Handler源码分析

前言

Handler是Android开发中,使用非常多的一个类。关于它的坑也不少。我们使用它最多的场景就是非UI线程更新UI。也就是说我们把它当作线程间通信的工具。

今天我们通过阅读它的源码来分析它的工作原理。从而更好地使用它。


Handler构造方法:

Handler.java:

      public Handler() {    
        this(null, false);
      }
      public Handler(Callback callback, boolean async) {
        if (FIND_POTENTIAL_LEAKS) {
            final Class<? extends Handler> klass = getClass();
            if ((klass.isAnonymousClass() || klass.isMemberClass() || klass.isLocalClass()) &&
                    (klass.getModifiers() & Modifier.STATIC) == 0) {
                Log.w(TAG, "The following Handler class should be static or leaks might occur: " +
                        klass.getCanonicalName());
            }
        }

        mLooper = Looper.myLooper();
        if (mLooper == null) {
            throw new RuntimeException(
                    "Can't create handler inside thread that has not called Looper.prepare()");
        }
        mQueue = mLooper.mQueue;
        mCallback = callback;
        mAsynchronous = async;
    }

上面一段代码比较简单,主要是Handler的构造方法。我们可以看到,在构造时Handler会通过

mLooper = Looper.myLooper();

判断当前线程的Looper是否为空。如果为空就会直接抛出异常了。比如当我这样调用时

        new Thread(new Runnable() {
            @Override
            public void run() {
                Handler handler = new Handler();
            }
        }).start();

便会抛出异常。这里我们可以很清晰地看到,是因为我们当前的线程没有Looper导致的。 完成了对Looper的检验后,Handler就获取了当前线程mLooper.mQueue的引用。同时包含一个可有可无的callback和是否同步的标志位。


sendMessage:

Handler.java:

    public final boolean sendMessage(Message msg)
    {
        return sendMessageDelayed(msg, 0);
    }


    public final boolean sendMessageDelayed(Message msg, long delayMillis)
    {
        if (delayMillis < 0) {
            delayMillis = 0;
        }
        return sendMessageAtTime(msg, SystemClock.uptimeMillis() + delayMillis);
    }

    public boolean sendMessageAtTime(Message msg, long uptimeMillis) {
        MessageQueue queue = mQueue;
        if (queue == null) {
            RuntimeException e = new RuntimeException(
                    this + " sendMessageAtTime() called with no mQueue");
            Log.w("Looper", e.getMessage(), e);
            return false;
        }
        return enqueueMessage(queue, msg, uptimeMillis);
    }

我们可以看到所有的sendMessage最终会调用

    enqueueMessage(queue, msg, uptimeMillis);

输入的三个参数分别为mLooper.mQueue(当前线程的消息队列)、将要send的Message和sendMessage的时间戳。

我们继续看enqueueMessage的实现:

    private boolean enqueueMessage(MessageQueue queue, Message msg, long uptimeMillis) {
        msg.target = this;
        if (mAsynchronous) {
            msg.setAsynchronous(true);
        }
        return queue.enqueueMessage(msg, uptimeMillis);
    }

这里我们可以看到,Message的target会持有当前Handler对象。最终调用queue的enqueueMessage方法。enqueueMessage顾名思义,就是带着Message去排队,我们接下来看看Message是如何去排队。


MessageQueue:

MessageQueue.java:

    boolean enqueueMessage(Message msg, long when) {
        if (msg.target == null) {
            throw new IllegalArgumentException("Message must have a target.");
        }
        if (msg.isInUse()) {
            throw new IllegalStateException(msg + " This message is already in use.");
        }

        synchronized (this) {
            if (mQuitting) {
                IllegalStateException e = new IllegalStateException(
                        msg.target + " sending message to a Handler on a dead thread");
                Log.w(TAG, e.getMessage(), e);
                msg.recycle();
                return false;
            }

            msg.markInUse();
            msg.when = when;
            Message p = mMessages;
            boolean needWake;
            if (p == null || when == 0 || when < p.when) {
                // New head, wake up the event queue if blocked.
                msg.next = p;
                mMessages = msg;
                needWake = mBlocked;
            } else {
                // Inserted within the middle of the queue.  Usually we don't have to wake
                // up the event queue unless there is a barrier at the head of the queue
                // and the message is the earliest asynchronous message in the queue.
                needWake = mBlocked && p.target == null && msg.isAsynchronous();
                Message prev;
                for (;;) {
                    prev = p;
                    p = p.next;
                    if (p == null || when < p.when) {
                        break;
                    }
                    if (needWake && p.isAsynchronous()) {
                        needWake = false;
                    }
                }
                msg.next = p; // invariant: p == prev.next
                prev.next = msg;
            }

