Python操作Excel的几种方式

Python对Excel的读写主要有xlrd、xlwt、xlutils、openpyxl、xlsxwriter几种。

1.xlrd主要是用来读取excel文件

import xlrd

workbook = xlrd.open_workbook(u'有趣装逼每日数据及趋势.xls')

sheet_names= workbook.sheet_names()

for sheet_name in sheet_names:

sheet2 = workbook.sheet_by_name(sheet_name)

print sheet_name rows =sheet2.row_values(3) #获取第四行内容

cols = sheet2.col_values(1) #获取第二列内容

print rows

print cols

2.xlwt主要是用来写excel文件

import xlwt

wbk = xlwt.Workbook()

sheet = wbk.add_sheet('sheet 1')

sheet.write(0,1,'test text')#第行第一列写入内容

wbk.save('test.xls')

3.xlutils结合xlrd可以达到修改excel文件目的

import xlrd

from xlutils.copy import copy

workbook = xlrd.open_workbook(u'有趣装逼每日数据及趋势.xls')

workbooknew = copy(workbook)

ws = workbooknew.get_sheet(0)

ws.write(3, 0, 'changed!')

workbooknew.save(u'有趣装逼每日数据及趋势copy.xls')

4.openpyxl可以对excel文件进行读写操作

from openpyxl import Workbook

from openpyxl import load_workbook

sheetnames =workbook_.get_sheet_names() #获得表单名字

print sheetnames

sheet =workbook_.get_sheet_by_name(sheetnames[0])

print sheet.cell(row=3,column=3).value

sheet['A1'] = '47'

wb = Workbook()

ws = wb.active

ws['A1'] = 4

wb.save("新歌检索失败.xlsx")

5.xlsxwriter可以写excel文件并加上图表

import xlsxwriter

def get_chart(series):

chart =workbook.add_chart({'type': 'line'})

for ses in series:

name =ses["name"]

values =ses["values"]

chart.add_series({

'name': name,

'categories': 'A2:A10',

'values':values

})

chart.set_size({'width': 700,'height': 350})

return chart

if __name__ == '__main__':

workbook = xlsxwriter.Workbook(u'H5应用中心关键数据及趋势.xlsx')

worksheet =workbook.add_worksheet(u"每日PV,UV")

headings = ['日期', '平均值']

worksheet.write_row('A1',headings)

index=0

for row in range(1,10):

for com in [0,1]:

worksheet.write(row,com,index)

index+=1

series =[{"name":"平均值","values":"B2:B10"}]

chart = get_chart(series)

chart.set_title ({'name': '每日页面分享数据'})

worksheet.insert_chart('H7',chart)

workbook.close()

  • 发表于:
  • 原文链接https://kuaibao.qq.com/s/20180716G1O5LJ00?refer=cp_1026
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