restapi(4)- rest-mongo : MongoDB数据库前端的httpserver

完成了一套标准的rest风格数据库CRUD操作httpserver后发现有许多不足。主要是为了追求“通用”两个字,想把所有服务接口做的更“范generic”些,结果反而限制了目标数据库的特点,最终产生了一套功能弱小的玩具。比如说吧:标准rest风格getbyId需要所有的数据表都具备id这个字段,有点傻。然后get返回的结果集又没有什么灵活的控制方法如返回数量、字段、排序等。特别对MongoDB这样的在查询操作方面接近关系式数据库的分布式数据库:上篇提到过,它的query能力强大,条件组合灵活,如果不能在网络服务api中体现出来就太可惜了。所以,这篇博文会讨论一套专门针对MongoDB的rest-server。我想达到的目的是:后台数据库是MongoDB,通过httpserver提供对MongoDB的CRUD操作,客户端通过http调用CRUD服务。后台开发对每一个数据库表单使用统一的标准增添一套新的CRUD服务。希望如此能够提高开发效率,减少代码出错机会。

MongoDB是一种文件类型数据库,数据格式更加多样化。在这次示范里希望能把MongoDB有特点的数据类型以及它们的处理方法都介绍了,包括:日期类型,二进制类型blob(图片)等。顺便提一下:普通大型文本文件也可以用二进制blob方式存入MongoDB,因为文件在http传输过程中必须以byte方式进行,所以后台httpserver接收的文件格式是一串byte,不用任何格式转换就可以直接存入MongoDB blob字段。客户端从后台下载时就需要把bytes转换成UTF8字符就可以恢复文件内容了。

首先,我们先从Model开始,在scala里用case class来表示。Model是MongoDB Document的对应。在scala编程里我们是用case class 当作Document来操作的。我们设计的Model都会继承一个ModelBase trait:

trait ModelBase[E] {
  def to: E
}


  case class Person(
                   userid: String = "",
                   name: String = "",
                   age: Option[Int] = None,
                   dob: Option[MGODate] = None,   //生日
                   address: Option[String] = None
                   ) extends ModelBase[Document] {
    import org.mongodb.scala.bson._

    override def to: Document = {
      var doc = Document(
      "userid" -> this.userid,
      "name" -> this.name)


      if (this.age != None)
        doc = doc + ("age" -> this.age.get)

      if (this.dob != None)
        doc = doc + ("dob" -> this.dob.get)

      if (this.address != None)
        doc = doc + ("address" -> this.address.getOrElse(""))

      doc
    }

  }
  object Person {
    val fromDocument: Document => Person = doc => {
      val keyset = doc.keySet
      Person(
        userid = doc.getString("userid"),
        name = doc.getString("name"),
        age = mgoGetIntOrNone(doc,"age").asInstanceOf[Option[Int]],

        dob =  {if (keyset.contains("dob"))
          Some(doc.getDate("dob"))
        else None },

        address =  mgoGetStringOrNone(doc,"address")
      )
    }
  }

在上面例子里Person对应MongoDB里一个Document。除了注意对应类型属性与表字段类型外,还提供了to,fromDecument两个转换函数。其中to函数是继承ModelBase的,代表所有MongoDB Model都必须具备to这个函数。这点很重要,因为在从json构建成Model时,如果属于ModelBase则肯定可以调用一个to函数:

 class MongoRoute[M <: ModelBase[Document]](val pathName: String)(repository: MongoRepo[M])(
...


post {
        entity(as[String]) { json =>
          val extractedEntity: M = fromJson[M](json)
          val doc: Document = extractedEntity.to
          val futmsg = repository.insert(doc).value.value.runToFuture.map {
            eoc =>
              eoc match {
                case Right(oc) => oc match {
                  case Some(c) => c.toString()
                  case None => "insert may not complete!"
                }
                case Left(err) => err.getMessage
              }
          }

注意这个extractedEntity:我们现在还不能确定它的具体类型,是Person,Animal,Machine? 但我们确定它是M类型,而M<:ModalBase[Document],所以M是MongoDB Model。可以调用extractedEntity.to获取一个Document。

仔细看,Person里并不包括blob类型字段。因为到现在我还没有想到办法在一个httprequest里把多个字段和图片一次性发出来,必须分两个request才能完成一个Document的上传。httpserver收到两个requests后还要进行requests的匹配对应管理,十分的复杂。所以含blob类型的Document只能把blob分拆到另一个Document里,然后用这个Document唯一一个id字段来链接:

  case class Photo (
                     id: String,
                     photo: Option[MGOBlob]
                   ) extends ModelBase[Document] {
    override def to: Document = {
      var doc = Document("id" -> this.id)
      if (photo != None)
        doc = doc + ("photo" -> this.photo)
      doc
    }
  }

  object Photo {
    def fromDocument: Document => Photo = doc => {
      val keyset = doc.keySet
      Photo(
        id = doc.getString("id"),
        photo = mgoGetBlobOrNone(doc, "photo")
      )
    }
  }

