如何计算Google地图中两点之间的距离?

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如何计算Google地图中两点之间的距离??(类似于distanceFrom)

谢谢

提问于
用户回答回答于

你可以使用Haversine公式:

var rad = function(x) {
  return x * Math.PI / 180;
};

var getDistance = function(p1, p2) {
  var R = 6378137; // Earth’s mean radius in meter
  var dLat = rad(p2.lat() - p1.lat());
  var dLong = rad(p2.lng() - p1.lng());
  var a = Math.sin(dLat / 2) * Math.sin(dLat / 2) +
    Math.cos(rad(p1.lat())) * Math.cos(rad(p2.lat())) *
    Math.sin(dLong / 2) * Math.sin(dLong / 2);
  var c = 2 * Math.atan2(Math.sqrt(a), Math.sqrt(1 - a));
  var d = R * c;
  return d; // returns the distance in meter
};
用户回答回答于

使用Vincenty算法可以获得很好的精度代价是将会花费更多时间

用户回答回答于

使用PHP,可以使用函数简单计算距离:

// to calculate distance between two lat & lon

function calculate_distance($lat1, $lon1, $lat2, $lon2, $unit='N') 
{ 
  $theta = $lon1 - $lon2; 
  $dist = sin(deg2rad($lat1)) * sin(deg2rad($lat2)) +  cos(deg2rad($lat1)) * cos(deg2rad($lat2)) * cos(deg2rad($theta)); 
  $dist = acos($dist); 
  $dist = rad2deg($dist); 
  $miles = $dist * 60 * 1.1515;
  $unit = strtoupper($unit);

  if ($unit == "K") {
    return ($miles * 1.609344); 
  } else if ($unit == "N") {
      return ($miles * 0.8684);
    } else {
        return $miles;
      }
}

// function ends here
用户回答回答于

//p1和p2是google.maps.LatLng(x,y)对象

function calcDistance(p1, p2) {
          var d = (google.maps.geometry.spherical.computeDistanceBetween(p1, p2) / 1000).toFixed(2);
          console.log(d);              
}
用户回答回答于

使用Google,你可以使用spherical api,google.maps.geometry.spherical.computeDistanceBetween (latLngA, latLngB);...

然而,如果球面投影的精度或者haversine解决方案对你来说不够精确(例如,如果你接近极点或者计算更长的距离)你可以填写地球的最大和最小半径。

用户回答回答于

下面是c#实现

 public class DistanceAlgorithm
{
    const double PIx = 3.141592653589793;
    const double RADIO = 6378.16;

    /// <summary>
    /// This class cannot be instantiated.
    /// </summary>
    private DistanceAlgorithm() { }

    /// <summary>
    /// Convert degrees to Radians
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="x">Degrees</param>
    /// <returns>The equivalent in radians</returns>
    public static double Radians(double x)
    {
        return x * PIx / 180;
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Calculate the distance between two places.
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="lon1"></param>
    /// <param name="lat1"></param>
    /// <param name="lon2"></param>
    /// <param name="lat2"></param>
    /// <returns></returns>
    public static double DistanceBetweenPlaces(
        double lon1,
        double lat1,
        double lon2,
        double lat2)
    {
        double dlon =  Radians(lon2 - lon1);
        double dlat =  Radians(lat2 - lat1);

        double a = (Math.Sin(dlat / 2) * Math.Sin(dlat / 2)) + Math.Cos(Radians(lat1)) * Math.Cos(Radians(lat2)) * (Math.Sin(dlon / 2) * Math.Sin(dlon / 2));
        double angle = 2 * Math.Atan2(Math.Sqrt(a), Math.Sqrt(1 - a));
        return (angle * RADIO) * 0.62137;//distance in miles
    }

}    
用户回答回答于

只需将其添加到JavaScript代码的开头:

google.maps.LatLng.prototype.distanceFrom = function(latlng) {
  var lat = [this.lat(), latlng.lat()]
  var lng = [this.lng(), latlng.lng()]
  var R = 6378137;
  var dLat = (lat[1]-lat[0]) * Math.PI / 180;
  var dLng = (lng[1]-lng[0]) * Math.PI / 180;
  var a = Math.sin(dLat/2) * Math.sin(dLat/2) +
  Math.cos(lat[0] * Math.PI / 180 ) * Math.cos(lat[1] * Math.PI / 180 ) *
  Math.sin(dLng/2) * Math.sin(dLng/2);
  var c = 2 * Math.atan2(Math.sqrt(a), Math.sqrt(1-a));
  var d = R * c;
  return Math.round(d);
}

然后使用如下函数:

var loc1 = new GLatLng(52.5773139, 1.3712427);
var loc2 = new GLatLng(52.4788314, 1.7577444);
var dist = loc2.distanceFrom(loc1);
alert(dist/1000);
用户回答回答于

使用GPS纬度/2点经度示例。

var latitude1 = 39.46;
var longitude1 = -0.36;
var latitude2 = 40.40;
var longitude2 = -3.68;

var distance = google.maps.geometry.spherical.computeDistanceBetween(new google.maps.LatLng(latitude1, longitude1), new google.maps.LatLng(latitude2, longitude2));       
用户回答回答于
用户回答回答于

实际上,GMap 3中有一个静态方法google.maps.geometry.spherical

它需要两个LatLng对象作为参数,默认使用地球的半径6378137米,但如果需要,可以用自定义值覆盖默认半径。

确保:

<script type="text/javascript" src="http://maps.google.com/maps/api/js?sensor=false&v=3&libraries=geometry"></script>

在你选择的区域。

这样调用

google.maps.geometry.spherical.computeDistanceBetween (latLngA, latLngB);

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