在C#中有JSONWeb令牌(JWT)示例吗?

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通常,任何特定的任务都会有一百万个库和样本在网络中浮动。我试图通过使用JSON Web Tokens(JWT)来实现对Google“服务帐户”的身份验证,如下所述:https://developers.google.com/accounts/docs/OAuth2ServiceAccount#libraries

但是,PHP,Python和Java只有客户端库。即使在Google身份验证之外寻找JWT示例,JWT概念上也只有蟋蟀和草稿。这是非常新的,可能是Google专有系统吗?

最接近我可以解释的java样本看起来非常密集和恐吓。C#中必须有一些东西,我至少可以从此开始。

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用户回答回答于

感谢大家。我发现了一个Json Web Token的基本实现,并用Google风格进行了扩展。我仍然没有完全解决它,但它有97%。这个项目失去了它的动力,所以希望这会帮助其他人获得一个良好的开局:

注意:我对基础实现所做的更改(无法记住我在哪里找到它)是:

  1. 更换了HS256 - > RS256
  2. 在标题中交换了JWT和alg命令。不知道谁错了,谷歌或规范,但谷歌采取的方式下面根据他们的文档。

public enum JwtHashAlgorithm
{
    RS256,
    HS384,
    HS512
}

public class JsonWebToken
{
    private static Dictionary<JwtHashAlgorithm, Func<byte[], byte[], byte[]>> HashAlgorithms;

    static JsonWebToken()
    {
        HashAlgorithms = new Dictionary<JwtHashAlgorithm, Func<byte[], byte[], byte[]>>
            {
                { JwtHashAlgorithm.RS256, (key, value) => { using (var sha = new HMACSHA256(key)) { return sha.ComputeHash(value); } } },
                { JwtHashAlgorithm.HS384, (key, value) => { using (var sha = new HMACSHA384(key)) { return sha.ComputeHash(value); } } },
                { JwtHashAlgorithm.HS512, (key, value) => { using (var sha = new HMACSHA512(key)) { return sha.ComputeHash(value); } } }
            };
    }

    public static string Encode(object payload, string key, JwtHashAlgorithm algorithm)
    {
        return Encode(payload, Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(key), algorithm);
    }

    public static string Encode(object payload, byte[] keyBytes, JwtHashAlgorithm algorithm)
    {
        var segments = new List<string>();
        var header = new { alg = algorithm.ToString(), typ = "JWT" };

        byte[] headerBytes = Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(JsonConvert.SerializeObject(header, Formatting.None));
        byte[] payloadBytes = Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(JsonConvert.SerializeObject(payload, Formatting.None));
        //byte[] payloadBytes = Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(@"{"iss":"761326798069-r5mljlln1rd4lrbhg75efgigp36m78j5@developer.gserviceaccount.com","scope":"https://www.googleapis.com/auth/prediction","aud":"https://accounts.google.com/o/oauth2/token","exp":1328554385,"iat":1328550785}");

        segments.Add(Base64UrlEncode(headerBytes));
        segments.Add(Base64UrlEncode(payloadBytes));

        var stringToSign = string.Join(".", segments.ToArray());

        var bytesToSign = Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(stringToSign);

        byte[] signature = HashAlgorithms[algorithm](keyBytes, bytesToSign);
        segments.Add(Base64UrlEncode(signature));

        return string.Join(".", segments.ToArray());
    }

    public static string Decode(string token, string key)
    {
        return Decode(token, key, true);
    }

    public static string Decode(string token, string key, bool verify)
    {
        var parts = token.Split('.');
        var header = parts[0];
        var payload = parts[1];
        byte[] crypto = Base64UrlDecode(parts[2]);

        var headerJson = Encoding.UTF8.GetString(Base64UrlDecode(header));
        var headerData = JObject.Parse(headerJson);
        var payloadJson = Encoding.UTF8.GetString(Base64UrlDecode(payload));
        var payloadData = JObject.Parse(payloadJson);

        if (verify)
        {
            var bytesToSign = Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(string.Concat(header, ".", payload));
            var keyBytes = Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(key);
            var algorithm = (string)headerData["alg"];

            var signature = HashAlgorithms[GetHashAlgorithm(algorithm)](keyBytes, bytesToSign);
            var decodedCrypto = Convert.ToBase64String(crypto);
            var decodedSignature = Convert.ToBase64String(signature);

            if (decodedCrypto != decodedSignature)
            {
                throw new ApplicationException(string.Format("Invalid signature. Expected {0} got {1}", decodedCrypto, decodedSignature));
            }
        }

        return payloadData.ToString();
    }

    private static JwtHashAlgorithm GetHashAlgorithm(string algorithm)
    {
        switch (algorithm)
        {
            case "RS256": return JwtHashAlgorithm.RS256;
            case "HS384": return JwtHashAlgorithm.HS384;
            case "HS512": return JwtHashAlgorithm.HS512;
            default: throw new InvalidOperationException("Algorithm not supported.");
        }
    }

    // from JWT spec
    private static string Base64UrlEncode(byte[] input)
    {
        var output = Convert.ToBase64String(input);
        output = output.Split('=')[0]; // Remove any trailing '='s
        output = output.Replace('+', '-'); // 62nd char of encoding
        output = output.Replace('/', '_'); // 63rd char of encoding
        return output;
    }

    // from JWT spec
    private static byte[] Base64UrlDecode(string input)
    {
        var output = input;
        output = output.Replace('-', '+'); // 62nd char of encoding
        output = output.Replace('_', '/'); // 63rd char of encoding
        switch (output.Length % 4) // Pad with trailing '='s
        {
            case 0: break; // No pad chars in this case
            case 2: output += "=="; break; // Two pad chars
            case 3: output += "="; break; // One pad char
            default: throw new System.Exception("Illegal base64url string!");
        }
        var converted = Convert.FromBase64String(output); // Standard base64 decoder
        return converted;
    }
}

然后我的谷歌特定的JWT类:

public class GoogleJsonWebToken
{
    public static string Encode(string email, string certificateFilePath)
    {
        var utc0 = new DateTime(1970,1,1,0,0,0,0, DateTimeKind.Utc);
        var issueTime = DateTime.Now;

        var iat = (int)issueTime.Subtract(utc0).TotalSeconds;
        var exp = (int)issueTime.AddMinutes(55).Subtract(utc0).TotalSeconds; // Expiration time is up to 1 hour, but lets play on safe side

        var payload = new
        {
            iss = email,
            scope = "https://www.googleapis.com/auth/gan.readonly",
            aud = "https://accounts.google.com/o/oauth2/token",
            exp = exp,
            iat = iat
        };

        var certificate = new X509Certificate2(certificateFilePath, "notasecret");

        var privateKey = certificate.Export(X509ContentType.Cert);

        return JsonWebToken.Encode(payload, privateKey, JwtHashAlgorithm.RS256);
    }
}

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