如何从Android中的服务发送通知?

内容来源于 Stack Overflow,并遵循CC BY-SA 3.0许可协议进行翻译与使用

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我有一个服务正在运行,并且想要发送通知。太糟糕了,通知对象需要一个上下文,比如一个Activity,而不是一个服务。

提问于
用户回答回答于

两者Activity并且Service实际上extend这样你就可以简单地this在你的Context内部使用Service:

NotificationManager notificationManager =
    (NotificationManager) getSystemService(Service.NOTIFICATION_SERVICE);
Notification notification = new Notification(/* your notification */);
PendingIntent pendingIntent = /* your intent */;
notification.setLatestEventInfo(this, /* your content */, pendingIntent);
notificationManager.notify(/* id */, notification);
用户回答回答于

从文档中可以看出,这种类型的通知已被弃用:

@java.lang.Deprecated
public Notification(int icon, java.lang.CharSequence tickerText, long when) { /* compiled code */ }

public Notification(android.os.Parcel parcel) { /* compiled code */ }

@java.lang.Deprecated
public void setLatestEventInfo(android.content.Context context, java.lang.CharSequence contentTitle, java.lang.CharSequence contentText, android.app.PendingIntent contentIntent) { /* compiled code */ }

你可以发送这样的通知:

// prepare intent which is triggered if the
// notification is selected

Intent intent = new Intent(this, NotificationReceiver.class);
PendingIntent pIntent = PendingIntent.getActivity(this, 0, intent, 0);

// build notification
// the addAction re-use the same intent to keep the example short
Notification n  = new Notification.Builder(this)
        .setContentTitle("New mail from " + "test@gmail.com")
        .setContentText("Subject")
        .setSmallIcon(R.drawable.icon)
        .setContentIntent(pIntent)
        .setAutoCancel(true)
        .addAction(R.drawable.icon, "Call", pIntent)
        .addAction(R.drawable.icon, "More", pIntent)
        .addAction(R.drawable.icon, "And more", pIntent).build();


NotificationManager notificationManager = 
  (NotificationManager) getSystemService(NOTIFICATION_SERVICE);

notificationManager.notify(0, n); 

如果你的最低目标API级别为4+(Android 1.6+),请使用以下代码:

    import android.support.v4.app.NotificationCompat;
    -------------
    NotificationCompat.Builder builder =
            new NotificationCompat.Builder(this)
                    .setSmallIcon(R.drawable.mylogo)
                    .setContentTitle("My Notification Title")
                    .setContentText("Something interesting happened");
    int NOTIFICATION_ID = 12345;

    Intent targetIntent = new Intent(this, MyFavoriteActivity.class);
    PendingIntent contentIntent = PendingIntent.getActivity(this, 0, targetIntent, PendingIntent.FLAG_UPDATE_CURRENT);
    builder.setContentIntent(contentIntent);
    NotificationManager nManager = (NotificationManager) getSystemService(Context.NOTIFICATION_SERVICE);
    nManager.notify(NOTIFICATION_ID, builder.build());

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