            // We can assume mPtr != 0 because mQuitting is false.
            if (needWake) {
                nativeWake(mPtr);
            }
        }
        return true;
    }

上面的代码不算长,我们可以耐心看一看。 进入方法:

  1. 对target进行判空,判断待发Message是否已经在使用了。
  2. 对当前消息队列加锁。
  3. 判断消息队列是否弃用(通常因为线程已死)。
  4. 将待发Message标记已用,获取消息时间戳。
  5. Message p 持有当前Message
  6. 如果当前Message为空,或待发Message需要立即执行,或待发Message的时间戳已小于当前Message的时间戳,将当前Message放至待发Message后面(从这里我们也可以看到MessageQueue中的Message其实是链式储存的,方便插队)
  7. 如果待发Message还需要等待,则将待发Message放至队尾。

至此,我们就将需要发送的Message放入到队列之中,至于它是如何被发送,使我们能够在

public void handleMessage(Message msg)

中,接收到它的消息。我们可以看一看Looper的源码。


Looper:

Looper.java:

    public static void loop() {
        final Looper me = myLooper();
        if (me == null) {
            throw new RuntimeException("No Looper; Looper.prepare() wasn't called on this thread.");
        }
        final MessageQueue queue = me.mQueue;

        // Make sure the identity of this thread is that of the local process,
        // and keep track of what that identity token actually is.
        Binder.clearCallingIdentity();
        final long ident = Binder.clearCallingIdentity();

        for (;;) {
            Message msg = queue.next(); // might block
            if (msg == null) {
                // No message indicates that the message queue is quitting.
                return;
            }

            // This must be in a local variable, in case a UI event sets the logger
            Printer logging = me.mLogging;
            if (logging != null) {
                logging.println(">>>>> Dispatching to " + msg.target + " " +
                        msg.callback + ": " + msg.what);
            }

            msg.target.dispatchMessage(msg);

            if (logging != null) {
                logging.println("<<<<< Finished to " + msg.target + " " + msg.callback);
            }

            // Make sure that during the course of dispatching the
            // identity of the thread wasn't corrupted.
            final long newIdent = Binder.clearCallingIdentity();
            if (ident != newIdent) {
                Log.wtf(TAG, "Thread identity changed from 0x"
                        + Long.toHexString(ident) + " to 0x"
                        + Long.toHexString(newIdent) + " while dispatching to "
                        + msg.target.getClass().getName() + " "
                        + msg.callback + " what=" + msg.what);
            }

            msg.recycleUnchecked();
        }
    }
  1. 获取当前线程的Looper对象进行判空
  2. 获取Looper的消息队列
  3. 确定当前线程的身份是本地进程的,同时获取当前线程的身份
  4. 循环消息对列中的所有消息,调用msg.target.dispatchMessage(msg);方法
  5. 在循环中判断调用了msg.target.dispatchMessage(msg);之后线程身份有没有发生改变
  6. 回收Meesage对象。

我们在Handler的代码中有读到过

    private boolean enqueueMessage(MessageQueue queue, Message msg, long uptimeMillis) {
        msg.target = this;
        if (mAsynchronous) {
            msg.setAsynchronous(true);
        }
        return queue.enqueueMessage(msg, uptimeMillis);
    }

所以msg.target.dispatchMessage(msg);调用的,其实就是Handler中的 dispatchMessage方法。


dispatchMessage

Handler.java:

    /**
     * Handle system messages here.
     */
    public void dispatchMessage(Message msg) {
        if (msg.callback != null) {
            handleCallback(msg);
        } else {
            if (mCallback != null) {
                if (mCallback.handleMessage(msg)) {
                    return;
                }
            }
            handleMessage(msg);
        }
    }

这一段代码比较简单,根据初始化时是否有设置Callback决定谁来调用handleMessage(Message msg)


