Oracle丢失重做日志的几种场景恢复

实验环境:RHEL6.4 + Oracle 11.2.0.4

一、丢失重做日志组中成员

二、丢失重做日志组

Reference

环境准备

SQL> set linesize 160 
SQL> col member for a80
SQL> select * from v$logfile;

    GROUP# STATUS  TYPE    MEMBER                                                                           IS_
---------- ------- ------- -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ---
         3         ONLINE  /u01/oradata/ORADB/onlinelog/o1_mf_3_c3g92rg3_.log                               NO
         3         ONLINE  /u01/app/oracle/fast_recovery_area/ORADB/onlinelog/o1_mf_3_c3g92rmf_.log         YES
         2         ONLINE  /u01/oradata/ORADB/onlinelog/o1_mf_2_c3g92qkl_.log                               NO
         2         ONLINE  /u01/app/oracle/fast_recovery_area/ORADB/onlinelog/o1_mf_2_c3g92qoq_.log         YES
         1         ONLINE  /u01/oradata/ORADB/onlinelog/o1_mf_1_c3g92prr_.log                               NO
         1         ONLINE  /u01/app/oracle/fast_recovery_area/ORADB/onlinelog/o1_mf_1_c3g92px4_.log         YES

6 rows selected.

SQL> select * from v$log;

    GROUP#    THREAD#  SEQUENCE#      BYTES  BLOCKSIZE    MEMBERS ARC STATUS           FIRST_CHANGE# FIRST_TIME   NEXT_CHANGE# NEXT_TIME
---------- ---------- ---------- ---------- ---------- ---------- --- ---------------- ------------- ------------ ------------ ------------
         1          1          4   52428800        512          2 NO  CURRENT                1917689 03-NOV-15      2.8147E+14
         2          1          2   52428800        512          2 YES INACTIVE               1861002 02-NOV-15         1888519 03-NOV-15
         3          1          3   52428800        512          2 YES INACTIVE               1888519 03-NOV-15         1917689 03-NOV-15

一、丢失重做日志组中成员

1.1 故障模拟

模拟第2组日志组一个成员丢失。

SQL> startup force
ORACLE instance started.

Total System Global Area  304807936 bytes
Fixed Size                  2252744 bytes
Variable Size             205520952 bytes
Database Buffers           92274688 bytes
Redo Buffers                4759552 bytes
Database mounted.
Database opened.
SQL>  select * from v$logfile;

    GROUP# STATUS  TYPE    MEMBER                                                                           IS_
---------- ------- ------- -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ---
         3         ONLINE  /u01/oradata/ORADB/onlinelog/o1_mf_3_c3g92rg3_.log                               NO
         3         ONLINE  /u01/app/oracle/fast_recovery_area/ORADB/onlinelog/o1_mf_3_c3g92rmf_.log         YES
         2 INVALID ONLINE  /u01/oradata/ORADB/onlinelog/o1_mf_2_c3g92qkl_.log                               NO
         2         ONLINE  /u01/app/oracle/fast_recovery_area/ORADB/onlinelog/o1_mf_2_c3g92qoq_.log         YES
         1         ONLINE  /u01/oradata/ORADB/onlinelog/o1_mf_1_c3g92prr_.log                               NO
         1         ONLINE  /u01/app/oracle/fast_recovery_area/ORADB/onlinelog/o1_mf_1_c3g92px4_.log         YES

6 rows selected.

