专栏首页7DGroup使用 kubeadm 安装单 master kubernetes 集群

使用 kubeadm 安装单 master kubernetes 集群

配置要求

对于 Kubernetes 初学者,在搭建 K8S 集群时,推荐在阿里云或腾讯云采购如下配置:(也可以使用自己的虚拟机、私有云等最容易获得的 Linux 环境)

  • 至少 2 台 2 核 4G 的服务器
  • Cent OS 7.6

安装后的软件版本为

  • Kubernetes v1.18.x
    • calico 3.13.1
    • nginx-ingress 1.5.5
  • Docker 19.03.8

安装后的拓扑图如下:

关于二进制安装kubeadm 是 Kubernetes 官方支持的安装方式,“二进制” 不是。本文档采用 kubernetes.io 官方推荐的 kubeadm 工具安装 kubernetes 集群。

检查 centos / hostname

# 在 master 节点和 worker 节点都要执行
cat /etc/redhat-release

# 此处 hostname 的输出将会是该机器在 Kubernetes 集群中的节点名字
# 不能使用 localhost 作为节点的名字
hostname

# 请使用 lscpu 命令,核对 CPU 信息
# Architecture: x86_64    本安装文档不支持 arm 架构
# CPU(s):       2         CPU 内核数量不能低于 2
lscpu

操作系统兼容性

CentOS 版本

本文档是否兼容

备注

7.8

?

已验证

7.7

?

已验证

7.6

?

已验证

7.5

?

已证实会出现 kubelet 无法启动的问题

7.4

?

已证实会出现 kubelet 无法启动的问题

7.3

?

已证实会出现 kubelet 无法启动的问题

7.2

?

已证实会出现 kubelet 无法启动的问题

修改 hostname如果需要修改 hostname,可执行如下指令:

# 修改 hostname
hostnamectl set-hostname your-new-host-name
# 查看修改结果
hostnamectl status
# 修改/etc/hosts文件
172.16.106.200 k8s-master
172.16.106.227 k8s-node-1
172.16.106.226 k8s-node-2
# 快速复制到其它主机
scp /etc/hosts root@k8s-node-1:/etc/
scp /etc/hosts root@k8s-node-2:/etc/

检查网络

在所有节点执行命令

[root@demo-master ~]$ ip route show
default via 172.16.106.200 dev eth0 proto dhcp metric 100
169.254.169.254 via 172.16.106.230 dev eth0 proto dhcp metric 100
172.16.106.0/24 dev eth0 proto kernel scope link src 172.16.106.217 metric 100
192.168.124.0/24 dev virbr0 proto kernel scope link src 192.168.124.1

$ ip address
1: lo: <LOOPBACK,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 65536 qdisc noqueue state UNKNOWN group default qlen 1000
    link/loopback 00:00:00:00:00:00 brd 00:00:00:00:00:00
    inet 127.0.0.1/8 scope host lo
       valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
    inet6 ::1/128 scope host
       valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
2: eth0: <BROADCAST,MULTICAST,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 1500 qdisc pfifo_fast state UP group default qlen 1000
    link/ether fa:16:3e:48:21:8a brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff
    inet 172.16.106.200/24 brd 172.16.106.255 scope global noprefixroute dynamic eth0
       valid_lft 79399sec preferred_lft 79399sec
    inet6 fe80::f816:3eff:fe48:218a/64 scope link
       valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
3: virbr0: <NO-CARRIER,BROADCAST,MULTICAST,UP> mtu 1500 qdisc noqueue state DOWN group default qlen 1000
    link/ether 52:54:00:e2:1c:cc brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff
    inet 192.168.124.1/24 brd 192.168.124.255 scope global virbr0
       valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
4: virbr0-nic: <BROADCAST,MULTICAST> mtu 1500 qdisc pfifo_fast master virbr0 state DOWN group default qlen 1000
    link/ether 52:54:00:e2:1c:cc brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff

kubelet 使用的 IP 地址:

  • ip route show 命令中,可以知道机器的默认网卡,通常是 eth0,如 default via 172.21.0.23 dev eth0
  • ip address 命令中,可显示默认网卡的 IP 地址,Kubernetes 将使用此 IP 地址与集群内的其他节点通信,如 172.17.216.80
  • 所有节点上 Kubernetes 所使用的 IP 地址必须可以互通(无需 NAT 映射、无安全组或防火墙隔离)

安装 docker 及 kubelet

请认真核对如下选项,7 个都满足后才能正常安装。

  • [ ] 我的任意节点 centos 版本为 7.6 或 7.7 或 7.8
  • [ ] 我的任意节点 CPU 内核数量大于等于 2,且内存大于等于 4G
  • [ ] 我的任意节点 hostname 不是 localhost,且不包含下划线、小数点、大写字母
  • [ ] 我的任意节点都有固定的内网 IP 地址
  • [ ] 我的任意节点都只有一个网卡,如果有特殊目的,我可以在完成 K8S 安装后再增加新的网卡
  • [ ] 我的任意节点上 Kubelet 使用的 IP 地址 可互通(无需 NAT 映射即可相互访问),且没有防火墙、安全组隔离
  • [ ] 我的任意节点不会直接使用 docker rundocker-compose 运行容器

使用 root 身份在所有节点执行如下代码,以安装软件:

  • docker
  • nfs-utils
  • kubectl / kubeadm / kubelet

kubelet 在群集中所有节点上运行的核心组件, 用来执行如启动 pods 和 containers 等操作。kubeadm 引导启动 k8s 集群的命令行工具,用于初始化 Cluster。kubectl 是 Kubernetes 命令行工具。通过 kubectl 可以部署和管理应用,查看各种资源,创建、删除和更新各种组件。

docker hub 镜像请根据自己网络的情况任选一个,手动执行以下代码:

# 在 master 节点和 worker 节点都要执行
# 腾讯云 docker hub 镜像
# export REGISTRY_MIRROR="https://mirror.ccs.tencentyun.com"
# DaoCloud 镜像
# export REGISTRY_MIRROR="http://f1361db2.m.daocloud.io"
# 华为云镜像
# export REGISTRY_MIRROR="https://05f073ad3c0010ea0f4bc00b7105ec20.mirror.swr.myhuaweicloud.com"
# 阿里云 docker hub 镜像
export REGISTRY_MIRROR=https://registry.cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com

