如何适用于Android的突破性小部件布局?

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我正在尝试创建一个向用户呈现一些数据的活动。数据是这样的,它可以分成'单词',每个单词都是一个小部件,'单词'序列将形成数据('句子'?),包含单词的ViewGroup小部件。由于“句子”中所有'词语'所需的空间将超过显示屏上可用的水平空间,因此我想将这些'句子'换成正常的文本。

以下代码:

public class WrapTest extends Activity {
    /** Called when the activity is first created. */
    @Override
    public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        LinearLayout l = new LinearLayout(this);
        LinearLayout.LayoutParams lp = new LinearLayout.LayoutParams(
                LinearLayout.LayoutParams.FILL_PARENT,
                LinearLayout.LayoutParams.WRAP_CONTENT);
        LinearLayout.LayoutParams mlp = new LinearLayout.LayoutParams(
                new ViewGroup.MarginLayoutParams(
                        LinearLayout.LayoutParams.WRAP_CONTENT,
                        LinearLayout.LayoutParams.WRAP_CONTENT));
        mlp.setMargins(0, 0, 2, 0);

        for (int i = 0; i < 10; i++) {
            TextView t = new TextView(this);
            t.setText("Hello");
            t.setBackgroundColor(Color.RED);
            t.setSingleLine(true);
            l.addView(t, mlp);
        }

        setContentView(l, lp);
    }
}
提问于
用户回答回答于

自2016年5月起,Google提供了一种名为FlexboxLayout的新布局,可根据需要进行高度配置。

此时FlexboxLayout位于https://github.com/google/flexbox-layout的 Google GitHub存储库中。

你可以通过向build.gradle文件添加依赖项来在项目中使用它:

dependencies {
    compile 'com.google.android:flexbox:0.3.1'
}

用户回答回答于

我做了我自己想要的布局,但目前这个布局非常有限。评论和改进建议当然是受欢迎的。

活动:

package se.fnord.xmms2.predicate;

import se.fnord.android.layout.PredicateLayout;
import android.app.Activity;
import android.graphics.Color;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.widget.TextView;

public class Predicate extends Activity {
    /** Called when the activity is first created. */
    @Override
    public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);

        PredicateLayout l = new PredicateLayout(this);
        for (int i = 0; i < 10; i++) {
            TextView t = new TextView(this);
            t.setText("Hello");
            t.setBackgroundColor(Color.RED);
            t.setSingleLine(true);
            l.addView(t, new PredicateLayout.LayoutParams(2, 0));
        }

        setContentView(l);
    }
}

或者在XML布局中:

<se.fnord.android.layout.PredicateLayout
    android:id="@+id/predicate_layout"
    android:layout_width="fill_parent" 
    android:layout_height="wrap_content"
/>

和布局:

package se.fnord.android.layout;

import android.content.Context;
import android.util.AttributeSet;
import android.view.View;
import android.view.ViewGroup;

/**
 * ViewGroup that arranges child views in a similar way to text, with them laid
 * out one line at a time and "wrapping" to the next line as needed.
 * 
 * Code licensed under CC-by-SA
 *  
 * @author Henrik Gustafsson
 * @see http://stackoverflow.com/questions/549451/line-breaking-widget-layout-for-android
 * @license http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5/
 *
 */
public class PredicateLayout extends ViewGroup {

    private int line_height;

    public PredicateLayout(Context context) {
        super(context);
    }

    public PredicateLayout(Context context, AttributeSet attrs){
        super(context, attrs);
    }

    @Override
    protected void onMeasure(int widthMeasureSpec, int heightMeasureSpec) {
        assert(MeasureSpec.getMode(widthMeasureSpec) != MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED);

        final int width = MeasureSpec.getSize(widthMeasureSpec);

        // The next line is WRONG!!! Doesn't take into account requested MeasureSpec mode!
        int height = MeasureSpec.getSize(heightMeasureSpec) - getPaddingTop() - getPaddingBottom();
        final int count = getChildCount();
        int line_height = 0;

        int xpos = getPaddingLeft();
        int ypos = getPaddingTop();

        for (int i = 0; i < count; i++) {
            final View child = getChildAt(i);
            if (child.getVisibility() != GONE) {
                final LayoutParams lp = (LayoutParams) child.getLayoutParams();
                child.measure(
                        MeasureSpec.makeMeasureSpec(width, MeasureSpec.AT_MOST),
                        MeasureSpec.makeMeasureSpec(height, MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED));

                final int childw = child.getMeasuredWidth();
                line_height = Math.max(line_height, child.getMeasuredHeight() + lp.height);

                if (xpos + childw > width) {
                    xpos = getPaddingLeft();
                    ypos += line_height;
                }

                xpos += childw + lp.width;
            }
        }
        this.line_height = line_height;

        if (MeasureSpec.getMode(heightMeasureSpec) == MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED){
            height = ypos + line_height;

        } else if (MeasureSpec.getMode(heightMeasureSpec) == MeasureSpec.AT_MOST){
            if (ypos + line_height < height){
                height = ypos + line_height;
            }
        }
        setMeasuredDimension(width, height);
    }

    @Override
    protected LayoutParams generateDefaultLayoutParams() {
        return new LayoutParams(1, 1); // default of 1px spacing
    }

    @Override
    protected boolean checkLayoutParams(LayoutParams p) {
        return (p instanceof LayoutParams);
    }

    @Override
    protected void onLayout(boolean changed, int l, int t, int r, int b) {
        final int count = getChildCount();
        final int width = r - l;
        int xpos = getPaddingLeft();
        int ypos = getPaddingTop();

        for (int i = 0; i < count; i++) {
            final View child = getChildAt(i);
            if (child.getVisibility() != GONE) {
                final int childw = child.getMeasuredWidth();
                final int childh = child.getMeasuredHeight();
                final LayoutParams lp = (LayoutParams) child.getLayoutParams();
                if (xpos + childw > width) {
                    xpos = getPaddingLeft();
                    ypos += line_height;
                }
                child.layout(xpos, ypos, xpos + childw, ypos + childh);
                xpos += childw + lp.width;
            }
        }
    }
}

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