前缀、中缀、后缀表达式

```(3 + 4) × 5 - 6 就是中缀表达式
- × + 3 4 5 6 前缀表达式
3 4 + 5 × 6 - 后缀表达式```

前缀、中缀、后缀表达式相互转换

示例

```package com.xzh;

import java.util.Scanner;
import java.util.Stack;

public class Demo {
public static final String USAGE = "== usage ==\n"
+ "input the expressions, and then the program "
+ "will calculate them and show the result.\n"
+ "input 'bye' to exit.\n";

public static void main(String[] args) {
System.out.println(USAGE);
Scanner scanner = new Scanner(System.in);
String input = "";
final String CLOSE_MARK = "bye";
System.out.println("input an expression:");
input = scanner.nextLine();
while (input.length() != 0
&& !CLOSE_MARK.equals((input))) {
System.out.print("Polish Notation (PN):");
try {
toPolishNotation(input);
} catch (NumberFormatException e) {
System.out.println("\ninput error, not a number.");
} catch (IllegalArgumentException e) {
System.out.println("\ninput error:" + e.getMessage());
} catch (Exception e) {
System.out.println("\ninput error, invalid expression.");
}
System.out.print("Reverse Polish Notation (RPN):");
try {
toReversePolishNotation(input);
} catch (NumberFormatException e) {
System.out.println("\ninput error, not a number.");
} catch (IllegalArgumentException e) {
System.out.println("\ninput error:" + e.getMessage());
} catch (Exception e) {
System.out.println("\ninput error, invalid expression.");
}
System.out.println("input a new expression:");
input = scanner.nextLine();
}
System.out.println("program exits");
}

/**
* parse the expression , and calculate it.
* @param input
* @throws IllegalArgumentException
* @throws NumberFormatException
*/
private static void toPolishNotation(String input)
throws IllegalArgumentException, NumberFormatException {
int len = input.length();
char c, tempChar;
Stack<Character> s1 = new Stack<Character>();
Stack<Double> s2 = new Stack<Double>();
Stack<Object> expression = new Stack<Object>();
double number;
int lastIndex = -1;
for (int i=len-1; i>=0; --i) {
c = input.charAt(i);
if (Character.isDigit(c)) {
number = Double.parseDouble(input.substring(lastIndex, i+1));
s2.push(number);
i = lastIndex;
if ((int) number == number)
expression.push((int) number);
else
expression.push(number);
} else if (isOperator(c)) {
while (!s1.isEmpty()
&& s1.peek() != ')'
&& priorityCompare(c, s1.peek()) < 0) {
expression.push(s1.peek());
s2.push(calc(s2.pop(), s2.pop(), s1.pop()));
}
s1.push(c);
} else if (c == ')') {
s1.push(c);
} else if (c == '(') {
while ((tempChar=s1.pop()) != ')') {
expression.push(tempChar);
s2.push(calc(s2.pop(), s2.pop(), tempChar));
if (s1.isEmpty()) {
throw new IllegalArgumentException(
"bracket dosen't match, missing right bracket ')'.");
}
}
} else if (c == ' ') {
// ignore
} else {
throw new IllegalArgumentException(
"wrong character '" + c + "'");
}
}
while (!s1.isEmpty()) {
tempChar = s1.pop();
expression.push(tempChar);
s2.push(calc(s2.pop(), s2.pop(), tempChar));
}
while (!expression.isEmpty()) {
System.out.print(expression.pop() + " ");
}
double result = s2.pop();
if (!s2.isEmpty())
throw new IllegalArgumentException("input is a wrong expression.");
System.out.println();
if ((int) result == result)
System.out.println("the result is " + (int) result);
else
System.out.println("the result is " + result);
}
/**
* parse the expression, and calculate it.
* @param input
* @throws IllegalArgumentException
* @throws NumberFormatException
*/
private static void toReversePolishNotation(String input)
throws IllegalArgumentException, NumberFormatException {
int len = input.length();
char c, tempChar;
Stack<Character> s1 = new Stack<Character>();
Stack<Double> s2 = new Stack<Double>();
double number;
int lastIndex = -1;
for (int i=0; i<len; ++i) {
c = input.charAt(i);
if (Character.isDigit(c) || c == '.') {
number = Double.parseDouble(input.substring(i, lastIndex));
s2.push(number);
i = lastIndex - 1;
if ((int) number == number)
System.out.print((int) number + " ");
else
System.out.print(number + " ");
} else if (isOperator(c)) {
while (!s1.isEmpty()
&& s1.peek() != '('
&& priorityCompare(c, s1.peek()) <= 0) {
System.out.print(s1.peek() + " ");
double num1 = s2.pop();
double num2 = s2.pop();
s2.push(calc(num2, num1, s1.pop()));
}
s1.push(c);
} else if (c == '(') {
s1.push(c);
} else if (c == ')') {
while ((tempChar=s1.pop()) != '(') {
System.out.print(tempChar + " ");
double num1 = s2.pop();
double num2 = s2.pop();
s2.push(calc(num2, num1, tempChar));
if (s1.isEmpty()) {
throw new IllegalArgumentException(
"bracket dosen't match, missing left bracket '('.");
}
}
} else if (c == ' ') {
// ignore
} else {
throw new IllegalArgumentException(
"wrong character '" + c + "'");
}
}
while (!s1.isEmpty()) {
tempChar = s1.pop();
System.out.print(tempChar + " ");
double num1 = s2.pop();
double num2 = s2.pop();
s2.push(calc(num2, num1, tempChar));
}
double result = s2.pop();
if (!s2.isEmpty())
throw new IllegalArgumentException("input is a wrong expression.");
System.out.println();
if ((int) result == result)
System.out.println("the result is " + (int) result);
else
System.out.println("the result is " + result);
}
/**
* calculate the two number with the operation.
* @param num1
* @param num2
* @param op
* @return
* @throws IllegalArgumentException
*/
private static double calc(double num1, double num2, char op)
throws IllegalArgumentException {
switch (op) {
case '+':
return num1 + num2;
case '-':
return num1 - num2;
case '*':
return num1 * num2;
case '/':
if (num2 == 0) throw new IllegalArgumentException("divisor can't be 0.");
return num1 / num2;
default:
return 0; // will never catch up here
}
}