创建 install_kubelet.sh脚本:

#!/bin/bash

# 在 master 节点和 worker 节点都要执行

# 安装 docker
# 参考文档如下
# https://docs.docker.com/install/linux/docker-ce/centos/
# https://docs.docker.com/install/linux/linux-postinstall/

# 卸载旧版本
yum remove -y docker \
docker-client \
docker-client-latest \
docker-ce-cli \
docker-common \
docker-latest \
docker-latest-logrotate \
docker-logrotate \
docker-selinux \
docker-engine-selinux \
docker-engine

# 设置 yum repository
yum install -y yum-utils \
device-mapper-persistent-data \
lvm2
yum-config-manager --add-repo http://mirrors.aliyun.com/docker-ce/linux/centos/docker-ce.repo

# 安装并启动 docker
yum install -y docker-ce-19.03.8 docker-ce-cli-19.03.8 containerd.io
systemctl enable docker
systemctl start docker

# 安装 nfs-utils
# 必须先安装 nfs-utils 才能挂载 nfs 网络存储
yum install -y nfs-utils
yum install -y wget

# 关闭 防火墙
systemctl stop firewalld
systemctl disable firewalld

# 关闭 SeLinux
setenforce 0
sed -i "s/SELINUX=enforcing/SELINUX=disabled/g" /etc/selinux/config

# 关闭 swap
swapoff -a
yes | cp /etc/fstab /etc/fstab_bak
cat /etc/fstab_bak |grep -v swap > /etc/fstab

# 修改 /etc/sysctl.conf
# 如果有配置,则修改
sed -i "s#^net.ipv4.ip_forward.*#net.ipv4.ip_forward=1#g"  /etc/sysctl.conf
sed -i "s#^net.bridge.bridge-nf-call-ip6tables.*#net.bridge.bridge-nf-call-ip6tables=1#g"  /etc/sysctl.conf
sed -i "s#^net.bridge.bridge-nf-call-iptables.*#net.bridge.bridge-nf-call-iptables=1#g"  /etc/sysctl.conf
sed -i "s#^net.ipv6.conf.all.disable_ipv6.*#net.ipv6.conf.all.disable_ipv6=1#g"  /etc/sysctl.conf
sed -i "s#^net.ipv6.conf.default.disable_ipv6.*#net.ipv6.conf.default.disable_ipv6=1#g"  /etc/sysctl.conf
sed -i "s#^net.ipv6.conf.lo.disable_ipv6.*#net.ipv6.conf.lo.disable_ipv6=1#g"  /etc/sysctl.conf
sed -i "s#^net.ipv6.conf.all.forwarding.*#net.ipv6.conf.all.forwarding=1#g"  /etc/sysctl.conf
# 可能没有,追加
echo "net.ipv4.ip_forward = 1" >> /etc/sysctl.conf
echo "net.bridge.bridge-nf-call-ip6tables = 1" >> /etc/sysctl.conf
echo "net.bridge.bridge-nf-call-iptables = 1" >> /etc/sysctl.conf
echo "net.ipv6.conf.all.disable_ipv6 = 1" >> /etc/sysctl.conf
echo "net.ipv6.conf.default.disable_ipv6 = 1" >> /etc/sysctl.conf
echo "net.ipv6.conf.lo.disable_ipv6 = 1" >> /etc/sysctl.conf
echo "net.ipv6.conf.all.forwarding = 1"  >> /etc/sysctl.conf
# 执行命令以应用
sysctl -p

# 配置K8S的yum源
cat <<EOF > /etc/yum.repos.d/kubernetes.repo
[kubernetes]
name=Kubernetes
baseurl=http://mirrors.aliyun.com/kubernetes/yum/repos/kubernetes-el7-x86_64
enabled=1
gpgcheck=0
repo_gpgcheck=0
gpgkey=http://mirrors.aliyun.com/kubernetes/yum/doc/yum-key.gpg
       http://mirrors.aliyun.com/kubernetes/yum/doc/rpm-package-key.gpg
EOF

# 卸载旧版本
yum remove -y kubelet kubeadm kubectl

# 安装kubelet、kubeadm、kubectl
# 将 ${1} 替换为 kubernetes 版本号,例如 1.17.2
yum install -y kubelet-${1} kubeadm-${1} kubectl-${1}

# 修改docker Cgroup Driver为systemd
# # 将/usr/lib/systemd/system/docker.service文件中的这一行 ExecStart=/usr/bin/dockerd -H fd:// --containerd=/run/containerd/containerd.sock
# # 修改为 ExecStart=/usr/bin/dockerd -H fd:// --containerd=/run/containerd/containerd.sock --exec-opt native.cgroupdriver=systemd
# 如果不修改,在添加 worker 节点时可能会碰到如下错误
# [WARNING IsDockerSystemdCheck]: detected "cgroupfs" as the Docker cgroup driver. The recommended driver is "systemd".
# Please follow the guide at https://kubernetes.io/docs/setup/cri/
sed -i "s#^ExecStart=/usr/bin/dockerd.*#ExecStart=/usr/bin/dockerd -H fd:// --containerd=/run/containerd/containerd.sock --exec-opt native.cgroupdriver=systemd#g" /usr/lib/systemd/system/docker.service

# 重启 docker,并启动 kubelet
systemctl daemon-reload
systemctl restart docker
systemctl enable kubelet && systemctl start kubelet

docker version

执行脚本:

# 在 master 节点和 worker 节点都要执行
# 最后一个参数 1.18.5 用于指定 kubenetes 版本,支持所有 1.18.x 版本的安装
 sh install_kubelet.sh 1.18.5

核查安装结果:

Complete!
Created symlink from /etc/systemd/system/multi-user.target.wants/kubelet.service to /usr/lib/systemd/system/kubelet.service.
Client: Docker Engine - Community
 Version:           19.03.8
 API version:       1.40
 Go version:        go1.12.17
 Git commit:        afacb8b
 Built:             Wed Mar 11 01:27:04 2020
 OS/Arch:           linux/amd64
 Experimental:      false

