React JS onClick事件处理程序问题如何解决?

内容来源于 Stack Overflow,并遵循CC BY-SA 3.0许可协议进行翻译与使用

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我有

var TestApp = React.createClass({
      getComponent: function(){
          console.log(this.props);
      },
      render: function(){
        return(
             <div>
             <ul>
                <li onClick={this.getComponent}>Component 1</li>
             </ul>
             </div>
        );
      }
});
React.renderComponent(<TestApp />, document.body);

我想给单击列表元素的背景颜色。我怎么才能做出反应呢?

类似于

$('li').on('click', function(){
    $(this).css({'background-color': '#ccc'});
});
提问于
用户回答回答于

为什么不只是:

onItemClick: function (event) {

    event.currentTarget.style.backgroundColor = '#ccc';

},

render: function() {
    return (
        <div>
            <ul>
                <li onClick={this.onItemClick}>Component 1</li>
            </ul>
        </div>
    );
}

如果你想对它做更多的反应,你可能希望将选定的项目设置为包含React组件的状态,然后引用该状态以确定项目的颜色render

onItemClick: function (event) {

    this.setState({ selectedItem: event.currentTarget.dataset.id });
    //where 'id' =  whatever suffix you give the data-* li attribute
},

render: function() {
    return (
        <div>
            <ul>
                <li onClick={this.onItemClick} data-id="1" className={this.state.selectedItem == 1 ? "on" : "off"}>Component 1</li>
                <li onClick={this.onItemClick} data-id="2" className={this.state.selectedItem == 2 ? "on" : "off"}>Component 2</li>
                <li onClick={this.onItemClick} data-id="3" className={this.state.selectedItem == 3 ? "on" : "off"}>Component 3</li>
            </ul>
        </div>
    );
},

当然,你会想把这些<li>放到一个循环中,并且你需要使用li.onli.off样式来设置你的background-color

用户回答回答于

我能想到的两种方法是

var TestApp = React.createClass({
    getComponent: function(index) {
        $(this.getDOMNode()).find('li:nth-child(' + index + ')').css({
            'background-color': '#ccc'
        });
    },
    render: function() {
        return (
            <div>
              <ul>
                <li onClick={this.getComponent.bind(this, 1)}>Component 1</li>
                <li onClick={this.getComponent.bind(this, 2)}>Component 2</li>
                <li onClick={this.getComponent.bind(this, 3)}>Component 3</li>
              </ul>
            </div>
        );
    }
});
React.renderComponent(<TestApp /> , document.getElementById('soln1'));

这是我个人的最爱。

var ListItem = React.createClass({
    getInitialState: function() {
        return {
            isSelected: false
        };
    },
    handleClick: function() {
        this.setState({
            isSelected: true
        })
    },
    render: function() {
        var isSelected = this.state.isSelected;
        var style = {
            'background-color': ''
        };
        if (isSelected) {
            style = {
                'background-color': '#ccc'
            };
        }
        return (
            <li onClick={this.handleClick} style={style}>{this.props.content}</li>
        );
    }
});

var TestApp2 = React.createClass({
    getComponent: function(index) {
        $(this.getDOMNode()).find('li:nth-child(' + index + ')').css({
            'background-color': '#ccc'
        });
    },
    render: function() {
        return (
            <div>
             <ul>
              <ListItem content="Component 1" />
              <ListItem content="Component 2" />
              <ListItem content="Component 3" />
             </ul>
            </div>
        );
    }
});
React.renderComponent(<TestApp2 /> , document.getElementById('soln2'));

这里是一个演示

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