很方便的密码加密算法BCrypt

摘要:用户表的密码一般都不是使用明文,使用明文坏处可以参考之前CSDN数据库被黑导致用户密码泄露造成的影响。虽然使用明文也有一定的方便之处(毕竟现在的加密都是单向的,比如客户打电话问密码、老大或者上级问密码),但是我们完全可以根据用户提供的其他信息(比如密保让客户自己输入密码进行更改而不是直接告诉用户密码),无论怎么样明文存储密码的坏处一定大于好处。下面将介绍使用Spring Security时候遇到的默认密码加密算法BCrypt:

正文:

BCrypt算法将salt随机并混入最终加密后的密码,验证时也无需单独提供之前的salt,从而无需单独处理salt问题。

salt随机部分代码:

//根据SecureRandom对象与gensalt()方法产生随机值
String salt = gensalt(xx, new SecureRandom());
String BCpwd = hashpw("123456", salt);

用法很简单:

//BCpwd是加密后的密文
String BCpwd = BCrypt.hashpw(password, BCrypt.gensalt());

加密后的格式一般为:

$2a$10$/bTVvqqlH9UiE0ZJZ7N2Me3RIgUCdgMheyTgV0B4cMCSokPa.6oCa

其中:$是分割符,无意义;2a是bcrypt加密版本号;10是cost的值;而后的前22位是salt值;再然后的字符串就是密码的密文了。

这块代码的格式拼接可以查看gensalt()方法源码:

public static String gensalt(int log_rounds, SecureRandom random) {
	if (log_rounds < 4 || log_rounds > 31) {
		throw new IllegalArgumentException("Bad number of rounds");
	}
	StringBuilder rs = new StringBuilder();
	byte rnd[] = new byte[BCRYPT_SALT_LEN];

	random.nextBytes(rnd);

	rs.append("$2a$");
	if (log_rounds < 10) {
		rs.append("0");
	}
	rs.append(log_rounds);
	rs.append("$");
	encode_base64(rnd, rnd.length, rs);
	return rs.toString();
}

下面是我整理的一套BCrypt算法源码,可以很方便的直接拿来用

package bcrypt;

import java.io.ByteArrayOutputStream;
import java.io.UnsupportedEncodingException;
import java.security.SecureRandom;
import java.util.regex.Pattern;

public class TestBCrypt {
	private static Pattern BCRYPT_PATTERN = Pattern
			.compile("\\A\\$2a?\\$\\d\\d\\$[./0-9A-Za-z]{53}");
	
