为什么Maven每次下载maven-metadata.xml?

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下面是当我试图用maven构建一个web应用程序时,当我的互联网连接是侧翼时,我通常会遇到的错误。

我的问题是,为什么Maven每次都要下载相同的应用程序。

在我的配置中,有什么问题可以让Maven每次下载?

下面是我尝试脱机构建时遇到的一个错误:

[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
[INFO] Building mywebapp 1.0-SNAPSHOT
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
Downloading: https://raw.github.com/pagecrumb/mungo/mvn-repo/com/pagecrumb/mungo/0.0.1-SNAPSHOT/maven-metadata.xml

[WARNING] Could not transfer metadata com.mywebapp:mungo:0.0.1-SNAPSHOT/maven-metadata.xml 
from/to mungo-mvn-repo (https://raw.github.com/pagecrumb/mungo/mvn-repo/): raw.github.com
[INFO] 
[INFO] --- maven-war-plugin:2.1.1:war (default-cli) @ mywebapp ---
[INFO] Packaging webapp
[INFO] Assembling webapp [mywebapp] in [D:\workspace\web\target\mywebapp-1.0-SNAPSHOT]
[INFO] Processing war project
[INFO] Copying webapp resources [D:\workspace\web\src\main\webapp]
[INFO] Webapp assembled in [1237 msecs]
[INFO] Building war: D:\workspace\web\target\mywebapp-1.0-SNAPSHOT.war
[WARNING] Warning: selected war files include a WEB-INF/web.xml which will be ignored 
(webxml attribute is missing from war task, 
or ignoreWebxml attribute is specified as 'true')
[INFO]                                                                         
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
[INFO] Building com.mywebapp [com.mywebapp] 0.0.1-SNAPSHOT
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
Downloading: http://repo.maven.apache.org/maven2/org/apache/maven/plugins/maven-release-plugin/2.1/maven-release-plugin-2.1.pom

[WARNING] Failed to retrieve plugin descriptor for org.apache.maven.plugins:maven-release-plugin:2.1: Plugin org.apache.maven.plugins:maven-release-plugin:2.1 or one of its dependencies could not be resolved: Failed to read artifact descriptor for org.apache.maven.plugins:maven-release-plugin:jar:2.1
Downloading: http://download.java.net/maven/2/org/apache/maven/plugins/maven-metadata.xml
Downloading: http://download.java.net/maven/2/org/codehaus/mojo/maven-metadata.xml

397/397 B   

Downloaded: http://download.java.net/maven/2/org/codehaus/mojo/maven-metadata.xml (397 B at 0.0 KB/sec)
[WARNING] Failure to transfer org.apache.maven.plugins:maven-war-plugin/maven-metadata.xml from http://download.java.net/maven/2 was cached in the local repository, resolution will not be reattempted until the update interval of maven2-repository.dev.java.net has elapsed or updates are forced. Original error: Could not transfer metadata org.apache.maven.plugins:maven-war-plugin/maven-metadata.xml from/to maven2-repository.dev.java.net (http://download.java.net/maven/2): download.java.net
[INFO] 
[INFO] --- maven-war-plugin:2.3:war (default-cli) @ mywebapp-build ---
[INFO] Packaging webapp
[INFO] Assembling webapp [mywebapp-build] in [D:\workspace\target\mywebapp-build-0.0.1-SNAPSHOT]
[INFO] Processing war project
[INFO] Webapp assembled in [15 msecs]
[INFO] Building war: D:\workspace\target\mywebapp-build-0.0.1-SNAPSHOT.war
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
[INFO] Reactor Summary:
[INFO] 
[INFO] mywebapp ..................................... SUCCESS [27.999s]
[INFO] com.mywebapp [com.mywebapp] ..................... FAILURE [1:00.406s]
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
[INFO] BUILD FAILURE
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
[INFO] Total time: 1:41.409s
[INFO] Finished at: Tue May 07 22:13:38 SGT 2013
[INFO] Final Memory: 11M/28M
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
[ERROR] Failed to execute goal org.apache.maven.plugins:maven-war-plugin:2.3:war 
(default-cli) on project mywebapp-build: Error assembling WAR: webxml attribute is required (or pre-existing WEB-INF/web.xml if executing in update mode)
提问于
用户回答回答于

看看你的settings.xml,<repositories>元素。

<repositories>
    <repository>
        <id>central</id>
        <url>http://gotoNexus</url>
        <snapshots>
            <enabled>true</enabled>
            <updatePolicy>always</updatePolicy>
        </snapshots>
        <releases>
            <enabled>true</enabled>
            <updatePolicy>daily</updatePolicy>
        </releases>
    </repository>
</repositories>

插件是单独解析的。您也可以为这些库配置存储库,如果需要,可以使用不同的更新策略。

<pluginRepositories>
    <pluginRepository>
        <id>central</id>
        <url>http://gotoNexus</url>
        <snapshots>
            <enabled>true</enabled>
            <updatePolicy>daily</updatePolicy>
        </snapshots>
        <releases>
            <enabled>true</enabled>
            <updatePolicy>never</updatePolicy>
        </releases>
    </pluginRepository>
</pluginRepositories>

其他人提到-o选择。如果您使用它,Maven将以“脱机”模式运行。

用户回答回答于

我想,因为您没有指定插件版本,所以它会触发相关元数据的下载,以获得最后一个元数据。否则,您是否试图强制当地使用-o。

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