spring mvc如何计算BEST_MATCHING_PATTERN_ATTRIBUTE

DispatcherServlet

spring-webmvc-4.3.10.RELEASE-sources.jar!/org/springframework/web/servlet/DispatcherServlet.java

protected void doDispatch(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response) throws Exception {
        HttpServletRequest processedRequest = request;
        HandlerExecutionChain mappedHandler = null;
        boolean multipartRequestParsed = false;

        WebAsyncManager asyncManager = WebAsyncUtils.getAsyncManager(request);

        try {
            ModelAndView mv = null;
            Exception dispatchException = null;

            try {
                processedRequest = checkMultipart(request);
                multipartRequestParsed = (processedRequest != request);

                // Determine handler for the current request.
                mappedHandler = getHandler(processedRequest);
                if (mappedHandler == null || mappedHandler.getHandler() == null) {
                    noHandlerFound(processedRequest, response);
                    return;
                }

                // Determine handler adapter for the current request.
                HandlerAdapter ha = getHandlerAdapter(mappedHandler.getHandler());

                // Process last-modified header, if supported by the handler.
                String method = request.getMethod();
                boolean isGet = "GET".equals(method);
                if (isGet || "HEAD".equals(method)) {
                    long lastModified = ha.getLastModified(request, mappedHandler.getHandler());
                    if (logger.isDebugEnabled()) {
                        logger.debug("Last-Modified value for [" + getRequestUri(request) + "] is: " + lastModified);
                    }
                    if (new ServletWebRequest(request, response).checkNotModified(lastModified) && isGet) {
                        return;
                    }
                }

                if (!mappedHandler.applyPreHandle(processedRequest, response)) {
                    return;
                }

                // Actually invoke the handler.
                mv = ha.handle(processedRequest, response, mappedHandler.getHandler());

                if (asyncManager.isConcurrentHandlingStarted()) {
                    return;
                }

                applyDefaultViewName(processedRequest, mv);
                mappedHandler.applyPostHandle(processedRequest, response, mv);
            }
            catch (Exception ex) {
                dispatchException = ex;
            }
            catch (Throwable err) {
                // As of 4.3, we're processing Errors thrown from handler methods as well,
                // making them available for @ExceptionHandler methods and other scenarios.
                dispatchException = new NestedServletException("Handler dispatch failed", err);
            }
            processDispatchResult(processedRequest, response, mappedHandler, mv, dispatchException);
        }
        catch (Exception ex) {
            triggerAfterCompletion(processedRequest, response, mappedHandler, ex);
        }
        catch (Throwable err) {
            triggerAfterCompletion(processedRequest, response, mappedHandler,
                    new NestedServletException("Handler processing failed", err));
        }
        finally {
            if (asyncManager.isConcurrentHandlingStarted()) {
                // Instead of postHandle and afterCompletion
                if (mappedHandler != null) {
                    mappedHandler.applyAfterConcurrentHandlingStarted(processedRequest, response);
                }
            }
            else {
                // Clean up any resources used by a multipart request.
                if (multipartRequestParsed) {
                    cleanupMultipart(processedRequest);
                }
            }
        }
    }

主要看mappedHandler = getHandler(processedRequest);这段

/**
     * Return the HandlerExecutionChain for this request.
     * <p>Tries all handler mappings in order.
     * @param request current HTTP request
     * @return the HandlerExecutionChain, or {@code null} if no handler could be found
     */
    protected HandlerExecutionChain getHandler(HttpServletRequest request) throws Exception {
        for (HandlerMapping hm : this.handlerMappings) {
            if (logger.isTraceEnabled()) {
                logger.trace(
                        "Testing handler map [" + hm + "] in DispatcherServlet with name '" + getServletName() + "'");
            }
            HandlerExecutionChain handler = hm.getHandler(request);
            if (handler != null) {
                return handler;
            }
        }
        return null;
    }

这里的handlerMappings主要有:

  • SimpleUrlHandlerMapping
  • EndpointHandlerMapping
  • ReuqestMappingHandlerMapping
  • BeanNameUrlHandlerMapping
  • WebMvcConfigurationSupport$EmptyHandlerMapping

主要有抽象类AbstractHandlerMapping来执行

AbstractHandlerMapping#getHandler

spring-webmvc-4.3.10.RELEASE-sources.jar!/org/springframework/web/servlet/handler/AbstractHandlerMapping.java

