专栏首页cloudskyme虚拟化平台cloudstack(8)——从UI开始

虚拟化平台cloudstack(8)——从UI开始

UI

ucloudstack采用的是前后端分离的架构,就是说前端可以选择使用web、swing甚至其它的界面,都可以。

我们来看cloudstack的UI信息吧,所有的cloudstack的UI都在{cloudstack_home}/cloudstack/ui目录下。

用firefox打开工程,打开firebug,找到login.js,在100行加上断点。

执行登录,这时就会触发断点,让我们看看发生了什么:

最终是使用jquery的ajax来提交post请求给服务器端,也就是说,manager server提供给我们的是一组API,我们可以通过http的请求方式提交请求。

处理http请求

看完了前端,我们继续看一下后端处理。

在web.xml中,我们看到所有的api/请求都会到ApiServlet中处理。

    <servlet>
        <servlet-name>apiServlet</servlet-name>
        <servlet-class>com.cloud.api.ApiServlet</servlet-class>
        <load-on-startup>5</load-on-startup>
    </servlet>

    <servlet-mapping>   
         <servlet-name>apiServlet</servlet-name>   
         <url-pattern>/api/*</url-pattern> 
    </servlet-mapping>

在ApiServlet中,重点看下

    @Override
    public void init(ServletConfig config) throws ServletException {
        SpringBeanAutowiringSupport.processInjectionBasedOnServletContext(this, config.getServletContext());
    }

这样在web容器中就可以查看spring中使用注解的接口了。

说实话这块感觉设计的挺一般的,一个servlet里边承担了太多的任务,我打了个断点在

processRequest(req, resp);

这个方法中,但是一个登录的操作就走了四次断点,一个退出操作又走了两次,不清楚这块为什么这样设计。

而且很多业务代码都在这个类中操作,感觉很冗余。但这个不是我们重点关心的问题。

CloudStack API提供的三种角色

  1. 管​理​员​。​获​得​云​的​所​有​功​能​,包​括​虚​拟​和​物​理​资​源​管​理​。​
  2. 域​管​理​员​。​进​入​到​虚​拟​资​源​的​云​属​于​管​理​员​的​域​。
  3. 用​户​。​只​访​问​允​许​用​户​管​理​的​功​能​,虚​拟​实​例​,存​储​,和​网​络​。​

API文档的地址

http://cloudstack.apache.org/docs/api/

可以看到不同角色的API的地址,进去之后,可以看到每个API的详细描述。

处理简单列举一下4.1中API的新特性

在VM中重新配置物理网络

支持IPV6

扩展VMX设置

重新设置SSH密钥来访问虚拟机

在4.1中改变的API命令:

API Commands

Description

createNetworkOffering

The following request parameters have been added: isPersistent startipv6 endipv6 ip6gateway ip6cidr

listNetworkOfferings listNetworks

The following request parameters have been added: isPersistent This parameter determines if the network or network offering listed are persistent or not. ip6gateway ip6cidr

createVlanIpRange

The following request parameters have been added: startipv6 endipv6 ip6gateway ip6cidr

deployVirtualMachine

The following parameter has been added: ip6Address. The following parameter is updated to accept the IPv6 address: iptonetworklist.

CreateZoneCmd

The following parameter have been added: ip6dns1, ip6dns2.

listRouters listVirtualMachines

For nic responses, the following fields have been added. ip6address ip6gateway ip6cidr

listVlanIpRanges

For nic responses, the following fields have been added. startipv6 endipv6 ip6gateway ip6cidr

listRouters listZones

For DomainRouter and DataCenter response, the following fields have been added. ip6dns1 ip6dns2

addF5LoadBalancer configureNetscalerLoadBalancer addNetscalerLoadBalancer listF5LoadBalancers configureF5LoadBalancer listNetscalerLoadBalancers

The following response parameter is removed: inline.

listFirewallRules createFirewallRule

The following request parameter is added: traffictype (optional).

listUsageRecords

The following response parameter is added: virtualsize.

deleteIso

The following request parameter is added: forced (optional).

createStoragePool

The following request parameters are made mandatory: podid clusterid

createAccount

The following new request parameters are added: accountid, userid

createUser

The following new request parameter is added: userid

createDomain

The following new request parameter is added: domainid

listZones

The following request parameters is added: securitygroupenabled

  • isPersistent
  • startipv6
  • endipv6
  • ip6gateway
  • ip6cidr

listNetworkOfferings listNetworks The following request parameters have been added:

  • isPersistent This parameter determines if the network or network offering listed are persistent or not.
  • ip6gateway
  • ip6cidr

createVlanIpRange The following request parameters have been added:

  • startipv6
  • endipv6
  • ip6gateway
  • ip6cidr

deployVirtualMachine The following parameter has been added: ip6Address. The following parameter is updated to accept the IPv6 address: iptonetworklist. CreateZoneCmd The following parameter have been added: ip6dns1, ip6dns2. listRouters listVirtualMachines For nic responses, the following fields have been added.