从另一个角度来讲,把blob和正常字段分开来存储也有一定的优势,最多也就是需要两次query罢了。

第二部分是repository:数据库操作函数:

   class MongoRepo[R](db:String, coll: String, converter: Option[Document => R])(implicit client: MongoClient) {
    def getAll(next:Option[String],sort:Option[String],fields:Option[String],top:Option[Int]): DBOResult[Seq[R]] = {
      var res = Seq[ResultOptions]()
      next.foreach {b => res = res :+ ResultOptions(FOD_TYPE.FOD_FILTER,Some(Document(b)))}
      sort.foreach {b => res = res :+ ResultOptions(FOD_TYPE.FOD_SORT,Some(Document(b)))}
      fields.foreach {b => res = res :+ ResultOptions(FOD_TYPE.FOD_PROJECTION,Some(Document(b)))}
      top.foreach {b => res = res :+ ResultOptions(FOD_TYPE.FOD_LIMIT,None,b)}

      val ctxFind = MGOContext(dbName = db,collName=coll)
        .setActionType(MGO_ACTION_TYPE.MGO_QUERY)
        .setCommand(Find(andThen = res))
      mgoQuery[Seq[R]](ctxFind,converter)
    }

     def query(filtr: Bson, next:Option[String],sort:Option[String],fields:Option[String],top:Option[Int]): DBOResult[Seq[R]] = {
       var res = Seq[ResultOptions]()
       next.foreach {b => res = res :+ ResultOptions(FOD_TYPE.FOD_FILTER,Some(Document(b)))}
       sort.foreach {b => res = res :+ ResultOptions(FOD_TYPE.FOD_SORT,Some(Document(b)))}
       fields.foreach {b => res = res :+ ResultOptions(FOD_TYPE.FOD_PROJECTION,Some(Document(b)))}
       top.foreach {b => res = res :+ ResultOptions(FOD_TYPE.FOD_LIMIT,None,b)}
       val ctxFind = MGOContext(dbName = db,collName=coll)
         .setActionType(MGO_ACTION_TYPE.MGO_QUERY)
         .setCommand(Find(filter = Some(filtr),andThen = res))
       mgoQuery[Seq[R]](ctxFind,converter)
    }
    def getOneDocument(filtr: Bson): DBOResult[Document] = {
          val ctxFind = MGOContext(dbName = db,collName=coll)
         .setActionType(MGO_ACTION_TYPE.MGO_QUERY)
         .setCommand(Find(filter = Some(filtr),firstOnly = true))
       mgoQuery[Document](ctxFind,converter)
    }

    def insert(doc: Document): DBOResult[Completed] = {
      val ctxInsert = MGOContext(dbName = db,collName=coll)
        .setActionType(MGO_ACTION_TYPE.MGO_UPDATE)
        .setCommand(Insert(Seq(doc)))
      mgoUpdate[Completed](ctxInsert)
    }

    def delete(filter: Bson): DBOResult[DeleteResult] = {
      val ctxDelete = MGOContext(dbName = db,collName=coll)
        .setActionType(MGO_ACTION_TYPE.MGO_UPDATE)
        .setCommand(Delete(filter))
      mgoUpdate[DeleteResult](ctxDelete)
    }

    def update(filter: Bson, update: Bson, many: Boolean): DBOResult[UpdateResult] = {
      val ctxUpdate = MGOContext(dbName = db,collName=coll)
        .setActionType(MGO_ACTION_TYPE.MGO_UPDATE)
        .setCommand(Update(filter,update,None,!many))
      mgoUpdate[UpdateResult](ctxUpdate)
    }

    def replace(filter: Bson, row: Document): DBOResult[UpdateResult] = {
       val ctxUpdate = MGOContext(dbName = db,collName=coll)
         .setActionType(MGO_ACTION_TYPE.MGO_UPDATE)
         .setCommand(Replace(filter,row))
       mgoUpdate[UpdateResult](ctxUpdate)
    }

  }

这部分上篇博文讨论过。最后是akka-http的核心部分:Route。MongoDB CRUD服务对外的api:

      (get & parameters('filter.?,'fields.?,'sort.?,'top.as[Int].?,'next.?)) {
        (filter,fields,sort,top,next) => {
        dbor = {
          filter match {
            case Some(fltr) => repository.query(Document(fltr),next,sort,fields,top)
            case None => repository.getAll(next,sort,fields,top)
          }
        }
        val futRows = dbor.value.value.runToFuture.map {
          eolr =>
            eolr match {
              case Right(olr) => olr match {
                case Some(lr) => lr
                case None => Seq[M]()
              }
              case Left(_) => Seq[M]()
            }
        }
        complete(futureToJson(futRows))
       }
      } ~ post {
        entity(as[String]) { json =>
          val extractedEntity: M = fromJson[M](json)
          val doc: Document = extractedEntity.to
          val futmsg = repository.insert(doc).value.value.runToFuture.map {
            eoc =>
              eoc match {
                case Right(oc) => oc match {
                  case Some(c) => c.toString()
                  case None => "insert may not complete!"
                }
                case Left(err) => err.getMessage
              }
          }

