使用volley发送带有JSON数据的POST请求

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我想送一份新的JsonObjectRequest请求:

  • 我想接收JSON数据(来自服务器的响应):好的
  • 我想将带有此请求的JSON格式化数据发送到服务器 JsonObjectRequest=新的JsonObjectRequest(Request.Method.POST,“myurl.com”,null,新的Response.Listener)<JSONObject>(){@overpublic voidonResponse(JSONObject Response){//.}},新的Response.ErrorListener(){@overpublic voidonErrorResponse(VolleyError Error Error错误){//.}}){@overoverperedMap<String,String>getParams(){///在这里要做的事情???返回params;}@重写公共Map<string,string>getHeader()抛出AuthFailureError{//在这里做什么??返回Params;}

我在我的项目中也使用了gson库。

提问于
用户回答回答于

final String url = "some/url";
final JSONObject jsonBody = new JSONObject("{\"type\":\"example\"}");

new JsonObjectRequest(url, jsonBody, new Response.Listener<JSONObject>() { ... });

源代码如下:

/**
 * Creates a new request.
 * @param method the HTTP method to use
 * @param url URL to fetch the JSON from
 * @param jsonRequest A {@link JSONObject} to post with the request. Null is allowed and
 *   indicates no parameters will be posted along with request.
 * @param listener Listener to receive the JSON response
 * @param errorListener Error listener, or null to ignore errors.
 */
public JsonObjectRequest(int method, String url, JSONObject jsonRequest,
        Listener<JSONObject> listener, ErrorListener errorListener) {
    super(method, url, (jsonRequest == null) ? null : jsonRequest.toString(), listener,
                errorListener);
}
用户回答回答于

  /**
  * Created by laurentmeyer on 25/07/15.
  */
 public class GenericRequest<T> extends JsonRequest<T> {

     private final Gson gson = new Gson();
     private final Class<T> clazz;
     private final Map<String, String> headers;
     // Used for request which do not return anything from the server
     private boolean muteRequest = false;

     /**
      * Basically, this is the constructor which is called by the others.
      * It allows you to send an object of type A to the server and expect a JSON representing a object of type B.
      * The problem with the #JsonObjectRequest is that you expect a JSON at the end.
      * We can do better than that, we can directly receive our POJO.
      * That's what this class does.
      *
      * @param method:        HTTP Method
      * @param classtype:     Classtype to parse the JSON coming from the server
      * @param url:           url to be called
      * @param requestBody:   The body being sent
      * @param listener:      Listener of the request
      * @param errorListener: Error handler of the request
      * @param headers:       Added headers
      */
     private GenericRequest(int method, Class<T> classtype, String url, String requestBody,
                           Response.Listener<T> listener, Response.ErrorListener errorListener, Map<String, String> headers) {
         super(method, url, requestBody, listener,
                 errorListener);
         clazz = classtype;
         this.headers = headers;
         configureRequest();
     }

     /**
      * Method to be called if you want to send some objects to your server via body in JSON of the request (with headers and not muted)
      *
      * @param method:        HTTP Method
      * @param url:           URL to be called
      * @param classtype:     Classtype to parse the JSON returned from the server
      * @param toBeSent:      Object which will be transformed in JSON via Gson and sent to the server
      * @param listener:      Listener of the request
      * @param errorListener: Error handler of the request
      * @param headers:       Added headers
      */
     public GenericRequest(int method, String url, Class<T> classtype, Object toBeSent,
                           Response.Listener<T> listener, Response.ErrorListener errorListener, Map<String, String> headers) {
         this(method, classtype, url, new Gson().toJson(toBeSent), listener,
                 errorListener, headers);
     }

     /**
      * Method to be called if you want to send some objects to your server via body in JSON of the request (without header and not muted)
      *
      * @param method:        HTTP Method
      * @param url:           URL to be called
      * @param classtype:     Classtype to parse the JSON returned from the server
      * @param toBeSent:      Object which will be transformed in JSON via Gson and sent to the server
      * @param listener:      Listener of the request
      * @param errorListener: Error handler of the request
      */
     public GenericRequest(int method, String url, Class<T> classtype, Object toBeSent,
                           Response.Listener<T> listener, Response.ErrorListener errorListener) {
         this(method, classtype, url, new Gson().toJson(toBeSent), listener,
                 errorListener, new HashMap<String, String>());
     }

     /**
      * Method to be called if you want to send something to the server but not with a JSON, just with a defined String (without header and not muted)
      *
      * @param method:        HTTP Method
      * @param url:           URL to be called
      * @param classtype:     Classtype to parse the JSON returned from the server
      * @param requestBody:   String to be sent to the server
      * @param listener:      Listener of the request
      * @param errorListener: Error handler of the request
      */
     public GenericRequest(int method, String url, Class<T> classtype, String requestBody,
                           Response.Listener<T> listener, Response.ErrorListener errorListener) {
         this(method, classtype, url, requestBody, listener,
                 errorListener, new HashMap<String, String>());
     }

