@AUTOILD-没有找到用于依赖的类型的合格bean

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我通过使用Spring和Hibernate创建实体、服务和JUnit测试来启动我的项目。所有这些都很好。然后,我添加了Spring-MVC来使用许多不同的逐步教程来制作这个Web应用程序,但是当我尝试使用@Autolair注释制作Controller时,我在部署过程中从Glassfish那里得到了错误。我想,由于某种原因,Spring没有看到我的服务,但经过多次尝试,我仍然无法处理它。

服务的测试

@RunWith(SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.class)
@ContextConfiguration(locations = {"classpath:/beans.xml"})

@Autowired
MailManager mailManager;

正常工作。

控制器没有@自动发,我可以打开我的项目在网页浏览器没有麻烦。

/src/main/resources/beans.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>

<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
       xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xmlns:aop="http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop"
       xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"
       xmlns:jdbc="http://www.springframework.org/schema/jdbc" xmlns:tx="http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx"
       xmlns:util="http://www.springframework.org/schema/util"
       xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-3.0.xsd
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop/spring-aop-3.0.xsd
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/context http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context-3.0.xsd
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/jdbc http://www.springframework.org/schema/jdbc/spring-jdbc-3.0.xsd
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx/spring-tx-3.0.xsd
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/util http://www.springframework.org/schema/util/spring-util-3.0.xsd
        http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/persistence/orm http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/persistence/orm_2_0.xsd">

    <context:property-placeholder location="jdbc.properties" />

    <context:component-scan base-package="pl.com.radzikowski.webmail">
        <context:exclude-filter type="annotation" expression="org.springframework.stereotype.Controller" />
    </context:component-scan>

    <!--<context:component-scan base-package="pl.com.radzikowski.webmail.service" />-->

    <bean id="dataSource" class="org.apache.commons.dbcp.BasicDataSource" destroy-method="close">
        <property name="driverClassName" value="${jdbc.driverClassName}" />
        <property name="url" value="${jdbc.url}" />
        <property name="username" value="${jdbc.username}" />
        <property name="password" value="${jdbc.password}" />
    </bean>

    <!-- Persistance Unit Manager for persistance options managing -->
    <bean id="persistenceUnitManager" class="org.springframework.orm.jpa.persistenceunit.DefaultPersistenceUnitManager">
        <property name="defaultDataSource" ref="dataSource"/>
    </bean>

    <!-- Entity Manager Factory for creating/updating DB schema based on persistence files and entity classes -->
    <bean id="entityManagerFactory" class="org.springframework.orm.jpa.LocalContainerEntityManagerFactoryBean">
        <property name="persistenceUnitManager" ref="persistenceUnitManager"/>
        <property name="persistenceUnitName" value="WebMailPU"/>
    </bean>

    <!-- Hibernate Session Factory -->
    <bean id="sessionFactory" class="org.springframework.orm.hibernate4.LocalSessionFactoryBean">
        <property name="dataSource" ref="dataSource"/>
        <!--<property name="schemaUpdate" value="true" />-->
        <property name="packagesToScan" value="pl.com.radzikowski.webmail.domain" />
        <property name="hibernateProperties">
            <props>
                <prop key="hibernate.dialect">org.hibernate.dialect.MySQLDialect</prop>
            </props>
        </property>
    </bean>

    <!-- Hibernate Transaction Manager -->
    <bean id="txManager" class="org.springframework.orm.hibernate4.HibernateTransactionManager">
        <property name="sessionFactory" ref="sessionFactory"/>
    </bean>

    <!-- Activates annotation based transaction management -->
    <tx:annotation-driven transaction-manager="txManager"/>

</beans>

/webapp/web-INF/web.xml

<web-app xmlns="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/j2ee" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" id="WebApp_ID" version="2.4" xsi:schemaLocation="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/j2ee http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/j2ee/web-app_2_4.xsd">
    <display-name>Spring Web MVC Application</display-name>
    <servlet>
        <servlet-name>mvc-dispatcher</servlet-name>
        <servlet-class>org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet</servlet-class>
        <load-on-startup>1</load-on-startup>
    </servlet>
    <servlet-mapping>
        <servlet-name>mvc-dispatcher</servlet-name>
        <url-pattern>/</url-pattern>
    </servlet-mapping>
    <context-param>
        <param-name>contextConfigLocation</param-name>
        <param-value>/WEB-INF/mvc-dispatcher-servlet.xml</param-value>
    </context-param>
    <listener>
        <listener-class>org.springframework.web.context.ContextLoaderListener</listener-class>
    </listener>
</web-app>