          complete(futmsg)
        }
      } ~ (put & parameter('filter,'set.?, 'many.as[Boolean].?)) { (filter, set, many) =>
        val bson = Document(filter)
        if (set == None) {
          entity(as[String]) { json =>
            val extractedEntity: M = fromJson[M](json)
            val doc: Document = extractedEntity.to
            val futmsg = repository.replace(bson, doc).value.value.runToFuture.map {
              eoc =>
                eoc match {
                  case Right(oc) => oc match {
                    case Some(d) => s"${d.getMatchedCount} matched rows, ${d.getModifiedCount} rows updated."
                    case None => "update may not complete!"
                  }
                  case Left(err) => err.getMessage
                }
            }
            complete(futureToJson(futmsg))
          }
        } else {
          set match {
            case Some(u) =>
              val ubson = Document(u)
              dbou = repository.update(bson, ubson, many.getOrElse(true))
            case None =>
              dbou = Left(new IllegalArgumentException("missing set statement for update!"))
          }
          val futmsg = dbou.value.value.runToFuture.map {
            eoc =>
              eoc match {
                case Right(oc) => oc match {
                  case Some(d) => s"${d.getMatchedCount} matched rows, ${d.getModifiedCount} rows updated."
                  case None => "update may not complete!"
                }
                case Left(err) => err.getMessage
              }
          }
          complete(futureToJson(futmsg))
        }
      } ~ (delete & parameters('filter, 'many.as[Boolean].?)) { (filter,many) =>
        val bson = Document(filter)
        val futmsg = repository.delete(bson).value.value.runToFuture.map {
          eoc =>
            eoc match {
              case Right(oc) => oc match {
                case Some(d) => s"${d.getDeletedCount} rows deleted."
                case None => "delete may not complete!"
              }
              case Left(err) => err.getMessage
            }
        }
        complete(futureToJson(futmsg))
      }
    }

与上篇最大的区别就是这次的Route支持MongoDB特性的query string,bson类型的参数。如:

http://192.168.0.189:50081/private/crud/person
http://192.168.0.189:50081/private/crud/person?filter={"userid":"c001"}
http://192.168.0.189:50081/private/crud/person?sort={"userid":-1}
http://192.168.0.189:50081/private/crud/person?filter={"userid":{$gt:"c000"}}&sort={"userid":-1}&top=3

可惜的是bson表达式中有些字符是url禁止的,所以必须预先处理一下。可以用公网的UrlEncoder在线转换:

https://www.url-encoder.com {"userid":"c001"} -> %7B%22userid%22%3A%22c001%22%7D

在程序里可以用软件工具:"com.github.tasubo" % "jurl-tools" % "0.6" URLEncode.encode(xyz)

 val sort =
      """
        |{userid:-1}
      """.stripMargin

    val getAllRequest = HttpRequest(
      HttpMethods.GET,
      uri = "http://192.168.0.189:50081/public/crud/person?sort="+URLEncode.encode(sort),
    ).addHeader(authentication)

blob服务的api Route:

      pathPrefix("blob") {
        (get & path(Remaining)) { id =>
          val filtr = equal("id", id)
          val futOptPic: CancelableFuture[Option[MGOBlob]] = repository.getOneDocument(filtr).value.value.runToFuture.map {
            eodoc =>
              eodoc match {
                case Right(odoc) => odoc match {
                  case Some(doc) =>
                    if (doc == null) None
                    else mgoGetBlobOrNone(doc, "photo")
                  case None => None
                }
                case Left(_) => None
              }
          }
          onComplete(futOptPic) {
            case Success(optBlob) => optBlob match {
              case Some(blob) =>
                withoutSizeLimit {
                  encodeResponseWith(Gzip) {
                    complete(
                      HttpEntity(
                        ContentTypes.`application/octet-stream`,
                        ByteArrayToSource(blob.getData))
                    )
                  }
                }
              case None => complete(StatusCodes.NotFound)
            }
            case Failure(err) => complete(err)
          }
        } ~
        (post &  parameter('id)) { id =>
          withoutSizeLimit {
            decodeRequest {
              extractDataBytes { bytes =>
                val fut = bytes.runFold(ByteString()) { case (hd, bs) =>
                  hd ++ bs
                }
                onComplete(fut) {
                  case Success(b) =>
                    val doc = Document("id" -> id, "photo" -> b.toArray)
                    val futmsg = repository.insert(doc).value.value.runToFuture.map {
                      eoc =>
                        eoc match {
                          case Right(oc) => oc match {
                            case Some(c) => c.toString()
                            case None => "insert may not complete!"
                          }
                          case Left(err) => err.getMessage
                        }
                    }
                    complete(futmsg)
                  case Failure(err) => complete(err)
                }
              }
            }
          }
        }
      } 

注意:MongoRoute[M]是个范类型。我希望对任何Model的Route只需要指定M即可,如:

  implicit val personDao = new MongoRepo[Person]("testdb","person", Some(Person.fromDocument))
  implicit val picDao = new MongoRepo[Photo]("testdb","photo", None)

...  
    pathPrefix("public") {
        (pathPrefix("crud")) {
          new MongoRoute[Person]("person")(personDao)
            .route ~
            new MongoRoute[Photo]("photo")(picDao)
              .route
        }
      }

是否省力多了?但是,回到原来问题:blob类型在整个移动过程中都不需要进行格式转换。所以id字段名称是指定的,这点在设计表结构时要注意。

如何测试一个httpserver还是比较头痛的。用浏览器只能测试GET,其它POST,PUT,DELETE应该怎么测试?其实可以用curl:

curl -i -X GET http://rest-api.io/items
curl -i -X GET http://rest-api.io/items/5069b47aa892630aae059584
curl -i -X DELETE http://rest-api.io/items/5069b47aa892630aae059584
curl -i -X POST -H 'Content-Type: application/json' -d '{"name": "New item", "year": "2009"}' http://rest-api.io/items
curl -i -X PUT -H 'Content-Type: application/json' -d '{"name": "Updated item", "year": "2010"}' http://rest-api.io/items/5069b47aa892630aae059584
 

下面写两个客户端分别测试crud和blob:

