如何从线程池中获取线程标识?

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我有一个固定的线程池,我将任务提交给(限制为5个线程)。如何找出这5个线程中的哪一个执行我的任务(类似于“线程3中的3 号线正在执行此任务”)?

ExecutorService taskExecutor = Executors.newFixedThreadPool(5);

//in infinite loop:
taskExecutor.execute(new MyTask());
....

private class MyTask implements Runnable {
    public void run() {
        logger.debug("Thread # XXX is doing this task");//how to get thread id?
    }
}
提问于
用户回答回答于

使用Thread.currentThread():

private class MyTask implements Runnable {
    public void run() {
        long threadId = Thread.currentThread().getId();
        logger.debug("Thread # " + threadId + " is doing this task");
    }
}
用户回答回答于

下面是一个匹配问题的例子:

import java.util.concurrent.*;
class ThreadIdTest {

  public static void main(String[] args) {

    final int numThreads = 5;
    ExecutorService exec = Executors.newFixedThreadPool(numThreads);

    for (int i=0; i<10; i++) {
      exec.execute(new Runnable() {
        public void run() {
          long threadId = Thread.currentThread().getId();
          System.out.println("I am thread " + threadId + " of " + numThreads);
        }
      });
    }

    exec.shutdown();
  }
}

和输出:

burhan@orion:/dev/shm$ javac ThreadIdTest.java && java ThreadIdTest
I am thread 8 of 5
I am thread 9 of 5
I am thread 10 of 5
I am thread 8 of 5
I am thread 9 of 5
I am thread 11 of 5
I am thread 8 of 5
I am thread 9 of 5
I am thread 10 of 5
I am thread 12 of 5

使用模运算稍作调整可以让你正确地执行“Y的X线程”:

// modulo gives zero-based results hence the +1
long threadId = Thread.currentThread().getId()%numThreads +1;

新结果:

burhan@orion:/dev/shm$ javac ThreadIdTest.java && java ThreadIdTest  
I am thread 2 of 5 
I am thread 3 of 5 
I am thread 3 of 5 
I am thread 3 of 5 
I am thread 5 of 5 
I am thread 1 of 5 
I am thread 4 of 5 
I am thread 1 of 5 
I am thread 2 of 5 
I am thread 3 of 5 

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