Lombok 使用小结

Lombok 简介

Lombok 是一种 Java 实用工具,可用来帮助开发人员消除 Java 的冗长,尤其是对于简单的 Java 对象(POJO)。它通过注释实现这一目的。通过在开发环境中实现 Lombok,开发人员可以节省构建诸如 hashCode()equals()getter / setter 这样的方法以及以往用来分类各种 accessor 和 mutator 的大量时间。

Lombok 安装

使 IntelliJ IDEA 支持 Lombok 方式如下:

  • Intellij 设置支持注解处理

点击 File > Settings > Build > Annotation Processors

勾选 Enable annotation processing

  • 安装插件

点击 Settings > Plugins > Browse repositories

查找 Lombok Plugin 并进行安装

重启 IntelliJ IDEA

  • 将 lombok 添加到 pom 文件
<dependency>
  <groupId>org.projectlombok</groupId>
  <artifactId>lombok</artifactId>
  <version>1.16.8</version>
</dependency>

Lombok 使用

API

Lombok 提供注解API 来修饰指定的类:

@Getter and @Setter

@Getter and @Setter Lombok 代码:

@Getter @Setter private boolean employed = true;
@Setter(AccessLevel.PROTECTED) private String name;

等价于 Java 源码:

private boolean employed = true;
private String name;

public boolean isEmployed() {
    return employed;
}

public void setEmployed(final boolean employed) {
    this.employed = employed;
}

protected void setName(final String name) {
    this.name = name;
}

@NonNull

@NonNull Lombok 代码:

@Getter @Setter @NonNull
private List<Person> members;

等价于 Java 源码:

@NonNull
private List<Person> members;

public Family(@NonNull final List<Person> members) {
    if (members == null) throw new java.lang.NullPointerException("members");
    this.members = members;
}
    
@NonNull
public List<Person> getMembers() {
    return members;
}

public void setMembers(@NonNull final List<Person> members) {
    if (members == null) throw new java.lang.NullPointerException("members");
    this.members = members;
}

@ToString

@ToString Lombok 代码:

@ToString(callSuper=true,exclude="someExcludedField")
public class Foo extends Bar {
    private boolean someBoolean = true;
    private String someStringField;
    private float someExcludedField;
}

等价于 Java 源码:

public class Foo extends Bar {
    private boolean someBoolean = true;
    private String someStringField;
    private float someExcludedField;
    
    @java.lang.Override
    public java.lang.String toString() {
        return "Foo(super=" + super.toString() +
            ", someBoolean=" + someBoolean +
            ", someStringField=" + someStringField + ")";
    }
}

@EqualsAndHashCode

@EqualsAndHashCode Lombok 代码:

@EqualsAndHashCode(callSuper=true,exclude={"address","city","state","zip"})
public class Person extends SentientBeing {
    enum Gender { Male, Female }

    @NonNull private String name;
    @NonNull private Gender gender;
    
    private String ssn;
    private String address;
    private String city;
    private String state;
    private String zip;
}

等价于 Java 源码:

public class Person extends SentientBeing {
    
    enum Gender {
        /*public static final*/ Male /* = new Gender() */,
        /*public static final*/ Female /* = new Gender() */;
    }
    @NonNull
    private String name;
    @NonNull
    private Gender gender;
    private String ssn;
    private String address;
    private String city;
    private String state;
    private String zip;
    
    @java.lang.Override
    public boolean equals(final java.lang.Object o) {
        if (o == this) return true;
        if (o == null) return false;
        if (o.getClass() != this.getClass()) return false;
        if (!super.equals(o)) return false;
        final Person other = (Person)o;
        if (this.name == null ? other.name != null : !this.name.equals(other.name)) return false;
        if (this.gender == null ? other.gender != null : !this.gender.equals(other.gender)) return false;
        if (this.ssn == null ? other.ssn != null : !this.ssn.equals(other.ssn)) return false;
        return true;
    }
    
