SHOW PROCESSLIST的各个状态说明

SHOW PROCESSLIST显示哪些线程正在运行。

如果您有SUPER权限,您可以看到所有线程。否则,您只能看到您自己的线程(也就是,与您正在使用的MySQL账户相关的线程)。

如果您不使用FULL关键词,则只显示每个查询的前100个字符。

本语句报告TCP/IP连接的主机名称(采用host_name:client_port格式),以方便地判定哪个客户端正在做什么。

如果您得到“too many connections”错误信息,并且想要了解正在发生的情况,本语句是非常有用的。mysql保留一个额外的连接,让拥有SUPER权限的 账户使用,以确保管理员能够随时连接和检查系统(假设您没有把此权限给予所有的用户)。

官方说明: https://dev.mysql.com/doc/refman/5.7/en/general-thread-states.html

The following list describes thread State values that are associated with general query processing and not more specialized activities such as replication. Many of these are useful only for finding bugs in the server.

  • After create This occurs when the thread creates a table (including internal temporary tables), at the end of the function that creates the table. This state is used even if the table could not be created due to some error.
  • Analyzing The thread is calculating a MyISAM table key distributions (for example, for ANALYZE TABLE).
  • checking permissions The thread is checking whether the server has the required privileges to execute the statement.
  • Checking table The thread is performing a table check operation.
  • cleaning up The thread has processed one command and is preparing to free memory and reset certain state variables.
  • closing tables The thread is flushing the changed table data to disk and closing the used tables. This should be a fast operation. If not, verify that you do not have a full disk and that the disk is not in very heavy use.
  • converting HEAP to MyISAM The thread is converting an internal temporary table from a MEMORY table to an on-disk MyISAM table.
  • copy to tmp table The thread is processing an ALTER TABLE statement. This state occurs after the table with the new structure has been created but before rows are copied into it. For a thread in this state, the Performance Schema can be used to obtain about the progress of the copy operation. See Section 25.11.5, “Performance Schema Stage Event Tables”.
  • Copying to group table If a statement has different ORDER BY and GROUP BY criteria, the rows are sorted by group and copied to a temporary table.
  • Copying to tmp table The server is copying to a temporary table in memory.
  • altering table The server is in the process of executing an in-place ALTER TABLE.
  • Copying to tmp table on disk The server is copying to a temporary table on disk. The temporary result set has become too large (see Section 8.4.4, “Internal Temporary Table Use in MySQL”). Consequently, the thread is changing the temporary table from in-memory to disk-based format to save memory.
  • Creating index The thread is processing ALTER TABLE ... ENABLE KEYS for a MyISAM table.
  • Creating sort index The thread is processing a SELECT that is resolved using an internal temporary table.
  • creating table The thread is creating a table. This includes creation of temporary tables.
  • Creating tmp table The thread is creating a temporary table in memory or on disk. If the table is created in memory but later is converted to an on-disk table, the state during that operation will be Copying to tmp table on disk.
  • committing alter table to storage engine The server has finished an in-place ALTER TABLE and is committing the result.
  • deleting from main table The server is executing the first part of a multiple-table delete. It is deleting only from the first table, and saving columns and offsets to be used for deleting from the other (reference) tables.
  • deleting from reference tables The server is executing the second part of a multiple-table delete and deleting the matched rows from the other tables.
  • discard_or_import_tablespace The thread is processing an ALTER TABLE ... DISCARD TABLESPACE or ALTER TABLE ... IMPORT TABLESPACE statement.
  • end This occurs at the end but before the cleanup of ALTER TABLECREATE VIEWDELETEINSERTSELECT, or UPDATE statements.
  • executing The thread has begun executing a statement.
  • Execution of init_command The thread is executing statements in the value of the init_command system variable.
  • freeing items The thread has executed a command. Some freeing of items done during this state involves the query cache. This state is usually followed by cleaning up.
  • FULLTEXT initialization The server is preparing to perform a natural-language full-text search.
  • init This occurs before the initialization of ALTER TABLEDELETEINSERTSELECT, or UPDATE statements. Actions taken by the server in this state include flushing the binary log, the InnoDB log, and some query cache cleanup operations. For the end state, the following operations could be happening:
    • Removing query cache entries after data in a table is changed
    • Writing an event to the binary log
    • Freeing memory buffers, including for blobs
  • Killed Someone has sent a KILL statement to the thread and it should abort next time it checks the kill flag. The flag is checked in each major loop in MySQL, but in some cases it might still take a short time for the thread to die. If the thread is locked by some other thread, the kill takes effect as soon as the other thread releases its lock.
  • logging slow query The thread is writing a statement to the slow-query log.
  • login The initial state for a connection thread until the client has been authenticated successfully.
  • manage keys The server is enabling or disabling a table index.
  • NULL This state is used for the SHOW PROCESSLIST state.
  • Opening tables The thread is trying to open a table. This is should be very fast procedure, unless something prevents opening. For example, an ALTER TABLE or a LOCK TABLEstatement can prevent opening a table until the statement is finished. It is also worth checking that your table_open_cache value is large enough.
  • optimizing The server is performing initial optimizations for a query.
  • preparing This state occurs during query optimization.
  • Purging old relay logs The thread is removing unneeded relay log files.
  • query end This state occurs after processing a query but before the freeing items state.
  • Receiving from client The server is reading a packet from the client. This state is called Reading from net prior to MySQL 5.7.8.
  • Removing duplicates The query was using SELECT DISTINCT in such a way that MySQL could not optimize away the distinct operation at an early stage. Because of this, MySQL requires an extra stage to remove all duplicated rows before sending the result to the client.
