Chrome扩展-获取DOM内容

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我试图从弹出窗口访问activeTab DOM内容。这是我的清单:

{
  "manifest_version": 2,

  "name": "Test",
  "description": "Test script",
  "version": "0.1",

  "permissions": [
    "activeTab",
    "https://api.domain.com/"
  ],

  "background": {
    "scripts": ["background.js"],
    "persistent": false
  },
  "content_security_policy": "script-src 'self' 'unsafe-eval'; object-src 'self'",

  "browser_action": {
    "default_icon": "icon.png",
    "default_title": "Chrome Extension test",
    "default_popup": "index.html"
  }
}

我真的很困惑,不管是后台脚本(带有persistence:false的事件页面)还是content_scripts都是要的。我已阅读所有文档和其他SO帖子,对我来说它仍然没有意义。

这是我一直在尝试的background.js:

chrome.extension.onMessage.addListener(
  function(request, sender, sendResponse) {
    // LOG THE CONTENTS HERE
    console.log(request.content);
  }
);

我只是从弹出式控制台执行此操作:

chrome.tabs.getSelected(null, function(tab) {
  chrome.tabs.sendMessage(tab.id, { }, function(response) {
    console.log(response);
  });
});

我得到:

Port: Could not establish connection. Receiving end does not exist. 

更新:

{
  "manifest_version": 2,

  "name": "test",
  "description": "test",
  "version": "0.1",

  "permissions": [
    "tabs",
    "activeTab",
    "https://api.domain.com/"
  ],

  "content_scripts": [
    {
      "matches": ["<all_urls>"],
      "js": ["content.js"]
    }
  ],

  "content_security_policy": "script-src 'self' 'unsafe-eval'; object-src 'self'",

  "browser_action": {
    "default_icon": "icon.png",
    "default_title": "Test",
    "default_popup": "index.html"
  }
}

content.js

chrome.extension.onMessage.addListener(
  function(request, sender, sendResponse) {
    if (request.text && (request.text == "getDOM")) {
      sendResponse({ dom: document.body.innertHTML });
    }
  }
);

popup.html

chrome.tabs.getSelected(null, function(tab) {
  chrome.tabs.sendMessage(tab.id, { action: "getDOM" }, function(response) {
    console.log(response);
  });
});

当我运行它时,我仍然遇到同样的错误:

undefined
Port: Could not establish connection. Receiving end does not exist. lastError:30
undefined
提问于
用户回答回答于

background.js:

// Regex-pattern to check URLs against. 
// It matches URLs like: http[s]://[...]stackoverflow.com[...]
var urlRegex = /^https?:\/\/(?:[^./?#]+\.)?stackoverflow\.com/;

// A function to use as callback
function doStuffWithDom(domContent) {
    console.log('I received the following DOM content:\n' + domContent);
}

// When the browser-action button is clicked...
chrome.browserAction.onClicked.addListener(function (tab) {
    // ...check the URL of the active tab against our pattern and...
    if (urlRegex.test(tab.url)) {
        // ...if it matches, send a message specifying a callback too
        chrome.tabs.sendMessage(tab.id, {text: 'report_back'}, doStuffWithDom);
    }
});

content.js:

// Listen for messages
chrome.runtime.onMessage.addListener(function (msg, sender, sendResponse) {
    // If the received message has the expected format...
    if (msg.text === 'report_back') {
        // Call the specified callback, passing
        // the web-page's DOM content as argument
        sendResponse(document.all[0].outerHTML);
    }
});

manifest.json的:

{
  "manifest_version": 2,
  "name": "Test Extension",
  "version": "0.0",
  ...

  "background": {
    "persistent": false,
    "scripts": ["background.js"]
  },
  "content_scripts": [{
    "matches": ["*://*.stackoverflow.com/*"],
    "js": ["content.js"]
  }],
  "browser_action": {
    "default_title": "Test Extension"
  },

  "permissions": ["activeTab"]
}
用户回答回答于

不必使用传递的消息来获取或修改DOM。我用chrome.tabs.executeScript。在我的示例中,我只使用activeTab权限,因此脚本只在Active选项卡上执行。

manifest部分.json

"browser_action": {
    "default_title": "Test",
    "default_popup": "index.html"
},
"permissions": [
    "activeTab",
    "<all_urls>"
]

index.html

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
  <head></head>
  <body>
    <button id="test">TEST!</button>
    <script src="test.js"></script>
  </body>
</html>

test.js

document.getElementById("test").addEventListener('click', () => {
    console.log("Popup DOM fully loaded and parsed");

    function modifyDOM() {
        //You can play with your DOM here or check URL against your regex
        console.log('Tab script:');
        console.log(document.body);
        return document.body.innerHTML;
    }

    //We have permission to access the activeTab, so we can call chrome.tabs.executeScript:
    chrome.tabs.executeScript({
        code: '(' + modifyDOM + ')();' //argument here is a string but function.toString() returns function's code
    }, (results) => {
        //Here we have just the innerHTML and not DOM structure
        console.log('Popup script:')
        console.log(results[0]);
    });
});

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