IDEA中scope 为 provided的问题

下面是启动异常:

java.lang.IllegalStateException: ApplicationEventMulticaster not initialized - call 'refresh' before multicasting events via the context: org.springframework.context.annotation.AnnotationConfigApplicationContext@30e868be: startup date [Thu Jan 18 15:06:45 CST 2018]; parent: org.springframework.context.annotation.AnnotationConfigApplicationContext@79b06cab
	at org.springframework.context.support.AbstractApplicationContext.getApplicationEventMulticaster(AbstractApplicationContext.java:404) [spring-context-4.3.6.RELEASE.jar:4.3.6.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.context.support.ApplicationListenerDetector.postProcessBeforeDestruction(ApplicationListenerDetector.java:97) ~[spring-context-4.3.6.RELEASE.jar:4.3.6.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.DisposableBeanAdapter.destroy(DisposableBeanAdapter.java:253) ~[spring-beans-4.3.6.RELEASE.jar:4.3.6.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.DefaultSingletonBeanRegistry.destroyBean(DefaultSingletonBeanRegistry.java:578) [spring-beans-4.3.6.RELEASE.jar:4.3.6.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.DefaultSingletonBeanRegistry.destroySingleton(DefaultSingletonBeanRegistry.java:554) [spring-beans-4.3.6.RELEASE.jar:4.3.6.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.DefaultListableBeanFactory.destroySingleton(DefaultListableBeanFactory.java:961) [spring-beans-4.3.6.RELEASE.jar:4.3.6.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.DefaultSingletonBeanRegistry.destroySingletons(DefaultSingletonBeanRegistry.java:523) [spring-beans-4.3.6.RELEASE.jar:4.3.6.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.DefaultListableBeanFactory.destroySingletons(DefaultListableBeanFactory.java:968) [spring-beans-4.3.6.RELEASE.jar:4.3.6.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.context.support.AbstractApplicationContext.destroyBeans(AbstractApplicationContext.java:1033) [spring-context-4.3.6.RELEASE.jar:4.3.6.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.context.support.AbstractApplicationContext.refresh(AbstractApplicationContext.java:555) [spring-context-4.3.6.RELEASE.jar:4.3.6.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication.refresh(SpringApplication.java:737) [spring-boot-1.5.1.RELEASE.jar:1.5.1.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication.refreshContext(SpringApplication.java:370) [spring-boot-1.5.1.RELEASE.jar:1.5.1.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication.run(SpringApplication.java:314) [spring-boot-1.5.1.RELEASE.jar:1.5.1.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication.run(SpringApplication.java:1162) [spring-boot-1.5.1.RELEASE.jar:1.5.1.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication.run(SpringApplication.java:1151) [spring-boot-1.5.1.RELEASE.jar:1.5.1.RELEASE]
	at com.suning.dasp.Application.main(Application.java:14) [classes/:na]

2018-01-18 15:06:45.713 ERROR 31312 --- [           main] o.s.boot.SpringApplication               : Application startup failed

