用于格式化来自R的JSON输出的策略有什么?

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我试图找出生产从R.我有以下的数据帧一个JSON文件的最好方式tmpR

> tmp
  gender age welcoming proud tidy unique
1      1  30         4     4    4      4
2      2  34         4     2    4      4
3      1  34         5     3    4      5
4      2  33         2     3    2      4
5      2  28         4     3    4      4
6      2  26         3     2    4      3

输出dput(tmp)如下:

tmp <- structure(list(gender = c(1L, 2L, 1L, 2L, 2L, 2L), age = c(30, 
34, 34, 33, 28, 26), welcoming = c(4L, 4L, 5L, 2L, 4L, 3L), proud = c(4L, 
2L, 3L, 3L, 3L, 2L), tidy = c(4L, 4L, 4L, 2L, 4L, 4L), unique = c(4L, 
4L, 5L, 4L, 4L, 3L)), .Names = c("gender", "age", "welcoming", 
"proud", "tidy", "unique"), na.action = structure(c(15L, 39L, 
60L, 77L, 88L, 128L, 132L, 172L, 272L, 304L, 305L, 317L, 328L, 
409L, 447L, 512L, 527L, 605L, 618L, 657L, 665L, 670L, 708L, 709L, 
729L, 746L, 795L, 803L, 826L, 855L, 898L, 911L, 957L, 967L, 983L, 
984L, 988L, 1006L, 1161L, 1162L, 1224L, 1245L, 1256L, 1257L, 
1307L, 1374L, 1379L, 1386L, 1387L, 1394L, 1401L, 1408L, 1434L, 
1446L, 1509L, 1556L, 1650L, 1717L, 1760L, 1782L, 1814L, 1847L, 
1863L, 1909L, 1930L, 1971L, 2004L, 2022L, 2055L, 2060L, 2065L, 
2082L, 2109L, 2121L, 2145L, 2158L, 2159L, 2226L, 2227L, 2281L
), .Names = c("15", "39", "60", "77", "88", "128", "132", "172", 
"272", "304", "305", "317", "328", "409", "447", "512", "527", 
"605", "618", "657", "665", "670", "708", "709", "729", "746", 
"795", "803", "826", "855", "898", "911", "957", "967", "983", 
"984", "988", "1006", "1161", "1162", "1224", "1245", "1256", 
"1257", "1307", "1374", "1379", "1386", "1387", "1394", "1401", 
"1408", "1434", "1446", "1509", "1556", "1650", "1717", "1760", 
"1782", "1814", "1847", "1863", "1909", "1930", "1971", "2004", 
"2022", "2055", "2060", "2065", "2082", "2109", "2121", "2145", 
"2158", "2159", "2226", "2227", "2281"), class = "omit"), row.names = c(NA, 
6L), class = "data.frame")

使用该rjson包,我运行toJSON(tmp)产生以下JSON文件的行:

 {"gender":[1,2,1,2,2,2],
 "age":[30,34,34,33,28,26],
 "welcoming":[4,4,5,2,4,3],
 "proud":[4,2,3,3,3,2],
  "tidy":[4,4,4,2,4,4],
  "unique":[4,4,5,4,4,3]}

我也尝试过这个RJSONIO软件包。输出toJSON()是一样的。我想要制作的是以下结构:

  {"traits":["gender","age","welcoming","proud", "tidy", "unique"],
   "values":[   
            {"gender":1,"age":30,"welcoming":4,"proud":4,"tidy":4, "unique":4},
            {"gender":2,"age":34,"welcoming":4,"proud":2,"tidy":4, "unique":4},
            ....
            ]

我不知道如何最好地做到这一点。我意识到我可以逐行解析它,python但我觉得可能有更好的方法。我也意识到我的数据结构R并不反映我的JSON文件(特别是traits行)中所需的元信息,但我主要关心的是如何生成格式化的数据

{"gender":1,"age":30,"welcoming":4,"proud":4,"tidy":4, "unique":4}

因为我可以手动添加第一行。

我发现一个有用的博客文章,作者处理类似的问题,并提供了一个解决方案。该函数从数据框中生成格式化的JSON文件。

toJSONarray <- function(dtf){
clnms <- colnames(dtf)

name.value <- function(i){
quote <- '';
# if(class(dtf[, i])!='numeric'){
if(class(dtf[, i])!='numeric' && class(dtf[, i])!= 'integer'){ # I modified this line so integers are also not enclosed in quotes
quote <- '"';
}

paste('"', i, '" : ', quote, dtf[,i], quote, sep='')
}

objs <- apply(sapply(clnms, name.value), 1, function(x){paste(x, collapse=', ')})
objs <- paste('{', objs, '}')

# res <- paste('[', paste(objs, collapse=', '), ']')
res <- paste('[', paste(objs, collapse=',\n'), ']') # added newline for formatting output

return(res)
}
提问于
用户回答回答于

使用包jsonlite:

> jsonlite::toJSON(list(traits = names(tmp), values = tmp), pretty = TRUE)
{
  "traits": ["gender", "age", "welcoming", "proud", "tidy", "unique"],
  "values": [
    {
      "gender": 1,
      "age": 30,
      "welcoming": 4,
      "proud": 4,
      "tidy": 4,
      "unique": 4
    },
    {
      "gender": 2,
      "age": 34,
      "welcoming": 4,
      "proud": 2,
      "tidy": 4,
      "unique": 4
    },
    {
      "gender": 1,
      "age": 34,
      "welcoming": 5,
      "proud": 3,
      "tidy": 4,
      "unique": 5
    },
    {
      "gender": 2,
      "age": 33,
      "welcoming": 2,
      "proud": 3,
      "tidy": 2,
      "unique": 4
    },
    {
      "gender": 2,
      "age": 28,
      "welcoming": 4,
      "proud": 3,
      "tidy": 4,
      "unique": 4
    },
    {
      "gender": 2,
      "age": 26,
      "welcoming": 3,
      "proud": 2,
      "tidy": 4,
      "unique": 3
    }
  ]
} 
用户回答回答于

基于Andrie的想法apply,你可以tmp在调用之前通过修改变量来得到你想要的toJSON

library(RJSONIO)
modified <- list(
  traits = colnames(tmp),
  values = unname(apply(tmp, 1, function(x) as.data.frame(t(x))))
)
cat(toJSON(modified))

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