	private static final int GENSALT_DEFAULT_LOG2_ROUNDS = 10;
	private static final int BCRYPT_SALT_LEN = 16;
	// Blowfish parameters
	private static final int BLOWFISH_NUM_ROUNDS = 16;
	// Initial contents of key schedule
	private static final int P_orig[] = { 0x243f6a88, 0x85a308d3, 0x13198a2e, 0x03707344,
			0xa4093822, 0x299f31d0, 0x082efa98, 0xec4e6c89, 0x452821e6, 0x38d01377,
			0xbe5466cf, 0x34e90c6c, 0xc0ac29b7, 0xc97c50dd, 0x3f84d5b5, 0xb5470917,
			0x9216d5d9, 0x8979fb1b };
	private static final int S_orig[] = { 0xd1310ba6, 0x98dfb5ac, 0x2ffd72db, 0xd01adfb7,
			0xb8e1afed, 0x6a267e96, 0xba7c9045, 0xf12c7f99, 0x24a19947, 0xb3916cf7,
			0x0801f2e2, 0x858efc16, 0x636920d8, 0x71574e69, 0xa458fea3, 0xf4933d7e,
			0x0d95748f, 0x728eb658, 0x718bcd58, 0x82154aee, 0x7b54a41d, 0xc25a59b5,
			0x9c30d539, 0x2af26013, 0xc5d1b023, 0x286085f0, 0xca417918, 0xb8db38ef,
			0x8e79dcb0, 0x603a180e, 0x6c9e0e8b, 0xb01e8a3e, 0xd71577c1, 0xbd314b27,
			0x78af2fda, 0x55605c60, 0xe65525f3, 0xaa55ab94, 0x57489862, 0x63e81440,
			0x55ca396a, 0x2aab10b6, 0xb4cc5c34, 0x1141e8ce, 0xa15486af, 0x7c72e993,
			0xb3ee1411, 0x636fbc2a, 0x2ba9c55d, 0x741831f6, 0xce5c3e16, 0x9b87931e,
			0xafd6ba33, 0x6c24cf5c, 0x7a325381, 0x28958677, 0x3b8f4898, 0x6b4bb9af,
			0xc4bfe81b, 0x66282193, 0x61d809cc, 0xfb21a991, 0x487cac60, 0x5dec8032,
			0xef845d5d, 0xe98575b1, 0xdc262302, 0xeb651b88, 0x23893e81, 0xd396acc5,
			0x0f6d6ff3, 0x83f44239, 0x2e0b4482, 0xa4842004, 0x69c8f04a, 0x9e1f9b5e,
			0x21c66842, 0xf6e96c9a, 0x670c9c61, 0xabd388f0, 0x6a51a0d2, 0xd8542f68,
			0x960fa728, 0xab5133a3, 0x6eef0b6c, 0x137a3be4, 0xba3bf050, 0x7efb2a98,
			0xa1f1651d, 0x39af0176, 0x66ca593e, 0x82430e88, 0x8cee8619, 0x456f9fb4,
			0x7d84a5c3, 0x3b8b5ebe, 0xe06f75d8, 0x85c12073, 0x401a449f, 0x56c16aa6,
			0x4ed3aa62, 0x363f7706, 0x1bfedf72, 0x429b023d, 0x37d0d724, 0xd00a1248,
			0xdb0fead3, 0x49f1c09b, 0x075372c9, 0x80991b7b, 0x25d479d8, 0xf6e8def7,
			0xe3fe501a, 0xb6794c3b, 0x976ce0bd, 0x04c006ba, 0xc1a94fb6, 0x409f60c4,
			0x5e5c9ec2, 0x196a2463, 0x68fb6faf, 0x3e6c53b5, 0x1339b2eb, 0x3b52ec6f,
			0x6dfc511f, 0x9b30952c, 0xcc814544, 0xaf5ebd09, 0xbee3d004, 0xde334afd,
			0x660f2807, 0x192e4bb3, 0xc0cba857, 0x45c8740f, 0xd20b5f39, 0xb9d3fbdb,
			0x5579c0bd, 0x1a60320a, 0xd6a100c6, 0x402c7279, 0x679f25fe, 0xfb1fa3cc,
			0x8ea5e9f8, 0xdb3222f8, 0x3c7516df, 0xfd616b15, 0x2f501ec8, 0xad0552ab,
			0x323db5fa, 0xfd238760, 0x53317b48, 0x3e00df82, 0x9e5c57bb, 0xca6f8ca0,
			0x1a87562e, 0xdf1769db, 0xd542a8f6, 0x287effc3, 0xac6732c6, 0x8c4f5573,
			0x695b27b0, 0xbbca58c8, 0xe1ffa35d, 0xb8f011a0, 0x10fa3d98, 0xfd2183b8,
			0x4afcb56c, 0x2dd1d35b, 0x9a53e479, 0xb6f84565, 0xd28e49bc, 0x4bfb9790,
			0xe1ddf2da, 0xa4cb7e33, 0x62fb1341, 0xcee4c6e8, 0xef20cada, 0x36774c01,
			0xd07e9efe, 0x2bf11fb4, 0x95dbda4d, 0xae909198, 0xeaad8e71, 0x6b93d5a0,
			0xd08ed1d0, 0xafc725e0, 0x8e3c5b2f, 0x8e7594b7, 0x8ff6e2fb, 0xf2122b64,