Message

最后来看一下Message的部分代码,我们在Handler中,用到了Message.obtain();。在Looper中用到了recycleUnchecked();

Message.java:

    /**
     * Return a new Message instance from the global pool. Allows us to
     * avoid allocating new objects in many cases.
     */
    public static Message obtain() {
        synchronized (sPoolSync) {
            if (sPool != null) {
                Message m = sPool;
                sPool = m.next;
                m.next = null;
                m.flags = 0; // clear in-use flag
                sPoolSize--;
                return m;
            }
        }
        return new Message();
    }

    void recycleUnchecked() {
        // Mark the message as in use while it remains in the recycled object pool.
        // Clear out all other details.
        flags = FLAG_IN_USE;
        what = 0;
        arg1 = 0;
        arg2 = 0;
        obj = null;
        replyTo = null;
        sendingUid = -1;
        when = 0;
        target = null;
        callback = null;
        data = null;

        synchronized (sPoolSync) {
            if (sPoolSize < MAX_POOL_SIZE) {
                next = sPool;
                sPool = this;
                sPoolSize++;
            }
        }
    }

Message.obtain();recycleUnchecked();两个方法可以放在一起阅读。它们共同组成了Message的复用结构。被回收的Message以链式结构储存在内存中。sPool是这个单链的头节点。每次obtain时即取出头节点sPool中的Message,然后将下一个Message放入sPool最后清空即将被使用的Message的next引用。回收时,则是将当前头节点的引用,交给待回收Message,然后将待回收Message作为头节点。通过这样形式的复用,可以一定程度减轻因为Message对象初始化产生的内存开销。


综上,我们阅读了Handler一整套消息处理的流程。它为我们在线程间的通信提供了很大的方便。其中一些设计的思想也非常值得学习。


最后的问题:每个Handler都配有一个Looper,Looper在没有消息时,会陷入阻塞。那么主线程的Looper为什么没有产生阻塞,使得程序未响应呢?

如果接触过嵌入式开发的同学都知道,当我们在一个没有系统的硬件上写代码时,不可能希望我们的代码只执行一次就结束了。我们需要写一个死循环。保证代码一直在跑,当我们需要做某件事情时,再用中断或是死循环中的每个判断去做出响应,完成之后继续死循环。

Android中的主线程也采用了类似结构。主线程的Looper可以理解为主线程的死循环,App没有退出时,Looper的循环就不会结束。因此,当我们没有任何任务和操作时,可以理解为主线程就是近似阻塞的状态。当我们有任务需要主线程工作时,在ActivityThreadsMainThreadHandler就会开始工作。

我们不妨看一下sMainThreadHandler的相关代码:

ActivityThread.java:

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        ...
        if (sMainThreadHandler == null) {
            sMainThreadHandler = thread.getHandler();
        }
        ...
    }

    final Handler getHandler() {
        return mH;
    }

    final H mH = new H();

我们可以发现,主线程其实本身也是一个死循环,而我们所有需要主线程做的事情,则是交给了H类mH去处理。 关于H类最终实现,不是本篇的重点,应该归属到AMS的范畴,不再赘述。以上便是Android中Handler的工作原理。


最后附上H类的代码:

    private class H extends Handler {
        public static final int LAUNCH_ACTIVITY         = 100;
        public static final int PAUSE_ACTIVITY          = 101;
        public static final int PAUSE_ACTIVITY_FINISHING= 102;
        public static final int STOP_ACTIVITY_SHOW      = 103;
        public static final int STOP_ACTIVITY_HIDE      = 104;
        public static final int SHOW_WINDOW             = 105;
        public static final int HIDE_WINDOW             = 106;
        public static final int RESUME_ACTIVITY         = 107;
        public static final int SEND_RESULT             = 108;
        public static final int DESTROY_ACTIVITY        = 109;
        public static final int BIND_APPLICATION        = 110;
        public static final int EXIT_APPLICATION        = 111;
        public static final int NEW_INTENT              = 112;
        public static final int RECEIVER                = 113;
        public static final int CREATE_SERVICE          = 114;
        public static final int SERVICE_ARGS            = 115;
        public static final int STOP_SERVICE            = 116;