  • removing tmp table The thread is removing an internal temporary table after processing a SELECT statement. This state is not used if no temporary table was created.
  • rename The thread is renaming a table.
  • rename result table The thread is processing an ALTER TABLE statement, has created the new table, and is renaming it to replace the original table.
  • Reopen tables The thread got a lock for the table, but noticed after getting the lock that the underlying table structure changed. It has freed the lock, closed the table, and is trying to reopen it.
  • Repair by sorting The repair code is using a sort to create indexes.
  • preparing for alter table The server is preparing to execute an in-place ALTER TABLE.
  • Repair done The thread has completed a multi-threaded repair for a MyISAM table.
  • Repair with keycache The repair code is using creating keys one by one through the key cache. This is much slower than Repair by sorting.
  • Rolling back The thread is rolling back a transaction.
  • Saving state For MyISAM table operations such as repair or analysis, the thread is saving the new table state to the .MYI file header. State includes information such as number of rows, the AUTO_INCREMENT counter, and key distributions.
  • Searching rows for update The thread is doing a first phase to find all matching rows before updating them. This has to be done if the UPDATE is changing the index that is used to find the involved rows.
  • Sending data The thread is reading and processing rows for a SELECT statement, and sending data to the client. Because operations occurring during this state tend to perform large amounts of disk access (reads), it is often the longest-running state over the lifetime of a given query.
  • Sending to client The server is writing a packet to the client. This state is called Writing to net prior to MySQL 5.7.8.
  • setup The thread is beginning an ALTER TABLE operation.
  • Sorting for group The thread is doing a sort to satisfy a GROUP BY.
  • Sorting for order The thread is doing a sort to satisfy an ORDER BY.
  • Sorting index The thread is sorting index pages for more efficient access during a MyISAM table optimization operation.
  • Sorting result For a SELECT statement, this is similar to Creating sort index, but for nontemporary tables.
  • statistics The server is calculating statistics to develop a query execution plan. If a thread is in this state for a long time, the server is probably disk-bound performing other work.
  • System lock The thread has called mysql_lock_tables() and the thread state has not been updated since. This is a very general state that can occur for many reasons. For example, the thread is going to request or is waiting for an internal or external system lock for the table. This can occur when InnoDB waits for a table-level lock during execution of LOCK TABLES. If this state is being caused by requests for external locks and you are not using multiple mysqld servers that are accessing the same MyISAM tables, you can disable external system locks with the --skip-external-locking option. However, external locking is disabled by default, so it is likely that this option will have no effect. For SHOW PROFILE, this state means the thread is requesting the lock (not waiting for it).
  • update The thread is getting ready to start updating the table.
  • Updating The thread is searching for rows to update and is updating them.
  • updating main table The server is executing the first part of a multiple-table update. It is updating only the first table, and saving columns and offsets to be used for updating the other (reference) tables.
  • updating reference tables The server is executing the second part of a multiple-table update and updating the matched rows from the other tables.
  • User lock The thread is going to request or is waiting for an advisory lock requested with a GET_LOCK() call. For SHOW PROFILE, this state means the thread is requesting the lock (not waiting for it).
  • User sleep The thread has invoked a SLEEP() call.
  • Waiting for commit lock FLUSH TABLES WITH READ LOCK is waiting for a commit lock.
  • Waiting for global read lock FLUSH TABLES WITH READ LOCK is waiting for a global read lock or the global read_only system variable is being set.
  • Waiting for tables The thread got a notification that the underlying structure for a table has changed and it needs to reopen the table to get the new structure. However, to reopen the table, it must wait until all other threads have closed the table in question. This notification takes place if another thread has used FLUSH TABLES or one of the following statements on the table in question: FLUSH TABLES tbl_nameALTER TABLERENAME TABLEREPAIR TABLEANALYZE TABLE, or OPTIMIZE TABLE.
  • Waiting for table flush The thread is executing FLUSH TABLES and is waiting for all threads to close their tables, or the thread got a notification that the underlying structure for a table has changed and it needs to reopen the table to get the new structure. However, to reopen the table, it must wait until all other threads have closed the table in question. This notification takes place if another thread has used FLUSH TABLES or one of the following statements on the table in question: FLUSH TABLES tbl_nameALTER TABLERENAME TABLEREPAIR TABLEANALYZE TABLE, or OPTIMIZE TABLE.
  • Waiting for lock_type lock The server is waiting to acquire a THR_LOCK lock or a lock from the metadata locking subsystem, where lock_type indicates the type of lock. This state indicates a wait for a THR_LOCK: These states indicate a wait for a metadata lock: For information about table lock indicators, see Section 8.11.1, “Internal Locking Methods”. For information about metadata locking, see Section 8.11.4, “Metadata Locking”. To see which locks are blocking lock requests, use the Performance Schema lock tables described at Section 25.11.12, “Performance Schema Lock Tables”.
    • Waiting for event metadata lock
    • Waiting for global read lock
    • Waiting for schema metadata lock
    • Waiting for stored function metadata lock
    • Waiting for stored procedure metadata lock
    • Waiting for table metadata lock
    • Waiting for trigger metadata lock
    • Waiting for table level lock
  • Waiting on cond A generic state in which the thread is waiting for a condition to become true. No specific state information is available.
  • Writing to net The server is writing a packet to the network. This state is called Sending to client as of MySQL 5.7.8.

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