   /**
     * Look up a handler for the given request, falling back to the default
     * handler if no specific one is found.
     * @param request current HTTP request
     * @return the corresponding handler instance, or the default handler
     * @see #getHandlerInternal
     */
    @Override
    public final HandlerExecutionChain getHandler(HttpServletRequest request) throws Exception {
        Object handler = getHandlerInternal(request);
        if (handler == null) {
            handler = getDefaultHandler();
        }
        if (handler == null) {
            return null;
        }
        // Bean name or resolved handler?
        if (handler instanceof String) {
            String handlerName = (String) handler;
            handler = getApplicationContext().getBean(handlerName);
        }

        HandlerExecutionChain executionChain = getHandlerExecutionChain(handler, request);
        if (CorsUtils.isCorsRequest(request)) {
            CorsConfiguration globalConfig = this.corsConfigSource.getCorsConfiguration(request);
            CorsConfiguration handlerConfig = getCorsConfiguration(handler, request);
            CorsConfiguration config = (globalConfig != null ? globalConfig.combine(handlerConfig) : handlerConfig);
            executionChain = getCorsHandlerExecutionChain(request, executionChain, config);
        }
        return executionChain;
    }

这里主要看Object handler = getHandlerInternal(request);这段

AbstractUrlHandlerMapping#getHandlerInternal

spring-webmvc-4.3.12.RELEASE-sources.jar!/org/springframework/web/servlet/handler/AbstractUrlHandlerMapping.java

/**
     * Look up a handler for the URL path of the given request.
     * @param request current HTTP request
     * @return the handler instance, or {@code null} if none found
     */
    @Override
    protected Object getHandlerInternal(HttpServletRequest request) throws Exception {
        String lookupPath = getUrlPathHelper().getLookupPathForRequest(request);
        Object handler = lookupHandler(lookupPath, request);
        if (handler == null) {
            // We need to care for the default handler directly, since we need to
            // expose the PATH_WITHIN_HANDLER_MAPPING_ATTRIBUTE for it as well.
            Object rawHandler = null;
            if ("/".equals(lookupPath)) {
                rawHandler = getRootHandler();
            }
            if (rawHandler == null) {
                rawHandler = getDefaultHandler();
            }
            if (rawHandler != null) {
                // Bean name or resolved handler?
                if (rawHandler instanceof String) {
                    String handlerName = (String) rawHandler;
                    rawHandler = getApplicationContext().getBean(handlerName);
                }
                validateHandler(rawHandler, request);
                handler = buildPathExposingHandler(rawHandler, lookupPath, lookupPath, null);
            }
        }
        if (handler != null && logger.isDebugEnabled()) {
            logger.debug("Mapping [" + lookupPath + "] to " + handler);
        }
        else if (handler == null && logger.isTraceEnabled()) {
            logger.trace("No handler mapping found for [" + lookupPath + "]");
        }
        return handler;
    }

这里主要看lookupHandler

AbstractUrlHandlerMapping#lookupHandler

spring-webmvc-4.3.12.RELEASE-sources.jar!/org/springframework/web/servlet/handler/AbstractUrlHandlerMapping.java

protected Object lookupHandler(String urlPath, HttpServletRequest request) throws Exception {
        // Direct match?
        Object handler = this.handlerMap.get(urlPath);
        if (handler != null) {
            // Bean name or resolved handler?
            if (handler instanceof String) {
                String handlerName = (String) handler;
                handler = getApplicationContext().getBean(handlerName);
            }
            validateHandler(handler, request);
            return buildPathExposingHandler(handler, urlPath, urlPath, null);
        }

        // Pattern match?
        List<String> matchingPatterns = new ArrayList<String>();
        for (String registeredPattern : this.handlerMap.keySet()) {
            if (getPathMatcher().match(registeredPattern, urlPath)) {
                matchingPatterns.add(registeredPattern);
            }
            else if (useTrailingSlashMatch()) {
                if (!registeredPattern.endsWith("/") && getPathMatcher().match(registeredPattern + "/", urlPath)) {
                    matchingPatterns.add(registeredPattern +"/");
                }
            }
        }

        String bestMatch = null;
        Comparator<String> patternComparator = getPathMatcher().getPatternComparator(urlPath);
        if (!matchingPatterns.isEmpty()) {
            Collections.sort(matchingPatterns, patternComparator);
            if (logger.isDebugEnabled()) {
                logger.debug("Matching patterns for request [" + urlPath + "] are " + matchingPatterns);
            }
            bestMatch = matchingPatterns.get(0);
        }
        if (bestMatch != null) {
            handler = this.handlerMap.get(bestMatch);
            if (handler == null) {
                if (bestMatch.endsWith("/")) {
                    handler = this.handlerMap.get(bestMatch.substring(0, bestMatch.length() - 1));
                }
                if (handler == null) {
                    throw new IllegalStateException(
                            "Could not find handler for best pattern match [" + bestMatch + "]");
                }
            }
            // Bean name or resolved handler?
            if (handler instanceof String) {
                String handlerName = (String) handler;
                handler = getApplicationContext().getBean(handlerName);
            }
            validateHandler(handler, request);
            String pathWithinMapping = getPathMatcher().extractPathWithinPattern(bestMatch, urlPath);

