可以模拟.NET HttpWebResponse吗?

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我有一个集成测试,从第三方服务器获取一些json结果。这非常简单,效果很好。

我希望停止实际触及这个服务器并使用Moq(或任何Mocking库,如ninject等)来劫持并强制返回结果。

这可能吗?

以下是一些示例代码: -

public Foo GoGetSomeJsonForMePleaseKThxBai()
{
    // prep stuff ...

    // Now get json please.
    HttpWebRequest httpWebRequest = (HttpWebRequest)WebRequest.Create("Http://some.fancypants.site/api/hiThere);
    httpWebRequest.Method = WebRequestMethods.Http.Get;

    string responseText;

    using (var httpWebResponse = (HttpWebResponse)httpWebRequest.GetResponse())
    {
        using (var streamReader = new StreamReader(httpWebResponse.GetResponseStream()))
        {
            json = streamReader.ReadToEnd().ToLowerInvariant();
        }
    }

    // Check the value of the json... etc..
}

当然,这个方法是从我的测试中调用的。

我在想,也许我需要通过这种方法(或类的属性?)mockhttpWebResponse或什么,但不太确定是否这样。另外,响应是一种httpWebRequest.GetResponse()方法的输出,所以也许我只需要通过一个嘲弄HttpWebRequest

任何关于一些示例代码的建议都将最受欢迎!

提问于
用户回答回答于

可能希望更改使用代码,以便为工厂创建一个接口,以创建可以模拟实际实现的请求和响应。

在我的答案被接受之后,我一直很乐观,我承认我原来的答案质量很差,并且做出了一个很大的假设。

HttpWebRequest 4.5+

我原来的回答困惑在于,你可以HttpWebResponse在4.5中进行模拟,但不能在早期版本中进行模拟。在4.5中嘲讽它也使用了过时的构造函数。因此,推荐的行动方案是抽象请求和响应。无论如何,下面是使用.NET 4.5和Moq 4.2进行的完整工作测试。

[Test]
public void Create_should_create_request_and_respond_with_stream()
{
    // arrange
    var expected = "response content";
    var expectedBytes = Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(expected);
    var responseStream = new MemoryStream();
    responseStream.Write(expectedBytes, 0, expectedBytes.Length);
    responseStream.Seek(0, SeekOrigin.Begin);

    var response = new Mock<HttpWebResponse>();
    response.Setup(c => c.GetResponseStream()).Returns(responseStream);

    var request = new Mock<HttpWebRequest>();
    request.Setup(c => c.GetResponse()).Returns(response.Object);

    var factory = new Mock<IHttpWebRequestFactory>();
    factory.Setup(c => c.Create(It.IsAny<string>()))
        .Returns(request.Object);

    // act
    var actualRequest = factory.Object.Create("http://www.google.com");
    actualRequest.Method = WebRequestMethods.Http.Get;

    string actual;

    using (var httpWebResponse = (HttpWebResponse)actualRequest.GetResponse())
    {
        using (var streamReader = new StreamReader(httpWebResponse.GetResponseStream()))
        {
            actual = streamReader.ReadToEnd();
        }
    }


    // assert
    actual.Should().Be(expected);
}

public interface IHttpWebRequestFactory
{
    HttpWebRequest Create(string uri);
}

摘要响应和请求

这是一个比较安全的抽象实现,可以用于以前的版本(至少下降到3.5):

[Test]
public void Create_should_create_request_and_respond_with_stream()
{
    // arrange
    var expected = "response content";
    var expectedBytes = Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(expected);
    var responseStream = new MemoryStream();
    responseStream.Write(expectedBytes, 0, expectedBytes.Length);
    responseStream.Seek(0, SeekOrigin.Begin);

    var response = new Mock<IHttpWebResponse>();
    response.Setup(c => c.GetResponseStream()).Returns(responseStream);

    var request = new Mock<IHttpWebRequest>();
    request.Setup(c => c.GetResponse()).Returns(response.Object);

    var factory = new Mock<IHttpWebRequestFactory>();
    factory.Setup(c => c.Create(It.IsAny<string>()))
        .Returns(request.Object);

    // act
    var actualRequest = factory.Object.Create("http://www.google.com");
    actualRequest.Method = WebRequestMethods.Http.Get;

    string actual;

    using (var httpWebResponse = actualRequest.GetResponse())
    {
        using (var streamReader = new StreamReader(httpWebResponse.GetResponseStream()))
        {
            actual = streamReader.ReadToEnd();
        }
    }


    // assert
    actual.Should().Be(expected);
}

public interface IHttpWebRequest
{
    // expose the members you need
    string Method { get; set; }

    IHttpWebResponse GetResponse();
}

public interface IHttpWebResponse : IDisposable
{
    // expose the members you need
    Stream GetResponseStream();
}

public interface IHttpWebRequestFactory
{
    IHttpWebRequest Create(string uri);
}

// barebones implementation

private class HttpWebRequestFactory : IHttpWebRequestFactory
{
    public IHttpWebRequest Create(string uri)
    {
        return new WrapHttpWebRequest((HttpWebRequest)WebRequest.Create(uri));
    }
}

public class WrapHttpWebRequest : IHttpWebRequest
{
    private readonly HttpWebRequest _request;

    public WrapHttpWebRequest(HttpWebRequest request)
    {
        _request = request;
    }

    public string Method
    {
        get { return _request.Method; }
        set { _request.Method = value; }
    }

    public IHttpWebResponse GetResponse()
    {
        return new WrapHttpWebResponse((HttpWebResponse)_request.GetResponse());
    }
}

public class WrapHttpWebResponse : IHttpWebResponse
{
    private WebResponse _response;

    public WrapHttpWebResponse(HttpWebResponse response)
    {
        _response = response;
    }

    public void Dispose()
    {
        Dispose(true);
        GC.SuppressFinalize(this);
    }

    private void Dispose(bool disposing)
    {
        if (disposing)
        {
            if (_response != null)
            {
                ((IDisposable)_response).Dispose();
                _response = null;
            }
        }
    }

    public Stream GetResponseStream()
    {
        return _response.GetResponseStream();
    }
}

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