Bash函数如何查找最新的文件匹配模式?

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在Bash中,我希望创建一个函数,返回与特定模式匹配的最新文件的文件名。例如,我有一个文件目录,如:

Directory/
   a1.1_5_1
   a1.2_1_4
   b2.1_0
   b2.2_3_4
   b2.3_2_0

我要以‘b2’开头的最新文件。我怎么在bash做这件事?我要把这个放在我的~/.bash_profile脚本

提问于
用户回答回答于
用户回答回答于

这是可能你所需的Bash函数:

# Print the newest file, if any, matching the given pattern
# Example usage:
#   newest_matching_file 'b2*'
# WARNING: Files whose names begin with a dot will not be checked
function newest_matching_file
{
    # Use ${1-} instead of $1 in case 'nounset' is set
    local -r glob_pattern=${1-}

    if (( $# != 1 )) ; then
        echo 'usage: newest_matching_file GLOB_PATTERN' >&2
        return 1
    fi

    # To avoid printing garbage if no files match the pattern, set
    # 'nullglob' if necessary
    local -i need_to_unset_nullglob=0
    if [[ ":$BASHOPTS:" != *:nullglob:* ]] ; then
        shopt -s nullglob
        need_to_unset_nullglob=1
    fi

    newest_file=
    for file in $glob_pattern ; do
        [[ -z $newest_file || $file -nt $newest_file ]] \
            && newest_file=$file
    done

    # To avoid unexpected behaviour elsewhere, unset nullglob if it was
    # set by this function
    (( need_to_unset_nullglob )) && shopt -u nullglob

    # Use printf instead of echo in case the file name begins with '-'
    [[ -n $newest_file ]] && printf '%s\n' "$newest_file"

    return 0
}

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