Server: Docker Engine - Community
 Engine:
  Version:          19.03.8
  API version:      1.40 (minimum version 1.12)
  Go version:       go1.12.17
  Git commit:       afacb8b
  Built:            Wed Mar 11 01:25:42 2020
  OS/Arch:          linux/amd64
  Experimental:     false
 containerd:
  Version:          1.2.13
  GitCommit:        7ad184331fa3e55e52b890ea95e65ba581ae3429
 runc:
  Version:          1.0.0-rc10
  GitCommit:        dc9208a3303feef5b3839f4323d9beb36df0a9dd
 docker-init:
  Version:          0.18.0
  GitCommit:        fec3683

注意:如果此时执行 service status kubelet 命令,将得到 kubelet 启动失败的错误提示,请忽略此错误,因为必须完成后续步骤中 kubeadm init 的操作,kubelet 才能正常启动

初始化 master 节点

关于初始化时用到的环境变量:

  • APISERVER_NAME 不能是 master 的 hostname
  • APISERVER_NAME 必须全为小写字母、数字、小数点,不能包含减号
  • POD_SUBNET 所使用的网段不能与 master 节点/worker 节点 所在的网段重叠。该字段的取值为一个 CIDR 值,如果您对 CIDR 这个概念还不熟悉,请仍然执行 export POD_SUBNET=10.100.0.1/16 命令,不做修改
# 只在 master 节点执行
# 替换 x.x.x.x 为 master 节点实际 IP(请使用内网 IP)
# export 命令只在当前 shell 会话中有效,开启新的 shell 窗口后,如果要继续安装过程,请重新执行此处的 export 命令
export MASTER_IP=x.x.x.x
# 替换 apiserver.demo 为 您想要的 dnsName
export APISERVER_NAME=apiserver.7d.com
# Kubernetes 容器组所在的网段,该网段安装完成后,由 kubernetes 创建,事先并不存在于您的物理网络中
export POD_SUBNET=10.100.0.1/16
echo "${MASTER_IP}    ${APISERVER_NAME}" >> /etc/hosts

让 Kubernetes Cluster 能够工作,必须安装 Pod 网络,否则 Pod 之间无法通信。Kubernetes 支持多种网络方案,这里我们使用 calico 创建安装文件 calico-3.13.1.yaml:

---
apiVersion: apiextensions.k8s.io/v1beta1
kind: CustomResourceDefinition
metadata:
  name: networksets.crd.projectcalico.org
spec:
  scope: Namespaced
  group: crd.projectcalico.org
  version: v1
  names:
    kind: NetworkSet
    plural: networksets
    singular: networkset

---
---
# Source: calico/templates/rbac.yaml

# Include a clusterrole for the kube-controllers component,
# and bind it to the calico-kube-controllers serviceaccount.
kind: ClusterRole
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1
metadata:
  name: calico-kube-controllers
rules:
  # Nodes are watched to monitor for deletions.
  - apiGroups: [""]
    resources:
      - nodes
    verbs:
      - watch
      - list
      - get
  # Pods are queried to check for existence.
  - apiGroups: [""]
    resources:
      - pods
    verbs:
      - get
  # IPAM resources are manipulated when nodes are deleted.
  - apiGroups: ["crd.projectcalico.org"]
    resources:
      - ippools
    verbs:
      - list
  - apiGroups: ["crd.projectcalico.org"]
    resources:
      - blockaffinities
      - ipamblocks
      - ipamhandles
    verbs:
      - get
      - list
      - create
      - update
      - delete
  # Needs access to update clusterinformations.
  - apiGroups: ["crd.projectcalico.org"]
    resources:
      - clusterinformations
    verbs:
      - get
      - create
      - update
---
kind: ClusterRoleBinding
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1
metadata:
  name: calico-kube-controllers
roleRef:
  apiGroup: rbac.authorization.k8s.io
  kind: ClusterRole
  name: calico-kube-controllers
subjects:
- kind: ServiceAccount
  name: calico-kube-controllers
  namespace: kube-system
---
# Include a clusterrole for the calico-node DaemonSet,
# and bind it to the calico-node serviceaccount.
kind: ClusterRole
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1
metadata:
  name: calico-node
rules:
  # The CNI plugin needs to get pods, nodes, and namespaces.
  - apiGroups: [""]
    resources:
      - pods
      - nodes
      - namespaces
    verbs:
      - get
  - apiGroups: [""]
    resources:
      - endpoints
      - services
    verbs:
      # Used to discover service IPs for advertisement.
      - watch
      - list
      # Used to discover Typhas.
      - get
  # Pod CIDR auto-detection on kubeadm needs access to config maps.
  - apiGroups: [""]
    resources:
      - configmaps
    verbs:
      - get
  - apiGroups: [""]
    resources:
      - nodes/status
    verbs:
      # Needed for clearing NodeNetworkUnavailable flag.
      - patch
      # Calico stores some configuration information in node annotations.
      - update
  # Watch for changes to Kubernetes NetworkPolicies.
  - apiGroups: ["networking.k8s.io"]
    resources:
      - networkpolicies
    verbs:
      - watch
      - list
  # Used by Calico for policy information.
  - apiGroups: [""]
    resources:
      - pods
      - namespaces
      - serviceaccounts
    verbs:
      - list
      - watch
  # The CNI plugin patches pods/status.
  - apiGroups: [""]
    resources:
      - pods/status
    verbs:
      - patch
  # Calico monitors various CRDs for config.
  - apiGroups: ["crd.projectcalico.org"]
    resources:
      - globalfelixconfigs
      - felixconfigurations
      - bgppeers
      - globalbgpconfigs
      - bgpconfigurations
      - ippools
      - ipamblocks
      - globalnetworkpolicies
      - globalnetworksets
      - networkpolicies
      - networksets
      - clusterinformations
      - hostendpoints
      - blockaffinities
    verbs:
      - get
      - list
      - watch
  # Calico must create and update some CRDs on startup.
  - apiGroups: ["crd.projectcalico.org"]
    resources:
      - ippools
      - felixconfigurations
      - clusterinformations
    verbs:
      - create
      - update
  # Calico stores some configuration information on the node.
  - apiGroups: [""]
    resources:
      - nodes
    verbs:
      - get
      - list
      - watch
  # These permissions are only requried for upgrade from v2.6, and can
  # be removed after upgrade or on fresh installations.
  - apiGroups: ["crd.projectcalico.org"]
    resources:
      - bgpconfigurations
      - bgppeers
    verbs:
      - create
      - update
  # These permissions are required for Calico CNI to perform IPAM allocations.
  - apiGroups: ["crd.projectcalico.org"]
    resources:
      - blockaffinities
      - ipamblocks
      - ipamhandles
    verbs:
      - get
      - list
      - create
      - update
      - delete
  - apiGroups: ["crd.projectcalico.org"]
    resources:
      - ipamconfigs
    verbs:
      - get
  # Block affinities must also be watchable by confd for route aggregation.
  - apiGroups: ["crd.projectcalico.org"]
    resources:
      - blockaffinities
    verbs:
      - watch
  # The Calico IPAM migration needs to get daemonsets. These permissions can be
  # removed if not upgrading from an installation using host-local IPAM.
  - apiGroups: ["apps"]
    resources:
      - daemonsets
    verbs:
      - get

