(Matplotlib)将yerr/xerr绘制为阴影区域而不是错误条?

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在matplotlib中,如何将错误绘制为阴影区域而不是错误条?

例如:

http://qhwiki.originlab.com/~originla/howto/images/c/cc/Error_Bars_with_Fill_Area_01.png

而不是

提问于
用户回答回答于

可以使用pylab.fill_between():

from matplotlib import pyplot as pl
import numpy as np

x = np.linspace(0, 30, 30)
y = np.sin(x/6*np.pi)
error = np.random.normal(0.1, 0.02, size=y.shape)
y += np.random.normal(0, 0.1, size=y.shape)

pl.plot(x, y, 'k-')
pl.fill_between(x, y-error, y+error)
pl.show()

另见matplotlib示例...

用户回答回答于

fill_between如下:

from matplotlib import pyplot as pl
import numpy as np

pl.clf()
pl.hold(1)

x = np.linspace(0, 30, 100)
y = np.sin(x) * 0.5
pl.plot(x, y, '-k')


x = np.linspace(0, 30, 30)
y = np.sin(x/6*np.pi)
error = np.random.normal(0.1, 0.02, size=y.shape) +.1
y += np.random.normal(0, 0.1, size=y.shape)

pl.plot(x, y, 'k', color='#CC4F1B')
pl.fill_between(x, y-error, y+error,
    alpha=0.5, edgecolor='#CC4F1B', facecolor='#FF9848')

y = np.cos(x/6*np.pi)    
error = np.random.rand(len(y)) * 0.5
y += np.random.normal(0, 0.1, size=y.shape)
pl.plot(x, y, 'k', color='#1B2ACC')
pl.fill_between(x, y-error, y+error,
    alpha=0.2, edgecolor='#1B2ACC', facecolor='#089FFF',
    linewidth=4, linestyle='dashdot', antialiased=True)



y = np.cos(x/6*np.pi)  + np.sin(x/3*np.pi)  
error = np.random.rand(len(y)) * 0.5
y += np.random.normal(0, 0.1, size=y.shape)
pl.plot(x, y, 'k', color='#3F7F4C')
pl.fill_between(x, y-error, y+error,
    alpha=1, edgecolor='#3F7F4C', facecolor='#7EFF99',
    linewidth=0)



pl.show()

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