linux远程登录ssh免密码配置方法

这篇文章主要介绍了linux远程登录ssh免密码配置方法,需要的朋友可以参考下

一、情景

公司刚上几台Linux,现在要把主机之间都能远程ssh免密码登陆。

二、原理 很简单,使用ssh-keygen 在主机A上生成private和public密钥,将生成的public密钥拷贝到远程机器主机B上后,就可以使用ssh命令无需密码登录到另外一台机器主机B上。

三、步骤

主机A:

1、 生成公钥和私钥文件id_rsa和id_rsa.pub (敲3下回车即可) [root@bogon ~]# ssh-keygen -t rsa Generating public/private rsa key pair. Enter file in which to save the key (/root/.ssh/id_rsa): Enter passphrase (empty for no passphrase): Enter same passphrase again: Your identification has been saved in /root/.ssh/id_rsa. Your public key has been saved in /root/.ssh/id_rsa.pub. The key fingerprint is: 67:da:0d:79:e0:d6:2b:cd:7d:22:af:51:7e:9c:75:fe root@bogon The key's randomart image is: +--[ RSA 2048]----+ | | | | | . | | . + | | S B o . o| | * * = o+| | . o B +.=| | . + +.| | ... E| +-----------------+

2、ssh-cop-id命令会将指定的公钥文件复制到远程计算机

[root@bogon ~]# ssh-copy-id -i ~/.ssh/id_rsa.pub root@10.1.250.166 The authenticity of host '10.1.250.166 (10.1.250.166)' can't be established. RSA key fingerprint is c8:9d:6d:92:55:77:3d:3e:af:f5:cb:18:80:5a:47:93. Are you sure you want to continue connecting (yes/no)? yes Warning: Permanently added '10.1.250.166' (RSA) to the list of known hosts. reverse mapping checking getaddrinfo for bogon [10.1.250.166] failed - POSSIBLE BREAK-IN ATTEMPT! root@10.1.250.166's password: <主机B的登陆密码> Now try logging into the machine, with "ssh 'root@10.1.250.166'", and check in:

.ssh/authorized_keys

to make sure we haven't added extra keys that you weren't expecting.

3、然后ssh登陆主机B验证是否需要密码

[root@localhost ~]# ssh 10.1.250.166 reverse mapping checking getaddrinfo for bogon [10.1.250.166] failed - POSSIBLE BREAK-IN ATTEMPT! Last login: Wed Oct 21 10:05:39 2015 from 10.1.250.141 [root@bogon ~]#

4、登陆成功后,我们需要在主机B也做下以上3步,这样就可以相互免密码ssh登陆。(如果有多台主机,每台主机都做下相同操作,以方便以后管理)。

5、权限问题 建议用其他用户做ssh登陆的话,调整目录文件权限 设置authorized_keys权限

chmod 644 authorized_keys

设置.ssh目录权限

chmod 700 -R .ssh

6、要保证.ssh和authorized_keys都只有用户自己有写权限。否则验证无效。

原文链接:http://www.cqgua.com

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