        public static final int CONFIGURATION_CHANGED   = 118;
        public static final int CLEAN_UP_CONTEXT        = 119;
        public static final int GC_WHEN_IDLE            = 120;
        public static final int BIND_SERVICE            = 121;
        public static final int UNBIND_SERVICE          = 122;
        public static final int DUMP_SERVICE            = 123;
        public static final int LOW_MEMORY              = 124;
        public static final int ACTIVITY_CONFIGURATION_CHANGED = 125;
        public static final int RELAUNCH_ACTIVITY       = 126;
        public static final int PROFILER_CONTROL        = 127;
        public static final int CREATE_BACKUP_AGENT     = 128;
        public static final int DESTROY_BACKUP_AGENT    = 129;
        public static final int SUICIDE                 = 130;
        public static final int REMOVE_PROVIDER         = 131;
        public static final int ENABLE_JIT              = 132;
        public static final int DISPATCH_PACKAGE_BROADCAST = 133;
        public static final int SCHEDULE_CRASH          = 134;
        public static final int DUMP_HEAP               = 135;
        public static final int DUMP_ACTIVITY           = 136;
        public static final int SLEEPING                = 137;
        public static final int SET_CORE_SETTINGS       = 138;
        public static final int UPDATE_PACKAGE_COMPATIBILITY_INFO = 139;
        public static final int TRIM_MEMORY             = 140;
        public static final int DUMP_PROVIDER           = 141;
        public static final int UNSTABLE_PROVIDER_DIED  = 142;
        public static final int REQUEST_ASSIST_CONTEXT_EXTRAS = 143;
        public static final int TRANSLUCENT_CONVERSION_COMPLETE = 144;
        public static final int INSTALL_PROVIDER        = 145;
        public static final int ON_NEW_ACTIVITY_OPTIONS = 146;
        public static final int CANCEL_VISIBLE_BEHIND = 147;
        public static final int BACKGROUND_VISIBLE_BEHIND_CHANGED = 148;
        public static final int ENTER_ANIMATION_COMPLETE = 149;

