Valgrind堆栈完全失去一个功能?

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我有两个c文件:

AC

void main(){
    ...
    getvtable()->function();
}

vtable指向一个位于bc中的函数:

void function(){
    malloc(42);
}

现在如果我在valgrind中跟踪程序,我会得到以下结果:

==29994== 4,155 bytes in 831 blocks are definitely lost in loss record 26 of 28
==29994==    at 0x402CB7A: malloc (in /usr/lib/valgrind/vgpreload_memcheck-x86-linux.so)
==29994==    by 0x40A24D2: (below main) (libc-start.c:226)

所以函数调用在堆栈上完全忽略!这怎么可能?在使用GDB的情况下,会显示包含“功能”的正确堆栈。

包含调试符号,Linux,32位。

UPD:

回答第一个问题时,我在调试valgrind的GDB服务器时得到以下输出。当我直接使用GDB进行调试时,断点不会到来。

stasik@gemini:~$ gdb -q
(gdb) set confirm off
(gdb) target remote | vgdb
Remote debugging using | vgdb
relaying data between gdb and process 11665
[Switching to Thread 11665]
0x040011d0 in ?? ()
(gdb) file /home/stasik/leak.so
Reading symbols from /home/stasik/leak.so...done.
(gdb) break function
Breakpoint 1 at 0x110c: file ../../source/leakclass.c, line 32.
(gdb) commands
Type commands for breakpoint(s) 1, one per line.
End with a line saying just "end".
>silent
>end
(gdb) continue
Continuing.

Program received signal SIGTRAP, Trace/breakpoint trap.
0x0404efcb in ?? ()
(gdb) source thread-frames.py
Stack level 0, frame at 0x42348a0:
 eip = 0x404efcb; saved eip 0x4f2f544c
 called by frame at 0x42348a4
 Arglist at 0x4234898, args:
 Locals at 0x4234898, Previous frame's sp is 0x42348a0
 Saved registers:
  ebp at 0x4234898, eip at 0x423489c
Stack level 1, frame at 0x42348a4:
 eip = 0x4f2f544c; saved eip 0x6e492056
 called by frame at 0x42348a8, caller of frame at 0x42348a0
 Arglist at 0x423489c, args:
 Locals at 0x423489c, Previous frame's sp is 0x42348a4
 Saved registers:
  eip at 0x42348a0
Stack level 2, frame at 0x42348a8:
 eip = 0x6e492056; saved eip 0x205d6f66
 called by frame at 0x42348ac, caller of frame at 0x42348a4
 Arglist at 0x42348a0, args:
 Locals at 0x42348a0, Previous frame's sp is 0x42348a8
 Saved registers:
  eip at 0x42348a4
Stack level 3, frame at 0x42348ac:
 eip = 0x205d6f66; saved eip 0x61746144
---Type <return> to continue, or q <return> to quit---
 called by frame at 0x42348b0, caller of frame at 0x42348a8
 Arglist at 0x42348a4, args:
 Locals at 0x42348a4, Previous frame's sp is 0x42348ac
 Saved registers:
  eip at 0x42348a8
Stack level 4, frame at 0x42348b0:
 eip = 0x61746144; saved eip 0x65736162
 called by frame at 0x42348b4, caller of frame at 0x42348ac
 Arglist at 0x42348a8, args:
 Locals at 0x42348a8, Previous frame's sp is 0x42348b0
 Saved registers:
  eip at 0x42348ac
Stack level 5, frame at 0x42348b4:
 eip = 0x65736162; saved eip 0x70616d20
 called by frame at 0x42348b8, caller of frame at 0x42348b0
 Arglist at 0x42348ac, args:
 Locals at 0x42348ac, Previous frame's sp is 0x42348b4
 Saved registers:
  eip at 0x42348b0
Stack level 6, frame at 0x42348b8:
 eip = 0x70616d20; saved eip 0x2e646570
 called by frame at 0x42348bc, caller of frame at 0x42348b4
 Arglist at 0x42348b0, args:
---Type <return> to continue, or q <return> to quit---
 Locals at 0x42348b0, Previous frame's sp is 0x42348b8
 Saved registers:
  eip at 0x42348b4
Stack level 7, frame at 0x42348bc:
 eip = 0x2e646570; saved eip 0x0
 called by frame at 0x42348c0, caller of frame at 0x42348b8
 Arglist at 0x42348b4, args:
 Locals at 0x42348b4, Previous frame's sp is 0x42348bc
 Saved registers:
  eip at 0x42348b8
Stack level 8, frame at 0x42348c0:
 eip = 0x0; saved eip 0x0
 caller of frame at 0x42348bc
 Arglist at 0x42348b8, args:
 Locals at 0x42348b8, Previous frame's sp is 0x42348c0
 Saved registers:
  eip at 0x42348bc
(gdb) continue
Continuing.

