Android Fragment背堆栈问题该怎么解决?

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这里是我主要活动的布局xml文件:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
          android:layout_width="fill_parent"
          android:layout_height="fill_parent"
          android:orientation="vertical" >

<fragment
        android:id="@+id/headerFragment"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        class="com.fragment_test.FragmentControls" >
    <!-- Preview: layout=@layout/details -->
</fragment>
<FrameLayout
        android:id="@+id/detailFragment"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="fill_parent"

        />

这是我用来通过nav heirarchy构建的代码:

    Fragment frag;
    FragmentTransaction transaction;


    //Create The first fragment [1], add it to the view, BUT Dont add the transaction to the backstack
    frag = new Fragment1();

    transaction = getSupportFragmentManager().beginTransaction();
    transaction.replace(R.id.detailFragment, frag);
    transaction.commit();

    //Create the second [2] fragment, add it to the view and add the transaction that replaces the first fragment to the backstack
    frag = new Fragment2();

    transaction = getSupportFragmentManager().beginTransaction();
    transaction.replace(R.id.detailFragment, frag);
    transaction.addToBackStack(null);
    transaction.commit();


    //Create third fragment, Dont add this transaction to the backstack, because we dont want to go back to [2] 
    frag = new Fragment3();
    transaction = getSupportFragmentManager().beginTransaction();
    transaction.replace(R.id.detailFragment, frag);
    transaction.commit();


     //END OF SETUP CODE-------------------------
    //NOW:
    //Press back once and then issue the following code:
    frag = new Fragment2();
    transaction = getSupportFragmentManager().beginTransaction();
    transaction.replace(R.id.detailFragment, frag);
    transaction.addToBackStack(null);
    transaction.commit();

    //Now press back again and you end up at fragment [3] not [1]
提问于
用户回答回答于

如果我们记住,这.replace().remove().add()我们在文档中所知道的相同:

替换已添加到容器的现有片段。这与调用remove(Fragment)当前添加的所有片段相同containerViewId,然后add(int, Fragment, String)使用与此处给出的相同参数相同。

那么发生的事情就是这样:

// transaction.replace(R.id.detailFragment, frag1);
Transaction.remove(null).add(frag1)  // frag1 on view

// transaction.replace(R.id.detailFragment, frag2).addToBackStack(null);
Transaction.remove(frag1).add(frag2).addToBackStack(null)  // frag2 on view

// transaction.replace(R.id.detailFragment, frag3);
Transaction.remove(frag2).add(frag3)  // frag3 on view

请记住,.addToBackStack()只保存事务而不是片段本身!所以现在我们frag3在布局上:

< press back button >
// System pops the back stack and find the following saved back entry to be reversed:
// [Transaction.remove(frag1).add(frag2)]
// so the system makes that transaction backward!!!
// tries to remove frag2 (is not there, so it ignores) and re-add(frag1)
// make notice that system doesn't realise that there's a frag3 and does nothing with it
// so it still there attached to view
Transaction.remove(null).add(frag1) //frag1, frag3 on view (OVERLAPPING)

// transaction.replace(R.id.detailFragment, frag2).addToBackStack(null);
Transaction.remove(frag3).add(frag2).addToBackStack(null)  //frag2 on view

< press back button >
// system makes saved transaction backward
Transaction.remove(frag2).add(frag3) //frag3 on view

< press back button >
// no more entries in BackStack
< app exits >

用户回答回答于

接下来的部分是覆盖onKeyDown方法,并在每次按下后退按钮时删除当前片段:

@Override
public boolean onKeyDown(int keyCode, KeyEvent event)
{
    if (keyCode == KeyEvent.KEYCODE_BACK)
    {
        if (getSupportFragmentManager().getBackStackEntryCount() == 0)
        {
            this.finish();
            return false;
        }
        else
        {
            getSupportFragmentManager().popBackStack();
            removeCurrentFragment();

            return false;
        }



    }

    return super.onKeyDown(keyCode, event);
}


public void removeCurrentFragment()
{
    FragmentTransaction transaction = getSupportFragmentManager().beginTransaction();

    Fragment currentFrag =  getSupportFragmentManager().findFragmentById(R.id.detailFragment);


    String fragName = "NONE";

    if (currentFrag!=null)
        fragName = currentFrag.getClass().getSimpleName();


    if (currentFrag != null)
        transaction.remove(currentFrag);

    transaction.commit();

}

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