        String codeToString(int code) {
            if (DEBUG_MESSAGES) {
                switch (code) {
                    case LAUNCH_ACTIVITY: return "LAUNCH_ACTIVITY";
                    case PAUSE_ACTIVITY: return "PAUSE_ACTIVITY";
                    case PAUSE_ACTIVITY_FINISHING: return "PAUSE_ACTIVITY_FINISHING";
                    case STOP_ACTIVITY_SHOW: return "STOP_ACTIVITY_SHOW";
                    case STOP_ACTIVITY_HIDE: return "STOP_ACTIVITY_HIDE";
                    case SHOW_WINDOW: return "SHOW_WINDOW";
                    case HIDE_WINDOW: return "HIDE_WINDOW";
                    case RESUME_ACTIVITY: return "RESUME_ACTIVITY";
                    case SEND_RESULT: return "SEND_RESULT";
                    case DESTROY_ACTIVITY: return "DESTROY_ACTIVITY";
                    case BIND_APPLICATION: return "BIND_APPLICATION";
                    case EXIT_APPLICATION: return "EXIT_APPLICATION";
                    case NEW_INTENT: return "NEW_INTENT";
                    case RECEIVER: return "RECEIVER";
                    case CREATE_SERVICE: return "CREATE_SERVICE";
                    case SERVICE_ARGS: return "SERVICE_ARGS";
                    case STOP_SERVICE: return "STOP_SERVICE";
                    case CONFIGURATION_CHANGED: return "CONFIGURATION_CHANGED";
                    case CLEAN_UP_CONTEXT: return "CLEAN_UP_CONTEXT";
                    case GC_WHEN_IDLE: return "GC_WHEN_IDLE";
                    case BIND_SERVICE: return "BIND_SERVICE";
                    case UNBIND_SERVICE: return "UNBIND_SERVICE";
                    case DUMP_SERVICE: return "DUMP_SERVICE";
                    case LOW_MEMORY: return "LOW_MEMORY";
                    case ACTIVITY_CONFIGURATION_CHANGED: return "ACTIVITY_CONFIGURATION_CHANGED";
                    case RELAUNCH_ACTIVITY: return "RELAUNCH_ACTIVITY";
                    case PROFILER_CONTROL: return "PROFILER_CONTROL";
                    case CREATE_BACKUP_AGENT: return "CREATE_BACKUP_AGENT";
                    case DESTROY_BACKUP_AGENT: return "DESTROY_BACKUP_AGENT";
                    case SUICIDE: return "SUICIDE";
                    case REMOVE_PROVIDER: return "REMOVE_PROVIDER";
                    case ENABLE_JIT: return "ENABLE_JIT";
                    case DISPATCH_PACKAGE_BROADCAST: return "DISPATCH_PACKAGE_BROADCAST";
                    case SCHEDULE_CRASH: return "SCHEDULE_CRASH";
                    case DUMP_HEAP: return "DUMP_HEAP";
                    case DUMP_ACTIVITY: return "DUMP_ACTIVITY";
                    case SLEEPING: return "SLEEPING";
                    case SET_CORE_SETTINGS: return "SET_CORE_SETTINGS";
                    case UPDATE_PACKAGE_COMPATIBILITY_INFO: return "UPDATE_PACKAGE_COMPATIBILITY_INFO";
                    case TRIM_MEMORY: return "TRIM_MEMORY";
                    case DUMP_PROVIDER: return "DUMP_PROVIDER";
                    case UNSTABLE_PROVIDER_DIED: return "UNSTABLE_PROVIDER_DIED";
                    case REQUEST_ASSIST_CONTEXT_EXTRAS: return "REQUEST_ASSIST_CONTEXT_EXTRAS";
                    case TRANSLUCENT_CONVERSION_COMPLETE: return "TRANSLUCENT_CONVERSION_COMPLETE";
                    case INSTALL_PROVIDER: return "INSTALL_PROVIDER";
                    case ON_NEW_ACTIVITY_OPTIONS: return "ON_NEW_ACTIVITY_OPTIONS";
                    case CANCEL_VISIBLE_BEHIND: return "CANCEL_VISIBLE_BEHIND";
                    case BACKGROUND_VISIBLE_BEHIND_CHANGED: return "BACKGROUND_VISIBLE_BEHIND_CHANGED";
                    case ENTER_ANIMATION_COMPLETE: return "ENTER_ANIMATION_COMPLETE";
                }
            }
            return Integer.toString(code);
        }
        public void handleMessage(Message msg) {
            if (DEBUG_MESSAGES) Slog.v(TAG, ">>> handling: " + codeToString(msg.what));
            switch (msg.what) {
                case LAUNCH_ACTIVITY: {
                    Trace.traceBegin(Trace.TRACE_TAG_ACTIVITY_MANAGER, "activityStart");
                    final ActivityClientRecord r = (ActivityClientRecord) msg.obj;