Program received signal SIGTRAP, Trace/breakpoint trap.
0x0404efcb in ?? ()
(gdb) continue
Continuing.
提问于
用户回答回答于

好的,用明确的-O0编译所有的.so部分和主程序似乎解决了这个问题。似乎加载.so的“核心”程序的某些优化(因此总是被编译为未优化的)正在破坏堆栈。

用户回答回答于

我看到两个可能的原因:

  • Valgrind正在使用与GDB不同的堆栈展开方法
  • 在两种环境下运行你的程序时,地址空间布局是不同的,而你只是在Valgrind下面发生堆栈损坏。

通过使用Valgrind的内置gdbserver,我们可以获得更多的见解。

将此Python片段保存到thread-frames.py

import gdb

f = gdb.newest_frame()
while f is not None:
    f.select()
    gdb.execute('info frame')
    f = f.older()

t.gdb

set confirm off
file MY-PROGRAM
break function
commands
silent
end
run
source thread-frames.py
quit

v.gdb

set confirm off
target remote | vgdb
file MY-PROGRAM
break function
commands
silent
end
continue
source thread-frames.py
quit

(根据需要更改MY-PROGRAM,上述脚本中的功能和下面的命令)

获取有关GDB下的堆栈帧的详细信息:

$ gdb -q -x t.gdb
Breakpoint 1 at 0x80484a2: file valgrind-unwind.c, line 6.
Stack level 0, frame at 0xbffff2f0:
 eip = 0x80484a2 in function (valgrind-unwind.c:6); saved eip 0x8048384
 called by frame at 0xbffff310
 source language c.
 Arglist at 0xbffff2e8, args: 
 Locals at 0xbffff2e8, Previous frame's sp is 0xbffff2f0
 Saved registers:
  ebp at 0xbffff2e8, eip at 0xbffff2ec
Stack level 1, frame at 0xbffff310:
 eip = 0x8048384 in main (valgrind-unwind.c:17); saved eip 0xb7e33963
 caller of frame at 0xbffff2f0
 source language c.
 Arglist at 0xbffff2f8, args: 
 Locals at 0xbffff2f8, Previous frame's sp is 0xbffff310
 Saved registers:
  ebp at 0xbffff2f8, eip at 0xbffff30c

在Valgrind下获取相同的数据:

$ valgrind --vgdb=full --vgdb-error=0 ./MY-PROGRAM

在另一个shell中:

$ gdb -q -x v.gdb
relaying data between gdb and process 574
0x04001020 in ?? ()
Breakpoint 1 at 0x80484a2: file valgrind-unwind.c, line 6.
Stack level 0, frame at 0xbe88e2c0:
 eip = 0x80484a2 in function (valgrind-unwind.c:6); saved eip 0x8048384
 called by frame at 0xbe88e2e0
 source language c.
 Arglist at 0xbe88e2b8, args: 
 Locals at 0xbe88e2b8, Previous frame's sp is 0xbe88e2c0
 Saved registers:
  ebp at 0xbe88e2b8, eip at 0xbe88e2bc
Stack level 1, frame at 0xbe88e2e0:
 eip = 0x8048384 in main (valgrind-unwind.c:17); saved eip 0x4051963
 caller of frame at 0xbe88e2c0
 source language c.
 Arglist at 0xbe88e2c8, args: 
 Locals at 0xbe88e2c8, Previous frame's sp is 0xbe88e2e0
 Saved registers:
  ebp at 0xbe88e2c8, eip at 0xbe88e2dc

如果GDB可以在连接到“ valgrind --gdb ” 时成功展开堆栈,那么Valgrind的堆栈展开算法会出现问题。您可以仔细检查内联和尾部调用框架的“ 信息框架 ”输出或其他可能导致Valgrind关闭的原因。否则,它可能是堆栈损坏。

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