我如何设置一个简单的代理来在两个视图控制器之间进行通信?

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我有两个UITableViewControllers并需要使用委托将值从子视图控制器传递给父级。有例子吗?

提问于
用户回答回答于

简单的例子...

比方说,子视图控制器有一个UISlider,我们想通过代理将滑块的值传递给父项。

在子视图控制器的头文件中,声明委托类型及其方法:

ChildViewController.h

#import <UIKit/UIKit.h>

// 1. Forward declaration of ChildViewControllerDelegate - this just declares
// that a ChildViewControllerDelegate type exists so that we can use it
// later.
@protocol ChildViewControllerDelegate;

// 2. Declaration of the view controller class, as usual
@interface ChildViewController : UIViewController

// Delegate properties should always be weak references
// See http://stackoverflow.com/a/4796131/263871 for the rationale
// (Tip: If you're not using ARC, use `assign` instead of `weak`)
@property (nonatomic, weak) id<ChildViewControllerDelegate> delegate;

// A simple IBAction method that I'll associate with a close button in
// the UI. We'll call the delegate's childViewController:didChooseValue: 
// method inside this handler.
- (IBAction)handleCloseButton:(id)sender;

@end

// 3. Definition of the delegate's interface
@protocol ChildViewControllerDelegate <NSObject>

- (void)childViewController:(ChildViewController*)viewController 
             didChooseValue:(CGFloat)value;

@end

ChildViewController.m

#import "ChildViewController.h"

@implementation ChildViewController

- (void)handleCloseButton:(id)sender {
    // Xcode will complain if we access a weak property more than 
    // once here, since it could in theory be nilled between accesses
    // leading to unpredictable results. So we'll start by taking
    // a local, strong reference to the delegate.
    id<ChildViewControllerDelegate> strongDelegate = self.delegate;

    // Our delegate method is optional, so we should 
    // check that the delegate implements it
    if ([strongDelegate respondsToSelector:@selector(childViewController:didChooseValue:)]) {
        [strongDelegate childViewController:self didChooseValue:self.slider.value];
    }
}

@end

RootViewController.h

#import <UIKit/UIKit.h>
#import "ChildViewController.h"

@interface RootViewController : UITableViewController <ChildViewControllerDelegate>

@end

RootViewController.m

#import "RootViewController.h"

@implementation RootViewController

- (void)tableView:(UITableView *)tableView didSelectRowAtIndexPath:(NSIndexPath *)indexPath {
    ChildViewController *detailViewController = [[ChildViewController alloc] init];
    // Assign self as the delegate for the child view controller
    detailViewController.delegate = self;
    [self.navigationController pushViewController:detailViewController animated:YES];
}

// Implement the delegate methods for ChildViewControllerDelegate
- (void)childViewController:(ChildViewController *)viewController didChooseValue:(CGFloat)value {

    // Do something with value...

    // ...then dismiss the child view controller
    [self.navigationController popViewControllerAnimated:YES];
}

@end

用户回答回答于

下面的代码是委托概念的基本用法。可以根据要求命名变量和类。

你需要先声明一个协议:

MyFirstControllerDelegate.h

@protocol MyFirstControllerDelegate
- (void) FunctionOne: (MyDataOne*) dataOne;
- (void) FunctionTwo: (MyDatatwo*) dataTwo;
@end

导入MyFirstControllerDelegate.h文件并使用协议MyFirstControllerDelegate确认FirstController

#import "MyFirstControllerDelegate.h"

@interface FirstController : UIViewController<MyFirstControllerDelegate>
{

}

@end

需要实现协议的两个功能:

@implementation FirstController 


    - (void) FunctionOne: (MyDataOne*) dataOne
      {
          //Put your finction code here
      }
    - (void) FunctionTwo: (MyDatatwo*) dataTwo
      {
          //Put your finction code here
      }

     //Call below function from your code
    -(void) CreateSecondController
     {
             SecondController *mySecondController = [SecondController alloc] initWithSomeData:.];
           //..... push second controller into navigation stack 
            mySecondController.delegate = self ;
            [mySecondController release];
     }

@end

在SecondController中:

@interface SecondController:<UIViewController>
{
   id <MyFirstControllerDelegate> delegate;
}

@property (nonatomic,assign)  id <MyFirstControllerDelegate> delegate;

@end

SecondController的文件中。

@implementation SecondController

@synthesize delegate;
//Call below two function on self.
-(void) SendOneDataToFirstController
{
   [delegate FunctionOne:myDataOne];
}
-(void) SendSecondDataToFirstController
{
   [delegate FunctionTwo:myDataSecond];
}

@end

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