                    r.packageInfo = getPackageInfoNoCheck(
                            r.activityInfo.applicationInfo, r.compatInfo);
                    handleLaunchActivity(r, null);
                    Trace.traceEnd(Trace.TRACE_TAG_ACTIVITY_MANAGER);
                } break;
                case RELAUNCH_ACTIVITY: {
                    Trace.traceBegin(Trace.TRACE_TAG_ACTIVITY_MANAGER, "activityRestart");
                    ActivityClientRecord r = (ActivityClientRecord)msg.obj;
                    handleRelaunchActivity(r);
                    Trace.traceEnd(Trace.TRACE_TAG_ACTIVITY_MANAGER);
                } break;
                case PAUSE_ACTIVITY:
                    Trace.traceBegin(Trace.TRACE_TAG_ACTIVITY_MANAGER, "activityPause");
                    handlePauseActivity((IBinder)msg.obj, false, (msg.arg1&1) != 0, msg.arg2,
                            (msg.arg1&2) != 0);
                    maybeSnapshot();
                    Trace.traceEnd(Trace.TRACE_TAG_ACTIVITY_MANAGER);
                    break;
                case PAUSE_ACTIVITY_FINISHING:
                    Trace.traceBegin(Trace.TRACE_TAG_ACTIVITY_MANAGER, "activityPause");
                    handlePauseActivity((IBinder)msg.obj, true, (msg.arg1&1) != 0, msg.arg2,
                            (msg.arg1&1) != 0);
                    Trace.traceEnd(Trace.TRACE_TAG_ACTIVITY_MANAGER);
                    break;
                case STOP_ACTIVITY_SHOW:
                    Trace.traceBegin(Trace.TRACE_TAG_ACTIVITY_MANAGER, "activityStop");
                    handleStopActivity((IBinder)msg.obj, true, msg.arg2);
                    Trace.traceEnd(Trace.TRACE_TAG_ACTIVITY_MANAGER);
                    break;
                case STOP_ACTIVITY_HIDE:
                    Trace.traceBegin(Trace.TRACE_TAG_ACTIVITY_MANAGER, "activityStop");
                    handleStopActivity((IBinder)msg.obj, false, msg.arg2);
                    Trace.traceEnd(Trace.TRACE_TAG_ACTIVITY_MANAGER);
                    break;
                case SHOW_WINDOW:
                    Trace.traceBegin(Trace.TRACE_TAG_ACTIVITY_MANAGER, "activityShowWindow");
                    handleWindowVisibility((IBinder)msg.obj, true);
                    Trace.traceEnd(Trace.TRACE_TAG_ACTIVITY_MANAGER);
                    break;
                case HIDE_WINDOW:
                    Trace.traceBegin(Trace.TRACE_TAG_ACTIVITY_MANAGER, "activityHideWindow");
                    handleWindowVisibility((IBinder)msg.obj, false);
                    Trace.traceEnd(Trace.TRACE_TAG_ACTIVITY_MANAGER);
                    break;
                case RESUME_ACTIVITY:
                    Trace.traceBegin(Trace.TRACE_TAG_ACTIVITY_MANAGER, "activityResume");
                    handleResumeActivity((IBinder) msg.obj, true, msg.arg1 != 0, true);
                    Trace.traceEnd(Trace.TRACE_TAG_ACTIVITY_MANAGER);
                    break;
                case SEND_RESULT:
                    Trace.traceBegin(Trace.TRACE_TAG_ACTIVITY_MANAGER, "activityDeliverResult");
                    handleSendResult((ResultData)msg.obj);
                    Trace.traceEnd(Trace.TRACE_TAG_ACTIVITY_MANAGER);
                    break;
                case DESTROY_ACTIVITY:
                    Trace.traceBegin(Trace.TRACE_TAG_ACTIVITY_MANAGER, "activityDestroy");
                    handleDestroyActivity((IBinder)msg.obj, msg.arg1 != 0,
                            msg.arg2, false);
                    Trace.traceEnd(Trace.TRACE_TAG_ACTIVITY_MANAGER);
                    break;
                case BIND_APPLICATION:
                    Trace.traceBegin(Trace.TRACE_TAG_ACTIVITY_MANAGER, "bindApplication");
                    AppBindData data = (AppBindData)msg.obj;
                    handleBindApplication(data);
                    Trace.traceEnd(Trace.TRACE_TAG_ACTIVITY_MANAGER);
                    break;
                case EXIT_APPLICATION:
                    if (mInitialApplication != null) {
                        mInitialApplication.onTerminate();
                    }
                    Looper.myLooper().quit();
                    break;
                case NEW_INTENT:
                    Trace.traceBegin(Trace.TRACE_TAG_ACTIVITY_MANAGER, "activityNewIntent");
                    handleNewIntent((NewIntentData)msg.obj);
                    Trace.traceEnd(Trace.TRACE_TAG_ACTIVITY_MANAGER);
                    break;
                case RECEIVER:
                    Trace.traceBegin(Trace.TRACE_TAG_ACTIVITY_MANAGER, "broadcastReceiveComp");