			0x8888b812, 0x900df01c, 0x4fad5ea0, 0x688fc31c, 0xd1cff191, 0xb3a8c1ad,
			0x2f2f2218, 0xbe0e1777, 0xea752dfe, 0x8b021fa1, 0xe5a0cc0f, 0xb56f74e8,
			0x18acf3d6, 0xce89e299, 0xb4a84fe0, 0xfd13e0b7, 0x7cc43b81, 0xd2ada8d9,
			0x165fa266, 0x80957705, 0x93cc7314, 0x211a1477, 0xe6ad2065, 0x77b5fa86,
			0xc75442f5, 0xfb9d35cf, 0xebcdaf0c, 0x7b3e89a0, 0xd6411bd3, 0xae1e7e49,
			0x00250e2d, 0x2071b35e, 0x226800bb, 0x57b8e0af, 0x2464369b, 0xf009b91e,
			0x5563911d, 0x59dfa6aa, 0x78c14389, 0xd95a537f, 0x207d5ba2, 0x02e5b9c5,
			0x83260376, 0x6295cfa9, 0x11c81968, 0x4e734a41, 0xb3472dca, 0x7b14a94a,
			0x1b510052, 0x9a532915, 0xd60f573f, 0xbc9bc6e4, 0x2b60a476, 0x81e67400,
			0x08ba6fb5, 0x571be91f, 0xf296ec6b, 0x2a0dd915, 0xb6636521, 0xe7b9f9b6,
			0xff34052e, 0xc5855664, 0x53b02d5d, 0xa99f8fa1, 0x08ba4799, 0x6e85076a,
			0x4b7a70e9, 0xb5b32944, 0xdb75092e, 0xc4192623, 0xad6ea6b0, 0x49a7df7d,
			0x9cee60b8, 0x8fedb266, 0xecaa8c71, 0x699a17ff, 0x5664526c, 0xc2b19ee1,
			0x193602a5, 0x75094c29, 0xa0591340, 0xe4183a3e, 0x3f54989a, 0x5b429d65,
			0x6b8fe4d6, 0x99f73fd6, 0xa1d29c07, 0xefe830f5, 0x4d2d38e6, 0xf0255dc1,
			0x4cdd2086, 0x8470eb26, 0x6382e9c6, 0x021ecc5e, 0x09686b3f, 0x3ebaefc9,
			0x3c971814, 0x6b6a70a1, 0x687f3584, 0x52a0e286, 0xb79c5305, 0xaa500737,
			0x3e07841c, 0x7fdeae5c, 0x8e7d44ec, 0x5716f2b8, 0xb03ada37, 0xf0500c0d,
			0xf01c1f04, 0x0200b3ff, 0xae0cf51a, 0x3cb574b2, 0x25837a58, 0xdc0921bd,
			0xd19113f9, 0x7ca92ff6, 0x94324773, 0x22f54701, 0x3ae5e581, 0x37c2dadc,
			0xc8b57634, 0x9af3dda7, 0xa9446146, 0x0fd0030e, 0xecc8c73e, 0xa4751e41,
			0xe238cd99, 0x3bea0e2f, 0x3280bba1, 0x183eb331, 0x4e548b38, 0x4f6db908,
			0x6f420d03, 0xf60a04bf, 0x2cb81290, 0x24977c79, 0x5679b072, 0xbcaf89af,
			0xde9a771f, 0xd9930810, 0xb38bae12, 0xdccf3f2e, 0x5512721f, 0x2e6b7124,
			0x501adde6, 0x9f84cd87, 0x7a584718, 0x7408da17, 0xbc9f9abc, 0xe94b7d8c,
			0xec7aec3a, 0xdb851dfa, 0x63094366, 0xc464c3d2, 0xef1c1847, 0x3215d908,
			0xdd433b37, 0x24c2ba16, 0x12a14d43, 0x2a65c451, 0x50940002, 0x133ae4dd,
			0x71dff89e, 0x10314e55, 0x81ac77d6, 0x5f11199b, 0x043556f1, 0xd7a3c76b,
			0x3c11183b, 0x5924a509, 0xf28fe6ed, 0x97f1fbfa, 0x9ebabf2c, 0x1e153c6e,
			0x86e34570, 0xeae96fb1, 0x860e5e0a, 0x5a3e2ab3, 0x771fe71c, 0x4e3d06fa,
			0x2965dcb9, 0x99e71d0f, 0x803e89d6, 0x5266c825, 0x2e4cc978, 0x9c10b36a,
			0xc6150eba, 0x94e2ea78, 0xa5fc3c53, 0x1e0a2df4, 0xf2f74ea7, 0x361d2b3d,
			0x1939260f, 0x19c27960, 0x5223a708, 0xf71312b6, 0xebadfe6e, 0xeac31f66,
			0xe3bc4595, 0xa67bc883, 0xb17f37d1, 0x018cff28, 0xc332ddef, 0xbe6c5aa5,
			0x65582185, 0x68ab9802, 0xeecea50f, 0xdb2f953b, 0x2aef7dad, 0x5b6e2f84,
			0x1521b628, 0x29076170, 0xecdd4775, 0x619f1510, 0x13cca830, 0xeb61bd96,
			0x0334fe1e, 0xaa0363cf, 0xb5735c90, 0x4c70a239, 0xd59e9e0b, 0xcbaade14,
			0xeecc86bc, 0x60622ca7, 0x9cab5cab, 0xb2f3846e, 0x648b1eaf, 0x19bdf0ca,
			0xa02369b9, 0x655abb50, 0x40685a32, 0x3c2ab4b3, 0x319ee9d5, 0xc021b8f7,
