无法插入“NVIDIA_352”:没有这样的设备

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在Linux Ubuntu安装后,我在GPU中运行caffe,错误是

I0910 13:28:13.606891 10629 caffe.cpp:296] Use GPU with device ID 0
modprobe: ERROR: could not insert 'nvidia_352': No such device
F0910 13:28:13.728612 10629 common.cpp:142] Check failed: error == cudaSuccess (38 vs. 0)  no CUDA-capable device is detected
*** Check failure stack trace: ***
    @     0x7ffd3b9a7daa  (unknown)
    @     0x7ffd3b9a7ce4  (unknown)
    @     0x7ffd3b9a76e6  (unknown)
    @     0x7ffd3b9aa687  (unknown)
    @     0x7ffd3bf91cb5  caffe::Caffe::SetDevice()
    @           0x40a5a7  time()
    @           0x4080f8  main
    @     0x7ffd3aeb9ec5  (unknown)
    @           0x408618  (unknown)
    @              (nil)  (unknown)
Aborted (core dumped)

我的NVIDIA驱动程序是352.41。我安装了352,这是最新的版本。

sudo apt-get install nvidia-352[sudo] 
Reading package lists... Done
Building dependency tree       
Reading state information... Done
nvidia-352 is already the newest version.
The following packages were automatically installed and are no longer required:
  account-plugin-windows-live libupstart1
Use 'apt-get autoremove' to remove them.
0 upgraded, 0 newly installed, 0 to remove and 31 not upgraded.

我的Ubuntu有NVIDIA驱动程序352,以及为什么我有错误

I0910 13:28:13.606891 10629 caffe.cpp:296] Use GPU with device ID 0
    modprobe: ERROR: could not insert 'nvidia_352': No such device
    F0910 13:28:13.728612 10629 common.cpp:142] Check failed: error == cudaSuccess (38 vs. 0)  no CUDA-capable device is detected

我检查了我是否有像

lspci | grep -i nvidia
05:00.0 VGA compatible controller: NVIDIA Corporation GK107GL [Quadro K2000] (rev a1)
05:00.1 Audio device: NVIDIA Corporation GK107 HDMI Audio Controller (rev a1)

我有CUDA有能力的设备,为什么我会出错?

编辑1:是的,我的./deviceQuery测试失败了。

../NVIDIA_CUDA-7.5_Samples/bin/x86_64/linux/release/deviceQuery Starting...

 CUDA Device Query (Runtime API) version (CUDART static linking)

cudaGetDeviceCount returned 38
-> no CUDA-capable device is detected
Result = FAIL

我签了dev/文件夹,我有nvidia 0。

crwxrwxrwx  1 root root    195,   0 Sep 10 16:51 nvidia0
crw-rw-rw-  1 root root    195, 255 Sep 10 16:51 nvidiactl

我的NVCC-V支票给了我

li@li-HP-Z420-Workstation:/dev$ nvcc -V
nvcc: NVIDIA (R) Cuda compiler driver
Copyright (c) 2005-2015 NVIDIA Corporation
Built on Tue_Aug_11_14:27:32_CDT_2015
Cuda compilation tools, release 7.5, V7.5.17

然后我的版本检查

li@li-HP-Z420-Workstation:/dev$ cat /proc/driver/nvidia/version
NVRM version: NVIDIA UNIX x86_64 Kernel Module  352.41  Fri Aug 21 23:09:52 PDT 2015
GCC version:  gcc version 4.8.4 (Ubuntu 4.8.4-2ubuntu1~14.04) 

有什么问题吗?

提问于
用户回答回答于

现在问题解决了。我查过sudo dpkg --list | grep nvidia我发现内核有352.41,而客户机有304.12。所以我做了sudo apt-get remove --purge nvidia-*。它把所有的包裹都拿走了。然后,将352.41安装为

$ sudo add-apt-repository ppa:xorg-edgers/ppa -y
$ sudo apt-get update
$ sudo apt-get install nvidia-352

之后

$ sudo dpkg --list | grep nvidia
rc nvidia-304 304.128-0ubuntu0~gpu14.04.2 amd64 NVIDIA legacy binary driver - version 304.128
rc nvidia-304-updates 304.125-0ubuntu0.0.2 amd64 NVIDIA legacy binary driver - version 304.125
ii nvidia-352 352.41-0ubuntu0~gpu14.04.1 amd64 NVIDIA binary driver - version 352.41
rc nvidia-opencl-icd-304 304.128-0ubuntu0~gpu14.04.2 amd64 NVIDIA OpenCL ICD
rc nvidia-opencl-icd-304-updates 304.125-0ubuntu0.0.2 amd64 NVIDIA OpenCL ICD
ii nvidia-opencl-icd-352 352.41-0ubuntu0~gpu14.04.1 amd64 NVIDIA OpenCL ICD
ii nvidia-prime 0.6.2 amd64 Tools to enable NVIDIA's Prime
ii nvidia-settings 355.11-0ubuntu0~gpu14.04.1 amd64 Tool for configuring the NVIDIA graphics driver

现在版本匹配了。然后,./deviceQuery和所有的工作都按预期进行。

用户回答回答于

而重新安装NVIDIA驱动程序并没有解决这个问题。

最后,我用GRUB添加了两个内核参数来解决这个问题。

加上:

GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX_DEFAULT

有:

pci=nocrs pci=realloc

我觉得这是cuda7.5kernel3.19

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