
        }

    }

    public static class Tile
    {

        private final int id;

        public Tile(int i)
        {
            this.id = i;
        }

        public int getSellerId()
        {
            return id;
        }

        public int getProductId()
        {
            return id;
        }

    }

    public static class Reviews
    {

    }
} 

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