如何用动画创建定制?

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使用MediaTimingFunction(Bezier)可以做到以下几点:

但我想创造定时功

http://wiki.sparrow-framework.org/_media/manual/transitions.png

提问于
用户回答回答于

1)UICubicTimingParameters允许定义立方Bézier曲线作为一种功能。

let cubicTimingParameters = UICubicTimingParameters(controlPoint1: CGPoint(x: 0.25, y: 0.1), controlPoint2: CGPoint(x: 0.25, y: 1))
let animator = UIViewPropertyAnimator(duration: 0.3, timingParameters: cubicTimingParameters)

或者简单地使用控制点进行动画初始化。

let controlPoint1 = CGPoint(x: 0.25, y: 0.1)
let controlPoint2 = CGPoint(x: 0.25, y: 1)
let animator = UIViewPropertyAnimator(duration: 0.3, controlPoint1: controlPoint1, controlPoint2: controlPoint2) 

2)UISpringTimingParameters让开发人员操纵阻尼比质量刚度,和初始速度以创建所需的过渡动画

let velocity = CGVector(dx: 1, dy: 0)
let springParameters = UISpringTimingParameters(mass: 1.8, stiffness: 330, damping: 33, initialVelocity: velocity)
let springAnimator = UIViewPropertyAnimator(duration: 0.0, timingParameters: springParameters)

用户回答回答于

可以在CAKeyframework动画上定义一个类别,如下所示:

CAKeyframework动画+Parametri.h:

// this should be a function that takes a time value between 
//  0.0 and 1.0 (where 0.0 is the beginning of the animation
//  and 1.0 is the end) and returns a scale factor where 0.0
//  would produce the starting value and 1.0 would produce the
//  ending value
typedef double (^KeyframeParametricBlock)(double);

@interface CAKeyframeAnimation (Parametric)

+ (id)animationWithKeyPath:(NSString *)path 
      function:(KeyframeParametricBlock)block
      fromValue:(double)fromValue
      toValue:(double)toValue;

CAKeyframework动画+Parametri.m:

@implementation CAKeyframeAnimation (Parametric)

+ (id)animationWithKeyPath:(NSString *)path 
      function:(KeyframeParametricBlock)block
      fromValue:(double)fromValue
      toValue:(double)toValue {
  // get a keyframe animation to set up
  CAKeyframeAnimation *animation = 
    [CAKeyframeAnimation animationWithKeyPath:path];
  // break the time into steps
  //  (the more steps, the smoother the animation)
  NSUInteger steps = 100;
  NSMutableArray *values = [NSMutableArray arrayWithCapacity:steps];
  double time = 0.0;
  double timeStep = 1.0 / (double)(steps - 1);
  for(NSUInteger i = 0; i < steps; i++) {
    double value = fromValue + (block(time) * (toValue - fromValue));
    [values addObject:[NSNumber numberWithDouble:value]];
    time += timeStep;
  }
  // we want linear animation between keyframes, with equal time steps
  animation.calculationMode = kCAAnimationLinear;
  // set keyframes and we're done
  [animation setValues:values];
  return(animation);
}

@end

现在,用法将如下所示:

// define a parametric function
KeyframeParametricBlock function = ^double(double time) {
  return(1.0 - pow((1.0 - time), 2.0));
};

if (layer) {
  [CATransaction begin];
    [CATransaction 
      setValue:[NSNumber numberWithFloat:2.5]
      forKey:kCATransactionAnimationDuration];

    // make an animation
    CAAnimation *drop = [CAKeyframeAnimation 
      animationWithKeyPath:@"position.y"
      function:function fromValue:30.0 toValue:450.0];
    // use it
    [layer addAnimation:drop forKey:@"position"];

  [CATransaction commit];
}

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