            // There might be multiple 'best patterns', let's make sure we have the correct URI template variables
            // for all of them
            Map<String, String> uriTemplateVariables = new LinkedHashMap<String, String>();
            for (String matchingPattern : matchingPatterns) {
                if (patternComparator.compare(bestMatch, matchingPattern) == 0) {
                    Map<String, String> vars = getPathMatcher().extractUriTemplateVariables(matchingPattern, urlPath);
                    Map<String, String> decodedVars = getUrlPathHelper().decodePathVariables(request, vars);
                    uriTemplateVariables.putAll(decodedVars);
                }
            }
            if (logger.isDebugEnabled()) {
                logger.debug("URI Template variables for request [" + urlPath + "] are " + uriTemplateVariables);
            }
            return buildPathExposingHandler(handler, bestMatch, pathWithinMapping, uriTemplateVariables);
        }

        // No handler found...
        return null;
    }

这里就是bestMatch计算的核心

设置

计算完bestMatch之后,就是设置,主要是调用AbstractUrlHandlerMapping#buildPathExposingHandler

/**
     * Build a handler object for the given raw handler, exposing the actual
     * handler, the {@link #PATH_WITHIN_HANDLER_MAPPING_ATTRIBUTE}, as well as
     * the {@link #URI_TEMPLATE_VARIABLES_ATTRIBUTE} before executing the handler.
     * <p>The default implementation builds a {@link HandlerExecutionChain}
     * with a special interceptor that exposes the path attribute and uri template variables
     * @param rawHandler the raw handler to expose
     * @param pathWithinMapping the path to expose before executing the handler
     * @param uriTemplateVariables the URI template variables, can be {@code null} if no variables found
     * @return the final handler object
     */
    protected Object buildPathExposingHandler(Object rawHandler, String bestMatchingPattern,
            String pathWithinMapping, Map<String, String> uriTemplateVariables) {

        HandlerExecutionChain chain = new HandlerExecutionChain(rawHandler);
        chain.addInterceptor(new PathExposingHandlerInterceptor(bestMatchingPattern, pathWithinMapping));
        if (!CollectionUtils.isEmpty(uriTemplateVariables)) {
            chain.addInterceptor(new UriTemplateVariablesHandlerInterceptor(uriTemplateVariables));
        }
        return chain;
    }

而这个方法,new了一个PathExposingHandlerInterceptor

/**
     * Special interceptor for exposing the
     * {@link AbstractUrlHandlerMapping#PATH_WITHIN_HANDLER_MAPPING_ATTRIBUTE} attribute.
     * @see AbstractUrlHandlerMapping#exposePathWithinMapping
     */
    private class PathExposingHandlerInterceptor extends HandlerInterceptorAdapter {

        private final String bestMatchingPattern;

        private final String pathWithinMapping;

        public PathExposingHandlerInterceptor(String bestMatchingPattern, String pathWithinMapping) {
            this.bestMatchingPattern = bestMatchingPattern;
            this.pathWithinMapping = pathWithinMapping;
        }

        @Override
        public boolean preHandle(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response, Object handler) {
            exposePathWithinMapping(this.bestMatchingPattern, this.pathWithinMapping, request);
            request.setAttribute(INTROSPECT_TYPE_LEVEL_MAPPING, supportsTypeLevelMappings());
            return true;
        }

    }

    /**
     * Expose the path within the current mapping as request attribute.
     * @param pathWithinMapping the path within the current mapping
     * @param request the request to expose the path to
     * @see #PATH_WITHIN_HANDLER_MAPPING_ATTRIBUTE
     */
    protected void exposePathWithinMapping(String bestMatchingPattern, String pathWithinMapping, HttpServletRequest request) {
        request.setAttribute(BEST_MATCHING_PATTERN_ATTRIBUTE, bestMatchingPattern);
        request.setAttribute(PATH_WITHIN_HANDLER_MAPPING_ATTRIBUTE, pathWithinMapping);
    }

可以看到,这里通过exposePathWithinMapping方法设置了BEST_MATCHING_PATTERN_ATTRIBUTE

原文发布于微信公众号 - 码匠的流水账(geek_luandun)

原文发表时间:2017-11-29

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