			0x9b540b19, 0x875fa099, 0x95f7997e, 0x623d7da8, 0xf837889a, 0x97e32d77,
			0x11ed935f, 0x16681281, 0x0e358829, 0xc7e61fd6, 0x96dedfa1, 0x7858ba99,
			0x57f584a5, 0x1b227263, 0x9b83c3ff, 0x1ac24696, 0xcdb30aeb, 0x532e3054,
			0x8fd948e4, 0x6dbc3128, 0x58ebf2ef, 0x34c6ffea, 0xfe28ed61, 0xee7c3c73,
			0x5d4a14d9, 0xe864b7e3, 0x42105d14, 0x203e13e0, 0x45eee2b6, 0xa3aaabea,
			0xdb6c4f15, 0xfacb4fd0, 0xc742f442, 0xef6abbb5, 0x654f3b1d, 0x41cd2105,
			0xd81e799e, 0x86854dc7, 0xe44b476a, 0x3d816250, 0xcf62a1f2, 0x5b8d2646,
			0xfc8883a0, 0xc1c7b6a3, 0x7f1524c3, 0x69cb7492, 0x47848a0b, 0x5692b285,
			0x095bbf00, 0xad19489d, 0x1462b174, 0x23820e00, 0x58428d2a, 0x0c55f5ea,
			0x1dadf43e, 0x233f7061, 0x3372f092, 0x8d937e41, 0xd65fecf1, 0x6c223bdb,
			0x7cde3759, 0xcbee7460, 0x4085f2a7, 0xce77326e, 0xa6078084, 0x19f8509e,
			0xe8efd855, 0x61d99735, 0xa969a7aa, 0xc50c06c2, 0x5a04abfc, 0x800bcadc,
			0x9e447a2e, 0xc3453484, 0xfdd56705, 0x0e1e9ec9, 0xdb73dbd3, 0x105588cd,
			0x675fda79, 0xe3674340, 0xc5c43465, 0x713e38d8, 0x3d28f89e, 0xf16dff20,
			0x153e21e7, 0x8fb03d4a, 0xe6e39f2b, 0xdb83adf7, 0xe93d5a68, 0x948140f7,
			0xf64c261c, 0x94692934, 0x411520f7, 0x7602d4f7, 0xbcf46b2e, 0xd4a20068,
			0xd4082471, 0x3320f46a, 0x43b7d4b7, 0x500061af, 0x1e39f62e, 0x97244546,
			0x14214f74, 0xbf8b8840, 0x4d95fc1d, 0x96b591af, 0x70f4ddd3, 0x66a02f45,
			0xbfbc09ec, 0x03bd9785, 0x7fac6dd0, 0x31cb8504, 0x96eb27b3, 0x55fd3941,
			0xda2547e6, 0xabca0a9a, 0x28507825, 0x530429f4, 0x0a2c86da, 0xe9b66dfb,
			0x68dc1462, 0xd7486900, 0x680ec0a4, 0x27a18dee, 0x4f3ffea2, 0xe887ad8c,
			0xb58ce006, 0x7af4d6b6, 0xaace1e7c, 0xd3375fec, 0xce78a399, 0x406b2a42,
			0x20fe9e35, 0xd9f385b9, 0xee39d7ab, 0x3b124e8b, 0x1dc9faf7, 0x4b6d1856,
			0x26a36631, 0xeae397b2, 0x3a6efa74, 0xdd5b4332, 0x6841e7f7, 0xca7820fb,
			0xfb0af54e, 0xd8feb397, 0x454056ac, 0xba489527, 0x55533a3a, 0x20838d87,
			0xfe6ba9b7, 0xd096954b, 0x55a867bc, 0xa1159a58, 0xcca92963, 0x99e1db33,
			0xa62a4a56, 0x3f3125f9, 0x5ef47e1c, 0x9029317c, 0xfdf8e802, 0x04272f70,
			0x80bb155c, 0x05282ce3, 0x95c11548, 0xe4c66d22, 0x48c1133f, 0xc70f86dc,
			0x07f9c9ee, 0x41041f0f, 0x404779a4, 0x5d886e17, 0x325f51eb, 0xd59bc0d1,
			0xf2bcc18f, 0x41113564, 0x257b7834, 0x602a9c60, 0xdff8e8a3, 0x1f636c1b,
			0x0e12b4c2, 0x02e1329e, 0xaf664fd1, 0xcad18115, 0x6b2395e0, 0x333e92e1,
			0x3b240b62, 0xeebeb922, 0x85b2a20e, 0xe6ba0d99, 0xde720c8c, 0x2da2f728,
			0xd0127845, 0x95b794fd, 0x647d0862, 0xe7ccf5f0, 0x5449a36f, 0x877d48fa,
			0xc39dfd27, 0xf33e8d1e, 0x0a476341, 0x992eff74, 0x3a6f6eab, 0xf4f8fd37,
			0xa812dc60, 0xa1ebddf8, 0x991be14c, 0xdb6e6b0d, 0xc67b5510, 0x6d672c37,
			0x2765d43b, 0xdcd0e804, 0xf1290dc7, 0xcc00ffa3, 0xb5390f92, 0x690fed0b,
			0x667b9ffb, 0xcedb7d9c, 0xa091cf0b, 0xd9155ea3, 0xbb132f88, 0x515bad24,
			0x7b9479bf, 0x763bd6eb, 0x37392eb3, 0xcc115979, 0x8026e297, 0xf42e312d,
			0x6842ada7, 0xc66a2b3b, 0x12754ccc, 0x782ef11c, 0x6a124237, 0xb79251e7,
