如何在C#Regex中获取捕获组的名称?

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有没有办法在C#中获取捕获组的名称?

string line = "No.123456789  04/09/2009  999";
Regex regex = new Regex(@"(?<number>[\d]{9})  (?<date>[\d]{2}/[\d]{2}/[\d]{4})  (?<code>.*)");

GroupCollection groups = regex.Match(line).Groups;

foreach (Group group in groups)
{
    Console.WriteLine("Group: {0}, Value: {1}", ???, group.Value);
}

我想得到这个结果:

Group: [I don´t know what should go here], Value: 123456789  04/09/2009  999
Group: number, Value: 123456789
Group: date,   Value: 04/09/2009
Group: code,   Value: 999
提问于
用户回答回答于

使用GetGroupNames若要获取表达式中的组列表,然后使用名称作为组集合中的键对这些组进行迭代,请执行以下操作。

例如,

GroupCollection groups = regex.Match(line).Groups;

foreach (string groupName in regex.GetGroupNames())
{
    Console.WriteLine(
       "Group: {0}, Value: {1}",
       groupName,
       groups[groupName].Value);
}
用户回答回答于

使用以下扩展方法:

public static class MyExtensionMethods
{
    public static Dictionary<string, string> MatchNamedCaptures(this Regex regex, string input)
    {
        var namedCaptureDictionary = new Dictionary<string, string>();
        GroupCollection groups = regex.Match(input).Groups;
        string [] groupNames = regex.GetGroupNames();
        foreach (string groupName in groupNames)
            if (groups[groupName].Captures.Count > 0)
                namedCaptureDictionary.Add(groupName,groups[groupName].Value);
        return namedCaptureDictionary;
    }
}

一旦这个扩展方法就位,你就可以获得如下的名称和值:

    var regex = new Regex(@"(?<year>[\d]+)\|(?<month>[\d]+)\|(?<day>[\d]+)");
    var namedCaptures = regex.MatchNamedCaptures(wikiDate);

    string s = "";
    foreach (var item in namedCaptures)
    {
        s += item.Key + ": " + item.Value + "\r\n";
    }

    s += namedCaptures["year"];
    s += namedCaptures["month"];
    s += namedCaptures["day"];

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