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Linux安装配置tomcat

1.首先配置好jdk

查看java版本:java -verson

1.官网下载jdk

2.tar -zxvf xxxx.tar.gz   解压

3.配置环境变量

<1># vi /etc/profile

<2>在最后加入以下几行:

export JAVA_HOME=/usr/java/jdk1.5.0_16

export CLASSPATH=.:$JAVA_HOME/jre/lib/rt.jar:$JAVA_HOME/lib/dt.jar:$JAVA_HOME/lib/tools.jar

export PATH=$PATH:$JAVA_HOME/bin

<3># source /etc/profile   执行后生效

2.安装tomcat

1.下载tomcat并解压

tar -zxvf xxx.tar.gz

2.配置conf/server.xml

  1 <?xml version='1.0' encoding='utf-8'?>
  2 <!--
  3   Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one or more
  4   contributor license agreements.  See the NOTICE file distributed with
  5   this work for additional information regarding copyright ownership.
  6   The ASF licenses this file to You under the Apache License, Version 2.0
  7   (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with
  8   the License.  You may obtain a copy of the License at
  9 
 10       http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
 11 
 12   Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
 13   distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
 14   WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
 15   See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
 16   limitations under the License.
 17 -->
 18 <!-- Note:  A "Server" is not itself a "Container", so you may not
 19      define subcomponents such as "Valves" at this level.
 20      Documentation at /docs/config/server.html
 21      port指定Tomcat监听shutdown命令端口.终止服务器运行时,必须在Tomcat服务器所在的机器上发出
 22 shutdown命令.该属性是必须的.
 23  -->
 24 <Server port="8005" shutdown="SHUTDOWN">
 25   <Listener className="org.apache.catalina.startup.VersionLoggerListener" />
 26   <!-- Security listener. Documentation at /docs/config/listeners.html
 27   <Listener className="org.apache.catalina.security.SecurityListener" />
 28   -->
 29   <!--APR library loader. Documentation at /docs/apr.html -->
 30   <Listener className="org.apache.catalina.core.AprLifecycleListener" SSLEngine="on" />
 31   <!-- Prevent memory leaks due to use of particular java/javax APIs-->
 32   <Listener className="org.apache.catalina.core.JreMemoryLeakPreventionListener" />
 33   <Listener className="org.apache.catalina.mbeans.GlobalResourcesLifecycleListener" />
 34   <Listener className="org.apache.catalina.core.ThreadLocalLeakPreventionListener" />
 35 
 36   <!-- Global JNDI resources
 37        Documentation at /docs/jndi-resources-howto.html
 38   -->
 39   <GlobalNamingResources>
 40     <!-- Editable user database that can also be used by
 41          UserDatabaseRealm to authenticate users
 42     -->
 43     <Resource name="UserDatabase" auth="Container"
 44               type="org.apache.catalina.UserDatabase"
 45               description="User database that can be updated and saved"
 46               factory="org.apache.catalina.users.MemoryUserDatabaseFactory"
 47               pathname="conf/tomcat-users.xml" />
 48   </GlobalNamingResources>
 49 
 50   <!-- A "Service" is a collection of one or more "Connectors" that share
 51        a single "Container" Note:  A "Service" is not itself a "Container",
 52        so you may not define subcomponents such as "Valves" at this level.
 53        Documentation at /docs/config/service.html
 54    -->
 55   <Service name="Catalina">
 56 
 57     <!--The connectors can use a shared executor, you can define one or more named thread pools-->
 58     <!--
 59     <Executor name="tomcatThreadPool" namePrefix="catalina-exec-"
 60         maxThreads="150" minSpareThreads="4"/>
 61     -->
 62 
 63 
 64     <!-- A "Connector" represents an endpoint by which requests are received
 65          and responses are returned. Documentation at :
 66          Java HTTP Connector: /docs/config/http.html (blocking & non-blocking)
 67          Java AJP  Connector: /docs/config/ajp.html
 68          APR (HTTP/AJP) Connector: /docs/apr.html
 69          Define a non-SSL/TLS HTTP/1.1 Connector on port 8080
 70          通过8080端口接收HTTP请求
 71     -->