TestCrudClient.scala

import akka.actor._
import akka.http.scaladsl.model.headers._

import scala.concurrent._
import scala.concurrent.duration._
import akka.http.scaladsl.Http
import akka.http.scaladsl.marshalling._
import akka.http.scaladsl.model._
import akka.stream.ActorMaterializer
import com.github.tasubo.jurl.URLEncode
import com.datatech.rest.mongo.MongoModels.Person
import de.heikoseeberger.akkahttpjson4s.Json4sSupport
import org.json4s.jackson
import com.datatech.sdp.mongo.engine.MGOClasses._

trait JsonCodec extends Json4sSupport {
  import org.json4s.DefaultFormats
  import org.json4s.ext.JodaTimeSerializers
  implicit val serilizer = jackson.Serialization
  implicit val formats = DefaultFormats ++ JodaTimeSerializers.all
}
object JsConverters extends JsonCodec

object TestCrudClient {

  type UserInfo = Map[String,Any]
  def main(args: Array[String]): Unit = {
    import JsConverters._

    implicit val system = ActorSystem()
    implicit val materializer = ActorMaterializer()
    // needed for the future flatMap/onComplete in the end
    implicit val executionContext = system.dispatcher

    val authorization = headers.Authorization(BasicHttpCredentials("johnny", "p4ssw0rd"))
    val authRequest = HttpRequest(
      HttpMethods.POST,
      uri = "http://192.168.0.189:50081/auth",
      headers = List(authorization)
    )

    val futToken: Future[HttpResponse] = Http().singleRequest(authRequest)

    val respToken = for {
      resp <- futToken
      jstr <- resp.entity.dataBytes.runFold("") {(s,b) => s + b.utf8String}
    } yield jstr

    val jstr =  Await.result[String](respToken,2 seconds)
    println(jstr)
    scala.io.StdIn.readLine()

    val authentication = headers.Authorization(OAuth2BearerToken(jstr))

    val sort =
      """
        |{userid:-1}
      """.stripMargin

    val getAllRequest = HttpRequest(
      HttpMethods.GET,
      uri = "http://192.168.0.189:50081/public/crud/person?sort="+URLEncode.encode(sort),
    ).addHeader(authentication)
    val futGetAll: Future[HttpResponse] = Http().singleRequest(getAllRequest)
    println(Await.result(futGetAll,2 seconds))
    scala.io.StdIn.readLine()

    var bf =
      """
        |{"userid":"c888"}
      """.stripMargin

    println(URLEncode.encode(bf))

    val delRequest = HttpRequest(
      HttpMethods.DELETE,
      uri = "http://192.168.0.189:50081/public/crud/person?filter="+URLEncode.encode(bf)
    ).addHeader(authentication)
    val futDel: Future[HttpResponse] = Http().singleRequest(delRequest)
    println(Await.result(futDel,2 seconds))
    scala.io.StdIn.readLine()

     bf =
      """
        |{"userid":"c001"}
      """.stripMargin

    val getRequest = HttpRequest(
      HttpMethods.GET,
      uri = "http://192.168.0.189:50081/public/crud/person?filter="+URLEncode.encode(bf),
    ).addHeader(authentication)
    val futGet: Future[HttpResponse] = Http().singleRequest(getRequest)
    println(Await.result(futGet,2 seconds))
    scala.io.StdIn.readLine()

    val tiger = Person("c001","tiger chan",Some(56))
    val john = Person("c002", "johnny dep", Some(60))
    val peter = Person("c003", "pete brad", Some(58))
    val susan = Person("c004", "susan boyr", Some(68),Some(mgoDate(1950,11,5)) )
    val ns = Person("c004", "susan boyr", Some(68),Some(mgoDate(1950,11,5)) )

    val saveRequest = HttpRequest(
      HttpMethods.POST,
      uri = "http://192.168.0.189:50081/public/crud/person"
    ).addHeader(authentication)
    val futPost: Future[HttpResponse] =
      for {
        reqEntity <- Marshal(peter).to[RequestEntity]
        response <- Http().singleRequest(saveRequest.copy(entity=reqEntity))
      } yield response

    println(Await.result(futPost,2 seconds))
    scala.io.StdIn.readLine()

    var set =
      """
        | {$set:
        |   {
        |    name:"tiger the king",
        |    age:18
        |   }
        | }
      """.stripMargin

    val updateRequest = HttpRequest(
      HttpMethods.PUT,
      uri = "http://192.168.0.189:50081/public/crud/person?filter="+URLEncode.encode(
           bf)+"&set="+URLEncode.encode(set)+"&many=true"
    ).addHeader(authentication)

    val futUpdate: Future[HttpResponse] = Http().singleRequest(updateRequest)
    println(Await.result(futUpdate,2 seconds))
    scala.io.StdIn.readLine()

    val repRequest = HttpRequest(
      HttpMethods.PUT,
      uri = "http://192.168.0.189:50081/public/crud/person?filter="+URLEncode.encode(bf)
    ).addHeader(authentication)
    val futReplace: Future[HttpResponse] =
      for {
        reqEntity <- Marshal(susan).to[RequestEntity]
        response <- Http().singleRequest(updateRequest.copy(entity=reqEntity))
      } yield response

    println(Await.result(futReplace,2 seconds))
    scala.io.StdIn.readLine()

    system.terminate()