/webapp/web-INF/mvc-Dispatcher-servlet.xml

<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
       xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"
       xmlns:mvc="http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc"
       xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
       xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-3.0.xsd
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/context http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context-3.0.xsd
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc/spring-mvc-3.0.xsd">

    <context:component-scan base-package="pl.com.radzikowski.webmail" use-default-filters="false">
        <context:include-filter type="annotation" expression="org.springframework.stereotype.Controller" />
    </context:component-scan>

    <mvc:annotation-driven/>

    <bean class="org.springframework.web.servlet.view.InternalResourceViewResolver">
        <property name="prefix" value="/WEB-INF/views/" />
        <property name="suffix" value=".jsp" />
    </bean>

</beans>

pl.com.radzikowski.webmail.service.AbstractManager

package pl.com.radzikowski.webmail.service;

import org.apache.log4j.Logger;
import org.hibernate.SessionFactory;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;

/**
 * Master Manager class providing basic fields for services.
 * @author Maciej Radzikowski <maciej@radzikowski.com.pl>
 */
public class AbstractManager {

    @Autowired
    protected SessionFactory sessionFactory;

    protected final Logger logger = Logger.getLogger(this.getClass());

}

pl.com.radzikowski.webmail.service.MailManager

package pl.com.radzikowski.webmail.service;

import org.springframework.stereotype.Component;
import org.springframework.transaction.annotation.Transactional;

@Component
@Transactional
public class MailManager extends AbstractManager {
    // some methods...
}

pl.com.radzikowski.webmail.HomeController

package pl.com.radzikowski.webmail.controller;

import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Controller;
import org.springframework.ui.ModelMap;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMethod;
import pl.com.radzikowski.webmail.service.MailManager;

@Controller
@RequestMapping("/")
public class HomeController {

    @Autowired
    public MailManager mailManager;

    @RequestMapping(value = "/", method = RequestMethod.GET)
    public String homepage(ModelMap model) {
        return "homepage";
    }

}

错误:

SEVERE:   Exception while loading the app
SEVERE:   Undeployment failed for context /WebMail
SEVERE:   Exception while loading the app : java.lang.IllegalStateException: ContainerBase.addChild: start: org.apache.catalina.LifecycleException: org.springframework.beans.factory.BeanCreationException: Error creating bean with name 'homeController': Injection of autowired dependencies failed; nested exception is org.springframework.beans.factory.BeanCreationException: Could not autowire field: public pl.com.radzikowski.webmail.service.MailManager pl.com.radzikowski.webmail.controller.HomeController.mailManager; nested exception is org.springframework.beans.factory.NoSuchBeanDefinitionException: No qualifying bean of type [pl.com.radzikowski.webmail.service.MailManager] found for dependency: expected at least 1 bean which qualifies as autowire candidate for this dependency. Dependency annotations: {@org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired(required=true)}

很抱歉有很多代码,但我不知道是什么导致了这个错误。

我创建了界面:

@Component
public interface IMailManager {

增加的工具:

@Component
@Transactional
public class MailManager extends AbstractManager implements IMailManager {

然后换了头发:

@Autowired
public IMailManager mailManager;

但是它仍然会抛出错误(当我尝试使用@限定符时也是如此)

.无法自动显示字段:public pl.com.radzikowski.webmail.service.IMailManager pl.com.radzikowski.webmail.controller.HomeController.mailManager.

我也尝试过使用不同的“组件”和“事务处理”的组合。

我是不是应该在web.xml中加入beans.xml呢?

提问于
用户回答回答于

你应该自动界面AbstractManager而不是上课MailManager。如果有不同的含义AbstractManager你可以写@Component("mailService")然后@Autowired @Qualifier("mailService")组合到自动生成特定的类。

用户回答回答于

之所以发生这种情况,是因为我的测试与我的组件不在同一个包中。我用的是@ComponentScan在我的测试中@Configuration类,所以我的测试没有找到它们所依赖的组件。

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