在Dockerfile中,如何更新PATH环境变量?

内容来源于 Stack Overflow,并遵循CC BY-SA 3.0许可协议进行翻译与使用

  • 回答 (2)
  • 关注 (0)
  • 查看 (1093)

我有一个dockerfile从源代码下载并构建GTK,但下面的行不会更新我的映像的环境变量:

RUN PATH="/opt/gtk/bin:$PATH"
RUN export PATH

我读到,我应该使用ENV来设置环境值,但下面的指令似乎也不工作:

ENV PATH /opt/gtk/bin:$PATH

这是我的整个Dockerfile:

FROM ubuntu
RUN apt-get update
RUN apt-get install -y golang gcc make wget git libxml2-utils libwebkit2gtk-3.0-dev libcairo2 libcairo2-dev libcairo-gobject2 shared-mime-info libgdk-pixbuf2.0-* libglib2-* libatk1.0-* libpango1.0-* xserver-xorg xvfb

# Downloading GTKcd
RUN wget http://ftp.gnome.org/pub/gnome/sources/gtk+/3.12/gtk+-3.12.2.tar.xz
RUN tar xf gtk+-3.12.2.tar.xz
RUN cd gtk+-3.12.2

# Setting environment variables before running configure
RUN CPPFLAGS="-I/opt/gtk/include"
RUN LDFLAGS="-L/opt/gtk/lib"
RUN PKG_CONFIG_PATH="/opt/gtk/lib/pkgconfig"
RUN export CPPFLAGS LDFLAGS PKG_CONFIG_PATH
RUN ./configure --prefix=/opt/gtk
RUN make
RUN make install

# running ldconfig after make install so that the newly installed libraries are found.
RUN ldconfig

# Setting the LD_LIBRARY_PATH environment variable so the systems dynamic linker can find the newly installed libraries.
RUN LD_LIBRARY_PATH="/opt/gtk/lib"

# Updating PATH environment program so that utility binaries installed by the various libraries will be found.
RUN PATH="/opt/gtk/bin:$PATH"
RUN export LD_LIBRARY_PATH PATH

# Collecting garbage
RUN rm -rf gtk+-3.12.2.tar.xz

# creating go code root
RUN mkdir gocode
RUN mkdir gocode/src
RUN mkdir gocode/bin
RUN mkdir gocode/pkg

# Setting the GOROOT and GOPATH enviornment variables, any commands created are automatically added to PATH
RUN GOROOT=/usr/lib/go
RUN GOPATH=/root/gocode
RUN PATH=$GOPATH/bin:$PATH
RUN export GOROOT GOPATH PATH
提问于
用户回答回答于

问题不是ENV指令,而是后续指令RUN export $PATH

一旦你ENV在Dockerfile中声明了它们,就不需要导出这些环境变量。

一旦RUN export ...线条被移除,我的图像就成功建立了

用户回答回答于

扫码关注云+社区

领取腾讯云代金券