容器打印日志到控制台阻塞的排障

今日生产环境发现有些容器停止响应了,但是容器没有死,docker exec -it <container-name> /bin/bash也能正常使用。

在容器内部使用jstack <pid>发现log4j2的Console Appender一直处于运行状态:

"AsyncAppender-asyncConsole" #21 daemon prio=5 os_prio=0 tid=0x00007fd968d07000 nid=0x1f runnable [0x00007fd91bffd000]
   java.lang.Thread.State: RUNNABLE
    at java.io.FileOutputStream.writeBytes(Native Method)
    at java.io.FileOutputStream.write(FileOutputStream.java:326)
    at java.io.BufferedOutputStream.write(BufferedOutputStream.java:122)
    - locked <0x00000000f002b408> (a java.io.BufferedOutputStream)
    at java.io.PrintStream.write(PrintStream.java:480)
    - locked <0x00000000f002b3e8> (a java.io.PrintStream)
    at org.apache.logging.log4j.core.util.CloseShieldOutputStream.write(CloseShieldOutputStream.java:53)
    at org.apache.logging.log4j.core.appender.OutputStreamManager.writeToDestination(OutputStreamManager.java:262)
    - locked <0x00000000f021d848> (a org.apache.logging.log4j.core.appender.OutputStreamManager)
    at org.apache.logging.log4j.core.appender.OutputStreamManager.flushBuffer(OutputStreamManager.java:294)
    - locked <0x00000000f021d848> (a org.apache.logging.log4j.core.appender.OutputStreamManager)
    at org.apache.logging.log4j.core.appender.OutputStreamManager.drain(OutputStreamManager.java:351)
    at org.apache.logging.log4j.core.layout.TextEncoderHelper.drainIfByteBufferFull(TextEncoderHelper.java:260)
    - locked <0x00000000f021d848> (a org.apache.logging.log4j.core.appender.OutputStreamManager)
    at org.apache.logging.log4j.core.layout.TextEncoderHelper.writeAndEncodeAsMuchAsPossible(TextEncoderHelper.java:199)
    at org.apache.logging.log4j.core.layout.TextEncoderHelper.encodeChunkedText(TextEncoderHelper.java:159)
    - locked <0x00000000f021d848> (a org.apache.logging.log4j.core.appender.OutputStreamManager)
    at org.apache.logging.log4j.core.layout.TextEncoderHelper.encodeText(TextEncoderHelper.java:58)
    at org.apache.logging.log4j.core.layout.StringBuilderEncoder.encode(StringBuilderEncoder.java:68)
    at org.apache.logging.log4j.core.layout.StringBuilderEncoder.encode(StringBuilderEncoder.java:32)
    at org.apache.logging.log4j.core.layout.PatternLayout.encode(PatternLayout.java:220)
    at org.apache.logging.log4j.core.layout.PatternLayout.encode(PatternLayout.java:58)
    at org.apache.logging.log4j.core.appender.AbstractOutputStreamAppender.directEncodeEvent(AbstractOutputStreamAppender.java:177)
    at org.apache.logging.log4j.core.appender.AbstractOutputStreamAppender.tryAppend(AbstractOutputStreamAppender.java:170)
    at org.apache.logging.log4j.core.appender.AbstractOutputStreamAppender.append(AbstractOutputStreamAppender.java:161)
    at org.apache.logging.log4j.core.config.AppenderControl.tryCallAppender(AppenderControl.java:156)
    at org.apache.logging.log4j.core.config.AppenderControl.callAppender0(AppenderControl.java:129)
    at org.apache.logging.log4j.core.config.AppenderControl.callAppenderPreventRecursion(AppenderControl.java:120)
    at org.apache.logging.log4j.core.config.AppenderControl.callAppender(AppenderControl.java:84)
    at org.apache.logging.log4j.core.appender.AsyncAppender$AsyncThread.callAppenders(AsyncAppender.java:459)
    at org.apache.logging.log4j.core.appender.AsyncAppender$AsyncThread.run(AsyncAppender.java:412)

但用docker logs -f <container-name>没有发现有新的日志输出,且访问该应用肯定会输出日志的接口也是没有任何日志输出,因此怀疑log4j2阻塞住了。

Google到有人在log4j提出了类似了问题LOG4J2-2239,官方给出的解释是问题出在log4j2之外。

于是查一下logback是否也有类似问题,找到LOGBACK-1422,同样给出的解释是问题出在logback之外。

两个问题的共通点都是用docker运行,于是把应用直接进程方式运行,没有出现问题。

于是Google搜索docker logging to stdout hangs,找到SO的这个回答,以及这个issue,解决方案将Docker升级到18.06。

查看生产环境的docker版本是18.03,升级到18.09后问题解决。

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