1.2 处理方法

删除无效成员,然后在组中添加新成员。

SQL> alter database drop logfile member '/u01/oradata/ORADB/onlinelog/o1_mf_2_c3g92qkl_.log';
SQL> alter database add logfile member '/u01/oradata/ORADB/onlinelog/redo02a.log' to group 2;

1.3 实际处理过程

SQL> alter database drop logfile member '/u01/oradata/ORADB/onlinelog/o1_mf_2_c3g92qkl_.log';
alter database drop logfile member '/u01/oradata/ORADB/onlinelog/o1_mf_2_c3g92qkl_.log'
*
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-01609: log 2 is the current log for thread 1 - cannot drop members
ORA-00312: online log 2 thread 1: '/u01/oradata/ORADB/onlinelog/o1_mf_2_c3g92qkl_.log'
ORA-00312: online log 2 thread 1: '/u01/app/oracle/fast_recovery_area/ORADB/onlinelog/o1_mf_2_c3g92qoq_.log'


SQL> select * from v$log;   

    GROUP#    THREAD#  SEQUENCE#      BYTES  BLOCKSIZE    MEMBERS ARC STATUS           FIRST_CHANGE# FIRST_TIME   NEXT_CHANGE# NEXT_TIME
---------- ---------- ---------- ---------- ---------- ---------- --- ---------------- ------------- ------------ ------------ ------------
         1          1          7   52428800        512          2 YES INACTIVE               1920749 03-NOV-15         1940772 03-NOV-15
         2          1          8   52428800        512          2 NO  CURRENT                1940772 03-NOV-15      2.8147E+14
         3          1          6   52428800        512          2 YES INACTIVE               1920739 03-NOV-15         1920749 03-NOV-15

SQL> alter system switch logfile;

System altered.

SQL> select * from v$log;

    GROUP#    THREAD#  SEQUENCE#      BYTES  BLOCKSIZE    MEMBERS ARC STATUS           FIRST_CHANGE# FIRST_TIME   NEXT_CHANGE# NEXT_TIME
---------- ---------- ---------- ---------- ---------- ---------- --- ---------------- ------------- ------------ ------------ ------------
         1          1          7   52428800        512          2 YES INACTIVE               1920749 03-NOV-15         1940772 03-NOV-15
         2          1          8   52428800        512          2 YES ACTIVE                 1940772 03-NOV-15         1941407 03-NOV-15
         3          1          9   52428800        512          2 NO  CURRENT                1941407 03-NOV-15      2.8147E+14

SQL> alter database drop logfile member '/u01/oradata/ORADB/onlinelog/o1_mf_2_c3g92qkl_.log';

Database altered.

SQL> alter database add logfile member '/u01/oradata/ORADB/onlinelog/o1_mf_2_c3g92qkl_.log' to group 2;
alter database add logfile member '/u01/oradata/ORADB/onlinelog/o1_mf_2_c3g92qkl_.log' to group 2
*
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-01276: Cannot add file /u01/oradata/ORADB/onlinelog/o1_mf_2_c3g92qkl_.log.  File has an Oracle Managed Files file name.


SQL> alter database add logfile member '/u01/oradata/ORADB/onlinelog/redo02a.log' to group 2;

Database altered.

SQL> select * from v$logfile;

    GROUP# STATUS  TYPE    MEMBER                                                                           IS_
---------- ------- ------- -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ---
         3         ONLINE  /u01/oradata/ORADB/onlinelog/o1_mf_3_c3g92rg3_.log                               NO
         3         ONLINE  /u01/app/oracle/fast_recovery_area/ORADB/onlinelog/o1_mf_3_c3g92rmf_.log         YES
         2 INVALID ONLINE  /u01/oradata/ORADB/onlinelog/redo02a.log                                         NO
         2         ONLINE  /u01/app/oracle/fast_recovery_area/ORADB/onlinelog/o1_mf_2_c3g92qoq_.log         YES
         1         ONLINE  /u01/oradata/ORADB/onlinelog/o1_mf_1_c3g92prr_.log                               NO
         1         ONLINE  /u01/app/oracle/fast_recovery_area/ORADB/onlinelog/o1_mf_1_c3g92px4_.log         YES

6 rows selected.