---
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1
kind: ClusterRoleBinding
metadata:
  name: calico-node
roleRef:
  apiGroup: rbac.authorization.k8s.io
  kind: ClusterRole
  name: calico-node
subjects:
- kind: ServiceAccount
  name: calico-node
  namespace: kube-system

---
# Source: calico/templates/calico-node.yaml
# This manifest installs the calico-node container, as well
# as the CNI plugins and network config on
# each master and worker node in a Kubernetes cluster.
kind: DaemonSet
apiVersion: apps/v1
metadata:
  name: calico-node
  namespace: kube-system
  labels:
    k8s-app: calico-node
spec:
  selector:
    matchLabels:
      k8s-app: calico-node
  updateStrategy:
    type: RollingUpdate
    rollingUpdate:
      maxUnavailable: 1
  template:
    metadata:
      labels:
        k8s-app: calico-node
      annotations:
        # This, along with the CriticalAddonsOnly toleration below,
        # marks the pod as a critical add-on, ensuring it gets
        # priority scheduling and that its resources are reserved
        # if it ever gets evicted.
        scheduler.alpha.kubernetes.io/critical-pod: ''
    spec:
      nodeSelector:
        kubernetes.io/os: linux
      hostNetwork: true
      tolerations:
        # Make sure calico-node gets scheduled on all nodes.
        - effect: NoSchedule
          operator: Exists
        # Mark the pod as a critical add-on for rescheduling.
        - key: CriticalAddonsOnly
          operator: Exists
        - effect: NoExecute
          operator: Exists
      serviceAccountName: calico-node
      # Minimize downtime during a rolling upgrade or deletion; tell Kubernetes to do a "force
      # deletion": https://kubernetes.io/docs/concepts/workloads/pods/pod/#termination-of-pods.
      terminationGracePeriodSeconds: 0
      priorityClassName: system-node-critical
      initContainers:
        # This container performs upgrade from host-local IPAM to calico-ipam.
        # It can be deleted if this is a fresh installation, or if you have already
        # upgraded to use calico-ipam.
        - name: upgrade-ipam
          image: calico/cni:v3.13.1
          command: ["/opt/cni/bin/calico-ipam", "-upgrade"]
          env:
            - name: KUBERNETES_NODE_NAME
              valueFrom:
                fieldRef:
                  fieldPath: spec.nodeName
            - name: CALICO_NETWORKING_BACKEND
              valueFrom:
                configMapKeyRef:
                  name: calico-config
                  key: calico_backend
          volumeMounts:
            - mountPath: /var/lib/cni/networks
              name: host-local-net-dir
            - mountPath: /host/opt/cni/bin
              name: cni-bin-dir
          securityContext:
            privileged: true
        # This container installs the CNI binaries
        # and CNI network config file on each node.
        - name: install-cni
          image: calico/cni:v3.13.1
          command: ["/install-cni.sh"]
          env:
            # Name of the CNI config file to create.
            - name: CNI_CONF_NAME
              value: "10-calico.conflist"
            # The CNI network config to install on each node.
            - name: CNI_NETWORK_CONFIG
              valueFrom:
                configMapKeyRef:
                  name: calico-config
                  key: cni_network_config
            # Set the hostname based on the k8s node name.
            - name: KUBERNETES_NODE_NAME
              valueFrom:
                fieldRef:
                  fieldPath: spec.nodeName
            # CNI MTU Config variable
            - name: CNI_MTU
              valueFrom:
                configMapKeyRef:
                  name: calico-config
                  key: veth_mtu
            # Prevents the container from sleeping forever.
            - name: SLEEP
              value: "false"
          volumeMounts:
            - mountPath: /host/opt/cni/bin
              name: cni-bin-dir
            - mountPath: /host/etc/cni/net.d
              name: cni-net-dir
          securityContext:
            privileged: true
        # Adds a Flex Volume Driver that creates a per-pod Unix Domain Socket to allow Dikastes
        # to communicate with Felix over the Policy Sync API.
        - name: flexvol-driver
          image: calico/pod2daemon-flexvol:v3.13.1
          volumeMounts:
          - name: flexvol-driver-host
            mountPath: /host/driver
          securityContext:
            privileged: true
      containers:
        # Runs calico-node container on each Kubernetes node.  This
        # container programs network policy and routes on each
        # host.
        - name: calico-node
          image: calico/node:v3.13.1
          env:
            # Use Kubernetes API as the backing datastore.
            - name: DATASTORE_TYPE
              value: "kubernetes"
            # Wait for the datastore.
            - name: WAIT_FOR_DATASTORE
              value: "true"
            # Set based on the k8s node name.
            - name: NODENAME
              valueFrom:
                fieldRef:
                  fieldPath: spec.nodeName
            # Choose the backend to use.
            - name: CALICO_NETWORKING_BACKEND
              valueFrom:
                configMapKeyRef:
                  name: calico-config
                  key: calico_backend
            # Cluster type to identify the deployment type
            - name: CLUSTER_TYPE
              value: "k8s,bgp"
            # Auto-detect the BGP IP address.
            - name: IP
              value: "autodetect"
            # Enable IPIP
            - name: CALICO_IPV4POOL_IPIP
              value: "Always"
            # Set MTU for tunnel device used if ipip is enabled
            - name: FELIX_IPINIPMTU
              valueFrom:
                configMapKeyRef:
                  name: calico-config
                  key: veth_mtu
            # The default IPv4 pool to create on startup if none exists. Pod IPs will be
            # chosen from this range. Changing this value after installation will have
            # no effect. This should fall within `--cluster-cidr`.
            # - name: CALICO_IPV4POOL_CIDR
            #   value: "192.168.0.0/16"
            # Disable file logging so `kubectl logs` works.
            - name: CALICO_DISABLE_FILE_LOGGING
              value: "true"
            # Set Felix endpoint to host default action to ACCEPT.
            - name: FELIX_DEFAULTENDPOINTTOHOSTACTION
              value: "ACCEPT"
            # Disable IPv6 on Kubernetes.
            - name: FELIX_IPV6SUPPORT
              value: "false"
            # Set Felix logging to "info"
            - name: FELIX_LOGSEVERITYSCREEN
              value: "info"
            - name: FELIX_HEALTHENABLED
              value: "true"
          securityContext:
            privileged: true
          resources:
            requests:
              cpu: 250m
          livenessProbe:
            exec:
              command:
              - /bin/calico-node
              - -felix-live
              - -bird-live
            periodSeconds: 10
            initialDelaySeconds: 10
            failureThreshold: 6
          readinessProbe:
            exec:
              command:
              - /bin/calico-node
              - -felix-ready
              - -bird-ready
            periodSeconds: 10
          volumeMounts:
            - mountPath: /lib/modules
              name: lib-modules
              readOnly: true
            - mountPath: /run/xtables.lock
              name: xtables-lock
              readOnly: false
            - mountPath: /var/run/calico
              name: var-run-calico
              readOnly: false
            - mountPath: /var/lib/calico
              name: var-lib-calico
              readOnly: false
            - name: policysync
              mountPath: /var/run/nodeagent
      volumes:
        # Used by calico-node.
        - name: lib-modules
          hostPath:
            path: /lib/modules
        - name: var-run-calico
          hostPath:
            path: /var/run/calico
        - name: var-lib-calico
          hostPath:
            path: /var/lib/calico
        - name: xtables-lock
          hostPath:
            path: /run/xtables.lock
            type: FileOrCreate
        # Used to install CNI.
        - name: cni-bin-dir
          hostPath:
            path: /opt/cni/bin
        - name: cni-net-dir
          hostPath:
            path: /etc/cni/net.d
        # Mount in the directory for host-local IPAM allocations. This is
        # used when upgrading from host-local to calico-ipam, and can be removed
        # if not using the upgrade-ipam init container.
        - name: host-local-net-dir
          hostPath:
            path: /var/lib/cni/networks
        # Used to create per-pod Unix Domain Sockets
        - name: policysync
          hostPath:
            type: DirectoryOrCreate
            path: /var/run/nodeagent
        # Used to install Flex Volume Driver
        - name: flexvol-driver-host
          hostPath:
            type: DirectoryOrCreate
            path: /usr/libexec/kubernetes/kubelet-plugins/volume/exec/nodeagent~uds
---