private static int priorityCompare(char op1, char op2) {
switch (op1) {
case '+': case '-':
return (op2 == '*' || op2 == '/' ? -1 : 0);
case '*': case '/':
return (op2 == '+' || op2 == '-' ? 1 : 0);
}
return 1;
}
/**
* read the next number (reverse)
* @param input
* @param start
* @return
* @throws IllegalArgumentException
*/
private static int readDoubleReverse(String input, int start)
throws IllegalArgumentException {
int dotIndex = -1;
char c;
for (int i=start; i>=0; --i) {
c = input.charAt(i);
if (c == '.') {
if (dotIndex != -1)
throw new IllegalArgumentException(
"there have more than 1 dots in the number.");
else
dotIndex = i;
} else if (!Character.isDigit(c)) {
return i + 1;
} else if (i == 0) {
return 0;
}
}
throw new IllegalArgumentException("not a number.");
}

/**
* @param input
* @param start
* @return
* @throws IllegalArgumentException
*/
private static int readDouble(String input, int start)
throws IllegalArgumentException {
int len = input.length();
int dotIndex = -1;
char c;
for (int i=start; i<len; ++i) {
c = input.charAt(i);
if (c == '.') {
if (dotIndex != -1)
throw new IllegalArgumentException(
"there have more than 1 dots in the number.");
else if (i == len - 1)
throw new IllegalArgumentException(
"not a number, dot can't be the last part of a number.");
else
dotIndex = i;
} else if (!Character.isDigit(c)) {
if (dotIndex == -1 || i - dotIndex > 1)
return i;
else
throw new IllegalArgumentException(
"not a number, dot can't be the last part of a number.");
} else if (i == len - 1) {
return len;
}
}

throw new IllegalArgumentException("not a number.");
}
/**
* return true if the character is an operator.
* @param c
* @return
*/
private static boolean isOperator(char c) {
return (c=='+' || c=='-' || c=='*' || c=='/');
}
}  ```

0 条评论

• android使用LruCache对listview加载图片时候优化处理

注意：LruCache是有版本限制的，低版本的sdk需要在libs文件夹添加相应的support-4v文件。 本文改造的大部分是参考http://www.i...

• java开发中几种常见的线程池

线程池 java.util.concurrent:Class Executors 常用线程池 几种常用的的生成线程池的方法： newCachedThr...

• Kotlin语法基础之运算符

运算符 计算机程序中最小的程序单位成为表达式，每个表达式都可以由两部分组成，即操作数和运算符。操作数可以是变量、常量、类、数组、方法等，甚至是其他表达式。而运算...

• 常见设计模式面试必备

1、单例类只有一个实例对象； 2、该单例对象必须由单例类自行创建； 3、单例类对外提供一个访问该单例的全局访问点；

• .NET Core 3 WPF MVVM框架 Prism系列之数据绑定

在上面或许我们有个疑问？为啥安装prism会跟Prism.Unity有关系，我们知道Unity是个IOC容器,而Prism本身就支持IOC,且目前官方支持几种I...

• android使用LruCache对listview加载图片时候优化处理

注意：LruCache是有版本限制的，低版本的sdk需要在libs文件夹添加相应的support-4v文件。 本文改造的大部分是参考http://www.i...

• 10（01）总结形式参数，包，修饰符，内部类

类,抽象类,接口的综合小练习 /* 教练和运动员案例(学生分析然后讲解) 乒乓球运动员和篮球运动员。 乒乓球教练和篮球教练。 为了出国交流，跟乒乓球相关...

• 设计模式（二）- 建造者模式 ／反射+抽象工厂

建造者模式又称为“生成器模式”，建造者模式可以将一个产品的内部表象与产品的生产过程分割开来，从而可以使一个建造过程生成具有不同的内部产品对象。当使用建造者模式，...

• Event Store 2.0发布，带来了安全支持和测试版Projections库

Event Store 2.0版本于上周发布，它带来了安全支持允许锁定Event Store和在事件流上设置访问控制列表。其主要新特性包括： HTTP和TCP之...