    @java.lang.Override
    public int hashCode() {
        final int PRIME = 31;
        int result = 1;
        result = result * PRIME + super.hashCode();
        result = result * PRIME + (this.name == null ? 0 : this.name.hashCode());
        result = result * PRIME + (this.gender == null ? 0 : this.gender.hashCode());
        result = result * PRIME + (this.ssn == null ? 0 : this.ssn.hashCode());
        return result;
    }
}

@Data

@Data Lombok 代码:

@Data(staticConstructor="of")
public class Company {
    private final Person founder;
    private String name;
    private List<Person> employees;
}

等价于 Java 源码:

public class Company {
    private final Person founder;
    private String name;
    private List<Person> employees;
    
    private Company(final Person founder) {
        this.founder = founder;
    }
    
    public static Company of(final Person founder) {
        return new Company(founder);
    }
    
    public Person getFounder() {
        return founder;
    }
    
    public String getName() {
        return name;
    }
    
    public void setName(final String name) {
        this.name = name;
    }
    
    public List<Person> getEmployees() {
        return employees;
    }
    
    public void setEmployees(final List<Person> employees) {
        this.employees = employees;
    }
    
    @java.lang.Override
    public boolean equals(final java.lang.Object o) {
        if (o == this) return true;
        if (o == null) return false;
        if (o.getClass() != this.getClass()) return false;
        final Company other = (Company)o;
        if (this.founder == null ? other.founder != null : !this.founder.equals(other.founder)) return false;
        if (this.name == null ? other.name != null : !this.name.equals(other.name)) return false;
        if (this.employees == null ? other.employees != null : !this.employees.equals(other.employees)) return false;
        return true;
    }
    
    @java.lang.Override
    public int hashCode() {
        final int PRIME = 31;
        int result = 1;
        result = result * PRIME + (this.founder == null ? 0 : this.founder.hashCode());
        result = result * PRIME + (this.name == null ? 0 : this.name.hashCode());
        result = result * PRIME + (this.employees == null ? 0 : this.employees.hashCode());
        return result;
    }
    
    @java.lang.Override
    public java.lang.String toString() {
        return "Company(founder=" + founder + ", name=" + name + ", employees=" + employees + ")";
    }
}

@Cleanup

@Cleanup Lombok 代码:

public void testCleanUp() {
    try {
        @Cleanup ByteArrayOutputStream baos = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
        baos.write(new byte[] {'Y','e','s'});
        System.out.println(baos.toString());
    } catch (IOException e) {
        e.printStackTrace();
    }
}

等价于 Java 源码:

public void testCleanUp() {
    try {
        ByteArrayOutputStream baos = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
        try {
            baos.write(new byte[]{'Y', 'e', 's'});
            System.out.println(baos.toString());
        } finally {
            baos.close();
        }
    } catch (IOException e) {
        e.printStackTrace();
    }
}

@Synchronized

@Synchronized Lombok 代码:

private DateFormat format = new SimpleDateFormat("MM-dd-YYYY");

@Synchronized
public String synchronizedFormat(Date date) {
    return format.format(date);
}

等价于 Java 源码:

private final java.lang.Object $lock = new java.lang.Object[0];
private DateFormat format = new SimpleDateFormat("MM-dd-YYYY");

public String synchronizedFormat(Date date) {
    synchronized ($lock) {
        return format.format(date);
    }
}

@SneakyThrows

@SneakyThrows Lombok 代码:

@SneakyThrows
public void testSneakyThrows() {
    throw new IllegalAccessException();
}

等价于 Java 源码:

public void testSneakyThrows() {
    try {
        throw new IllegalAccessException();
    } catch (java.lang.Throwable $ex) {
        throw lombok.Lombok.sneakyThrow($ex);
    }
}

示例

使用 Lombok 定义一个 Java Bean

import lombok.Data;
import lombok.ToString;

@Data
@ToString(exclude = "age")
public class Person {
    private String name;
    private Integer age;
    private String sex;
}

测试

Person person = new Person();
person.setName("张三");
person.setAge(20);
person.setSex("男");
System.out.println(person.toString());
// output: Person(name=张三, sex=男)

资料

Lombok 官网 | Lombok Github

IntelliJ IDEA - Lombok Plugin

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