SQL> select * from v$log;

    GROUP#    THREAD#  SEQUENCE#      BYTES  BLOCKSIZE    MEMBERS ARC STATUS           FIRST_CHANGE# FIRST_TIME   NEXT_CHANGE# NEXT_TIME
---------- ---------- ---------- ---------- ---------- ---------- --- ---------------- ------------- ------------ ------------ ------------
         1          1          7   52428800        512          2 YES INACTIVE               1920749 03-NOV-15         1940772 03-NOV-15
         2          1          8   52428800        512          2 YES ACTIVE                 1940772 03-NOV-15         1941407 03-NOV-15
         3          1          9   52428800        512          2 NO  CURRENT                1941407 03-NOV-15      2.8147E+14

SQL> alter system switch logfile;

System altered.

SQL> alter system switch logfile;

System altered.

SQL> alter system switch logfile;

System altered.

SQL> select * from v$logfile;

    GROUP# STATUS  TYPE    MEMBER                                                                           IS_
---------- ------- ------- -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ---
         3         ONLINE  /u01/oradata/ORADB/onlinelog/o1_mf_3_c3g92rg3_.log                               NO
         3         ONLINE  /u01/app/oracle/fast_recovery_area/ORADB/onlinelog/o1_mf_3_c3g92rmf_.log         YES
         2         ONLINE  /u01/oradata/ORADB/onlinelog/redo02a.log                                         NO
         2         ONLINE  /u01/app/oracle/fast_recovery_area/ORADB/onlinelog/o1_mf_2_c3g92qoq_.log         YES
         1         ONLINE  /u01/oradata/ORADB/onlinelog/o1_mf_1_c3g92prr_.log                               NO
         1         ONLINE  /u01/app/oracle/fast_recovery_area/ORADB/onlinelog/o1_mf_1_c3g92px4_.log         YES

6 rows selected.

二、丢失重做日志组

2.1 丢失INACTIVE重做日志组

2.1.1 清除归档的INACTIVE重做日志组

SQL> alter database clear logfile group 2;

Database altered.

SQL>  select * from v$log;

    GROUP#    THREAD#  SEQUENCE#      BYTES  BLOCKSIZE    MEMBERS ARC STATUS           FIRST_CHANGE# FIRST_TIME   NEXT_CHANGE# NEXT_TIME
---------- ---------- ---------- ---------- ---------- ---------- --- ---------------- ------------- ------------ ------------ ------------
         1          1          4   52428800        512          2 YES INACTIVE               1962650 03-NOV-15         1962653 03-NOV-15
         2          1          0   52428800        512          3 YES UNUSED                 1962653 03-NOV-15         1962685 03-NOV-15
         3          1          6   52428800        512          2 NO  CURRENT                1962685 03-NOV-15      2.8147E+14

可以看到,clear后的日志组状态为UNUSED。

2.1.2 清除未归档的INACTIVE重做日志组

#清除未归档的INACTIVE重做日志组,不会丢失任何已提交事物,但清除后必须完全备份,从而确保可以执行完整恢复。
SQL> alter database clear logfile unarchived group 2;

#需要考虑脱机文件是否需要已经清除的日志文件组才能重新联机。如果需要,那么只能删除包含脱机文件的表空间。
SQL> alter database clear logfile unarchived group 2 unrecoverable datafile;

#控制文件备份到跟踪文件目录中,默认存放是udump目录下
SQL> alter database backup controlfile to trace;

2.2 丢失ACTIVE重做日志组

这个时候尝试生成检查点,

SQL> alter system checkpoint;

2.2.1 第一种情况:命令成功执行

命令成功执行,会将所有已经提交的更改写入磁盘的数据文件中。就跟INACTIVE重做日志组处理流程一致了。

2.2.2 第二种情况:命令执行出现故障

命令执行出现故障,就只能执行不完整恢复。

2.3 丢失CURRENT重做日志组

数据库mount模式下执行不完整恢复,最后使用RESETLOGS打开数据库。

SQL> alter database open resetlogs;

Reference

  • OCP 认证考试指南 (1Z0-053)[M]. 清华大学出版社, 2010.

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