 72     <Connector port="8060" protocol="HTTP/1.1"
 73                connectionTimeout="20000"
 74                redirectPort="8443" />
 75     <!-- A "Connector" using the shared thread pool-->
 76     <!--
 77     <Connector executor="tomcatThreadPool"
 78                port="8080" protocol="HTTP/1.1"
 79                connectionTimeout="20000"
 80                redirectPort="8443" URIEncoding="UTF-8"/>
 81     -->
 82     <!-- Define a SSL/TLS HTTP/1.1 Connector on port 8443
 83          This connector uses the NIO implementation that requires the JSSE
 84          style configuration. When using the APR/native implementation, the
 85          OpenSSL style configuration is required as described in the APR/native
 86          documentation -->
 87     <!--
 88     <Connector port="8443" protocol="org.apache.coyote.http11.Http11NioProtocol"
 89                maxThreads="150" SSLEnabled="true" scheme="https" secure="true"
 90                clientAuth="false" sslProtocol="TLS" />
 91     -->
 92 
 93     <!-- Define an AJP 1.3 Connector on port 8009 
 94         JD Connector,它通过8009端口接收由其它服务器转发过来的请求,这里发现问题,注释掉好,不然每次需要重启两次
 95     -->
 96     <Connector port="8009" protocol="AJP/1.3" redirectPort="8443" />
 97 
 98 
 99     <!-- An Engine represents the entry point (within Catalina) that processes
100          every request.  The Engine implementation for Tomcat stand alone
101          analyzes the HTTP headers included with the request, and passes them
102          on to the appropriate Host (virtual host).
103          Documentation at /docs/config/engine.html -->
104 
105     <!-- You should set jvmRoute to support load-balancing via AJP ie :
106     <Engine name="Catalina" defaultHost="localhost" jvmRoute="jvm1">
107     -->
108     <Engine name="Catalina" defaultHost="localhost">
109 
110       <!--For clustering, please take a look at documentation at:
111           /docs/cluster-howto.html  (simple how to)
112           /docs/config/cluster.html (reference documentation) -->
113       <!--
114       <Cluster className="org.apache.catalina.ha.tcp.SimpleTcpCluster"/>
115       -->
116 
117       <!-- Use the LockOutRealm to prevent attempts to guess user passwords
118            via a brute-force attack -->
119       <Realm className="org.apache.catalina.realm.LockOutRealm">
120         <!-- This Realm uses the UserDatabase configured in the global JNDI
121              resources under the key "UserDatabase".  Any edits
122              that are performed against this UserDatabase are immediately
123              available for use by the Realm.  -->
124         <Realm className="org.apache.catalina.realm.UserDatabaseRealm"
125                resourceName="UserDatabase"/>
126       </Realm>
127 
128     <!--path:浏览器访问时的路径名,如第一个项目,浏览器访问时路径名是(我的是80端口):localhost/struts/index.jsp
129 docBase:web项目的WebRoot所在的路径,注意是WebRoot的路径,不是项目的路径。
130 debug:值为0的话,表示不打印日志
131 reloadble:设定项目有改动时,tomcat是否重新加载该项目-->
132       <Host name="localhost"  appBase="webapps"
133             unpackWARs="true" autoDeploy="true">
134             <Context path="/" docBase="此处为相对于webapps的路径" reloadable="true" /> 
135 
136         <!-- SingleSignOn valve, share authentication between web applications
137              Documentation at: /docs/config/valve.html -->
138         <!--
139         <Valve className="org.apache.catalina.authenticator.SingleSignOn" />
140         -->
141 
142         <!-- Access log processes all example.
143              Documentation at: /docs/config/valve.html
144              Note: The pattern used is equivalent to using pattern="common" -->
145         <Valve className="org.apache.catalina.valves.AccessLogValve" directory="logs"
146                prefix="localhost_access_log" suffix=".txt"
147                pattern="%h %l %u %t &quot;%r&quot; %s %b" />
148 
149       </Host>
150     </Engine>
151   </Service>
152 </Server>

3.启动

./bin/startup.sh

4.关闭

./bin/shutdown.sh

5.访问:

ip:端口

6.web项目打包成war

放到webapps下

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