从SAP最佳业务实践看企业管理(160)-LE-D34运输管理

Transportation is an essential element inthe logistics chain. It affects both incoming and outgoing goods. Effectivetransportation planning and processing ensure that shipments are dispatchedwithout delay and arrive on schedule. Transportation costs play an essentialrole in the calculation of the price of a product. It is important to keepthese transportation costs to a minimum so that the price of a product remainscompetitive. Efficient transportation planning and processing helps to keepthese costs down.

This business scenario describes thepossibilities for the usage of Sales and Distribution (SD) and LogisticsExecution Transportation (LE-TRA) as tool for the order handling process atLogistics Service Providers. In addition to building block D32 “OrderManagement for LSP” this scenario also contains the execution steps withinLE-TRA.

订单管理

Purpose

Within this process a shipping order iscreated. After saving the order automatically a delivery is created includingthe handling units which are to be shipped to the ship-to-party.

Process Flow

· Create LSP booking.

· Analyze planned costs andrevenues.

· Display delivery & handlingunits.

· Print HU labels.

流程步骤

事务代码

预期结果

创建销售订单

VA01

Plan-actual Analysis on Sales Order Item

KKBC_KUN

Display Delivery & Handling Units

VL03N

Print HU Labels

VL74

运输管理

Using the Transportation Management modulethe required shipments are planned, executed and settled to the forwardingagent.

Process Flow

  • Plan shipments:
    • Preliminary leg by road.
    • Main leg by road.
    • Subsequent leg by road.
  • Execute shipments.
  • Load/unload handling units.
  • Create billing document.
  • Shipment cost settlement.

流程步骤

事务代码

预期结果

Create Shipment – Main Leg by Road

VT01N

Create Shipment – preliminary leg by road

VT01N

Create Shipment – Subsequent Leg by road

VT01N

Create Output for Forwarding Agent

VT70

Load Handling Units at Customer

LM01

Display Shipment Loading Status

VT03N

Preliminary shipment completion

VT34

Assign Vehicle to Main Shipment

VT02N

Main Shipment Completion

VT12

Subsequent Shipment unload Start

VT34

Unload Handling Units at Customer

LM01

Subsequent Shipment Completion

VT34

Create Billing Document

VF01

Set Shipment End Status

VT02N

Post Costs for Customs Processing

KB11N

Create Shipment Cost Documents

VI04

Freight Cost Settlement

VFAC

Display Shipment Cost Settlement (internal agent)

KB31N

Display Shipment Cost Settlement (external agent)

VI12

Freight invoice check

MIRO

原文发布于微信公众号 - SAP最佳业务实践(sztunxi)

原文发表时间:2016-05-25

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