			0x06a1bbe6, 0x4bfb6350, 0x1a6b1018, 0x11caedfa, 0x3d25bdd8, 0xe2e1c3c9,
			0x44421659, 0x0a121386, 0xd90cec6e, 0xd5abea2a, 0x64af674e, 0xda86a85f,
			0xbebfe988, 0x64e4c3fe, 0x9dbc8057, 0xf0f7c086, 0x60787bf8, 0x6003604d,
			0xd1fd8346, 0xf6381fb0, 0x7745ae04, 0xd736fccc, 0x83426b33, 0xf01eab71,
			0xb0804187, 0x3c005e5f, 0x77a057be, 0xbde8ae24, 0x55464299, 0xbf582e61,
			0x4e58f48f, 0xf2ddfda2, 0xf474ef38, 0x8789bdc2, 0x5366f9c3, 0xc8b38e74,
			0xb475f255, 0x46fcd9b9, 0x7aeb2661, 0x8b1ddf84, 0x846a0e79, 0x915f95e2,
			0x466e598e, 0x20b45770, 0x8cd55591, 0xc902de4c, 0xb90bace1, 0xbb8205d0,
			0x11a86248, 0x7574a99e, 0xb77f19b6, 0xe0a9dc09, 0x662d09a1, 0xc4324633,
			0xe85a1f02, 0x09f0be8c, 0x4a99a025, 0x1d6efe10, 0x1ab93d1d, 0x0ba5a4df,
			0xa186f20f, 0x2868f169, 0xdcb7da83, 0x573906fe, 0xa1e2ce9b, 0x4fcd7f52,
			0x50115e01, 0xa70683fa, 0xa002b5c4, 0x0de6d027, 0x9af88c27, 0x773f8641,
			0xc3604c06, 0x61a806b5, 0xf0177a28, 0xc0f586e0, 0x006058aa, 0x30dc7d62,
			0x11e69ed7, 0x2338ea63, 0x53c2dd94, 0xc2c21634, 0xbbcbee56, 0x90bcb6de,
			0xebfc7da1, 0xce591d76, 0x6f05e409, 0x4b7c0188, 0x39720a3d, 0x7c927c24,
			0x86e3725f, 0x724d9db9, 0x1ac15bb4, 0xd39eb8fc, 0xed545578, 0x08fca5b5,
			0xd83d7cd3, 0x4dad0fc4, 0x1e50ef5e, 0xb161e6f8, 0xa28514d9, 0x6c51133c,
			0x6fd5c7e7, 0x56e14ec4, 0x362abfce, 0xddc6c837, 0xd79a3234, 0x92638212,
			0x670efa8e, 0x406000e0, 0x3a39ce37, 0xd3faf5cf, 0xabc27737, 0x5ac52d1b,
			0x5cb0679e, 0x4fa33742, 0xd3822740, 0x99bc9bbe, 0xd5118e9d, 0xbf0f7315,
			0xd62d1c7e, 0xc700c47b, 0xb78c1b6b, 0x21a19045, 0xb26eb1be, 0x6a366eb4,
			0x5748ab2f, 0xbc946e79, 0xc6a376d2, 0x6549c2c8, 0x530ff8ee, 0x468dde7d,
			0xd5730a1d, 0x4cd04dc6, 0x2939bbdb, 0xa9ba4650, 0xac9526e8, 0xbe5ee304,
			0xa1fad5f0, 0x6a2d519a, 0x63ef8ce2, 0x9a86ee22, 0xc089c2b8, 0x43242ef6,
			0xa51e03aa, 0x9cf2d0a4, 0x83c061ba, 0x9be96a4d, 0x8fe51550, 0xba645bd6,
			0x2826a2f9, 0xa73a3ae1, 0x4ba99586, 0xef5562e9, 0xc72fefd3, 0xf752f7da,
			0x3f046f69, 0x77fa0a59, 0x80e4a915, 0x87b08601, 0x9b09e6ad, 0x3b3ee593,
			0xe990fd5a, 0x9e34d797, 0x2cf0b7d9, 0x022b8b51, 0x96d5ac3a, 0x017da67d,
			0xd1cf3ed6, 0x7c7d2d28, 0x1f9f25cf, 0xadf2b89b, 0x5ad6b472, 0x5a88f54c,
			0xe029ac71, 0xe019a5e6, 0x47b0acfd, 0xed93fa9b, 0xe8d3c48d, 0x283b57cc,
			0xf8d56629, 0x79132e28, 0x785f0191, 0xed756055, 0xf7960e44, 0xe3d35e8c,
			0x15056dd4, 0x88f46dba, 0x03a16125, 0x0564f0bd, 0xc3eb9e15, 0x3c9057a2,
			0x97271aec, 0xa93a072a, 0x1b3f6d9b, 0x1e6321f5, 0xf59c66fb, 0x26dcf319,
			0x7533d928, 0xb155fdf5, 0x03563482, 0x8aba3cbb, 0x28517711, 0xc20ad9f8,
			0xabcc5167, 0xccad925f, 0x4de81751, 0x3830dc8e, 0x379d5862, 0x9320f991,
			0xea7a90c2, 0xfb3e7bce, 0x5121ce64, 0x774fbe32, 0xa8b6e37e, 0xc3293d46,
			0x48de5369, 0x6413e680, 0xa2ae0810, 0xdd6db224, 0x69852dfd, 0x09072166,
			0xb39a460a, 0x6445c0dd, 0x586cdecf, 0x1c20c8ae, 0x5bbef7dd, 0x1b588d40,
			0xccd2017f, 0x6bb4e3bb, 0xdda26a7e, 0x3a59ff45, 0x3e350a44, 0xbcb4cdd5,
