如何用matplotlib绘制numpy datetime 64?

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我有两个numpy数组1D,一个是数据时间64格式的测量时间,例如:

array([2011-11-15 01:08:11, 2011-11-16 02:08:04, ..., 2012-07-07 11:08:00], dtype=datetime64[us])

以及其他具有整数数据的相同长度和维度的数组。

我想用matplotlib时间和数据来制作一个情节。如果我把数据直接放进去,我就会得到:

plot(timeSeries, data)

有没有办法让更多的自然单位有时间?例如,在这种情况下,月份/年就可以了。

报错:

Out[128]:
[<matplotlib.lines.Line2D at 0x419aad0>]
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
OverflowError                             Traceback (most recent call last)
/usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/IPython/zmq/pylab/backend_inline.pyc in show(close)
    100     try:
    101         for figure_manager in Gcf.get_all_fig_managers():
--> 102             send_figure(figure_manager.canvas.figure)
    103     finally:
    104         show._to_draw = []

/usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/IPython/zmq/pylab/backend_inline.pyc in send_figure(fig)
    209     """
    210     fmt = InlineBackend.instance().figure_format
--> 211     data = print_figure(fig, fmt)
    212     # print_figure will return None if there's nothing to draw:
    213     if data is None:

/usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/IPython/core/pylabtools.pyc in print_figure(fig, fmt)
    102     try:
    103         bytes_io = BytesIO()
--> 104         fig.canvas.print_figure(bytes_io, format=fmt, bbox_inches='tight')
    105         data = bytes_io.getvalue()
    106     finally:

/usr/lib/pymodules/python2.7/matplotlib/backend_bases.pyc in print_figure(self, filename, dpi, facecolor, edgecolor, orientation, format, **kwargs)
   1981                     orientation=orientation,
   1982                     dryrun=True,
-> 1983                     **kwargs)
   1984                 renderer = self.figure._cachedRenderer
   1985                 bbox_inches = self.figure.get_tightbbox(renderer)

/usr/lib/pymodules/python2.7/matplotlib/backends/backend_agg.pyc in print_png(self, filename_or_obj, *args, **kwargs)
    467 
    468     def print_png(self, filename_or_obj, *args, **kwargs):
--> 469         FigureCanvasAgg.draw(self)
    470         renderer = self.get_renderer()
    471         original_dpi = renderer.dpi

/usr/lib/pymodules/python2.7/matplotlib/backends/backend_agg.pyc in draw(self)
    419 
    420         try:
--> 421             self.figure.draw(self.renderer)
    422         finally:
    423             RendererAgg.lock.release()

/usr/lib/pymodules/python2.7/matplotlib/artist.pyc in draw_wrapper(artist, renderer, *args, **kwargs)
     53     def draw_wrapper(artist, renderer, *args, **kwargs):
     54         before(artist, renderer)
---> 55         draw(artist, renderer, *args, **kwargs)
     56         after(artist, renderer)
     57 

/usr/lib/pymodules/python2.7/matplotlib/figure.pyc in draw(self, renderer)
    896         dsu.sort(key=itemgetter(0))
    897         for zorder, a, func, args in dsu:
--> 898             func(*args)
    899 
    900         renderer.close_group('figure')

/usr/lib/pymodules/python2.7/matplotlib/artist.pyc in draw_wrapper(artist, renderer, *args, **kwargs)
     53     def draw_wrapper(artist, renderer, *args, **kwargs):
     54         before(artist, renderer)
---> 55         draw(artist, renderer, *args, **kwargs)
     56         after(artist, renderer)
     57 

/usr/lib/pymodules/python2.7/matplotlib/axes.pyc in draw(self, renderer, inframe)
   1995 
   1996         for zorder, a in dsu:
-> 1997             a.draw(renderer)
   1998 
   1999         renderer.close_group('axes')

/usr/lib/pymodules/python2.7/matplotlib/artist.pyc in draw_wrapper(artist, renderer, *args, **kwargs)
     53     def draw_wrapper(artist, renderer, *args, **kwargs):
     54         before(artist, renderer)
---> 55         draw(artist, renderer, *args, **kwargs)
     56         after(artist, renderer)
     57 

/usr/lib/pymodules/python2.7/matplotlib/axis.pyc in draw(self, renderer, *args, **kwargs)
   1039         renderer.open_group(__name__)
   1040 
-> 1041         ticks_to_draw = self._update_ticks(renderer)
   1042         ticklabelBoxes, ticklabelBoxes2 = self._get_tick_bboxes(ticks_to_draw, renderer)
   1043 

/usr/lib/pymodules/python2.7/matplotlib/axis.pyc in _update_ticks(self, renderer)
    929 
    930         interval = self.get_view_interval()
--> 931         tick_tups = [ t for t in self.iter_ticks()]
    932         if self._smart_bounds:
    933             # handle inverted limits

/usr/lib/pymodules/python2.7/matplotlib/axis.pyc in iter_ticks(self)
    876         Iterate through all of the major and minor ticks.
    877         """
--> 878         majorLocs = self.major.locator()
    879         majorTicks = self.get_major_ticks(len(majorLocs))
    880         self.major.formatter.set_locs(majorLocs)

/usr/lib/pymodules/python2.7/matplotlib/dates.pyc in __call__(self)
    747     def __call__(self):
    748         'Return the locations of the ticks'
--> 749         self.refresh()
    750         return self._locator()
    751 

/usr/lib/pymodules/python2.7/matplotlib/dates.pyc in refresh(self)
    756     def refresh(self):
    757         'Refresh internal information based on current limits.'
--> 758         dmin, dmax = self.viewlim_to_dt()
    759         self._locator = self.get_locator(dmin, dmax)
    760 

/usr/lib/pymodules/python2.7/matplotlib/dates.pyc in viewlim_to_dt(self)
    528     def viewlim_to_dt(self):
    529         vmin, vmax = self.axis.get_view_interval()
--> 530         return num2date(vmin, self.tz), num2date(vmax, self.tz)
    531 
    532     def _get_unit(self):

/usr/lib/pymodules/python2.7/matplotlib/dates.pyc in num2date(x, tz)
    287     """
    288     if tz is None: tz = _get_rc_timezone()
--> 289     if not cbook.iterable(x): return _from_ordinalf(x, tz)
    290     else: return [_from_ordinalf(val, tz) for val in x]
    291 

/usr/lib/pymodules/python2.7/matplotlib/dates.pyc in _from_ordinalf(x, tz)
    201     if tz is None: tz = _get_rc_timezone()
    202     ix = int(x)
--> 203     dt = datetime.datetime.fromordinal(ix)
    204     remainder = float(x) - ix
    205     hour, remainder = divmod(24*remainder, 1)

OverflowError: signed integer is greater than maximum

这会是个虫子吗?还是我错过了什么。我也尝试了一些简单的东西:

import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
import numpy as np
dates=np.array(["2011-11-13", "2011-11-14", "2011-11-15", "2011-11-16", "2011-11-19"], dtype='datetime64[us]')
data=np.array([1, 2, 3, 4, 5])
plt.plot_date(dates, data)
plt.show()

我仍然知道这个错误:

OverflowError: signed integer is greater than maximum

我不明白我做错了什么。IPython 0.13,matplotlib 1.1,Ubuntu12.04x64。

提问于
用户回答回答于
from datetime import datetime
a=np.datetime64('2002-06-28').astype(datetime)
plot_date(a,2)
用户回答回答于

您可能想试试这个:

plot_date(timeSeries, data)

默认情况下,x轴将被视为日期轴,y将被视为常规轴。这可以定制。

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