apiVersion: v1
kind: ServiceAccount
metadata:
  name: calico-node
  namespace: kube-system

---
# Source: calico/templates/calico-kube-controllers.yaml

# See https://github.com/projectcalico/kube-controllers
apiVersion: apps/v1
kind: Deployment
metadata:
  name: calico-kube-controllers
  namespace: kube-system
  labels:
    k8s-app: calico-kube-controllers
spec:
  # The controllers can only have a single active instance.
  replicas: 1
  selector:
    matchLabels:
      k8s-app: calico-kube-controllers
  strategy:
    type: Recreate
  template:
    metadata:
      name: calico-kube-controllers
      namespace: kube-system
      labels:
        k8s-app: calico-kube-controllers
      annotations:
        scheduler.alpha.kubernetes.io/critical-pod: ''
    spec:
      nodeSelector:
        kubernetes.io/os: linux
      tolerations:
        # Mark the pod as a critical add-on for rescheduling.
        - key: CriticalAddonsOnly
          operator: Exists
        - key: node-role.kubernetes.io/master
          effect: NoSchedule
      serviceAccountName: calico-kube-controllers
      priorityClassName: system-cluster-critical
      containers:
        - name: calico-kube-controllers
          image: calico/kube-controllers:v3.13.1
          env:
            # Choose which controllers to run.
            - name: ENABLED_CONTROLLERS
              value: node
            - name: DATASTORE_TYPE
              value: kubernetes
          readinessProbe:
            exec:
              command:
              - /usr/bin/check-status
              - -r

---

apiVersion: v1
kind: ServiceAccount
metadata:
  name: calico-kube-controllers
  namespace: kube-system
---
# Source: calico/templates/calico-etcd-secrets.yaml

---
# Source: calico/templates/calico-typha.yaml

---
# Source: calico/templates/configure-canal.yaml

创建 init_master.sh 脚本:

#!/bin/bash

# 只在 master 节点执行

# 脚本出错时终止执行
set -e

if [ ${#POD_SUBNET} -eq 0 ] || [ ${#APISERVER_NAME} -eq 0 ]; then
  echo -e "\033[31;1m请确保您已经设置了环境变量 POD_SUBNET 和 APISERVER_NAME \033[0m"
  echo 当前POD_SUBNET=$POD_SUBNET
  echo 当前APISERVER_NAME=$APISERVER_NAME
  exit 1
fi


# 查看完整配置选项 https://godoc.org/k8s.io/kubernetes/cmd/kubeadm/app/apis/kubeadm/v1beta2
rm -f ./kubeadm-config.yaml
cat <<EOF > ./kubeadm-config.yaml
apiVersion: kubeadm.k8s.io/v1beta2
kind: ClusterConfiguration
kubernetesVersion: v${1}
imageRepository: registry.aliyuncs.com/k8sxio
controlPlaneEndpoint: "${APISERVER_NAME}:6443"
networking:
  serviceSubnet: "10.96.0.0/16"
  podSubnet: "${POD_SUBNET}"
  dnsDomain: "cluster.local"
EOF