			0x72eacea8, 0xfa6484bb, 0x8d6612ae, 0xbf3c6f47, 0xd29be463, 0x542f5d9e,
			0xaec2771b, 0xf64e6370, 0x740e0d8d, 0xe75b1357, 0xf8721671, 0xaf537d5d,
			0x4040cb08, 0x4eb4e2cc, 0x34d2466a, 0x0115af84, 0xe1b00428, 0x95983a1d,
			0x06b89fb4, 0xce6ea048, 0x6f3f3b82, 0x3520ab82, 0x011a1d4b, 0x277227f8,
			0x611560b1, 0xe7933fdc, 0xbb3a792b, 0x344525bd, 0xa08839e1, 0x51ce794b,
			0x2f32c9b7, 0xa01fbac9, 0xe01cc87e, 0xbcc7d1f6, 0xcf0111c3, 0xa1e8aac7,
			0x1a908749, 0xd44fbd9a, 0xd0dadecb, 0xd50ada38, 0x0339c32a, 0xc6913667,
			0x8df9317c, 0xe0b12b4f, 0xf79e59b7, 0x43f5bb3a, 0xf2d519ff, 0x27d9459c,
			0xbf97222c, 0x15e6fc2a, 0x0f91fc71, 0x9b941525, 0xfae59361, 0xceb69ceb,
			0xc2a86459, 0x12baa8d1, 0xb6c1075e, 0xe3056a0c, 0x10d25065, 0xcb03a442,
			0xe0ec6e0e, 0x1698db3b, 0x4c98a0be, 0x3278e964, 0x9f1f9532, 0xe0d392df,
			0xd3a0342b, 0x8971f21e, 0x1b0a7441, 0x4ba3348c, 0xc5be7120, 0xc37632d8,
			0xdf359f8d, 0x9b992f2e, 0xe60b6f47, 0x0fe3f11d, 0xe54cda54, 0x1edad891,
			0xce6279cf, 0xcd3e7e6f, 0x1618b166, 0xfd2c1d05, 0x848fd2c5, 0xf6fb2299,
			0xf523f357, 0xa6327623, 0x93a83531, 0x56cccd02, 0xacf08162, 0x5a75ebb5,
			0x6e163697, 0x88d273cc, 0xde966292, 0x81b949d0, 0x4c50901b, 0x71c65614,
			0xe6c6c7bd, 0x327a140a, 0x45e1d006, 0xc3f27b9a, 0xc9aa53fd, 0x62a80f00,
			0xbb25bfe2, 0x35bdd2f6, 0x71126905, 0xb2040222, 0xb6cbcf7c, 0xcd769c2b,
			0x53113ec0, 0x1640e3d3, 0x38abbd60, 0x2547adf0, 0xba38209c, 0xf746ce76,
			0x77afa1c5, 0x20756060, 0x85cbfe4e, 0x8ae88dd8, 0x7aaaf9b0, 0x4cf9aa7e,
			0x1948c25c, 0x02fb8a8c, 0x01c36ae4, 0xd6ebe1f9, 0x90d4f869, 0xa65cdea0,
			0x3f09252d, 0xc208e69f, 0xb74e6132, 0xce77e25b, 0x578fdfe3, 0x3ac372e6 };
	// bcrypt IV: "OrpheanBeholderScryDoubt"
	static private final int bf_crypt_ciphertext[] = { 0x4f727068, 0x65616e42,
			0x65686f6c, 0x64657253, 0x63727944, 0x6f756274 };
	// Table for Base64 encoding
	static private final char base64_code[] = { '.', '/', 'A', 'B', 'C', 'D', 'E', 'F',
			'G', 'H', 'I', 'J', 'K', 'L', 'M', 'N', 'O', 'P', 'Q', 'R', 'S', 'T', 'U',
			'V', 'W', 'X', 'Y', 'Z', 'a', 'b', 'c', 'd', 'e', 'f', 'g', 'h', 'i', 'j',
			'k', 'l', 'm', 'n', 'o', 'p', 'q', 'r', 's', 't', 'u', 'v', 'w', 'x', 'y',
			'z', '0', '1', '2', '3', '4', '5', '6', '7', '8', '9' };
	// Table for Base64 decoding
	static private final byte index_64[] = { -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1,
			-1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1,
			-1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, 0, 1, 54, 55,
			56, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 63, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7,
			8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27,
			-1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40,
			41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 52, 53, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1 };
	// Expanded Blowfish key
	private static int P[];
	private static int S[];
	