                    handleReceiver((ReceiverData)msg.obj);
                    maybeSnapshot();
                    Trace.traceEnd(Trace.TRACE_TAG_ACTIVITY_MANAGER);
                    break;
                case CREATE_SERVICE:
                    Trace.traceBegin(Trace.TRACE_TAG_ACTIVITY_MANAGER, "serviceCreate");
                    handleCreateService((CreateServiceData)msg.obj);
                    Trace.traceEnd(Trace.TRACE_TAG_ACTIVITY_MANAGER);
                    break;
                case BIND_SERVICE:
                    Trace.traceBegin(Trace.TRACE_TAG_ACTIVITY_MANAGER, "serviceBind");
                    handleBindService((BindServiceData)msg.obj);
                    Trace.traceEnd(Trace.TRACE_TAG_ACTIVITY_MANAGER);
                    break;
                case UNBIND_SERVICE:
                    Trace.traceBegin(Trace.TRACE_TAG_ACTIVITY_MANAGER, "serviceUnbind");
                    handleUnbindService((BindServiceData)msg.obj);
                    Trace.traceEnd(Trace.TRACE_TAG_ACTIVITY_MANAGER);
                    break;
                case SERVICE_ARGS:
                    Trace.traceBegin(Trace.TRACE_TAG_ACTIVITY_MANAGER, "serviceStart");
                    handleServiceArgs((ServiceArgsData)msg.obj);
                    Trace.traceEnd(Trace.TRACE_TAG_ACTIVITY_MANAGER);
                    break;
                case STOP_SERVICE:
                    Trace.traceBegin(Trace.TRACE_TAG_ACTIVITY_MANAGER, "serviceStop");
                    handleStopService((IBinder)msg.obj);
                    maybeSnapshot();
                    Trace.traceEnd(Trace.TRACE_TAG_ACTIVITY_MANAGER);
                    break;
                case CONFIGURATION_CHANGED:
                    Trace.traceBegin(Trace.TRACE_TAG_ACTIVITY_MANAGER, "configChanged");
                    mCurDefaultDisplayDpi = ((Configuration)msg.obj).densityDpi;
                    handleConfigurationChanged((Configuration)msg.obj, null);
                    Trace.traceEnd(Trace.TRACE_TAG_ACTIVITY_MANAGER);
                    break;
                case CLEAN_UP_CONTEXT:
                    ContextCleanupInfo cci = (ContextCleanupInfo)msg.obj;
                    cci.context.performFinalCleanup(cci.who, cci.what);
                    break;
                case GC_WHEN_IDLE:
                    scheduleGcIdler();
                    break;
                case DUMP_SERVICE:
                    handleDumpService((DumpComponentInfo)msg.obj);
                    break;
                case LOW_MEMORY:
                    Trace.traceBegin(Trace.TRACE_TAG_ACTIVITY_MANAGER, "lowMemory");
                    handleLowMemory();
                    Trace.traceEnd(Trace.TRACE_TAG_ACTIVITY_MANAGER);
                    break;
                case ACTIVITY_CONFIGURATION_CHANGED:
                    Trace.traceBegin(Trace.TRACE_TAG_ACTIVITY_MANAGER, "activityConfigChanged");
                    handleActivityConfigurationChanged((ActivityConfigChangeData)msg.obj);
                    Trace.traceEnd(Trace.TRACE_TAG_ACTIVITY_MANAGER);
                    break;
                case PROFILER_CONTROL:
                    handleProfilerControl(msg.arg1 != 0, (ProfilerInfo)msg.obj, msg.arg2);
                    break;
                case CREATE_BACKUP_AGENT:
                    Trace.traceBegin(Trace.TRACE_TAG_ACTIVITY_MANAGER, "backupCreateAgent");
                    handleCreateBackupAgent((CreateBackupAgentData)msg.obj);
                    Trace.traceEnd(Trace.TRACE_TAG_ACTIVITY_MANAGER);
                    break;
                case DESTROY_BACKUP_AGENT:
                    Trace.traceBegin(Trace.TRACE_TAG_ACTIVITY_MANAGER, "backupDestroyAgent");
                    handleDestroyBackupAgent((CreateBackupAgentData)msg.obj);
                    Trace.traceEnd(Trace.TRACE_TAG_ACTIVITY_MANAGER);
                    break;
                case SUICIDE:
                    Process.killProcess(Process.myPid());
                    break;
                case REMOVE_PROVIDER:
                    Trace.traceBegin(Trace.TRACE_TAG_ACTIVITY_MANAGER, "providerRemove");
                    completeRemoveProvider((ProviderRefCount)msg.obj);
                    Trace.traceEnd(Trace.TRACE_TAG_ACTIVITY_MANAGER);
                    break;
                case ENABLE_JIT:
                    ensureJitEnabled();
                    break;
                case DISPATCH_PACKAGE_BROADCAST:
                    Trace.traceBegin(Trace.TRACE_TAG_ACTIVITY_MANAGER, "broadcastPackage");