  }

}

TestFileClient.scala

import akka.stream._
import java.nio.file._
import java.io._
import akka.http.scaladsl.model.headers._
import scala.concurrent._
import com.datatech.rest.mongo.FileStreaming._
import scala.concurrent.duration._
import akka.actor.ActorSystem
import akka.http.scaladsl.marshalling.Marshal
import akka.http.scaladsl.model._
import akka.http.scaladsl.Http
import akka.stream.scaladsl.{FileIO, Source}
import scala.util._

case class FileUtil(implicit sys: ActorSystem) {
  import sys.dispatcher
  implicit val mat = ActorMaterializer()
  def createEntity(file: File): RequestEntity = {
    require(file.exists())
    val formData =
      Multipart.FormData(
        Source.single(
          Multipart.FormData.BodyPart(
            "test",
            HttpEntity(MediaTypes.`application/octet-stream`, file.length(), FileIO.fromPath(file.toPath, chunkSize = 100000)), // the chunk size here is currently critical for performance
            Map("filename" -> file.getName))))
    Await.result(Marshal(formData).to[RequestEntity], 3 seconds)
  }

  def uploadFile(request: HttpRequest, dataEntity: RequestEntity) = {
    implicit val mat = ActorMaterializer()
    import sys.dispatcher
    val futResp = Http(sys).singleRequest(
      //   Gzip.encodeMessage(
      request.copy(entity = dataEntity)   //.addHeader(`Content-Encoding`(HttpEncodings.gzip))
      //   )
    )
    futResp
      .andThen {
        case Success(r@HttpResponse(StatusCodes.OK, _, entity, _)) =>
          entity.dataBytes.map(_.utf8String).runForeach(println)
        case Success(r@HttpResponse(code, _, _, _)) =>
          println(s"Upload request failed, response code: $code")
          r.discardEntityBytes()
        case Success(_) => println("Unable to Upload file!")
        case Failure(err) => println(s"Upload failed: ${err.getMessage}")
      }
  }

  def downloadFileTo(request: HttpRequest, destPath: String) = {
    //  val req = request.addHeader(`Content-Encoding`(HttpEncodings.gzip))
    val futResp = Http(sys).singleRequest(request)  //.map(Gzip.decodeMessage(_))
    futResp
      .andThen {
        case Success(r@HttpResponse(StatusCodes.OK, _, entity, _)) =>
          entity.withoutSizeLimit().dataBytes.runWith(FileIO.toPath(Paths.get(destPath)))
            .onComplete { case _ => println(s"Download file saved to: $destPath") }
        case Success(r@HttpResponse(code, _, _, _)) =>
          println(s"Download request failed, response code: $code")
          r.discardEntityBytes()
        case Success(_) => println("Unable to download file!")
        case Failure(err) => println(s"Download failed: ${err.getMessage}")
      }

  }

}

object TestFileClient  {
  type UserInfo = Map[String,Any]
  def main(args: Array[String]): Unit = {
    implicit val system = ActorSystem()
    implicit val materializer = ActorMaterializer()
    // needed for the future flatMap/onComplete in the end
    implicit val executionContext = system.dispatcher

    val helloRequest = HttpRequest(uri = "http://192.168.0.189:50081/")

    val authorization = headers.Authorization(BasicHttpCredentials("johnny", "p4ssw0rd"))
    val authRequest = HttpRequest(
      HttpMethods.POST,
      uri = "http://192.168.0.189:50081/auth",
      headers = List(authorization)
    )
    
    val futToken: Future[HttpResponse] = Http().singleRequest(authRequest)

    val respToken = for {
      resp <- futToken
      jstr <- resp.entity.dataBytes.runFold("") {(s,b) => s + b.utf8String}
    } yield jstr

    val jstr =  Await.result[String](respToken,2 seconds)
    println(jstr)

    scala.io.StdIn.readLine()

    val authentication = headers.Authorization(OAuth2BearerToken(jstr))

    val entity = HttpEntity(
      ContentTypes.`application/octet-stream`,
      fileStreamSource("/Users/tiger/pictures/MeTiger.png",1024)
    )
    //
    val chunked = HttpEntity.Chunked.fromData(
      ContentTypes.`application/octet-stream`,
      fileStreamSource("/Users/tiger/pictures/MeTiger.png",1024)
    )

    val uploadRequest = HttpRequest(
      HttpMethods.POST,
//      uri = "http://192.168.0.189:50081/private/file?filename=tiger.jpg",
      uri = "http://192.168.0.189:50081/public/crud/photo/blob?id=tiger.jpg",
    ).addHeader(authentication)

    //upload file
    Await.ready(FileUtil().uploadFile(uploadRequest,entity),2 seconds)
    //Await.ready(FileUtil().uploadFile(uploadRequest,chunked),2 seconds)


    val dlRequest = HttpRequest(
      HttpMethods.GET,
//      uri = "http://192.168.0.189:50081/api/file/mypic.jpg",
      uri = "http://192.168.0.189:50081/public/crud/photo/blob/tiger.jpg",
    ).addHeader(authentication)