# kubeadm init
# 根据您服务器网速的情况,您需要等候 3 - 10 分钟
kubeadm init --config=kubeadm-config.yaml --upload-certs

# 配置 kubectl
rm -rf /root/.kube/
mkdir /root/.kube/
cp -i /etc/kubernetes/admin.conf /root/.kube/config

# 安装 calico 网络插件
# 参考文档 https://docs.projectcalico.org/v3.13/getting-started/kubernetes/self-managed-onprem/onpremises
echo "安装calico-3.13.1"
kubectl apply -f calico-3.13.1.yaml

执行初始化脚本:

sh init_master.sh  1.18.5

如果执行失败:

  • 请确保您的环境符合 安装 docker 及 kubelet 中所有勾选框的要求
  • 请确保您使用 root 用户执行初始化命令
  • 不能下载 kubernetes 的 docker 镜像 - 安装文档中,默认使用阿里云的 docker 镜像仓库,然而,有时候,该镜像会罢工 - 如碰到不能下载 docker 镜像的情况,请尝试手工初始化,并修改手工初始化脚本为:imageRepository: gcr.azk8s.cn/google-containers
  • 检查环境变量,执行如下命令echo MASTER_IP=${MASTER_IP} && echo APISERVER_NAME=${APISERVER_NAME} && echo POD_SUBNET=${POD_SUBNET}
  • 请验证如下几点:
    • 环境变量 MASTER_IP 的值应该为 master 节点的 内网 IP,如果不是,请重新 export
    • APISERVER_NAME 不能是 master 的 hostname
    • APISERVER_NAME 必须全为小写字母、数字、小数点,不能包含减号
    • POD_SUBNET 所使用的网段不能与 master 节点/worker 节点 所在的网段重叠。该字段的取值为一个 CIDR 值,如果您对 CIDR 这个概念还不熟悉,请仍然执行 export POD_SUBNET=10.100.0.1/16 命令,不做修改
  • 重新初始化 master 节点前,请先执行kubeadm reset -f 操作

检查 master 初始化结果

# 只在 master 节点执行

# 执行如下命令,等待 3-10 分钟,直到所有的容器组处于 Running 状态
watch kubectl get pod -n kube-system -o wide

Every 2.0s: kubectl get pod -n kube-system -o wide                                                                                                                                                                                Sat Jul 18 13:26:12 2020

NAME                                           READY   STATUS    RESTARTS   AGE   IP               NODE                   NOMINATED NODE   READINESS GATES
calico-kube-controllers-5b8b769fcd-xcgdd       1/1     Running   0          40m   10.100.41.2      k8s-master   <none>           <none>
calico-node-pz7w5                              1/1     Running   0          40m   172.16.106.200   k8s-master   <none>           <none>
coredns-66db54ff7f-dw9n9                       1/1     Running   0          40m   10.100.41.3      k8s-master   <none>           <none>
coredns-66db54ff7f-tb2lb                       1/1     Running   0          40m   10.100.41.1      k8s-master   <none>           <none>
etcd-k8s-master.novalocal                      1/1     Running   0          40m   172.16.106.200   k8s-master   <none>           <none>
kube-apiserver-k8s-master.novalocal            1/1     Running   0          40m   172.16.106.200   k8s-master   <none>           <none>
kube-controller-manager-k8s-master             1/1     Running   0          40m   172.16.106.200   k8s-master   <none>           <none>
kube-proxy-44dm6                               1/1     Running   0          40m   172.16.106.200   k8s-master   <none>           <none>
kube-scheduler-k8s-master                      1/1     Running   0          40m   172.16.106.200   k8s-master   <none>           <none>

# 查看 master 节点初始化结果
kubectl get nodes -o wide

NAME         STATUS   ROLES    AGE   VERSION   INTERNAL-IP      EXTERNAL-IP   OS-IMAGE                KERNEL-VERSION           CONTAINER-RUNTIME
k8s-master   Ready    master   40m   v1.18.5   172.16.106.200   <none>        CentOS Linux 7 (Core)   3.10.0-1127.el7.x86_64   docker://19.3.8

初始化 worker 节点

获得 join 命令参数

在 master 节点上执行

# 只在 master 节点执行
kubeadm token create --print-join-command

可获取 kubeadm join 命令及参数,如下所示

# kubeadm token create 命令的输出
kubeadm join apiserver.7d.com:6443 --token f7uewc.h0z9b3e5gxzij9hl     --discovery-token-ca-cert-hash sha256:829e2813e91fe228afb7273c33dd7ad4f643a94b5635da56d097cd9399833662

有效时间

该 token 的有效时间为 2 个小时,2 小时内,您可以使用此 token 初始化任意数量的 worker 节点。

初始化 worker

针对所有的 worker 节点执行

# 只在 worker 节点执行
# 替换 x.x.x.x 为 master 节点的内网 IP
export MASTER_IP=x.x.x.x
# 替换 apiserver.demo 为初始化 master 节点时所使用的 APISERVER_NAME
export APISERVER_NAME=apiserver.7d.com
echo "${MASTER_IP}    ${APISERVER_NAME}" >> /etc/hosts

# 替换为 master 节点上 kubeadm token create 命令的输出
kubeadm join apiserver.7d.com:6443 --token f7uewc.h0z9b3e5gxzij9hl     --discovery-token-ca-cert-hash sha256:829e2813e91fe228afb7273c33dd7ad4f643a94b5635da56d097cd9399833662

Kubernetes 的 Worker 节点跟 Master 节点几乎是相同的,它们运行着的都是一个 kubelet 组件。唯一的区别在于,在 kubeadm init 的过程中,kubelet 启动后,Master 节点上还会自动运行 kube-apiserver、kube-scheduler、kube-controller-manger 这三个系统 Pod。

常见错误原因

worker 节点不能访问 apiserver

在 worker 节点执行以下语句可验证 worker 节点是否能访问 apiserver

curl -ik https://apiserver.7d.com:6443

如果不能,请在 master 节点上验证

curl -ik https://localhost:6443

正常输出结果如下所示:

