如何仅使用python标准库将python UTC日期时间转换为本地日期时间?

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我有一个pythondatetime实例,它是使用datetime.utcnow()创建的,并保存在数据库中。

为了显示,我希望使用默认的本地时区将从数据库检索的datetime实例转换为本地日期时间(即,就像使用datetime.Now()创建日期时间一样)。

如何使用python标准库将UTC日期时间转换为本地日期时间?

提问于
用户回答回答于

您不能只使用标准库来完成它,因为标准库没有时区,需要使用pytz或者dateutil

>>> from datetime import datetime
>>> now = datetime.utcnow()
>>> from dateutil import tz
>>> HERE = tz.tzlocal()
>>> UTC = tz.gettz('UTC')

The Conversion:
>>> gmt = now.replace(tzinfo=UTC)
>>> gmt.astimezone(HERE)
datetime.datetime(2010, 12, 30, 15, 51, 22, 114668, tzinfo=tzlocal())
用户回答回答于

在Python3.3+中:

from datetime import timezone

def utc_to_local(utc_dt):
    return utc_dt.replace(tzinfo=timezone.utc).astimezone(tz=None)

在Python 2/3中:

import calendar
from datetime import datetime, timedelta

def utc_to_local(utc_dt):
    # get integer timestamp to avoid precision lost
    timestamp = calendar.timegm(utc_dt.timetuple())
    local_dt = datetime.fromtimestamp(timestamp)
    assert utc_dt.resolution >= timedelta(microseconds=1)
    return local_dt.replace(microsecond=utc_dt.microsecond)

使用pytz(均为Python 2/3):

import pytz

local_tz = pytz.timezone('Europe/Moscow') # use your local timezone name here
# NOTE: pytz.reference.LocalTimezone() would produce wrong result here

## You could use `tzlocal` module to get local timezone on Unix and Win32
# from tzlocal import get_localzone # $ pip install tzlocal

# # get local timezone    
# local_tz = get_localzone()

def utc_to_local(utc_dt):
    local_dt = utc_dt.replace(tzinfo=pytz.utc).astimezone(local_tz)
    return local_tz.normalize(local_dt) # .normalize might be unnecessary

def aslocaltimestr(utc_dt):
    return utc_to_local(utc_dt).strftime('%Y-%m-%d %H:%M:%S.%f %Z%z')

print(aslocaltimestr(datetime(2010,  6, 6, 17, 29, 7, 730000)))
print(aslocaltimestr(datetime(2010, 12, 6, 17, 29, 7, 730000)))
print(aslocaltimestr(datetime.utcnow()))

输出

Python 3.3

2010-06-06 21:29:07.730000 MSD+0400
2010-12-06 20:29:07.730000 MSK+0300
2012-11-08 14:19:50.093745 MSK+0400

Python 2

2010-06-06 21:29:07.730000 
2010-12-06 20:29:07.730000 
2012-11-08 14:19:50.093911 

pytz

2010-06-06 21:29:07.730000 MSD+0400
2010-12-06 20:29:07.730000 MSK+0300
2012-11-08 14:19:50.146917 MSK+0400

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