R中α透明直方图的散射图?

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怎样才能像这个数字那样,用α透明的、无标度的直方图在R中散布图表呢?

看起来它不是用ggplot 2制作的。

有人知道使用的是什么命令吗?

提问于
用户回答回答于
library(ggplot2)
library(gridExtra)

set.seed(42)
DF <- data.frame(x=rnorm(100,mean=c(1,5)),y=rlnorm(100,meanlog=c(8,6)),group=1:2)

p1 <- ggplot(DF,aes(x=x,y=y,colour=factor(group))) + geom_point() +
  scale_x_continuous(expand=c(0.02,0)) +
  scale_y_continuous(expand=c(0.02,0)) +
  theme_bw() +
  theme(legend.position="none",plot.margin=unit(c(0,0,0,0),"points"))

theme0 <- function(...) theme( legend.position = "none",
                               panel.background = element_blank(),
                               panel.grid.major = element_blank(),
                               panel.grid.minor = element_blank(),
                               panel.margin = unit(0,"null"),
                               axis.ticks = element_blank(),
                               axis.text.x = element_blank(),
                               axis.text.y = element_blank(),
                               axis.title.x = element_blank(),
                               axis.title.y = element_blank(),
                               axis.ticks.length = unit(0,"null"),
                               axis.ticks.margin = unit(0,"null"),
                               panel.border=element_rect(color=NA),...)

p2 <- ggplot(DF,aes(x=x,colour=factor(group),fill=factor(group))) + 
  geom_density(alpha=0.5) + 
  scale_x_continuous(breaks=NULL,expand=c(0.02,0)) +
  scale_y_continuous(breaks=NULL,expand=c(0.02,0)) +
  theme_bw() +
  theme0(plot.margin = unit(c(1,0,0,2.2),"lines")) 

p3 <- ggplot(DF,aes(x=y,colour=factor(group),fill=factor(group))) + 
  geom_density(alpha=0.5) + 
  coord_flip()  + 
  scale_x_continuous(labels = NULL,breaks=NULL,expand=c(0.02,0)) +
  scale_y_continuous(labels = NULL,breaks=NULL,expand=c(0.02,0)) +
  theme_bw() +
  theme0(plot.margin = unit(c(0,1,1.2,0),"lines"))

grid.arrange(arrangeGrob(p2,ncol=2,widths=c(3,1)),
             arrangeGrob(p1,p3,ncol=2,widths=c(3,1)),
             heights=c(1,3))
p2 <- ggplot(DF,aes(x=x,colour=factor(group),fill=factor(group))) + 
  geom_density(alpha=0.5) + 
  scale_x_continuous(breaks=NULL,expand=c(0.02,0)) +
  scale_y_continuous(breaks=NULL,expand=c(0.00,0)) +
  theme_bw() +
  theme0(plot.margin = unit(c(1,0,-0.48,2.2),"lines")) 

p3 <- ggplot(DF,aes(x=y,colour=factor(group),fill=factor(group))) + 
  geom_density(alpha=0.5) + 
  coord_flip()  + 
  scale_x_continuous(labels = NULL,breaks=NULL,expand=c(0.02,0)) +
  scale_y_continuous(labels = NULL,breaks=NULL,expand=c(0.00,0)) +
  theme_bw() +
  theme0(plot.margin = unit(c(0,1,1.2,-0.48),"lines"))
用户回答回答于

我不知道是否有一个包裹能直接做到这一点,但我确信在R中完成透明操作很简单:为给定的透明度向RGB颜色规范添加另外两位数字:

#FF0000 # red
#FF0000FF # full opacity
#FF000000 # full transparency

组合不同的情节也很容易使用layout功能。对于垂直密度图,它与x和y转换的水平图是完全相同的。

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