数字表达的合理使用

今天谈一下数字在英文科技论文中的合理使用。同时与数字关联的往往是搭配的单复数和动词的协调使用。

10以下的阿拉伯数字,用来形容某个物体数量的时候,在一句话的非句首时,用对应的英文表示,如:one, two, three…, nine, ten。

范例1:

润色前:Its genome is a single chromosome of 2,242,062 base pairs containing 2,097 predicted protein-coding sequences,6ribosomal rRNA operons, and 63 tRNA genes.

润色后:Its genome is a single chromosome of 2,242,062 base pairs containing 2,097 predicted protein-coding sequences,sixribosomal rRNA operons, and 63 tRNA genes.

范例2:

润色前:A substitution model HKY85 with the estimated ratio of transition/transversion rate, gamma distributed rate heterogeneity of4categories and a proportion of invariable sites was used in the tree reconstruction.

润色后:A substitution model HKY85 with the estimated ratio of transition/transversion rate, gamma distributed rate heterogeneity offourcategories and a proportion of invariable sites was used in the tree reconstruction.

在句首,100以下的阿拉伯数字,用来形容某个物体数量的时候,用对应的英文表示。

范例3

润色前:13out of 324 sites (4.0%) in HA1 were found to be under differential selection at sites 24, 73, 99, 113, 121, 142, and 239 (p

润色后:Thirteenout of 324 sites (4.0%) in HA1 were found to be under differential selection at sites 24, 73, 99, 113, 121, 142, and 239 (p

范例4

润色前:12newly sequenced draft genomes and 15 publicly available complete genomes of different A. pleuropneumoniae serovars were annotated by using an automated bacterial annotation pipeline DIYA and custom Perl scripts.

润色后:Twelvenewly sequenced draft genomes and 15 publicly available complete genomes of different A. pleuropneumoniae serovars were annotated by using an automated bacterial annotation pipeline DIYA and custom Perl scripts.

用来形容物体个数数量的数字,大于1000的在数字中,每隔三位数加进一个逗号",",也就是千位分隔符,其目的是完了更加容易认读出数值。

范例5

润色前:To understand the phylogenetic relationships among the 12 serovars of A. pleuropneumoniae, we used two approaches based on noncore genic differences and the concatenated sequences of1287single-copy core genes among all serovar reference strains, respectively.

润色后:To understand the phylogenetic relationships among the 12 serovars of A. pleuropneumoniae, we used two approaches based on noncore genic differences and the concatenated sequences of1,287single-copy core genes among all serovar reference strains, respectively.

数字的使用不可小看哦,良好的写作习惯往往给我们加分!

注:封面图片来自网络

https://hubpages.com/literature/The-Naughty-Grammarian-To-Spell-or-Not-to-Spell-Numbers

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  • 原文链接https://kuaibao.qq.com/s/20180610G14R7F00?refer=cp_1026
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