  • ip6address
  • ip6gateway
  • ip6cidr

listVlanIpRanges For nic responses, the following fields have been added.

  • startipv6
  • endipv6
  • ip6gateway
  • ip6cidr

listRouters listZones For DomainRouter and DataCenter response, the following fields have been added.

  • ip6dns1
  • ip6dns2

addF5LoadBalancer configureNetscalerLoadBalancer addNetscalerLoadBalancer listF5LoadBalancers configureF5LoadBalancer listNetscalerLoadBalancers The following response parameter is removed: inline. listFirewallRules createFirewallRule The following request parameter is added: traffictype (optional). listUsageRecords The following response parameter is added: virtualsize. deleteIso The following request parameter is added: forced (optional). createStoragePool The following request parameters are made mandatory:

  • podid
  • clusterid

createAccount The following new request parameters are added: accountid, userid createUser The following new request parameter is added: userid createDomain The following new request parameter is added: domainid listZones The following request parameters is added: securitygroupenabled

同时添加了一些新的API

  • createEgressFirewallRules (creates an egress firewall rule on the guest network.)
  • deleteEgressFirewallRules (deletes a egress firewall rule on the guest network.)
  • listEgressFirewallRules (lists the egress firewall rules configured for a guest network.)
  • resetSSHKeyForVirtualMachine (Resets the SSHkey for virtual machine.)
  • addBaremetalHost (Adds a new host.)
  • addNicToVirtualMachine (Adds a new NIC to the specified VM on a selected network.)
  • removeNicFromVirtualMachine (Removes the specified NIC from a selected VM.)
  • updateDefaultNicForVirtualMachine (Updates the specified NIC to be the default one for a selected VM.)
  • addRegion (Registers a Region into another Region.)
  • updateRegion (Updates Region details: ID, Name, Endpoint, User API Key, and User Secret Key.)
  • removeRegion (Removes a Region from current Region.)
  • listRegions (List all the Regions. Filter them by using the ID or Name.)
  • getUser (This API can only be used by the Admin. Get user details by using the API Key.)

配置8096端口

8096端​口​, 不​需​要​验​证​即​可​进​行​API调​用​. 在​所​有​的​3.0.1版​本​全​新​安​装​时​, 这​个​端​口​都​是​默​认​被​禁​用​的​. 你​可​以​通​过​下​面​的​设​置​启​用​8096(或​使​用​其​它​端​口​号​):

  1. 确​保​第​一​个​管​理​服​务​器​安​装​并​运​行​.
  2. 设​置​你​期​望​的​端​口​号​到​全​局​配​置​参​数​ integration.api.port.
  3. 重​启​管​理​服​务​器​.
  4. 在​管​理​服​务​器​的​节​点​上​, 创​建​一​个​防​火​墙​规​则​以​便​允​许​访​问​这​个​端​口​.

使用API请求

所​有​CloudStack API请​求​都​是​以​HTTP GET/POST形​式​提​交​, 同​时​附​上​相​关​的​命​令​和​参​数​. 无​论​是​HTTP或​HTTPS, 一​个​请​求​都​有​以​下​内​容​组​成​:

  • CloudStack API URL: 这​是​Web服​务​API入​口​(例​如​, http://www.cloud.com:8080/client/api)
  • 命​令​: 你​想​要​执​行​的​Web服​务​命​令​, 比​如​开​启​一​个​虚​拟​机​或​创​建​一​个​磁​盘​卷​
  • 参​数​: 命​令​所​需​的​任​何​必​要​或​可​选​的​参​数​

一​个​API GET请​求​的​样​例​看​起​来​像​这​样​:

http://localhost:8080/client/api?command=deployVirtualMachine&serviceOfferingId=1&diskOfferingId=1&templateId=2&zoneId=4&apiKey=miVr6X7u6bN_sdahOBpjNejPgEsT35eXq-jB8CG20YI3yaxXcgpyuaIRmFI_EJTVwZ0nUkkJbPmY3y2bciKwFQ&signature=Lxx1DM40AjcXU%2FcaiK8RAP0O1hU%3D

更容易读的方式:

http://localhost:8080/client/api
?command=deployVirtualMachine
&serviceOfferingId=1
&diskOfferingId=1
&templateId=2
&zoneId=4 &apiKey=miVr6X7u6bN_sdahOBpjNejPgEsT35eXqjB8CG20YI3yaxXcgpyuaIRmFI_EJTVwZ0nUkkJbPmY3y2bciKwFQ
&signature=Lxx1DM40AjcXU%2FcaiK8RAP0O1hU%3D

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