UIWebView查看自签名网站(没有私有API,没有NSURLConnection)--这可能吗?

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能不能UIWebView查看自签名的HTTPS网站?

答案:

  1. 使用专用API调用NSURLRequestallowsAnyHTTPSCertificateForHost
  2. 使用NSURLConnection相反和委托canAuthenticateAgainstProtectionSpace
提问于
用户回答回答于

connection:didReceiveData,取消NSURLConnection请求,然后再次使用UIWebView-现在可以使用了,因为我们已经通过了服务器身份验证:)

下面是相关的代码片段。

注意:将看到以下类型的实例变量:

UIWebView *_web

NSURLConnection *_urlConnection

NSURLRequest *_request

#pragma mark - Webview delegate

// Note: This method is particularly important. As the server is using a self signed certificate,
// we cannot use just UIWebView - as it doesn't allow for using self-certs. Instead, we stop the
// request in this method below, create an NSURLConnection (which can allow self-certs via the delegate methods
// which UIWebView does not have), authenticate using NSURLConnection, then use another UIWebView to complete
// the loading and viewing of the page. See connection:didReceiveAuthenticationChallenge to see how this works.
- (BOOL)webView:(UIWebView *)webView shouldStartLoadWithRequest:(NSURLRequest *)request navigationType:(UIWebViewNavigationType)navigationType;
{
    NSLog(@"Did start loading: %@ auth:%d", [[request URL] absoluteString], _authenticated);

    if (!_authenticated) {
        _authenticated = NO;

        _urlConnection = [[NSURLConnection alloc] initWithRequest:_request delegate:self];

        [_urlConnection start];

        return NO;
    }

    return YES;
}


#pragma mark - NURLConnection delegate

- (void)connection:(NSURLConnection *)connection didReceiveAuthenticationChallenge:(NSURLAuthenticationChallenge *)challenge;
{
    NSLog(@"WebController Got auth challange via NSURLConnection");

    if ([challenge previousFailureCount] == 0)
    {
        _authenticated = YES;

        NSURLCredential *credential = [NSURLCredential credentialForTrust:challenge.protectionSpace.serverTrust];

        [challenge.sender useCredential:credential forAuthenticationChallenge:challenge];

    } else
    {
        [[challenge sender] cancelAuthenticationChallenge:challenge];
    }
}

- (void)connection:(NSURLConnection *)connection didReceiveResponse:(NSURLResponse *)response;
{
    NSLog(@"WebController received response via NSURLConnection");

    // remake a webview call now that authentication has passed ok.
    _authenticated = YES;
    [_web loadRequest:_request];

    // Cancel the URL connection otherwise we double up (webview + url connection, same url = no good!)
    [_urlConnection cancel];
}

// We use this method is to accept an untrusted site which unfortunately we need to do, as our PVM servers are self signed.
- (BOOL)connection:(NSURLConnection *)connection canAuthenticateAgainstProtectionSpace:(NSURLProtectionSpace *)protectionSpace
{
    return [protectionSpace.authenticationMethod isEqualToString:NSURLAuthenticationMethodServerTrust];
}

用户回答回答于

代码如下所示:

-(BOOL)webView:(UIWebView *)webView shouldStartLoadWithRequest:(NSURLRequest *)request navigationType:(UIWebViewNavigationType)navigationType {
    BOOL result = _Authenticated;
    if (!_Authenticated) {
        _FailedRequest = request;
        [[NSURLConnection alloc] initWithRequest:request delegate:self];
    }
    return result;
}

-(void)connection:(NSURLConnection *)connection willSendRequestForAuthenticationChallenge:(NSURLAuthenticationChallenge *)challenge {
    if ([challenge.protectionSpace.authenticationMethod isEqualToString:NSURLAuthenticationMethodServerTrust]) {
        NSURL* baseURL = [_FailedRequest URL];
        if ([challenge.protectionSpace.host isEqualToString:baseURL.host]) {
            NSLog(@"trusting connection to host %@", challenge.protectionSpace.host);
            [challenge.sender useCredential:[NSURLCredential credentialForTrust:challenge.protectionSpace.serverTrust] forAuthenticationChallenge:challenge];
        } else
            NSLog(@"Not trusting connection to host %@", challenge.protectionSpace.host);
    }
    [challenge.sender continueWithoutCredentialForAuthenticationChallenge:challenge];
}

-(void)connection:(NSURLConnection *)connection didReceiveResponse:(NSURLResponse *)pResponse {
    _Authenticated = YES;
    [connection cancel];
    [_WebView loadRequest:_FailedRequest];
}

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