python爬虫学习之用Python抢火车票的简单小程序

前言

Python现在非常火,语法简单而且功能强大,很多同学都想学Python!所以小的给各位看官们准备了高价值Python学习视频教程及相关电子版书籍,欢迎前来领取!

利用Python制作自动抢火车票小程序,过年再也不要担心没票了!

前言

每次过年很多人都会因为抢不到火车票而回不了家,所以小编利用Python写了一个自动抢火车票的工具,希望大家能抢到火车票,回家过个好年!

话不多说,直接上代码:

@@ -0,0 +1,124 @@
# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
"""
@author: liuyw
"""
from splinter.browser import Browser
from time import sleep
import traceback
import time, sys

class huoche(object):
  driver_name = ''
  executable_path = ''
  #用户名,密码
  username = u"xxx"
  passwd = u"xxx"
  # cookies值得自己去找, 下面两个分别是沈阳, 哈尔滨
  starts = u"%u6C88%u9633%2CSYT"
  ends = u"%u54C8%u5C14%u6EE8%2CHBB"

  # 时间格式2018-01-19
  dtime = u"2018-01-19"
  # 车次,选择第几趟,0则从上之下依次点击
  order = 0
  ###乘客名
  users = [u"xxx",u"xxx"]
  ##席位
  xb = u"二等座"
  pz = u"成人票"

  """网址"""
  ticket_url = "https://kyfw.12306.cn/otn/leftTicket/init"
  login_url = "https://kyfw.12306.cn/otn/login/init"
  initmy_url = "https://kyfw.12306.cn/otn/index/initMy12306"
  buy = "https://kyfw.12306.cn/otn/confirmPassenger/initDc"

  def __init__(self):
    self.driver_name = 'chrome'
    self.executable_path = 'D:/chromedriver'

  def login(self):
    self.driver.visit(self.login_url)
    self.driver.fill("loginUserDTO.user_name", self.username)
    # sleep(1)
    self.driver.fill("userDTO.password", self.passwd)
    print(u"等待验证码,自行输入...")
    while True:
      if self.driver.url != self.initmy_url:
        sleep(1)
      else:
        break

  def start(self):
    self.driver = Browser(driver_name=self.driver_name,executable_path=self.executable_path)
    self.driver.driver.set_window_size(1400, 1000)
    self.login()
    # sleep(1)
    self.driver.visit(self.ticket_url)
    try:
      print(u"购票页面开始...")
      # sleep(1)
      # 加载查询信息
      self.driver.cookies.add({"_jc_save_fromStation": self.starts})
      self.driver.cookies.add({"_jc_save_toStation": self.ends})
      self.driver.cookies.add({"_jc_save_fromDate": self.dtime})

      self.driver.reload()

      count = 0
      if self.order != 0:
        while self.driver.url == self.ticket_url:
          self.driver.find_by_text(u"查询").click()
          count += 1
          print(u"循环点击查询... 第 %s 次" % count)
          # sleep(1)
          try:
            self.driver.find_by_text(u"预订")[self.order - 1].click()
          except Exception as e:
            print(e)
            print(u"还没开始预订")
            continue
      else:
        while self.driver.url == self.ticket_url:
          self.driver.find_by_text(u"查询").click()
          count += 1
          print(u"循环点击查询... 第 %s 次" % count)
          # sleep(0.8)
          try:
            for i in self.driver.find_by_text(u"预订"):
              i.click()
              sleep(1)
          except Exception as e:
            print(e)
            print(u"还没开始预订 %s" % count)
            continue
      print(u"开始预订...")
      # sleep(3)
      # self.driver.reload()
      sleep(1)
      print(u'开始选择用户...')
      for user in self.users:
        self.driver.find_by_text(user).last.click()

      print(u"提交订单...")
      sleep(1)
      self.driver.find_by_text(self.pz).click()
      self.driver.find_by_id('').select(self.pz)
      # sleep(1)
      self.driver.find_by_text(self.xb).click()
      sleep(1)
      self.driver.find_by_id('submitOrder_id').click()
      print(u"开始选座...")
      self.driver.find_by_id('1D').last.click()
      self.driver.find_by_id('1F').last.click()

      sleep(1.5)
      print(u"确认选座...")
      self.driver.find_by_id('qr_submit_id').click()

    except Exception as e:
      print(e)

if __name__ == '__main__':
  huoche = huoche()
  huoche.start()

好啦!文章就给看官们分享到这儿

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·END·

原文发布于微信公众号 - python教程(pythonjc)

原文发表时间:2019-08-11

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