    FileUtil().downloadFileTo(dlRequest, "/users/tiger-macpro/cert3/mypic.jpg")

    scala.io.StdIn.readLine()
    system.terminate()
  }

}

下面是本次示范中的源代码:

build.sbt

name := "rest-mongo"

version := "0.1"

scalaVersion := "2.12.8"

scalacOptions += "-Ypartial-unification"
val akkaVersion = "2.5.23"
val akkaHttpVersion = "10.1.8"

libraryDependencies ++= Seq(
  "com.typesafe.akka" %% "akka-http"   % "10.1.8",
  "com.typesafe.akka" %% "akka-stream" % "2.5.23",
  "com.pauldijou" %% "jwt-core" % "3.0.1",
  "de.heikoseeberger" %% "akka-http-json4s" % "1.22.0",
  "org.json4s" %% "json4s-native" % "3.6.1",
  "com.typesafe.akka" %% "akka-http-spray-json" % "10.1.8",
  "com.typesafe.scala-logging" %% "scala-logging" % "3.9.0",
  "org.slf4j" % "slf4j-simple" % "1.7.25",
  "org.json4s" %% "json4s-jackson" % "3.6.7",
  "org.json4s" %% "json4s-ext" % "3.6.7",

  // for scalikejdbc
  "org.scalikejdbc" %% "scalikejdbc"       % "3.2.1",
  "org.scalikejdbc" %% "scalikejdbc-test"   % "3.2.1"   % "test",
  "org.scalikejdbc" %% "scalikejdbc-config"  % "3.2.1",
  "org.scalikejdbc" %% "scalikejdbc-streams" % "3.2.1",
  "org.scalikejdbc" %% "scalikejdbc-joda-time" % "3.2.1",
  "com.h2database"  %  "h2" % "1.4.199",
  "com.zaxxer" % "HikariCP" % "2.7.4",
  "com.jolbox" % "bonecp" % "0.8.0.RELEASE",
  "com.typesafe.slick" %% "slick" % "3.3.2",
  //for cassandra 3.6.0
  "com.datastax.cassandra" % "cassandra-driver-core" % "3.6.0",
  "com.datastax.cassandra" % "cassandra-driver-extras" % "3.6.0",
  "com.lightbend.akka" %% "akka-stream-alpakka-cassandra" % "1.1.0",
  //for mongodb 4.0
  "org.mongodb.scala" %% "mongo-scala-driver" % "2.6.0",
  "com.lightbend.akka" %% "akka-stream-alpakka-mongodb" % "1.1.0",
  "ch.qos.logback"  %  "logback-classic"   % "1.2.3",
  "io.monix" %% "monix" % "3.0.0-RC3",
  "org.typelevel" %% "cats-core" % "2.0.0-M4",
  "com.github.tasubo" % "jurl-tools" % "0.6"
)

MongoHttpServer.scala

package com.datatech.rest.mongo

import akka.actor._
import akka.stream._
import akka.http.scaladsl.Http
import akka.http.scaladsl.server.Directives._
import pdi.jwt._
import AuthBase._
import MockUserAuthService._
import org.mongodb.scala._

import scala.collection.JavaConverters._
import MongoModels._
import MongoRepo._
import MongoRoute._


object MongoHttpServer extends App {


  implicit val httpSys = ActorSystem("httpSystem")
  implicit val httpMat = ActorMaterializer()
  implicit val httpEC = httpSys.dispatcher

  val settings: MongoClientSettings = MongoClientSettings.builder()
    .applyToClusterSettings(b => b.hosts(List(new ServerAddress("localhost")).asJava))
    .build()
  implicit val client: MongoClient = MongoClient(settings)
  implicit val personDao = new MongoRepo[Person]("testdb","person", Some(Person.fromDocument))
  implicit val picDao = new MongoRepo[Photo]("testdb","photo", None)

  implicit val authenticator = new AuthBase()
    .withAlgorithm(JwtAlgorithm.HS256)
    .withSecretKey("OpenSesame")
    .withUserFunc(getValidUser)

  val route =
    path("auth") {
      authenticateBasic(realm = "auth", authenticator.getUserInfo) { userinfo =>
        post { complete(authenticator.issueJwt(userinfo))}
      }
    } ~
      pathPrefix("private") {
        authenticateOAuth2(realm = "private", authenticator.authenticateToken) { validToken =>
          FileRoute(validToken)
            .route
          // ~ ...
        }
      } ~
      pathPrefix("public") {
        (pathPrefix("crud")) {
          new MongoRoute[Person]("person")(personDao)
            .route ~
            new MongoRoute[Photo]("photo")(picDao)
              .route
        }
      }

  val (port, host) = (50081,"192.168.0.189")

  val bindingFuture = Http().bindAndHandle(route,host,port)

  println(s"Server running at $host $port. Press any key to exit ...")

  scala.io.StdIn.readLine()


  bindingFuture.flatMap(_.unbind())
    .onComplete(_ => httpSys.terminate())


}

ModalBase.scala

package com.datatech.rest.mongo

trait ModelBase[E] {
  def to: E
}

MongoModel.scala

package com.datatech.rest.mongo
import org.mongodb.scala._
import com.datatech.sdp.mongo.engine._
import MGOClasses._

object MongoModels {

  case class Person(
                   userid: String = "",
                   name: String = "",
                   age: Option[Int] = None,
                   dob: Option[MGODate] = None,
                   address: Option[String] = None
                   ) extends ModelBase[Document] {
    import org.mongodb.scala.bson._

    override def to: Document = {
      var doc = Document(
      "userid" -> this.userid,
      "name" -> this.name)


      if (this.age != None)
        doc = doc + ("age" -> this.age.get)

      if (this.dob != None)
        doc = doc + ("dob" -> this.dob.get)

      if (this.address != None)
        doc = doc + ("address" -> this.address.getOrElse(""))