HTTP/1.1 403 Forbidden
Cache-Control: no-cache, private
Content-Type: application/json
X-Content-Type-Options: nosniff
Date: Sat, 18 Jul 2020 05:47:43 GMT
Content-Length: 233

{
 "kind": "Status",
 "apiVersion": "v1",
 "metadata": {

 },
 "status": "Failure",
 "message": "forbidden: User \"system:anonymous\" cannot get path \"/\"",
 "reason": "Forbidden",
 "details": {

 },
 "code": 403
}

  • 如果 master 节点能够访问 apiserver、而 worker 节点不能,则请检查自己的网络设置
    • /etc/hosts 是否正确设置?
    • 是否有安全组或防火墙的限制?

worker 节点默认网卡

  • Kubelet 使用的 IP 地址与 master 节点可互通(无需 NAT 映射),且没有防火墙、安全组隔离
    • 如果你使用 vmware 或 virtualbox 创建虚拟机用于 K8S 学习,可以尝试 NAT 模式的网络,而不是桥接模式的网络

移除 worker 节点并重试

正常情况下,您无需移除 worker 节点,如果添加到集群出错,您可以移除 worker 节点,再重新尝试添加

在准备移除的 worker 节点上执行

# 只在 worker 节点执行

# 卸载
kubeadm reset -f

# 清理
modprobe -r ipip
lsmod
rm -rf ~/.kube/
rm -rf /etc/kubernetes/
rm -rf /etc/systemd/system/kubelet.service.d
rm -rf /etc/systemd/system/kubelet.service
rm -rf /usr/bin/kube*
rm -rf /etc/cni
rm -rf /opt/cni
rm -rf /var/lib/etcd
rm -rf /var/etcd

在 master 节点 上执行:

# 只在 master 节点执行
kubectl get nodes -o wide

如果列表中没有您要移除的节点,则忽略下一个步骤

# 只在 master 节点执行
kubectl delete node k8s-node-x

  • 将 k8s-node-x 替换为要移除的 worker 节点的名字
  • worker 节点的名字可以通过在节点 k8s-master 上执行 kubectl get nodes 命令获得

检查初始化结果

在 master 节点上执行

# 只在 master 节点执行
kubectl get nodes -o wide

输出结果如下所示:

[root@k8s-master k8s]# kubectl get nodes
NAME         STATUS   ROLES    AGE     VERSION
k8s-master   Ready    master   63m     v1.18.5
k8s-node-1   Ready    <none>   3m42s   v1.18.5
k8s-node-2   Ready    <none>   2m57s   v1.18.5

安装 Ingress Controller

在 master 节点上执行

创建 nginx-ingress.yaml

# 如果打算用于生产环境,请参考 https://github.com/nginxinc/kubernetes-ingress/blob/v1.5.5/docs/installation.md 并根据您自己的情况做进一步定制

apiVersion: v1
kind: Namespace
metadata:
  name: nginx-ingress

---
apiVersion: v1
kind: ServiceAccount
metadata:
  name: nginx-ingress
  namespace: nginx-ingress

---
apiVersion: v1
kind: Secret
metadata:
  name: default-server-secret
  namespace: nginx-ingress
type: Opaque
data:
  tls.crt: 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
  tls.key: LS0tLS1CRUdJTiBSU0EgUFJJVkFURSBLRVktLS0tLQpNSUlFcEFJQkFBS0NBUUVBdi91RWM4b1JkMHUvZXVJTHNFK1RYZUprckxMMnNJNGFWaEMvYjVyYy9XMlRiNHEvClJOcktGMEdYaVN1eE9ycXgrajlnamx4NXFjdnhkenRKbXNFUkJ1Z1B0ME9hVGtIekhvb3FVWmcwZGxmZ1dkT0EKUTZMNTdlT1l0Q29VOUZ4amRXdzZUVVRJVUQ4R0JsRlNjSVo0b1hFTkhzbysyR3VTTWk2Zk1wTVM3YUhudzFtMApxWkdvRWEzWFNyZEJ6eGc2clhkcUNlUDlCMXl3VmRyYURiUzc1aGQzdUdETDU4cGszOVFqVUFQaHpxdmRoK1JWClZGNGJCaW9CbTVpeTlZTW1hWVhsMm0wTGZzeTZuUTRRdFFzdEdNVWozcGJtdlFmazJBNnljeGRFeFpkZFZsdmwKMm82MjBsMllxcHFDZEtCRThCay90elFIVTlKcU56cHpoOUJUTXdJREFRQUJBb0lCQVFDZklHbXowOHhRVmorNwpLZnZJUXQwQ0YzR2MxNld6eDhVNml4MHg4Mm15d1kxUUNlL3BzWE9LZlRxT1h1SENyUlp5TnUvZ2IvUUQ4bUFOCmxOMjRZTWl0TWRJODg5TEZoTkp3QU5OODJDeTczckM5bzVvUDlkazAvYzRIbjAzSkVYNzZ5QjgzQm9rR1FvYksKMjhMNk0rdHUzUmFqNjd6Vmc2d2szaEhrU0pXSzBwV1YrSjdrUkRWYmhDYUZhNk5nMUZNRWxhTlozVDhhUUtyQgpDUDNDeEFTdjYxWTk5TEI4KzNXWVFIK3NYaTVGM01pYVNBZ1BkQUk3WEh1dXFET1lvMU5PL0JoSGt1aVg2QnRtCnorNTZud2pZMy8yUytSRmNBc3JMTnIwMDJZZi9oY0IraVlDNzVWYmcydVd6WTY3TWdOTGQ5VW9RU3BDRkYrVm4KM0cyUnhybnhBb0dCQU40U3M0ZVlPU2huMVpQQjdhTUZsY0k2RHR2S2ErTGZTTXFyY2pOZjJlSEpZNnhubmxKdgpGenpGL2RiVWVTbWxSekR0WkdlcXZXaHFISy9iTjIyeWJhOU1WMDlRQ0JFTk5jNmtWajJTVHpUWkJVbEx4QzYrCk93Z0wyZHhKendWelU0VC84ajdHalRUN05BZVpFS2FvRHFyRG5BYWkyaW5oZU1JVWZHRXFGKzJyQW9HQkFOMVAKK0tZL0lsS3RWRzRKSklQNzBjUis3RmpyeXJpY05iWCtQVzUvOXFHaWxnY2grZ3l4b25BWlBpd2NpeDN3QVpGdwpaZC96ZFB2aTBkWEppc1BSZjRMazg5b2pCUmpiRmRmc2l5UmJYbyt3TFU4NUhRU2NGMnN5aUFPaTVBRHdVU0FkCm45YWFweUNweEFkREtERHdObit3ZFhtaTZ0OHRpSFRkK3RoVDhkaVpBb0dCQUt6Wis1bG9OOTBtYlF4VVh5YUwKMjFSUm9tMGJjcndsTmVCaWNFSmlzaEhYa2xpSVVxZ3hSZklNM2hhUVRUcklKZENFaHFsV01aV0xPb2I2NTNyZgo3aFlMSXM1ZUtka3o0aFRVdnpldm9TMHVXcm9CV2xOVHlGanIrSWhKZnZUc0hpOGdsU3FkbXgySkJhZUFVWUNXCndNdlQ4NmNLclNyNkQrZG8wS05FZzFsL0FvR0FlMkFVdHVFbFNqLzBmRzgrV3hHc1RFV1JqclRNUzRSUjhRWXQKeXdjdFA4aDZxTGxKUTRCWGxQU05rMXZLTmtOUkxIb2pZT2pCQTViYjhibXNVU1BlV09NNENoaFJ4QnlHbmR2eAphYkJDRkFwY0IvbEg4d1R0alVZYlN5T294ZGt5OEp0ek90ajJhS0FiZHd6NlArWDZDODhjZmxYVFo5MWpYL3RMCjF3TmRKS2tDZ1lCbyt0UzB5TzJ2SWFmK2UwSkN5TGhzVDQ5cTN3Zis2QWVqWGx2WDJ1VnRYejN5QTZnbXo5aCsKcDNlK2JMRUxwb3B0WFhNdUFRR0xhUkcrYlNNcjR5dERYbE5ZSndUeThXczNKY3dlSTdqZVp2b0ZpbmNvVlVIMwphdmxoTUVCRGYxSjltSDB5cDBwWUNaS2ROdHNvZEZtQktzVEtQMjJhTmtsVVhCS3gyZzR6cFE9PQotLS0tLUVORCBSU0EgUFJJVkFURSBLRVktLS0tLQo=