                    handleDispatchPackageBroadcast(msg.arg1, (String[])msg.obj);
                    Trace.traceEnd(Trace.TRACE_TAG_ACTIVITY_MANAGER);
                    break;
                case SCHEDULE_CRASH:
                    throw new RemoteServiceException((String)msg.obj);
                case DUMP_HEAP:
                    handleDumpHeap(msg.arg1 != 0, (DumpHeapData)msg.obj);
                    break;
                case DUMP_ACTIVITY:
                    handleDumpActivity((DumpComponentInfo)msg.obj);
                    break;
                case DUMP_PROVIDER:
                    handleDumpProvider((DumpComponentInfo)msg.obj);
                    break;
                case SLEEPING:
                    Trace.traceBegin(Trace.TRACE_TAG_ACTIVITY_MANAGER, "sleeping");
                    handleSleeping((IBinder)msg.obj, msg.arg1 != 0);
                    Trace.traceEnd(Trace.TRACE_TAG_ACTIVITY_MANAGER);
                    break;
                case SET_CORE_SETTINGS:
                    Trace.traceBegin(Trace.TRACE_TAG_ACTIVITY_MANAGER, "setCoreSettings");
                    handleSetCoreSettings((Bundle) msg.obj);
                    Trace.traceEnd(Trace.TRACE_TAG_ACTIVITY_MANAGER);
                    break;
                case UPDATE_PACKAGE_COMPATIBILITY_INFO:
                    handleUpdatePackageCompatibilityInfo((UpdateCompatibilityData)msg.obj);
                    break;
                case TRIM_MEMORY:
                    Trace.traceBegin(Trace.TRACE_TAG_ACTIVITY_MANAGER, "trimMemory");
                    handleTrimMemory(msg.arg1);
                    Trace.traceEnd(Trace.TRACE_TAG_ACTIVITY_MANAGER);
                    break;
                case UNSTABLE_PROVIDER_DIED:
                    handleUnstableProviderDied((IBinder)msg.obj, false);
                    break;
                case REQUEST_ASSIST_CONTEXT_EXTRAS:
                    handleRequestAssistContextExtras((RequestAssistContextExtras)msg.obj);
                    break;
                case TRANSLUCENT_CONVERSION_COMPLETE:
                    handleTranslucentConversionComplete((IBinder)msg.obj, msg.arg1 == 1);
                    break;
                case INSTALL_PROVIDER:
                    handleInstallProvider((ProviderInfo) msg.obj);
                    break;
                case ON_NEW_ACTIVITY_OPTIONS:
                    Pair<IBinder, ActivityOptions> pair = (Pair<IBinder, ActivityOptions>) msg.obj;
                    onNewActivityOptions(pair.first, pair.second);
                    break;
                case CANCEL_VISIBLE_BEHIND:
                    handleCancelVisibleBehind((IBinder) msg.obj);
                    break;
                case BACKGROUND_VISIBLE_BEHIND_CHANGED:
                    handleOnBackgroundVisibleBehindChanged((IBinder) msg.obj, msg.arg1 > 0);
                    break;
                case ENTER_ANIMATION_COMPLETE:
                    handleEnterAnimationComplete((IBinder) msg.obj);
                    break;
            }
            if (DEBUG_MESSAGES) Slog.v(TAG, "<<< done: " + codeToString(msg.what));
        }

        private void maybeSnapshot() {
            if (mBoundApplication != null && SamplingProfilerIntegration.isEnabled()) {
                // convert the *private* ActivityThread.PackageInfo to *public* known
                // android.content.pm.PackageInfo
                String packageName = mBoundApplication.info.mPackageName;
                android.content.pm.PackageInfo packageInfo = null;
                try {
                    Context context = getSystemContext();
                    if(context == null) {
                        Log.e(TAG, "cannot get a valid context");
                        return;
                    }
                    PackageManager pm = context.getPackageManager();
                    if(pm == null) {
                        Log.e(TAG, "cannot get a valid PackageManager");
                        return;
                    }
                    packageInfo = pm.getPackageInfo(
                            packageName, PackageManager.GET_ACTIVITIES);
                } catch (PackageManager.NameNotFoundException e) {
                    Log.e(TAG, "cannot get package info for " + packageName, e);
                }
                SamplingProfilerIntegration.writeSnapshot(mBoundApplication.processName, packageInfo);
            }
        }
    }

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