ruby中method_missing怎么办?

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method_missing在Ruby中定义方法时有什么需要注意的地方吗?

提问于
用户回答回答于

有一点比较明显:如果你重新定义respond_to?,总是会重新定义method_missing。如果有method_missing(:sym)作品,respond_to?(:sym)应该总是真。

一个例子:

# Wrap a Foo; don't expose the internal guts.
# Pass any method that starts with 'a' on to the
# Foo.
class FooWrapper
  def initialize(foo)
    @foo = foo
  end
  def some_method_that_doesnt_start_with_a
    'bar'
  end
  def a_method_that_does_start_with_a
    'baz'
  end
  def respond_to?(sym, include_private = false)
    pass_sym_to_foo?(sym) || super(sym, include_private)
  end
  def method_missing(sym, *args, &block)
    return foo.call(sym, *args, &block) if pass_sym_to_foo?(sym)
    super(sym, *args, &block)
  end
  private
  def pass_sym_to_foo?(sym)
    sym.to_s =~ /^a/ && @foo.respond_to?(sym)
  end
end

class Foo
  def argh
    'argh'
  end
  def blech
    'blech'
  end
end

w = FooWrapper.new(Foo.new)

w.respond_to?(:some_method_that_doesnt_start_with_a)
# => true
w.some_method_that_doesnt_start_with_a
# => 'bar'

w.respond_to?(:a_method_that_does_start_with_a)
# => true
w.a_method_that_does_start_with_a
# => 'baz'

w.respond_to?(:argh)
# => true
w.argh
# => 'argh'

w.respond_to?(:blech)
# => false
w.blech
# NoMethodError

w.respond_to?(:glem!)
# => false
w.glem!
# NoMethodError

w.respond_to?(:apples?)
w.apples?
# NoMethodError
用户回答回答于

在找不到要查找的内容时调用超级方法,以便其他方法错误可以执行其操作。

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