如何通过MVC razor代码获得Enum成员的显示名称属性?

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在我的模型中有一个名为“促销”的属性,它的类型是一个标志枚举,名为“User促销”。Myenum的成员的显示属性设置如下:

[Flags]
public enum UserPromotion
{
    None = 0x0,

    [Display(Name = "Send Job Offers By Mail")]
    SendJobOffersByMail = 0x1,

    [Display(Name = "Send Job Offers By Sms")]
    SendJobOffersBySms = 0x2,

    [Display(Name = "Send Other Stuff By Sms")]
    SendPromotionalBySms = 0x4,

    [Display(Name = "Send Other Stuff By Mail")]
    SendPromotionalByMail = 0x8
}

现在,我希望能够在我的视图中创建一个ul,以显示我的“Promotion”属性的选定值。到目前为止,这就是我所做的,但问题是如何在这里获得显示名称?

<ul>
    @foreach (int aPromotion in @Enum.GetValues(typeof(UserPromotion)))
    {
        var currentPromotion = (int)Model.JobSeeker.Promotion;
        if ((currentPromotion & aPromotion) == aPromotion)
        {
        <li>Here I don't know how to get the display attribute of "currentPromotion".</li>
        }
    }
</ul>
提问于
用户回答回答于

可以:

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.ComponentModel.DataAnnotations;
using System.Linq;
using System.Reflection;

public static class EnumHelper<T>
{
    public static IList<T> GetValues(Enum value)
    {
        var enumValues = new List<T>();

        foreach (FieldInfo fi in value.GetType().GetFields(BindingFlags.Static | BindingFlags.Public))
        {
            enumValues.Add((T)Enum.Parse(value.GetType(), fi.Name, false));
        }
        return enumValues;
    }

    public static T Parse(string value)
    {
        return (T)Enum.Parse(typeof(T), value, true);
    }

    public static IList<string> GetNames(Enum value)
    {
        return value.GetType().GetFields(BindingFlags.Static | BindingFlags.Public).Select(fi => fi.Name).ToList();
    }

    public static IList<string> GetDisplayValues(Enum value)
    {
        return GetNames(value).Select(obj => GetDisplayValue(Parse(obj))).ToList();
    }

    private static string lookupResource(Type resourceManagerProvider, string resourceKey)
    {
        foreach (PropertyInfo staticProperty in resourceManagerProvider.GetProperties(BindingFlags.Static | BindingFlags.NonPublic | BindingFlags.Public))
        {
            if (staticProperty.PropertyType == typeof(System.Resources.ResourceManager))
            {
                System.Resources.ResourceManager resourceManager = (System.Resources.ResourceManager)staticProperty.GetValue(null, null);
                return resourceManager.GetString(resourceKey);
            }
        }

        return resourceKey; // Fallback with the key name
    }

    public static string GetDisplayValue(T value)
    {
        var fieldInfo = value.GetType().GetField(value.ToString());

        var descriptionAttributes = fieldInfo.GetCustomAttributes(
            typeof(DisplayAttribute), false) as DisplayAttribute[];

        if (descriptionAttributes[0].ResourceType != null)
            return lookupResource(descriptionAttributes[0].ResourceType, descriptionAttributes[0].Name);

        if (descriptionAttributes == null) return string.Empty;
        return (descriptionAttributes.Length > 0) ? descriptionAttributes[0].Name : value.ToString();
    }
}

然后,您可以在视图中使用它,如下所示:

<ul>
    @foreach (var value in @EnumHelper<UserPromotion>.GetValues(UserPromotion.None))
    {
         if (value == Model.JobSeeker.Promotion)
        {
            var description = EnumHelper<UserPromotion>.GetDisplayValue(value);
            <li>@Html.DisplayFor(e => description )</li>
        }
    }
</ul>

希望能帮上忙!)

用户回答回答于

One liner - Fluent syntax

public static class Extensions
{
    /// <summary>
    ///     A generic extension method that aids in reflecting 
    ///     and retrieving any attribute that is applied to an `Enum`.
    /// </summary>
    public static TAttribute GetAttribute<TAttribute>(this Enum enumValue) 
            where TAttribute : Attribute
    {
        return enumValue.GetType()
                        .GetMember(enumValue.ToString())
                        .First()
                        .GetCustomAttribute<TAttribute>();
    }
}

public enum Season 
{
   [Display(Name = "It's autumn")]
   Autumn,

   [Display(Name = "It's winter")]
   Winter,

   [Display(Name = "It's spring")]
   Spring,

   [Display(Name = "It's summer")]
   Summer
}

public class Foo 
{
    public Season Season = Season.Summer;

    public void DisplayName()
    {
        var seasonDisplayName = Season.GetAttribute<DisplayAttribute>();
        Console.WriteLine("Which season is it?");
        Console.WriteLine (seasonDisplayName.Name);
    } 
}
结果:

Which season is it?

It's summer

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