如何返回受UPDATE语句影响的行数?

内容来源于 Stack Overflow,并遵循CC BY-SA 3.0许可协议进行翻译与使用

  • 回答 (2)
  • 关注 (0)
  • 查看 (22)

如何获得存储过程(SQLServer 2005)中受更新查询影响的行数,作为结果集。

CREATE PROCEDURE UpdateTables
AS
BEGIN
    -- SET NOCOUNT ON added to prevent extra result sets from
    -- interfering with SELECT statements.
    SET NOCOUNT ON;

    UPDATE Table1 Set Column = 0 WHERE Column IS NULL
    UPDATE Table2 Set Column = 0 WHERE Column IS NULL
    UPDATE Table3 Set Column = 0 WHERE Column IS NULL
    UPDATE Table4 Set Column = 0 WHERE Column IS NULL
END

然后返回:

Table1    Table2    Table3    Table4
32        45        0         3
提问于
用户回答回答于
CREATE PROCEDURE UpdateTables
AS
BEGIN
    -- SET NOCOUNT ON added to prevent extra result sets from
    -- interfering with SELECT statements.
    SET NOCOUNT ON;
    DECLARE @RowCount1 INTEGER
    DECLARE @RowCount2 INTEGER
    DECLARE @RowCount3 INTEGER
    DECLARE @RowCount4 INTEGER

    UPDATE Table1 Set Column = 0 WHERE Column IS NULL
    SELECT @RowCount1 = @@ROWCOUNT
    UPDATE Table2 Set Column = 0 WHERE Column IS NULL
    SELECT @RowCount2 = @@ROWCOUNT
    UPDATE Table3 Set Column = 0 WHERE Column IS NULL
    SELECT @RowCount3 = @@ROWCOUNT
    UPDATE Table4 Set Column = 0 WHERE Column IS NULL
    SELECT @RowCount4 = @@ROWCOUNT

    SELECT @RowCount1 AS Table1, @RowCount2 AS Table2, @RowCount3 AS Table3, @RowCount4 AS Table4
END
用户回答回答于

这正是OUTPUT在SQLServer 2005上的子句是非常适合的。

CREATE TABLE [dbo].[test_table](
    [LockId] [int] IDENTITY(1,1) NOT NULL,
    [StartTime] [datetime] NULL,
    [EndTime] [datetime] NULL,
PRIMARY KEY CLUSTERED 
(
    [LockId] ASC
) ON [PRIMARY]
) ON [PRIMARY]

INSERT INTO test_table(StartTime, EndTime)
VALUES('2009 JUL 07','2009 JUL 07')
INSERT INTO test_table(StartTime, EndTime)
VALUES('2009 JUL 08','2009 JUL 08')
INSERT INTO test_table(StartTime, EndTime)
VALUES('2009 JUL 09','2009 JUL 09')
INSERT INTO test_table(StartTime, EndTime)
VALUES('2009 JUL 10','2009 JUL 10')
INSERT INTO test_table(StartTime, EndTime)
VALUES('2009 JUL 11','2009 JUL 11')
INSERT INTO test_table(StartTime, EndTime)
VALUES('2009 JUL 12','2009 JUL 12')
INSERT INTO test_table(StartTime, EndTime)
VALUES('2009 JUL 13','2009 JUL 13')

UPDATE test_table
    SET StartTime = '2011 JUL 01'
    OUTPUT INSERTED.* -- INSERTED reflect the value after the UPDATE, INSERT, or MERGE statement is completed 
WHERE
    StartTime > '2009 JUL 09'

结果将返回以下内容

    LockId StartTime                EndTime
-------------------------------------------------------
4      2011-07-01 00:00:00.000  2009-07-10 00:00:00.000
5      2011-07-01 00:00:00.000  2009-07-11 00:00:00.000
6      2011-07-01 00:00:00.000  2009-07-12 00:00:00.000
7      2011-07-01 00:00:00.000  2009-07-13 00:00:00.000

在特定情况下,因为不能使用聚合函数OUTPUT的输出INSERTED.*在表变量或临时表中并计数记录。例如,

DECLARE @temp TABLE (
  [LockId] [int],
  [StartTime] [datetime] NULL,
  [EndTime] [datetime] NULL 
)

UPDATE test_table
    SET StartTime = '2011 JUL 01'
    OUTPUT INSERTED.* INTO @temp
WHERE
    StartTime > '2009 JUL 09'


-- now get the count of affected records
SELECT COUNT(*) FROM @temp

扫码关注云+社区

领取腾讯云代金券