org.springframework.beans.factory.BeanDefinitionStoreException: Failed to process import candidates for configuration class [org.springframework.cloud.netflix.eureka.server.EurekaServerConfiguration]; nested exception is java.lang.IllegalStateException: Failed to introspect annotated methods on class org.springframework.cloud.netflix.eureka.server.EurekaServerInitializerConfiguration
	at org.springframework.context.annotation.ConfigurationClassParser.processImports(ConfigurationClassParser.java:579) ~[spring-context-4.3.6.RELEASE.jar:4.3.6.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.context.annotation.ConfigurationClassParser.doProcessConfigurationClass(ConfigurationClassParser.java:279) ~[spring-context-4.3.6.RELEASE.jar:4.3.6.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.context.annotation.ConfigurationClassParser.processConfigurationClass(ConfigurationClassParser.java:230) ~[spring-context-4.3.6.RELEASE.jar:4.3.6.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.context.annotation.ConfigurationClassParser.processImports(ConfigurationClassParser.java:570) ~[spring-context-4.3.6.RELEASE.jar:4.3.6.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.context.annotation.ConfigurationClassParser.doProcessConfigurationClass(ConfigurationClassParser.java:279) ~[spring-context-4.3.6.RELEASE.jar:4.3.6.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.context.annotation.ConfigurationClassParser.processConfigurationClass(ConfigurationClassParser.java:230) ~[spring-context-4.3.6.RELEASE.jar:4.3.6.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.context.annotation.ConfigurationClassParser.parse(ConfigurationClassParser.java:197) ~[spring-context-4.3.6.RELEASE.jar:4.3.6.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.context.annotation.ConfigurationClassParser.parse(ConfigurationClassParser.java:166) ~[spring-context-4.3.6.RELEASE.jar:4.3.6.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.context.annotation.ConfigurationClassPostProcessor.processConfigBeanDefinitions(ConfigurationClassPostProcessor.java:308) ~[spring-context-4.3.6.RELEASE.jar:4.3.6.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.context.annotation.ConfigurationClassPostProcessor.postProcessBeanDefinitionRegistry(ConfigurationClassPostProcessor.java:228) ~[spring-context-4.3.6.RELEASE.jar:4.3.6.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.context.support.PostProcessorRegistrationDelegate.invokeBeanDefinitionRegistryPostProcessors(PostProcessorRegistrationDelegate.java:270) ~[spring-context-4.3.6.RELEASE.jar:4.3.6.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.context.support.PostProcessorRegistrationDelegate.invokeBeanFactoryPostProcessors(PostProcessorRegistrationDelegate.java:93) ~[spring-context-4.3.6.RELEASE.jar:4.3.6.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.context.support.AbstractApplicationContext.invokeBeanFactoryPostProcessors(AbstractApplicationContext.java:686) ~[spring-context-4.3.6.RELEASE.jar:4.3.6.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.context.support.AbstractApplicationContext.refresh(AbstractApplicationContext.java:524) ~[spring-context-4.3.6.RELEASE.jar:4.3.6.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication.refresh(SpringApplication.java:737) [spring-boot-1.5.1.RELEASE.jar:1.5.1.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication.refreshContext(SpringApplication.java:370) [spring-boot-1.5.1.RELEASE.jar:1.5.1.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication.run(SpringApplication.java:314) [spring-boot-1.5.1.RELEASE.jar:1.5.1.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication.run(SpringApplication.java:1162) [spring-boot-1.5.1.RELEASE.jar:1.5.1.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication.run(SpringApplication.java:1151) [spring-boot-1.5.1.RELEASE.jar:1.5.1.RELEASE]
	at com.suning.dasp.Application.main(Application.java:14) [classes/:na]
Caused by: java.lang.IllegalStateException: Failed to introspect annotated methods on class org.springframework.cloud.netflix.eureka.server.EurekaServerInitializerConfiguration
	at org.springframework.core.type.StandardAnnotationMetadata.getAnnotatedMethods(StandardAnnotationMetadata.java:163) ~[spring-core-4.3.6.RELEASE.jar:4.3.6.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.context.annotation.ConfigurationClassParser.retrieveBeanMethodMetadata(ConfigurationClassParser.java:360) ~[spring-context-4.3.6.RELEASE.jar:4.3.6.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.context.annotation.ConfigurationClassParser.doProcessConfigurationClass(ConfigurationClassParser.java:294) ~[spring-context-4.3.6.RELEASE.jar:4.3.6.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.context.annotation.ConfigurationClassParser.processConfigurationClass(ConfigurationClassParser.java:230) ~[spring-context-4.3.6.RELEASE.jar:4.3.6.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.context.annotation.ConfigurationClassParser.processImports(ConfigurationClassParser.java:570) ~[spring-context-4.3.6.RELEASE.jar:4.3.6.RELEASE]
	... 19 common frames omitted
Caused by: java.lang.NoClassDefFoundError: javax/servlet/ServletContext
	at java.lang.Class.getDeclaredMethods0(Native Method) ~[na:1.8.0_31]
	at java.lang.Class.privateGetDeclaredMethods(Class.java:2693) ~[na:1.8.0_31]
	at java.lang.Class.getDeclaredMethods(Class.java:1967) ~[na:1.8.0_31]
	at org.springframework.core.type.StandardAnnotationMetadata.getAnnotatedMethods(StandardAnnotationMetadata.java:152) ~[spring-core-4.3.6.RELEASE.jar:4.3.6.RELEASE]
	... 23 common frames omitted
Caused by: java.lang.ClassNotFoundException: javax.servlet.ServletContext
	at java.net.URLClassLoader$1.run(URLClassLoader.java:372) ~[na:1.8.0_31]
	at java.net.URLClassLoader$1.run(URLClassLoader.java:361) ~[na:1.8.0_31]
	at java.security.AccessController.doPrivileged(Native Method) ~[na:1.8.0_31]
	at java.net.URLClassLoader.findClass(URLClassLoader.java:360) ~[na:1.8.0_31]
	at java.lang.ClassLoader.loadClass(ClassLoader.java:424) ~[na:1.8.0_31]
	at sun.misc.Launcher$AppClassLoader.loadClass(Launcher.java:308) ~[na:1.8.0_31]
	at java.lang.ClassLoader.loadClass(ClassLoader.java:357) ~[na:1.8.0_31]
	... 27 common frames omitted

IDEA版本:

查了一部分资料,根本原因如下:

在 Intellij Idea  中使用maven时,所有 scope 为 provided 的依赖都是不会被加入到 classpath 中的,目前该bug尚未被修复。如果你做Spring Boot开发,有带provided的依赖时,直接在IDE中运行项目会导致ClassNotFound异常。

自行查看未修复bug,传送门 —— https://youtrack.jetbrains.com/issue/IDEA-107048

解决方案简单粗暴,找到pom.xml中的如下依赖

<dependency>
	<groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
	<artifactId>spring-boot-starter-tomcat</artifactId>
	<!--<scope>provided</scope>-->
</dependency>

将对应的scope 注释掉即可。

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