	public static void main(String[] args) {
		//10是不确定的  此处只是个例子
		String salt = gensalt(10, new SecureRandom());
		//对123456加密
		System.out.println(hashpw("123456", salt));
		//是否匹配
		System.out.println(matches("123456", "$2a$10$/bTVvqqlH9UiE0ZJZ7N2Me3RIgUCdgMheyTgV0B4cMCSokPa.6oCa"));
	}
	
	private static void init_key() {
		P = (int[]) P_orig.clone();
		S = (int[]) S_orig.clone();
	}
	
	static void encode_base64(byte d[], int len, StringBuilder rs)
			throws IllegalArgumentException {
		int off = 0;
		int c1, c2;

		if (len <= 0 || len > d.length) {
			throw new IllegalArgumentException("Invalid len");
		}

		while (off < len) {
			c1 = d[off++] & 0xff;
			rs.append(base64_code[(c1 >> 2) & 0x3f]);
			c1 = (c1 & 0x03) << 4;
			if (off >= len) {
				rs.append(base64_code[c1 & 0x3f]);
				break;
			}
			c2 = d[off++] & 0xff;
			c1 |= (c2 >> 4) & 0x0f;
			rs.append(base64_code[c1 & 0x3f]);
			c1 = (c2 & 0x0f) << 2;
			if (off >= len) {
				rs.append(base64_code[c1 & 0x3f]);
				break;
			}
			c2 = d[off++] & 0xff;
			c1 |= (c2 >> 6) & 0x03;
			rs.append(base64_code[c1 & 0x3f]);
			rs.append(base64_code[c2 & 0x3f]);
		}
	}
	
	static byte[] decode_base64(String s, int maxolen) throws IllegalArgumentException {
		ByteArrayOutputStream out = new ByteArrayOutputStream(maxolen);
		int off = 0, slen = s.length(), olen = 0;
		byte c1, c2, c3, c4, o;

		if (maxolen <= 0) {
			throw new IllegalArgumentException("Invalid maxolen");
		}

		while (off < slen - 1 && olen < maxolen) {
			c1 = char64(s.charAt(off++));
			c2 = char64(s.charAt(off++));
			if (c1 == -1 || c2 == -1) {
				break;
			}
			o = (byte) (c1 << 2);
			o |= (c2 & 0x30) >> 4;
			out.write(o);
			if (++olen >= maxolen || off >= slen) {
				break;
			}
			c3 = char64(s.charAt(off++));
			if (c3 == -1) {
				break;
			}
			o = (byte) ((c2 & 0x0f) << 4);
			o |= (c3 & 0x3c) >> 2;
			out.write(o);
			if (++olen >= maxolen || off >= slen) {
				break;
			}
			c4 = char64(s.charAt(off++));
			o = (byte) ((c3 & 0x03) << 6);
			o |= c4;
			out.write(o);
			++olen;
		}

		return out.toByteArray();
	}
	
	private static byte char64(char x) {
		if (x > index_64.length) {
			return -1;
		}
		return index_64[x];
	}
	
	public static String gensalt(int log_rounds, SecureRandom random) {
		if (log_rounds < 4 || log_rounds > 31) {
			throw new IllegalArgumentException("Bad number of rounds");
		}
		StringBuilder rs = new StringBuilder();
		byte rnd[] = new byte[BCRYPT_SALT_LEN];

		random.nextBytes(rnd);

		rs.append("$2a$");
		if (log_rounds < 10) {
			rs.append("0");
		}
		rs.append(log_rounds);
		rs.append("$");
		encode_base64(rnd, rnd.length, rs);
		return rs.toString();
	}
	
	public static String hashpw(String password, String salt) {
		String real_salt;
		byte passwordb[], saltb[], hashed[];
		char minor = (char) 0;
		int rounds, off = 0;
		StringBuilder rs = new StringBuilder();

		int saltLength = salt.length();

		if (saltLength < 28) {
			throw new IllegalArgumentException("Invalid salt");
		}

		if (salt.charAt(0) != '$' || salt.charAt(1) != '2') {
			throw new IllegalArgumentException("Invalid salt version");
		}
		if (salt.charAt(2) == '$') {
			off = 3;
		}
		else {
			minor = salt.charAt(2);
			if (minor != 'a' || salt.charAt(3) != '$') {
				throw new IllegalArgumentException("Invalid salt revision");
			}
			off = 4;
		}

		if (saltLength - off < 25) {
			throw new IllegalArgumentException("Invalid salt");
		}

		// Extract number of rounds
		if (salt.charAt(off + 2) > '$') {
			throw new IllegalArgumentException("Missing salt rounds");
		}
		rounds = Integer.parseInt(salt.substring(off, off + 2));

		real_salt = salt.substring(off + 3, off + 25);
		try {
			passwordb = (password + (minor >= 'a' ? "\000" : "")).getBytes("UTF-8");
		}
		catch (UnsupportedEncodingException uee) {
			throw new AssertionError("UTF-8 is not supported");
		}

		saltb = decode_base64(real_salt, BCRYPT_SALT_LEN);

		hashed = crypt_raw(passwordb, saltb, rounds);

		rs.append("$2");
		if (minor >= 'a') {
			rs.append(minor);
		}
		rs.append("$");
		if (rounds < 10) {
			rs.append("0");
		}
		rs.append(rounds);
		rs.append("$");
		encode_base64(saltb, saltb.length, rs);
		encode_base64(hashed, bf_crypt_ciphertext.length * 4 - 1, rs);
		return rs.toString();
	}
	