---
kind: ConfigMap
apiVersion: v1
metadata:
  name: nginx-config
  namespace: nginx-ingress
data:
  server-names-hash-bucket-size: "1024"


---
kind: ClusterRole
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1beta1
metadata:
  name: nginx-ingress
rules:
- apiGroups:
  - ""
  resources:
  - services
  - endpoints
  verbs:
  - get
  - list
  - watch
- apiGroups:
  - ""
  resources:
  - secrets
  verbs:
  - get
  - list
  - watch
- apiGroups:
  - ""
  resources:
  - configmaps
  verbs:
  - get
  - list
  - watch
  - update
  - create
- apiGroups:
  - ""
  resources:
  - pods
  verbs:
  - list
- apiGroups:
  - ""
  resources:
  - events
  verbs:
  - create
  - patch
- apiGroups:
  - extensions
  resources:
  - ingresses
  verbs:
  - list
  - watch
  - get
- apiGroups:
  - "extensions"
  resources:
  - ingresses/status
  verbs:
  - update
- apiGroups:
  - k8s.nginx.org
  resources:
  - virtualservers
  - virtualserverroutes
  verbs:
  - list
  - watch
  - get

---
kind: ClusterRoleBinding
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1beta1
metadata:
  name: nginx-ingress
subjects:
- kind: ServiceAccount
  name: nginx-ingress
  namespace: nginx-ingress
roleRef:
  kind: ClusterRole
  name: nginx-ingress
  apiGroup: rbac.authorization.k8s.io

---
apiVersion: apps/v1
kind: DaemonSet
metadata:
  name: nginx-ingress
  namespace: nginx-ingress
  annotations:
    prometheus.io/scrape: "true"
    prometheus.io/port: "9113"
spec:
  selector:
    matchLabels:
      app: nginx-ingress
  template:
    metadata:
      labels:
        app: nginx-ingress
    spec:
      serviceAccountName: nginx-ingress
      containers:
      - image: nginx/nginx-ingress:1.5.5
        name: nginx-ingress
        ports:
        - name: http
          containerPort: 80
          hostPort: 80
        - name: https
          containerPort: 443
          hostPort: 443
        - name: prometheus
          containerPort: 9113
        env:
        - name: POD_NAMESPACE
          valueFrom:
            fieldRef:
              fieldPath: metadata.namespace
        - name: POD_NAME
          valueFrom:
            fieldRef:
              fieldPath: metadata.name
        args:
          - -nginx-configmaps=$(POD_NAMESPACE)/nginx-config
          - -default-server-tls-secret=$(POD_NAMESPACE)/default-server-secret
         #- -v=3 # Enables extensive logging. Useful for troubleshooting.
         #- -report-ingress-status
         #- -external-service=nginx-ingress
         #- -enable-leader-election
          - -enable-prometheus-metrics
         #- -enable-custom-resources
# 只在 master 节点执行
kubectl apply -f nginx-ingress.yaml

只在您想选择其他 Ingress Controller 的情况下卸载

# 只在 master 节点执行
kubectl delete -f nginx-ingress.yaml

配置域名解析

将域名 *.demo.yourdomain.com 解析到 k8s-node-2 的外围 IP 地址 z.z.z.z (也可以是 k8s-node-1 的地址 y.y.y.y

验证配置

在浏览器访问 a.demo.yourdomain.com,将得到 404 NotFound 错误页面

本文源码:

https://github.com/zuozewei/Jenkins-CI/tree/master/k8s/install-k8s

本文分享自微信公众号 - 7DGroup(Zee_7DGroup),作者:左泽位

原文出处及转载信息见文内详细说明,如有侵权,请联系 yunjia_community@tencent.com 删除。

原始发表时间:2020-07-18

本文参与腾讯云自媒体分享计划,欢迎正在阅读的你也加入,一起分享。

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