      doc
    }

  }
  object Person {
    val fromDocument: Document => Person = doc => {
      val keyset = doc.keySet
      Person(
        userid = doc.getString("userid"),
        name = doc.getString("name"),
        age = mgoGetIntOrNone(doc,"age").asInstanceOf[Option[Int]],

        dob =  {if (keyset.contains("dob"))
          Some(doc.getDate("dob"))
        else None },

        address =  mgoGetStringOrNone(doc,"address")
      )
    }
  }

  case class Photo (
                     id: String,
                     photo: Option[MGOBlob]
                   ) extends ModelBase[Document] {
    override def to: Document = {
      var doc = Document("id" -> this.id)
      if (photo != None)
        doc = doc + ("photo" -> this.photo)
      doc
    }
  }

  object Photo {
    def fromDocument: Document => Photo = doc => {
      val keyset = doc.keySet
      Photo(
        id = doc.getString("id"),
        photo = mgoGetBlobOrNone(doc, "photo")
      )
    }
  }


}

MongoRepo.scala

package com.datatech.rest.mongo
import org.mongodb.scala._
import org.bson.conversions.Bson
import org.mongodb.scala.result._
import com.datatech.sdp.mongo.engine._
import MGOClasses._
import MGOEngine._
import MGOCommands._
import com.datatech.sdp.result.DBOResult.DBOResult
import MongoModels._

object MongoRepo {

   class MongoRepo[R](db:String, coll: String, converter: Option[Document => R])(implicit client: MongoClient) {
    def getAll(next:Option[String],sort:Option[String],fields:Option[String],top:Option[Int]): DBOResult[Seq[R]] = {
      var res = Seq[ResultOptions]()
      next.foreach {b => res = res :+ ResultOptions(FOD_TYPE.FOD_FILTER,Some(Document(b)))}
      sort.foreach {b => res = res :+ ResultOptions(FOD_TYPE.FOD_SORT,Some(Document(b)))}
      fields.foreach {b => res = res :+ ResultOptions(FOD_TYPE.FOD_PROJECTION,Some(Document(b)))}
      top.foreach {b => res = res :+ ResultOptions(FOD_TYPE.FOD_LIMIT,None,b)}

      val ctxFind = MGOContext(dbName = db,collName=coll)
        .setActionType(MGO_ACTION_TYPE.MGO_QUERY)
        .setCommand(Find(andThen = res))
      mgoQuery[Seq[R]](ctxFind,converter)
    }

     def query(filtr: Bson, next:Option[String],sort:Option[String],fields:Option[String],top:Option[Int]): DBOResult[Seq[R]] = {
       var res = Seq[ResultOptions]()
       next.foreach {b => res = res :+ ResultOptions(FOD_TYPE.FOD_FILTER,Some(Document(b)))}
       sort.foreach {b => res = res :+ ResultOptions(FOD_TYPE.FOD_SORT,Some(Document(b)))}
       fields.foreach {b => res = res :+ ResultOptions(FOD_TYPE.FOD_PROJECTION,Some(Document(b)))}
       top.foreach {b => res = res :+ ResultOptions(FOD_TYPE.FOD_LIMIT,None,b)}
       val ctxFind = MGOContext(dbName = db,collName=coll)
         .setActionType(MGO_ACTION_TYPE.MGO_QUERY)
         .setCommand(Find(filter = Some(filtr),andThen = res))
       mgoQuery[Seq[R]](ctxFind,converter)
    }
    def getOneDocument(filtr: Bson): DBOResult[Document] = {
          val ctxFind = MGOContext(dbName = db,collName=coll)
         .setActionType(MGO_ACTION_TYPE.MGO_QUERY)
         .setCommand(Find(filter = Some(filtr),firstOnly = true))
       mgoQuery[Document](ctxFind,converter)
    }

    def insert(doc: Document): DBOResult[Completed] = {
      val ctxInsert = MGOContext(dbName = db,collName=coll)
        .setActionType(MGO_ACTION_TYPE.MGO_UPDATE)
        .setCommand(Insert(Seq(doc)))
      mgoUpdate[Completed](ctxInsert)
    }

    def delete(filter: Bson): DBOResult[DeleteResult] = {
      val ctxDelete = MGOContext(dbName = db,collName=coll)
        .setActionType(MGO_ACTION_TYPE.MGO_UPDATE)
        .setCommand(Delete(filter))
      mgoUpdate[DeleteResult](ctxDelete)
    }

    def update(filter: Bson, update: Bson, many: Boolean): DBOResult[UpdateResult] = {
      val ctxUpdate = MGOContext(dbName = db,collName=coll)
        .setActionType(MGO_ACTION_TYPE.MGO_UPDATE)
        .setCommand(Update(filter,update,None,!many))
      mgoUpdate[UpdateResult](ctxUpdate)
    }

    def replace(filter: Bson, row: Document): DBOResult[UpdateResult] = {
       val ctxUpdate = MGOContext(dbName = db,collName=coll)
         .setActionType(MGO_ACTION_TYPE.MGO_UPDATE)
         .setCommand(Replace(filter,row))
       mgoUpdate[UpdateResult](ctxUpdate)
    }