	private static byte[] crypt_raw(byte password[], byte salt[], int log_rounds) {
		int cdata[] = (int[]) bf_crypt_ciphertext.clone();
		int clen = cdata.length;
		byte ret[];

		long rounds = roundsForLogRounds(log_rounds);

		init_key();
		ekskey(salt, password);
		for (long i = 0; i < rounds; i++) {
			key(password);
			key(salt);
		}

		for (int i = 0; i < 64; i++) {
			for (int j = 0; j < (clen >> 1); j++) {
				encipher(cdata, j << 1);
			}
		}

		ret = new byte[clen * 4];
		for (int i = 0, j = 0; i < clen; i++) {
			ret[j++] = (byte) ((cdata[i] >> 24) & 0xff);
			ret[j++] = (byte) ((cdata[i] >> 16) & 0xff);
			ret[j++] = (byte) ((cdata[i] >> 8) & 0xff);
			ret[j++] = (byte) (cdata[i] & 0xff);
		}
		return ret;
	}
	
	static long roundsForLogRounds(int log_rounds) {
		if (log_rounds < 4 || log_rounds > 31) {
			throw new IllegalArgumentException("Bad number of rounds");
		}
		return 1L << log_rounds;
	}
	
	private static void ekskey(byte data[], byte key[]) {
		int i;
		int koffp[] = { 0 }, doffp[] = { 0 };
		int lr[] = { 0, 0 };
		int plen = P.length, slen = S.length;

		for (i = 0; i < plen; i++) {
			P[i] = P[i] ^ streamtoword(key, koffp);
		}

		for (i = 0; i < plen; i += 2) {
			lr[0] ^= streamtoword(data, doffp);
			lr[1] ^= streamtoword(data, doffp);
			encipher(lr, 0);
			P[i] = lr[0];
			P[i + 1] = lr[1];
		}

		for (i = 0; i < slen; i += 2) {
			lr[0] ^= streamtoword(data, doffp);
			lr[1] ^= streamtoword(data, doffp);
			encipher(lr, 0);
			S[i] = lr[0];
			S[i + 1] = lr[1];
		}
	}
	
	private static int streamtoword(byte data[], int offp[]) {
		int i;
		int word = 0;
		int off = offp[0];

		for (i = 0; i < 4; i++) {
			word = (word << 8) | (data[off] & 0xff);
			off = (off + 1) % data.length;
		}

		offp[0] = off;
		return word;
	}
	
	private static final void encipher(int lr[], int off) {
		int i, n, l = lr[off], r = lr[off + 1];

		l ^= P[0];
		for (i = 0; i <= BLOWFISH_NUM_ROUNDS - 2;) {
			// Feistel substitution on left word
			n = S[(l >> 24) & 0xff];
			n += S[0x100 | ((l >> 16) & 0xff)];
			n ^= S[0x200 | ((l >> 8) & 0xff)];
			n += S[0x300 | (l & 0xff)];
			r ^= n ^ P[++i];

			// Feistel substitution on right word
			n = S[(r >> 24) & 0xff];
			n += S[0x100 | ((r >> 16) & 0xff)];
			n ^= S[0x200 | ((r >> 8) & 0xff)];
			n += S[0x300 | (r & 0xff)];
			l ^= n ^ P[++i];
		}
		lr[off] = r ^ P[BLOWFISH_NUM_ROUNDS + 1];
		lr[off + 1] = l;
	}
	
	private static void key(byte key[]) {
		int i;
		int koffp[] = { 0 };
		int lr[] = { 0, 0 };
		int plen = P.length, slen = S.length;

		for (i = 0; i < plen; i++) {
			P[i] = P[i] ^ streamtoword(key, koffp);
		}

		for (i = 0; i < plen; i += 2) {
			encipher(lr, 0);
			P[i] = lr[0];
			P[i + 1] = lr[1];
		}

		for (i = 0; i < slen; i += 2) {
			encipher(lr, 0);
			S[i] = lr[0];
			S[i + 1] = lr[1];
		}
	}
	
	public static boolean matches(CharSequence rawPassword, String encodedPassword) {
		if (encodedPassword == null || encodedPassword.length() == 0) {
			return false;
		}

		if (!BCRYPT_PATTERN.matcher(encodedPassword).matches()) {
			return false;
		}

		return checkpw(rawPassword.toString(), encodedPassword);
	}
	
	public static boolean checkpw(String plaintext, String hashed) {
		return equalsNoEarlyReturn(hashed, hashpw(plaintext, hashed));
	}

	static boolean equalsNoEarlyReturn(String a, String b) {
		char[] caa = a.toCharArray();
		char[] cab = b.toCharArray();

		if (caa.length != cab.length) {
			return false;
		}

		byte ret = 0;
		for (int i = 0; i < caa.length; i++) {
			ret |= caa[i] ^ cab[i];
		}
		return ret == 0;
	}
}

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