OKHttp是否可以在脱机时使用缓存数据?

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File httpCacheDirectory = new File(context.getCacheDir(), "responses");

HttpResponseCache httpResponseCache = null;
try {
     httpResponseCache = new HttpResponseCache(httpCacheDirectory, 10 * 1024 * 1024);
} catch (IOException e) {
     Log.e("Retrofit", "Could not create http cache", e);
}

OkHttpClient okHttpClient = new OkHttpClient();
okHttpClient.setResponseCache(httpResponseCache);

api = new RestAdapter.Builder()
          .setEndpoint(API_URL)
          .setLogLevel(RestAdapter.LogLevel.FULL)
          .setClient(new OkClient(okHttpClient))
          .build()
          .create(MyApi.class);

这是带有Cache-Control头的MyApi

public interface MyApi {
   @Headers("Cache-Control: public, max-age=640000, s-maxage=640000 , max-stale=2419200")
   @GET("/api/v1/person/1/")
   void requestPerson(
           Callback<Person> callback
   );

首先,我请求联机并检查缓存文件。正确的JSON响应和标题在那里。但是当我尝试请求离线时,我总是得到RetrofitError UnknownHostException。有什么我应该做的,使Retrofit从缓存读取响应?

提问于
用户回答回答于

OkHttp拦截器是在脱机时访问缓存的正确方式:

1)创建拦截器:

private static final Interceptor REWRITE_CACHE_CONTROL_INTERCEPTOR = new Interceptor() {
    @Override public Response intercept(Chain chain) throws IOException {
        Response originalResponse = chain.proceed(chain.request());
        if (Utils.isNetworkAvailable(context)) {
            int maxAge = 60; // read from cache for 1 minute
            return originalResponse.newBuilder()
                    .header("Cache-Control", "public, max-age=" + maxAge)
                    .build();
        } else {
            int maxStale = 60 * 60 * 24 * 28; // tolerate 4-weeks stale
            return originalResponse.newBuilder()
                    .header("Cache-Control", "public, only-if-cached, max-stale=" + maxStale)
                    .build();
        }
    }

2)安装客户端:

OkHttpClient client = new OkHttpClient();
client.networkInterceptors().add(REWRITE_CACHE_CONTROL_INTERCEPTOR);

//setup cache
File httpCacheDirectory = new File(context.getCacheDir(), "responses");
int cacheSize = 10 * 1024 * 1024; // 10 MiB
Cache cache = new Cache(httpCacheDirectory, cacheSize);

//add cache to the client
client.setCache(cache);

3)添加客户端进行改造

Retrofit retrofit = new Retrofit.Builder()
        .baseUrl(BASE_URL)
        .client(client)
        .addConverterFactory(GsonConverterFactory.create())
        .build();
用户回答回答于

Retrofit:2.0.0-beta2 ; OkHttp:2.5.0

OkHttpClient okHttpClient = createCachedClient(context);
Retrofit retrofit = new Retrofit.Builder()
        .client(okHttpClient)
        .baseUrl(API_URL)
        .addConverterFactory(GsonConverterFactory.create())
        .build();
service = retrofit.create(RestDataResource.class);

...

private OkHttpClient createCachedClient(final Context context) {
    File httpCacheDirectory = new File(context.getCacheDir(), "cache_file");

    Cache cache = new Cache(httpCacheDirectory, 20 * 1024 * 1024);
    OkHttpClient okHttpClient = new OkHttpClient();
    okHttpClient.setCache(cache);
    okHttpClient.interceptors().add(
            new Interceptor() {
                @Override
                public Response intercept(Chain chain) throws IOException {
                    Request originalRequest = chain.request();
                    String cacheHeaderValue = isOnline(context) 
                        ? "public, max-age=2419200" 
                        : "public, only-if-cached, max-stale=2419200" ;
                    Request request = originalRequest.newBuilder().build();
                    Response response = chain.proceed(request);
                    return response.newBuilder()
                        .removeHeader("Pragma")
                        .removeHeader("Cache-Control")
                        .header("Cache-Control", cacheHeaderValue)
                        .build();
                }
            }
    );
    okHttpClient.networkInterceptors().add(
            new Interceptor() {
                @Override
                public Response intercept(Chain chain) throws IOException {
                    Request originalRequest = chain.request();
                    String cacheHeaderValue = isOnline(context) 
                        ? "public, max-age=2419200" 
                        : "public, only-if-cached, max-stale=2419200" ;
                    Request request = originalRequest.newBuilder().build();
                    Response response = chain.proceed(request);
                    return response.newBuilder()
                        .removeHeader("Pragma")
                        .removeHeader("Cache-Control")
                        .header("Cache-Control", cacheHeaderValue)
                        .build();
                }
            }
    );
    return okHttpClient;
}

...

public interface RestDataResource {

    @GET("rest-data") 
    Call<List<RestItem>> getRestData();

}

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