Spring Boot:无法配置DataSource:未指定'url'属性,也无法配置嵌入式数据源

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运行我的网络应用程序时会抛出以下错误。

Exception encountered during context initialization - cancelling refresh attempt: org.springframework.beans.factory.UnsatisfiedDependencyException: Error creating bean with name 'org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.orm.jpa.HibernateJpaConfiguration': Unsatisfied dependency expressed through constructor parameter 0; nested exception is org.springframework.beans.factory.BeanCreationException: Error creating bean with name 'dataSource' defined in class path resource [org/springframework/boot/autoconfigure/jdbc/DataSourceConfiguration$Hikari.class]: Bean instantiation via factory method failed; nested exception is org.springframework.beans.BeanInstantiationException: Failed to instantiate [com.zaxxer.hikari.HikariDataSource]: Factory method 'dataSource' threw exception; nested exception is org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.jdbc.DataSourceProperties$DataSourceBeanCreationException: Failed to determine a suitable driver class

抛出错误的描述如下,

Description:

Failed to configure a DataSource: 'url' attribute is not specified and no embedded datasource could be configured.

Reason: Failed to determine a suitable driver class


    Action:

    Consider the following:<br>
        If you want an embedded database (H2, HSQL or Derby), please put it on the classpath.
<br>    If you have database settings to be loaded from a particular profile you may need to activate it (no profiles are currently active).

在提到这个答案之后,我知道我必须对我的pom.xml文件进行一些更改。但我不知道要改变什么,甚至StackOverflow上类似的类型问题都无法帮我解决这个问题。

我的pom.xml如下(当我创建项目时,我添加了“Web”,“JPA”,“MySQL”依赖项),

    <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
    <project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
        xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">
        <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>
        <parent>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-parent</artifactId>
            <version>2.1.3.RELEASE</version>
            <relativePath/> <!-- lookup parent from repository -->
        </parent>
        <groupId>com.example</groupId>
        <artifactId>SL2INDUSTRY</artifactId>
        <version>0.0.1-SNAPSHOT</version>
        <name>SL2INDUSTRY</name>
        <description>Demo project for Spring Boot</description>

        <properties>
            <java.version>1.8</java.version>
        </properties>

        <dependencies>
            <dependency>
                <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
                <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-data-jpa</artifactId>
            </dependency>
            <dependency>
                <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
                <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-web</artifactId>
            </dependency>

            <dependency>
                <groupId>mysql</groupId>
                <artifactId>mysql-connector-java</artifactId>
                <scope>runtime</scope>
            </dependency>
            <dependency>
                <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
                <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-test</artifactId>
                <scope>test</scope>
            </dependency>
            <!-- https://mvnrepository.com/artifact/org.apache.tomcat.embed/tomcat-embed-jasper -->
            <dependency>
                <groupId>org.apache.tomcat.embed</groupId>
                <artifactId>tomcat-embed-jasper</artifactId>
                <scope>provided</scope>
            </dependency>

            <!-- https://mvnrepository.com/artifact/org.springframework.boot/spring-boot-starter-tomcat -->
            <dependency>
                <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
                <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-tomcat</artifactId>
                <version>2.1.3.RELEASE</version>
            </dependency>

            <!-- https://mvnrepository.com/artifact/com.fasterxml.jackson.dataformat/jackson-dataformat-xml -->
            <dependency>
                <groupId>com.fasterxml.jackson.dataformat</groupId>
                <artifactId>jackson-dataformat-xml</artifactId>
                <version>2.9.8</version>
            </dependency>
        </dependencies>

        <build>
            <plugins>
                <plugin>
                    <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
                    <artifactId>spring-boot-maven-plugin</artifactId>
                </plugin>
            </plugins>
        </build>

    </project>

请注意,在这种情况下我不需要处理H2数据库,因此H2不是我的解决方案

编辑: application.properties文件

spring.mvc.view.suffix=.jsp
提问于
用户回答回答于

这有几种可能性,但第一次有三件事你需要做。

1 - pom.xml上依赖项的特定兼容版本

2 - 您需要在pom.xml上添加数据库driverConnector

3 - 在'src / main / resources / application.properties'目录中创建application.properties并将db配置放在那里。

application.properties(注意:使用数据库配置更改de值)

spring.jpa.hibernate.ddl-auto=create

spring.datasource.url=jdbc:mysql://localhost:3306/db_example

spring.datasource.username=user

spring.datasource.password=ThePassword

你可以在这里查看模板:https//spring.io/guides/gs/accessing-data-mysql/

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