  }

}

MongoRoute.scala

package com.datatech.rest.mongo
import akka.http.scaladsl.server.Directives

import scala.util._
import org.mongodb.scala._
import com.datatech.sdp.file.Streaming._
import org.mongodb.scala.result._
import MongoRepo._
import akka.stream.ActorMaterializer
import com.datatech.sdp.result.DBOResult._
import org.mongodb.scala.model.Filters._
import com.datatech.sdp.mongo.engine.MGOClasses._
import monix.execution.CancelableFuture
import akka.util._
import akka.http.scaladsl.model._
import akka.http.scaladsl.coding.Gzip
object MongoRoute {
  class MongoRoute[M <: ModelBase[Document]](val pathName: String)(repository: MongoRepo[M])(
    implicit c: MongoClient, m: Manifest[M], mat: ActorMaterializer) extends Directives with JsonConverter {
    import monix.execution.Scheduler.Implicits.global
    var dbor: DBOResult[Seq[M]] = _
    var dbou: DBOResult[UpdateResult] = _
    val route = pathPrefix(pathName) {
      pathPrefix("blob") {
        (get & path(Remaining)) { id =>
          val filtr = equal("id", id)
          val futOptPic: CancelableFuture[Option[MGOBlob]] = repository.getOneDocument(filtr).value.value.runToFuture.map {
            eodoc =>
              eodoc match {
                case Right(odoc) => odoc match {
                  case Some(doc) =>
                    if (doc == null) None
                    else mgoGetBlobOrNone(doc, "photo")
                  case None => None
                }
                case Left(_) => None
              }
          }
          onComplete(futOptPic) {
            case Success(optBlob) => optBlob match {
              case Some(blob) =>
                withoutSizeLimit {
                  encodeResponseWith(Gzip) {
                    complete(
                      HttpEntity(
                        ContentTypes.`application/octet-stream`,
                        ByteArrayToSource(blob.getData))
                    )
                  }
                }
              case None => complete(StatusCodes.NotFound)
            }
            case Failure(err) => complete(err)
          }
        } ~
        (post &  parameter('id)) { id =>
          withoutSizeLimit {
            decodeRequest {
              extractDataBytes { bytes =>
                val fut = bytes.runFold(ByteString()) { case (hd, bs) =>
                  hd ++ bs
                }
                onComplete(fut) {
                  case Success(b) =>
                    val doc = Document("id" -> id, "photo" -> b.toArray)
                    val futmsg = repository.insert(doc).value.value.runToFuture.map {
                      eoc =>
                        eoc match {
                          case Right(oc) => oc match {
                            case Some(c) => c.toString()
                            case None => "insert may not complete!"
                          }
                          case Left(err) => err.getMessage
                        }
                    }
                    complete(futmsg)
                  case Failure(err) => complete(err)
                }
              }
            }
          }
        }
      } ~
      (get & parameters('filter.?,'fields.?,'sort.?,'top.as[Int].?,'next.?)) {
        (filter,fields,sort,top,next) => {
        dbor = {
          filter match {
            case Some(fltr) => repository.query(Document(fltr),next,sort,fields,top)
            case None => repository.getAll(next,sort,fields,top)
          }
        }
        val futRows = dbor.value.value.runToFuture.map {
          eolr =>
            eolr match {
              case Right(olr) => olr match {
                case Some(lr) => lr
                case None => Seq[M]()
              }
              case Left(_) => Seq[M]()
            }
        }
        complete(futureToJson(futRows))
       }
      } ~ post {
        entity(as[String]) { json =>
          val extractedEntity: M = fromJson[M](json)
          val doc: Document = extractedEntity.to
          val futmsg = repository.insert(doc).value.value.runToFuture.map {
            eoc =>
              eoc match {
                case Right(oc) => oc match {
                  case Some(c) => c.toString()
                  case None => "insert may not complete!"
                }
                case Left(err) => err.getMessage
              }
          }

          complete(futmsg)
        }
      } ~ (put & parameter('filter,'set.?, 'many.as[Boolean].?)) { (filter, set, many) =>
        val bson = Document(filter)
        if (set == None) {
          entity(as[String]) { json =>
            val extractedEntity: M = fromJson[M](json)
            val doc: Document = extractedEntity.to
            val futmsg = repository.replace(bson, doc).value.value.runToFuture.map {
              eoc =>
                eoc match {
                  case Right(oc) => oc match {
                    case Some(d) => s"${d.getMatchedCount} matched rows, ${d.getModifiedCount} rows updated."
                    case None => "update may not complete!"
                  }
                  case Left(err) => err.getMessage
                }
            }
            complete(futureToJson(futmsg))
          }
        } else {
          set match {
            case Some(u) =>
              val ubson = Document(u)
              dbou = repository.update(bson, ubson, many.getOrElse(true))
            case None =>
              dbou = Left(new IllegalArgumentException("missing set statement for update!"))
          }
          val futmsg = dbou.value.value.runToFuture.map {
            eoc =>
              eoc match {
                case Right(oc) => oc match {
                  case Some(d) => s"${d.getMatchedCount} matched rows, ${d.getModifiedCount} rows updated."
                  case None => "update may not complete!"
                }
                case Left(err) => err.getMessage
              }
          }
          complete(futureToJson(futmsg))
        }
      } ~ (delete & parameters('filter, 'many.as[Boolean].?)) { (filter,many) =>
        val bson = Document(filter)
        val futmsg = repository.delete(bson).value.value.runToFuture.map {
          eoc =>
            eoc match {
              case Right(oc) => oc match {
                case Some(d) => s"${d.getDeletedCount} rows deleted."
                case None => "delete may not complete!"
              }
              case Left(err) => err.getMessage
            }
        }
        complete(futureToJson(futmsg))
      }
    }
  }

}

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