     /**
      * Method to be called if you want to GET something from the server and receive the POJO directly after the call (no JSON). (Without header)
      *
      * @param url:           URL to be called
      * @param classtype:     Classtype to parse the JSON returned from the server
      * @param listener:      Listener of the request
      * @param errorListener: Error handler of the request
      */
     public GenericRequest(String url, Class<T> classtype, Response.Listener<T> listener, Response.ErrorListener errorListener) {
         this(Request.Method.GET, url, classtype, "", listener, errorListener);
     }

     /**
      * Method to be called if you want to GET something from the server and receive the POJO directly after the call (no JSON). (With headers)
      *
      * @param url:           URL to be called
      * @param classtype:     Classtype to parse the JSON returned from the server
      * @param listener:      Listener of the request
      * @param errorListener: Error handler of the request
      * @param headers:       Added headers
      */
     public GenericRequest(String url, Class<T> classtype, Response.Listener<T> listener, Response.ErrorListener errorListener, Map<String, String> headers) {
         this(Request.Method.GET, classtype, url, "", listener, errorListener, headers);
     }

     /**
      * Method to be called if you want to send some objects to your server via body in JSON of the request (with headers and muted)
      *
      * @param method:        HTTP Method
      * @param url:           URL to be called
      * @param classtype:     Classtype to parse the JSON returned from the server
      * @param toBeSent:      Object which will be transformed in JSON via Gson and sent to the server
      * @param listener:      Listener of the request
      * @param errorListener: Error handler of the request
      * @param headers:       Added headers
      * @param mute:          Muted (put it to true, to make sense)
      */
     public GenericRequest(int method, String url, Class<T> classtype, Object toBeSent,
                           Response.Listener<T> listener, Response.ErrorListener errorListener, Map<String, String> headers, boolean mute) {
         this(method, classtype, url, new Gson().toJson(toBeSent), listener,
                 errorListener, headers);
         this.muteRequest = mute;
     }

     /**
      * Method to be called if you want to send some objects to your server via body in JSON of the request (without header and muted)
      *
      * @param method:        HTTP Method
      * @param url:           URL to be called
      * @param classtype:     Classtype to parse the JSON returned from the server
      * @param toBeSent:      Object which will be transformed in JSON via Gson and sent to the server
      * @param listener:      Listener of the request
      * @param errorListener: Error handler of the request
      * @param mute:          Muted (put it to true, to make sense)
      */
     public GenericRequest(int method, String url, Class<T> classtype, Object toBeSent,
                           Response.Listener<T> listener, Response.ErrorListener errorListener, boolean mute) {
         this(method, classtype, url, new Gson().toJson(toBeSent), listener,
                 errorListener, new HashMap<String, String>());
         this.muteRequest = mute;

     }

     /**
      * Method to be called if you want to send something to the server but not with a JSON, just with a defined String (without header and not muted)
      *
      * @param method:        HTTP Method
      * @param url:           URL to be called
      * @param classtype:     Classtype to parse the JSON returned from the server
      * @param requestBody:   String to be sent to the server
      * @param listener:      Listener of the request
      * @param errorListener: Error handler of the request
      * @param mute:          Muted (put it to true, to make sense)
      */
     public GenericRequest(int method, String url, Class<T> classtype, String requestBody,
                           Response.Listener<T> listener, Response.ErrorListener errorListener, boolean mute) {
         this(method, classtype, url, requestBody, listener,
                 errorListener, new HashMap<String, String>());
         this.muteRequest = mute;

     }


     @Override
     protected Response<T> parseNetworkResponse(NetworkResponse response) {
         // The magic of the mute request happens here
         if (muteRequest) {
             if (response.statusCode >= 200 && response.statusCode <= 299) {
                 // If the status is correct, we return a success but with a null object, because the server didn't return anything
                 return Response.success(null, HttpHeaderParser.parseCacheHeaders(response));
             }
         } else {
             try {
                 // If it's not muted; we just need to create our POJO from the returned JSON and handle correctly the errors
                 String json = new String(response.data, HttpHeaderParser.parseCharset(response.headers));
                 T parsedObject = gson.fromJson(json, clazz);
                 return Response.success(parsedObject, HttpHeaderParser.parseCacheHeaders(response));
             } catch (UnsupportedEncodingException e) {
                 return Response.error(new ParseError(e));
             } catch (JsonSyntaxException e) {
                 return Response.error(new ParseError(e));
             }
         }
         return null;
     }

     @Override
     public Map<String, String> getHeaders() throws AuthFailureError {
         return headers != null ? headers : super.getHeaders();
     }

     private void configureRequest() {
         // Set retry policy
         // Add headers, for auth for example
         // ...
     }
 }

  1. 解析为POJO/Header的请求手动设置/POJO发送
  2. 解析为POJO/POJO以发送响应的请求
  3. 解析为POJO/String以发送响应的请求
  4. 解析为POJO(GET)的响应的请求
  5. 手动设置解析为POJO(GET)/Header的响应的请求
  6. 没有响应的请求(200-空体)/头手动设置/POJO发送
  7. 没有响应的请求(200-空体)/POJO发送
  8. 没有响应的请求(200-空体)/字符串发送

当然,为了使其工作,您必须拥有谷歌的gsonLib;只需添加:

compile 'com.google.code.gson:gson:x.y.z'

到依赖项(当前版本为2.3.1)。

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