Linux命令英文全称

su:Swith user  切换用户,切换到root用户 cat: Concatenate  串联 uname: Unix name  系统名称 df: Disk free  空余硬盘 du: Disk usage 硬盘使用率 chown: Change owner 改变所有者 chgrp: Change group 改变用户组 ps:Process Status  进程状态 tar:Tape archive 解压文件 chmod: Change mode 改变模式 umount: Unmount 卸载 ldd:List dynamic dependencies 列出动态相依 insmod:Install module 安装模块 rmmod:Remove module 删除模块 lsmod:List module 列表模块 alias :Create your own name for a command bash :GNU Bourne-Again Shell  linux内核  grep:global regular expression print httpd :Start Apache ipcalc :Calculate IP information for a host ping :Send ICMP ECHO_Request to network hosts reboot: Restart your computer sudo:Superuser do /bin = BINaries  /dev = DEVices  /etc = ETCetera  /lib = LIBrary  /proc = PROCesses  /sbin = Superuser BINaries  /tmp = TeMPorary  /usr = Unix Shared Resources  /var = VARiable ?  FIFO = First In, First Out  GRUB = GRand Unified Bootloader  IFS = Internal Field Seperators  LILO = LInux LOader  MySQL = My最初作者的名字SQL = Structured Query Language  PHP = Personal Home Page Tools = PHP Hypertext Preprocessor  PS = Prompt String  Perl = "Pratical Extraction and Report Language" = "Pathologically Eclectic Rubbish Lister"  Python Monty Python's Flying Circus  Tcl = Tool Command Language  Tk = ToolKit  VT = Video Terminal  YaST = Yet Another Setup Tool  apache = "a patchy" server  apt = Advanced Packaging Tool  ar = archiver  as = assembler  bash = Bourne Again SHell  bc = Basic (Better) Calculator  bg = BackGround  cal = CALendar  cat = CATenate  cd = Change Directory  chgrp = CHange GRouP  chmod = CHange MODe  chown = CHange OWNer  chsh = CHange SHell  cmp = compare  cobra = Common Object Request Broker Architecture  comm = common  cp = CoPy  cpio = CoPy In and Out  cpp = C Pre Processor  cups = Common Unix Printing System  cvs = Current Version System  daemon = Disk And Execution MONitor  dc = Desk Calculator  dd = Disk Dump  df = Disk Free  diff = DIFFerence  dmesg = diagnostic message  du = Disk Usage  ed = editor  egrep = Extended GREP  elf = Extensible Linking Format  elm = ELectronic Mail  emacs = Editor MACroS  eval = EVALuate  ex = EXtended  exec = EXECute  fd = file descriptors  fg = ForeGround  fgrep = Fixed GREP  fmt = format  fsck = File System ChecK  fstab = FileSystem TABle  fvwm = F*** Virtual Window Manager  gawk = GNU AWK  gpg = GNU Privacy Guard  groff = GNU troff  hal = Hardware Abstraction Layer  joe = Joe's Own Editor  ksh = Korn SHell  lame = Lame Ain't an MP3 Encoder  lex = LEXical analyser  lisp = LISt Processing = Lots of Irritating Superfluous Parentheses  ln = LiNk  lpr = Line PRint  ls = list  lsof = LiSt Open Files  m4 = Macro processor Version 4  man = MANual pages  mawk = Mike Brennan's AWK  mc = Midnight Commander  mkfs = MaKe FileSystem  mknod = MaKe NODe  motd = Message of The Day  mozilla = MOsaic GodZILLa  mtab = Mount TABle  mv = MoVe  nano = Nano's ANOther editor  nawk = New AWK  nl = Number of Lines  nm = names  nohup = No HangUP  nroff = New ROFF  od = Octal Dump  passwd = PASSWorD  pg = pager  pico = PIne's message COmposition editor  pine = "Program for Internet News & Email" = "Pine is not Elm"  ping =  Packet InterNet Grouper  pirntcap = PRINTer CAPability  popd = POP Directory  pr = pre  printf = PRINT Formatted  ps = Processes Status  pty = pseudo tty  pushd = PUSH Directory  pwd = Print Working Directory  rc = runcom = run command, shell  rev = REVerse  rm = ReMove  rn = Read News  roff = RunOFF  rpm = RPM Package Manager = RedHat Package Manager  rsh, rlogin, = Remote  rxvt = ouR XVT  sed = Stream EDitor  seq = SEQuence  shar = SHell ARchive  slrn = S-Lang rn  ssh = Secure SHell  ssl = Secure Sockets Layer  stty = Set TTY  su = Substitute User  svn = SubVersioN  tar = Tape ARchive  tcsh = TENEX C shell  telnet = TEminaL over Network  termcap = terminal capability  terminfo = terminal information  tr = traslate  troff = Typesetter new ROFF  tsort = Topological SORT  tty = TeleTypewriter  twm = Tom's Window Manager  tz = TimeZone  udev = Userspace DEV  ulimit = User's LIMIT  umask = User's MASK  uniq = UNIQue  vi = VIsual = Very Inconvenient  vim = Vi IMproved  wall = write all  wc = Word Count  wine = WINE Is Not an Emulator  xargs = eXtended ARGuments  xdm = X Display Manager  xlfd = X Logical Font Description  xmms = X Multimedia System  xrdb = X Resources DataBase  xwd = X Window Dump  yacc = yet another compiler compiler

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